• Title/Summary/Keyword: Five point likert scale

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Comparison of shoe attributes importance according to shopping orientations of college women (여대생의 쇼핑성향에 따른 신발속성 중요도 비교)

  • Lee, Kyung Lim
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.433-447
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    • 2017
  • This study reveals the components of college women's shopping orientations and compares the attributes of shoes accordingly. This study attempts to investigate the needs of consumers in the target market of young women by comparing the importance of shoe attributes with their shopping orientations and to provide basic data for efficient marketing strategies which could increase sales. Data was collected using a questionnaire survey. Of a total of 330 questionnaires, 319 were used for statistical analysis. The survey was carried out from July to August 2016. The 17 shopping orientation-related questions and 13 questions about shoe purchase attributes were measured using a five-point Likert Scale. SPSS 23 was used to carry out: descriptives, factor analysis, reliability analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA, and Duncan's test. Shopping orientations were divided between brand orientation, pleasure orientation, trend orientation and utilitarian orientation. Shoe attributes were categorized into ostentation value, product value, economic value and aesthetic value. College women were divided into the following groups: active shopping, passive shopping, rational shopping and conforming shopping. According to the comparison of the importance of shoe attributes by consumer type among college women, a significant difference by group was found in ostentation value and aesthetic value only. Furthermore, the average scores on the importance of product value and economic value were very high without significant differences between groups. The study results would be available as basic data to help improving the visual image of shoes and product quality for brands targeting young women in the fashion industry.

Correlation between the perception towards leisure activities and satisfaction with campus life in dental hygiene students in the Chungcheongnam-do area (충남지역 치위생(학)과 학생의 여가활동인식과 대학생활만족의 관계)

  • Yoo, Jin-Ah;Jang, Jong-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.647-656
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the correlation between leisure activity recognition and campus life satisfaction of dental hygiene students in the Chungnam area. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 494 dental hygiene students at eight universities from January 11 to January 29, 2016. The questionnaire used a five point Likert scale to measure campus life satisfaction and perception towards leisure activities. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics of variables, independent t-test, one way ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis. Results: The mean for satisfaction with campus life and perception towards leisure activities were 3.15 and 3.73, respectively, wich were both higher than the average. The campus life satisfaction of facilities, study, life showed positive correlations with leisure activity recognition. Conclusions: Perception towards leisure activities was associated with satisfaction with campus life. These results suggest that university authorities should encourage students to use active leisure time such as by establishing leisure programs and club activities in order to improve students' awareness of leisure activities and encourage them to make the most of university life.

Relationships of Nurses' Perception, Nursing Performance, Job Stress, and Burnout in Relation to the Joint Commission International Hospital Accreditation (간호사의 국제의료기관평가에 대한 인식과 간호업무성과, 평가 관련 직무 스트레스 및 소진과의 관계)

  • Yang, Nam Young;Choi, Jeong Sil
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to ascertain current status of nurses' perception, nursing performance, job stress, and burnout in relation to the Joint Commission International (JCI) hospital accreditation and to verify the relationships among these variables. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed using questionnaires. Data were collected from 220 nurses who worked at one hospital from April 5 to May 4, 2013. Results: The scores for perception, nursing performance, job stress and burnout in relation to the JCI hospital accreditation were(on a five-point Likert scale) 3.23, 4.01, 3.56 and 3.40 respectively. A positive correlation was observed between perception and nursing performance. Burnout was negatively correlated with perception and nursing performance, and positively correlated with job stress. Conclusion: These results indicate that developing positive perception and reduced burnout in relation to the JCI hospital accreditation can produce good nursing performance. These findings can be utilized to develop strategies for reducing job stress and burnout in relation to the JCI hospital accreditation.

