• Title, Summary, Keyword: Five point likert scale

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Perceptions on Evaluation and Treatment of Swallowing Disorders in Speech-Language Pathologists (삼킴장애 진단과 치료에 대한 언어치료전공자의 인식 및 현황)

  • Yoon, Ji Hye;Lee, Hyun-Joung
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to survey Speech-Language Pathologists' perception on evaluation and treatment of "swallowing disorders". An online questionnaire was sent to the 279 subjects attending undergraduate/graduate programs in speech therapy department and/or SLPs who work in various settings. The survey consisted of three parts: 1) background information and educational/clinical experiences that are associated with dysphagia (swallowing disorder), 2) the current state of diagnosis and treatment of dysphagia of clinical practice (certified SLPs only), 3) the recognition of diagnosis, treatment, education for dysphagia. Each item of the survey was scaled by the participants on a five-point Likert scale of 1 to 5 (1 being not at all and 5 being extremely) or self-reported answers. The results of the survey showed that SLPs have high interest in "swallowing disorder", but most of them regarded them very difficult to diagnose and treat. The reason is that they have not been trained as a swallowing specialist. Therefore it is necessary to provide more opportunities for education and practice to establish the expertise of SLPs.

An Evaluation of Field-oriented Graduate School Model in Science and Engineering : In Case of University of Science and Technology (이공계 현장중심 교육모형평가 -과학기술연합대학원 사례를 중심으로-)

  • Jang Jai Joong;Park Jung Min;Seol Sung Soo;Lee Byung Min
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.932-954
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this paper is to evaluate of The University of Science and Technology (UST) as field-oriented graduate school model. The UST is unique in world-wide because of its operating system through the synergy effect of research and education and its interdisciplinary major system differentiated from the traditional graduate school, It first deals with measuring the users satisfaction by using a five-point Likert scale to analyze the general and special factors of UST, through which some findings are pointed out as follows; the education aims and visions are highly satisfied while essential factors in field-oriented education such as curriculum composition, apprentice and tailored education system, field training are not so high level. Finally it points out some suggestions for the UST development.

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Analysis of Management Status on Internet Home Pages of Korean Contracted Foodservice Companies (국내 주요 급식전문업체의 홈페이지 운영평가)

  • 김종군;유양자;차은석;홍완수
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.147-156
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to compare and analyze the management status of internet homepage of catering companies in Korea for improving internet marketing. An evaluation tool with 6 categories consisting of contents, information update, user's convenience, design, provision of related information, and accessibility was developed and used for the analysis of 6 major catering companies. A five-point likert scale (1=very badly organized, 5=very well organized) was used for evaluating above six categories. The overall mean score for six categories was 2.91 out of 5, showing below the average. The categories received less than 3 points were information update (2.16), user's convenience (2.33), and provision of related information (2.83). The scores for design was the highest (3.66), followed by accessibility (3.33), and contents (3.16). These results suggest that the internet homepaee of the catering companies should be improved especially in the provision of enough information and its update in order to promote their internet marketing.

A case of functional abdominal pain with Gyejiyimahwangyil-tang (계지이마황일탕(桂枝二麻黃一湯) 투여 후 호전된 기능성 복통 1례)

  • Kim, Seulki
    • 대한상한금궤의학회지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2019
  • Objective : The purpose of the present study was to report the improvement of functional abdominal pain in a patient treated with a herb medication based on a disease pattern identification diagnostic system under the provision of Shanghanlun (DPIDS). Methods : According to DPIDS, the patient was diagnosed with Taeyang-byung, no. 25 provision, and was administered with Gyejiyimahwangyil-tang herb medication for 60 days. The severity of the abdominal pain was assessed with the five-point Likert scale. Results : The abdominal pain in the patient disappeared following treatment with Gyejiyimahwangyil-tang, which is described in the 25th provision of Shanghanlun. Conclusions : The present case report suggests that '瘧', a word in the 25th provision of Shanghanlun may indicate severe abdominal pain at nighttime and not just malaria.

