• Title/Summary/Keyword: Fruit quality

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Design and Implementation of an Automated Fruit Quality Classification System

  • Choi, Han Suk
    • Smart Media Journal
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2018
  • Most of fruit quality classification has been done by time consuming, inaccurate and intensive manual labor. This study proposed an automated fruit grading system based on appearances and internal flavors. In this study, image processing technique and a weight checker were used to measure the value of appearance features and the near infrared spectroscopy analysis method was used to estimate the value of internal flavors. Additionally, I suggested 8x8x5x5 ANN based fruit quality classifier model to grade fruits quality. The proposed automated fruit quality classification system is expected to be very beneficial for many farms where heavy manual labor is usually needed for fruit quality classification.

Potential for Augmentation of Fruit Quality by Foliar Application of Bacilli Spores on Apple Tree

  • Ryu, Choong-Min;Shin, Jung-Nam;Qi, Wang;Ruhong, Mei;Kim, Eui-Joong;Pan, Jae-Gu
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.164-169
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    • 2011
  • Previous studies have addressed the management of phyllosphere pathogens by leaf and root-associated microbes. The present study evaluated the effect of the foliar application of three strains of Bacillus spp. on plant growth and fruit quality. The application of a bacilli spore preparation significantly improved leaf growth parameters such as leaf thickness and photosynthesis capacity, indicating that bacilli treatment directly promoted leaf growth. In addition, foliar treatment resulted in an improvement in the key indicators of fruit quality including water, glucose, and sucrose contents. The present results suggest that foliar spraying of beneficial bacilli is a potential treatment of wide application for the improvement of apple quality. Foliar application of bacilli preparation as effective plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria broadens the spectrum of their availability for orchard application.

Greenhouse Evaluation of Melon Rootstock Resistance to Monosporascus Root Rot and Vine Decline as Well as of Yield and Fruit Quality in Grafted 'Inodorus' Melons

  • Jang, Yoonah;Huh, Yun-Chan;Park, Dong-Kum;Mun, Boheum;Lee, Sanggyu;Um, Yeongcheol
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.614-622
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    • 2014
  • Melons (Cucumis melo L.) are generally grafted onto Cucurbita rootstocks to manage soilborne pathogens such as Monosporascus root rot and v ine decline (MRR/VD) and Fusarium wilt. However, g rafting onto Cucurbita rootstocks reportedly results in the reduction of fruit quality. In this study, the resistance to MRR/VD, yield, and fruit quality of melons grafted onto melon rootstocks were evaluated under greenhouse conditions. Eight melon rootstocks (R1 to R8) were used and the inodorus melon 'Homerunstar' was used as scion. Melon rootstocks R1 to R6 were selected based on resistance to MRR/VD under greenhouse conditions. Non-grafted 'Homerunstar' and plants grafted onto squash interspecific hybrid 'Shintozwa' rootstock (Cucurbita maxima D. ${\times}$ C. moschata D.) served as controls. Grafted melons were cultivated in the greenhouse infested with Monosporascus cannonballus during two growing seasons (summer and autumn). The responses to MRR/VD, yield, and fruit quality differed depending on the rootstocks and growing season. The melons grafted onto 'Shintozwa' exhibited less severe disease symptoms and higher survival rates than non-grafted melons in both seasons. While the melon rootstocks in the summer cultivation did not increase the survival rate compared to non-grafted melons, the melon rootstocks R1 and R2 in the autumn cultivation led to higher survival rates. The melon rootstocks resistant to MRR/VD increased the percentage of marketable fruits and marketable yields. Grafting onto the melon rootstocks caused little or no reduction of fruit quality such as low calcium content, fruit softening, and vitrescence, especially in lower-temperature autumn season. Accordingly, these results suggest that grafting onto the melon rootstocks may increase the tolerance to MRR/VD and the marketable yield without a reduction of fruit quality.