Nurse Characteristics related to Level of Use of Essential Oriental Nursing Terms in Oriental Medicine Hospitals (한방병원 간호사들의 한방간호 필수용어 활용도와 관련된 특성)

  • Hwang, Jee-In;Kim, Won-Ock;Wang, Myoung-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.209-215
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine the level of use of essential oriental nursing terms and related characteristics among nurses in oriental medicine (OM) hospitals. Method: A cross-sectional survey design with convenience sampling was employed. Questionnaires were used to collect data from 315 nurses in seven university-affiliated OM hospitals. The questionnaire included 174 oriental nursing terms about actions, tests, drugs, and theories. Multiple regression analysis was performed to determine factors associated with the level of use. Results: The response rate was 98.1% (n=309). Overall mean score for use of essential oriental nursing terms was 2.7(${\pm}\;0.7$) on a five-point Likert scale. Significant factors associated with the level of use were workplace and knowledge of oriental nursing theory terms. Nurses who worked in nursing care wards and those who had a higher level of knowledge of oriental nursing theories had a higher level of use. Conclusions: These findings indicate that level of use of essential oriental nursing terms were below average. Educational programs to enhance knowledge of oriental nursing theories need to be implemented for nurses in OM hospitals, considering their workplace, in order to facilitate nursing data sharing and communication among healthcare providers.

The Effect of Acupotomy on Traumatic Acute Low back pain : Case Report (외상성으로 발생한 급성 요배통 환자에 대한 도침치료 3례 : 증례보고)

  • Choi, Chul woo;Choi, Bong seok;Oh, Min seok
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2017
  • Objectives:The purpose of this study is to report the effect of acupotomy on pain, lumbar function, and quality of life in acute low back pain patients. Methods:We performed Acupotomy in three patients who have acute low back pain due to a traumatic motive within one week. NRS was used to evaluate patients' pain, ROM and RMDQ were used to evalutate lumbar function, EQ-5D and EQ VAS were used to evaluate quality of life, and a five-point Likert scale was used to evaluate treatment satisfaction. Results: Acupotomy reduced the patient's NRS, increased ROM and reduced RMDQ. EQ-5D increased in cases 1 and 3 but decreased in case 2 and EQ VAS increased in all cases. Conclusions: This study shows acupotomy has useful effect and acupotomy can be a effective treatment on acute low back pain patients.

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Identification of Quality Attributes of University Foodservice and Factors Required for the Improvement of Customer Satisfaction: A Case Study Using IPA Model (대학급식 서비스 품질 속성 및 품질 개선요인 도출: IPA 모델 적용 사례연구)

  • Lee, So-Jung;Jung, Hyun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.208-225
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    • 2010
  • Our research consisted of a qualitative study investigating the quality attributes of university foodservices through focus group interviews and a quantitative study evaluating service quality of university foodservices through a survey. Sixteen quality attributes were derived and customer satisfaction questionnaires included these 16 quality attributes with a five-point Likert scale. An Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) model was applied in order to identify operational strategies necessary to improve service quality. The survey questionnaires were distributed to 600 university students enrolled in a university located in Kwangju and statistical analysis was performed on 555 surveys using an SPSS package. Overall customer satisfaction with the quality of university foodservices was relatively low (under 3.0) while the expectation was inclined to be high (over 4.0). The main reasons for using the university foodservice were given as inexpensive price (67.6%) and time saving (22.9%). A factor analysis of 16 quality attributes revealed two separate factors: food quality (Cronbach's alpha=0.911) and service quality (Cronbach's alpha=0.934). Variety of menu, convenient location, and sanitation of utensils and facilities were identified by an IPA model as factors needing improvement in operational strategies.

Nutrition Teachers' Perception of the Importance and Performance Frequency of Their Roles in the Indicators and Items on a Teacher Evaluation (교원능력개발평가 영양교사 평가지표와 문항의 중요도 및 수행도에 대한 영양교사들의 인식)

  • Choi, Hee-Jun;Park, Ji-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.146-159
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to determine the appropriateness of the indicators and items on teacher evaluations for professional development and to provide insight for their improvement. To accomplish this, the perception of the importance and performance frequency of 318 nutrition teachers regarding their roles inherent in the indicators and items were evaluated through a survey questionnaire based on a five-point Likert scale. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and a paired t-test. In addition, the reflective analysis and constant comparison method were employed to analyze the responses to the open-ended questions asking problems in the indicators and items. The results revealed that the mean scores for the importance and performance frequency of most indicators and items were over four points, which implies that most indicators and items are appropriate for evaluating the job tasks of nutrition teachers. However, it was suggested that a few items be revised or removed for their improvement and appropriateness. This study concluded that nutrition teachers should have more chances to provide nutrition education for students to enable them to perform as teachers and not simply dietitians.