A Study to the evaluation Service Quality of Public Corporations (공기업의 서비스 품질 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Kyung-Hee;Cho, Jai-Rip
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.143-153
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    • 2009
  • One of the important components of this administrative reform is customer satisfaction. Every public enterprises introduced the Service Charter and Korean government took Customer satisfaction as the key index of public sector performance assessment. Most public enterprises introduced customer satisfaction management in an attempt to improve the quality of customer service. The government granted high incentives to excellent business innovative enterprises and developed additional indices, which are related to CS. From now on, every Korean enterprises must embody feasible customer satisfaction management and improve the quality of customer service In this research, we proposed a quality evaluation standard model which is suitable for the public enterprise based on the Service Quality Criteria, and examined the model. A 7-Point Likert Scale was used based on the five categories within the Service Quality: responsiveness, convenience, tangibility, sympathy and reliability, we analysed the validity and causal relationship among the factors within the model.

A Study on the Importance and Performance of the Display of Dining Space for Hotel Banquets (호텔 연회 식공간 연출에 대한 중요도와 만족도 분석 연구)

  • Kim, Gi-Chul;Lee, Yeon-Jung
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.173-187
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to provide useful information for establishing efficient marketing direction by investigating the performance(satisfaction) and importance of the display of dining space for hotel banquets. The importance and satisfaction scores of the display of dining space were measured on the five-point Likert scale. The results were summarized as follows. 'Taste of food(4.53 point)', 'freshness of food materials(4.50 point)', and 'indoor cleanliness(4.38 point)' were considered highly important while 'carpet shape of the floor(3.68 point)' and 'art objects(3.69 point)' were scored low. As for the factors of satisfaction, 'freshness of food materials(3.86 point)', 'taste of food(3.85 point)', 'indoor cleanliness(3.74 point)', and 'overall cleanliness of tables(3.73 point)' were considered highly satisfactory while 'art objects(3.42 point)', 'item decoration(3.44 point)', 'furniture and accessory decoration(3.45 point)' were scored low. As a result of analyzing difference between importance and performance of the display of dining space, importance(4.02 point) was much higher than performance(3.60 point). For the IPA result, customers made much account of 'taste of food', 'freshness of food materials', 'indoor cleanliness', 'overall cleanliness of tables', 'cleanliness state of a banquet hall' and so on, so they were regarded as the items to be continuously cared for. Also, intensive care was needed in such factors as 'indoor temperature', 'food vessels', 'soundproofing' and 'colors of a banquet hall' due to low customer satisfaction.

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An Analysis on the Image and Landscape Harmonization of Urban Bridges on Han-River, Seoul, Korea (도시 교량경관의 이미지와 조화성 분석 -서울 한강 교량을 중심으로-)

  • 이상엽;오휘영;조세환
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2002
  • This study aims to discover the landscape image of bridges and their harmonization wish surrounding sceneries. This research utilized the basic study tool of psycho-physics and processed the case study of five types of bridges on the Han-River, Seoul. Twenty-one bridges on Han-River were classified into five categories ; the cable stayed bridge, the arch bridge, the girder bridge, the trust bridge and the suspension bridge. Also, aesthetic elements of the bridges including the form the texture, the color, the scale and the harmony were examined. The questionaires to analysis the image and harmonization with surrounding sceneries were designed using semantic differential scale and 5 point Likert scale. The results of the research were as follows. First, components representing the images of bridge landscape are classified into three types, ‘beauty’, ‘weightfulness’ and ‘friendliness’. Second, the image of each bridge as a whole turns out not to be different from each other but to be different in the context of neighboring sceneries. It was also determined that both the Cable Stayed Bridge type and the Arch Bridge type are the most attractive. But, the former does have a more masculine image, and the latter has a m[n feminine image. Third, the Cable Stayed Bridge and the Arch Bridge were evaluated highly in terms of harmonization with surrounding landscapes, while the Girder Bridge received the lowest evaluation. All of the above results suggest that the bridges should be constructed not only for beauty itself in form, color, texture and scale, but also in harmonization with the surrounding landscape. Lastly, it is desirable to do further research to find out sort specific design principles that exist between bridges and tangible surrounding landscape types.