Effects of Different Rootstocks on Fruit Quality of Grafted Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

  • Jang, Yoonah;Moon, Ji-Hye;Lee, Ji-Weon;Lee, Sang Gyu;Kim, Seung Yu;Chun, Changhoo
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.687-699
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to examine the effect of grafted peppers (Capsicum annuum) on different rootstocks on fruit quality. Three pepper cultivars, 'Nokkwang', 'Saengsaeng Matkkwari', and 'Shinhong' were grafted onto five commercial rootstocks that are known to be resistant to Phytophtora blight. Non-grafted or auto-grafted peppers were used as controls. Grafted plants were grown during two consecutive harvest periods by semi-forcing culture (April to August) and retarding culture (September to March the subsequent year). Full size green fruits were harvested and weighed weekly from June to August (Semi-forcing culture) and from December to March of the subsequent year (Retarding culture). The fruit size, weight, flesh thickness, and firmness were measured every month. Total marketable yield was not significantly influenced by either auto-graft of 'Nokkwang', 'Saengsaeng Matkkwari', and 'Shinhong' of pepper or grafted with the five commercial rootsctocks. By contrast, grafting influenced the apparent fruit quality of peppers. Fruit characteristics differed depending on the rootstock cultivars. However, the fruit characteristics of rootstock did not affect the fruit characteristics of scion grafted onto that rootstock. Fruit characteristics in each treatment differed among harvest time (first, second, and third harvest). Fruit quality parameters were also different as affected by the harvest period. In conclusion, apparent quality and textural property of pepper fruits were influenced by not only grafting with different rootstocks but also by the harvest period and harvest time. Accordingly, rootstock/scion combination, the scion variety and the harvest period must be carefully chosen to get the desired optimal fruit quality.

Effects of Asian Dust on Fruiting and Fruit Quality in Korean Fruit Trees Based on Artificial Spray Experiments Using Loess from the Source Region (황사 발원지 황토를 이용한 인공 황사 살포처리가 과수의 착과와 과실품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo Hyeong-Ho;Kim Jeom-Kuk;Park Moo-Yong;Kim Seung-Heui;Do Kyung-Ran
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.169-173
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    • 2006
  • This study used loess from the source region of Asian dust (a desert area in China) to analyze the effects of Asian dust on fruiting and fruit quality in Korean fruit trees. Asian dust and loess from the source region were highly alkaline compared to average Korean field soil. Organic material contents of Asian dust were about three times as high as that of the average field soil. Loess was dusted onto the stigma of apple, pear, and peach trees. fruiting, seed number, fruit quality and pollen tube elongation were investigated. Pollination and fertilization were not influenced while pollen tube elongation was slightly influenced. Consequently, fruiting, seed number and fruit quality were not affected by the dusting treatment.

Fruit Quality, Antioxidant Capacity and Nutrients between Organic and Conventional kiwifruit in Korea

  • Cho, H.;Cho, J.;Cho, Y.;Park, J.
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.spc
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    • pp.225-229
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    • 2011
  • Organic kiwifruits were smaller fruit size but had higher magnesium and dry matter content than conventional, meanwhile, fruit soluble solid content was similar to conventional. There were no significant difference in polyphenol contents and antioxidative capacity between organic and conventional although there were considerable variations among sample orchards. Several minerals were also similar levels in both systems.

Effect of Postharvest Treatments on Fruit Quality of 'Hong Bak' Peach during Shelf Life (복숭아(Prunus persica Batsch) '홍백'의 유통 중 품질에 미치는 수확 후 처리 효과)

  • Seo, Jeong-Seok;Hwang, Yong-Soo;Chun, Jong-Pil
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.147-158
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of 1-MCP, market temperature and combination treatment of freshing agent with 1-MCP on fruit quality of 'Hong Bak' peach (Prunus persica Batsch). The 1-MCP treatment at the rate of 1000ppb showed the best results in delaying the firmness loss and skin color development during shelf life without any detrimental effects on fruit quality. Moreover, positive effects of 1-MCP on fruit quality parameters were more significant in the fruits stored at $30^{\circ}C$ of high temperature shelf life than those of $20^{\circ}C$. The combination treatment of carbon ceramic with 1-MCP showed a beneficial effects including a prevention of firmness loss and maintaining external appearance during the five days of room temperature storage of 'Hong Bak' peach.