A Survey on Participants' Satisfaction of Vocal Hygiene Education: A Preliminary Study (음성위생교육 만족도에 대한 예비 연구)

  • Yoon, Ji Hye;Kim, Sun Woo
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.83-93
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    • 2013
  • Vocal hygiene education is an indirect training approach to improve vocal function by educating all facets of optimal vocal health. Satisfaction levels of participants might be an important component of this indirect therapy for voice disorders. The authors aimed to investigate the satisfaction levels of vocal hygiene education in 51 patients with voice problems. We classified voice disorders of the participants according to three etiological categories (subgroups): organic, neurogenic, and functional. The survey consisted of three parts: 1) a condition of vocal hygiene education, 2) a degree of satisfaction of the present education, and 3) a request for future education. Participants responded to each item of the survey using a five-point Likert scale of 1 to 5 (1 being not at all and 5 being extremely). They also wrote down personal comments of improvement. Participants scored the vocal hygiene education offered by the speech-language pathologists between '3' and '4'. Specifically, the participants were highly satisfied with the specific and comprehensible explanation/instruction given by their speech-language pathologists. However, they were less satisfied with the tuition fee for the therapy sessions. Vocal hygiene education is offered individually to people in a clinical setting. Our results support the notion that vocal hygiene education can be an integral aspect of the treatment of voice problems in most cases.

Relationship of Nurses' Perception of the Joint Commission International Hospital Accreditation, Nursing Performance, Self-concept and Retention Intention (간호사의 국제의료기관평가에 대한 인식, 간호업무성과, 자아개념 및 재직의도 간의 관계)

  • Kwon, Eun Kyung;Lee, Eun Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.118-126
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationships of perception of JCI (Joint Commission International) hospital accreditation, nursing performance, self-concept and retention intention in nurses. Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data from 199 JCI-accredited nurses in general hospitals located in Gyeonggi Province. Data collection was done in May 2015 and analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}^{\prime}s$ test, and Pearson correlation coefficients. Results: The scores for perception, and nursing performance were (on a five-point Likert scale) 3.34, 3.78 respectively, and self-concept and retention intention were (on a eight-point Likert scale) 5.40 and 5.21 respectively. Nurses' perception, nursing performance, self-concept, and retention intention showed significant differences depending on age, marital status, education, department, work experience, position, Korean accreditation, and JCI accreditation. A positive correlation was observed between perception, nursing performance, self-concept, and retention intention. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that enhancing positive perception and good nursing performance can produce good self-concept and retention intention.

Effects of Korean Medicine Treatments on Pain Reduction of Postoperative Meniscal Injury Patients : A Retrospective Observational Study (슬관절 반월상 연골 파열 후 수술 환자의 통증 감소에 대한 한의학적 치료 효과: 후향적 관찰연구)

  • Kim, Sang Woo;Oh, Min Seok
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study is to observe the effectiveness of complex Korean Medicine treatments on pain reduction of patients after meniscal surgery. We analyzed 16 patients who have been diagnosed as Meniscal injury on Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI) scan and had admitted to Dunsan Korean Medical hospital from January 30, 2014 to April 30, 2019. The analysis was conducted as retrospective study which analyzes patient's medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using the IBM SPSS statistics 25 program. We used Numeric Rating Scale to evaluate pain reduction, Five-point likert scale to asses treatment satisfaction. The result showed that there were statistically significant pain reduction on the postoperative meniscal injury patients treated with complex Korean Medicine treatments. In conclusion, we found that the complex Korean Medicine treatments showed a positive effect on pain reduction of postoperative meniscal injury patients. Further research is required to confirm the effectiveness of Korean Medicine treatment.