Development and Validation of Ready?Made Clothes Consumer Anxiety Scale (기성복 소비자의 구매불안척도 개발과 타당도 검증)

  • 유태준
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.216-229
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    • 1995
  • The main purpose of this study was to develop and validate a scale for measuring situation\ulcornerspecific anxiety that consumers experience while shopping for ready\ulcornerto-wear clothes. A 92 five-point items, Likert type scale, entitled the RMCCAS(The Ready\ulcornerMade Clothes Consumer Anxiety Scale) was developed and administered to 354 female college students. Data collected were subjected to a series of statistical analysis: item analysis, factor analysis, estimation of validity and reliability and descriptive statistics. A second-order factor analysis conducted to 15 factors obtained from a first-order factor analysis yieled three factors; Fitness of Fashion and Design to indiviuality and time(scale 1), Reliance on Price and Quality including Suitableness of Material and Color(scale 2), and Practicality in Dressing and Maintaining(scale 3). Obtained concurrent validity of the RMCCAS subscales with the trait anxiety were .056(subscale I), .082(subscale 2), .033(subscale 3), and .050(total scale). that with state anxiety were .421(subscale I), .217(subscale 2), .198 (subscale 3), and .407(total scale); that with the CP AS were. 721(subscale 1), .789(subscale 2), .570(subscale 3), and .841(total scale). All of the obtained coefficients of Cronbach alpha, split\ulcornerhalf reliability, and test-retested reliability over an interval of. 8 weeks were above .80. Besides, descriptive data from the RMCCAS satisfactorily supported conditions required for the normal distribution of obtained scores. In conclusion, a close exa:nination of validity, reliability, and descriptive statistics of the RMCCAS indicates that three subscales including the scale have a resonable scaling-prop\ulcornererties. Further research is suggested for obtaining norms for more representative target samples and for tapping the possibility of using subsea Ie 2 as a unidimensional measure .

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Subjective Wearing Assessment and Clothing Pressure depending on the Pattern Reduction Rate of Developed Cycle Pants Using the 3D Human Scan Data (3D 스캔 데이터를 이용하여 개발된 사이클 팬츠 패턴의 축소율에 따른 의복압 및 주관적 착의 평가)

  • Jeong, Yeonhee;Hong, Kyunghi
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.255-266
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we have developed the ergonomic pattern from the 3D human body reflecting cycling posture and extensibility of the stretch fabrics. Adjusting pressure level in the construction of athlete's tight-fitting stretch garments by reducing the original pattern is a challenging subject, which influence on the performance of the wearer directly. Therefore, in this study, relationships between the reduction rates of the 2D pattern obtained from the 3D human scan and resultant clothing pressure were explored to improve the fit and pressure exerted by reduced clothing pattern. Subjective wear sensations of the experimental garments were rated using a seven-point Likert scale on two consecutive days. While wearing the garments, subjects were asked to take five different postures including waist flexion, sitting and others. A Likert-type scale was used for the evaluation, with 7 points indicating the best fit in tight-fitting pants. Comparing 2/3T-pattern with T-pattern, the latter was superior to 2/3T-pattern in terms of adhere well to the waist and hip area in the 0.032 significance level. T-pattern was superior to 2/3T-pattern in terms of fitting and wear comfort. As results, the pattern obtained from the flexed body reflecting cycling posture already included the contraction and extension of the skin while cycling posture, so that the extra ease for movement and good fit was not need to be considered. The optimized reduction rates were determined with the proposed reduction rate, the resultant pressure range was within the range of $0.5{\sim}3.0gf/cm^2$ at eight locations on the body except front waist band and thigh band.

Pattern Development of Skate Pants Allowing for Dynamic Movement and Postures (인체의 동작을 고려한 스케이트 팬츠 패턴 개발)

  • Jeong, Yeon-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 2008
  • The construction of an athlete's tight-fitting garments is very important to the wearer in terms of athletic performance. Therefore pattern development of tight-fitting garments must allow for the full range of human movement and postures. In this study the relationship between the construction of a skate pants pattern and clothing fitting was explored with the aim of improving the comfort of the clothing. The four male subjects were university students between the ages of 20 to 24. Subjective wear sensations of the experimental garments were rated using a seven-point Likert scale on four consecutive days. While wearing the garments, subjects were asked to take five different postures including waist flexion, sitting and others. A Likert-type scale was used for the evaluation, with 7 points indicating the best fit in tight-fitting pants. Results showed differences in the front-rise length and back-rise length between basic pants(A) and modified pants(B,C,D) were -5.16cm and +5.64cm. Comparing the basic pants pattern(A) with modified pants pattern(B), the latter was superior to basic pants(A) in terms of pressure sensation and closeness of fit, but there was no significant difference. Among the four tight-fitting skate pants, A and B pants were superior to the others in terms of fitting and stability of waist and hip sections. In the case of the skate pants, the number of cutting lines in the pattern had an influence on clothing comfort. A minimum cutting line for tight skate pants was better than a maximum cutting line in terms of clothing comfort.