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Effect of Scion Root Occurrence on the Flowering, Fruit Quality and Yield of 'Shiranuhi' Mandarin Hybrid in Plastic Film House

  • Kang, Seok-Beom;Moon, Young-Eel;Kim, Yong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.525-529
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    • 2013
  • As most of citrus, shiranuhi mandarin ((Citrus unshiu ${\times}$ C. sinensis) ${\times}$ C. reticulata) mainly use the trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata) as its rootstock which has dwarf and cold hardness in Korea. However, recently, scion root was observed in 'Shiranuhi' mandarin tree grafted onto the trifoliate orange. This study was carried out to find out effects of scion root occurrence on the fruit quality, flowering and yield of shiranuhi mandarin. For the experiment, we selected six farmers who have outbreak of scion root in their Shiranuhi mandarin orchards and surveyed the difference of fruit quality of shiranuhi mandarin hybrid between scion root and control (trifoliate orange root). In the results, flowering was severely decreased in scion root trees compared to control. As a result of survey of 174 Shiranuhi mandarins, 160 trees were proved to be scion root, and had less flowering. Fruiting of scion root also severely dropped compared to control and thus, yields of scion root (6.4 kg) reduced by 24% compared to control (26.7 kg). The fruit size, weight and soluble solid contents of scion root were significantly reduced, but there were no differences in acid contents and coloring of fruit. From the results, we concluded that scion root had negative influence on flowering, fruit size and the yields of Shrinanuhi mandarin hybrid.

Effects of 1-Methylcyclopropene on Storage Life and Fruit Qualities of 'Fuji' Apple Fruit (1-MCP처리가 '후지'사과의 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • Ann, Seoung-Won;Jung, Jea-Hun;Kim, Young-Chil
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2012
  • This study was divided to three experiments for evaluating the effects of pre- or post-load 1-MCP on quality of 'Fuji' apples exposed to ethylene. The first experiment was compared for fruit quality at room temperature at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days between the control and 1-MCP-treated fruits followed storage of 130, 150, and 170 days. 1-MCP-treated fruits maintained higher fruit titratable acidity and firmness than those of control fruits. The second experiment was compared for fruit quality at room temperature at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days between fruits applied with pre-loaded-1-MCP on ethylene treatments (10 ${\mu}L/L$, 20 ${\mu}L/L$, and 40 ${\mu}L/L$) and control fruits. 1-MCP-treated fruits were not affected by ethylene concentrations, and had higher fruit weight and firmness than those of control. The third experiment was compared for fruit quality at room temperature at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days between fruits applied with pre-loading with ethylene (10 ${\mu}L/L$) followed by ventilation (8 h, or 32 h, or 56 h) and 1.0 ${\mu}L/L$ 1-MCP treatment. As observed above experiments, 1-MCP-treated fruits had higher fruit weight and firmness than those of control fruits, regardless of the delayed applications of 1-MCP.

A NONDESTRUCTIVE NIR SPECTROMETER : DEVELOPMENT OF A PORTABLE FRUIT QUALITY METER

  • L, Susumu-Morimoto;Hitoshi Ishibashi;Toshihiro Takada;Yoshiharu Suzuki;Masayuki Kashu;Ryogo Yamauchi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Near Infrared Spectroscopy Conference
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    • 2001.06a
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    • pp.1155-1155
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    • 2001
  • The quality of agricultural products is very important factor for consumers. In Japan, quality is sometimes more important than cost. Usually, the quality of fresh food products is determined in terms of shape, color, size, etc. However, these indices are not always associated with taste, leaving consumers to complain. Recently, two types of the fruit quality meter (a tabletop type - K-FS200 and a portable type - K-BA100, Kubota Corp.) using NIR technology were introduced in Japan. A tabletop instrument is for post harvest use and a portable one is for precision agriculture use. The both meters use the NIR region from 600nm to 1000nm in the interactance mode to determine quality factors related to taste. The instruments can measure sugar content and acidity of such fruit as apples, tomatoes, tangerines and other fruits. The measurement is timely, nondestructive and precise. For example, the coefficient of variation (CV) is less than 6% for sugar in most fruits. The K-FS200 has been evaluated in supermarkets, grading facilities, and wholesalers in Japan. The introduction of the K-FS200) has drawn attention to taste quality and its use is becoming more popular. In addition, researchers or farmers are becoming interested in measuring product ingredient not only after harvest but also during growing in the field so that they can make intelligent judgements concerning soil amendments, such as fertilizers and water, employs the fiber probe for flexible measurement and is battery powered for field use. Design of the fruit quality meters will be discussed. Applications to fruit quality will be presented.

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