• Title/Summary/Keyword: Fatty acid

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Free Fatty Acid Accumulation by Mesophilic Lactic Acid Bacteria in Cold-Stored Milk

  • Coskun, Hayri;Ondul, Eda
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.133-138
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    • 2004
  • This study was aimed to determine the accumulation of free fatty acid by mesophilic lactic acid bac-teria (Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis 1471, Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris 1000 and Lactobacillus casei 111) in cold-stored milk. According to the results, all cold-stored milks had higher acid degree val-ues than those of fresh milk. This phenomenon showed that a slight increase occurred in the accumulation of free fatty acids as a result of spontaneous lipolysis during cold storage. All lactic acid bacteria showed good performance in production of titratable acidity, which increased during fermentation of the milk (fresh and stored milks). Moreover, as the storage time was prolonged, more free fatty acid accumulation was obtained from the fermentation of the cold-stored milk by the investigated lactic acid bacteria. The control milk, which was without lactic acid bacteria, showed no change in the accumulation of free fatty acid during fermentation. From this result, it can be suggested that longer cold-storage time can induce higher free fatty acid accumulation in milk by lactic acid bacteria.

Effects of Supplementing Duck Diets with Houttuynia Cordata Powder on the Fatty Acid Profiles of their Breast meat -A Field Study- (어성초를 오리사료에 첨가 시 오리가슴살 지방산 분포도 조사 -현장연구를 중심으로-)

  • Choi, In Hag
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.745-748
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    • 2016
  • Ninety ducks (one-day-old Pekins, 45 males and 45 females) were used to evaluate the effects of supplementing diets with Houttuynia cordata powder on the fatty acid profiles of duck breast meat. The ducks were allotted to one of the three treatment diets using a completely randomized design, each treatment-group containing three replicate pens with ten birds each (five of each gender). The experimental diets were: 1) Control (basal diet), 2) T1 (Control+ 1% Houttuynia cordata) and 3) T2 (Control+2% Houttuynia cordata). In spite of significant difference, the addition of Houttuynia cordata resulted in higher unsaturated fatty acid and lower saturated fatty acid contents than in the Control group. However, no remarkable difference was observed between 1% and 2 % Houttuynia cordata groups for fatty acid profiles.

Quantitative Trait Loci and Candidate Genes Affecting Fatty Acid Composition in Cattle and Pig

  • Maharani, Dyah;Jo, Cheo-Run;Jeon, Jin-Tae;Lee, Jun-Heon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.325-338
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    • 2011
  • Investigations into fatty acid composition in meats are becoming more important due to consumer demand for high quality healthy food. Marker-assisted selection has been applied to livestock to improve meat quality by directly selecting animals for favorable alleles that affect economic traits. Quantitative trait loci affecting fatty acid composition in cattle and pigs were investigated, and five candidate genes (ACACA, FASN, SCD, FABPs, and SREBP-1) were significantly associated with fatty acid composition. The information presented here should provide valuable guidelines to detect causative mutations affecting fatty acid composition in cattle and pigs.

Effects of Fish Oil Supplementation to Korean Lactasting Women -II. The Effects on Lipid Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Breast Milk- (한국인 수유부에 어유의 보충 급여 효과에 관한 연구 - II. 모유의 지질 농도 및 지방산 조성에 미친 영향-)

  • 임현숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.188-191
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    • 1996
  • This study was undertaken to determine the effects of fish oil supplementation with low dose on the lipid content and fatty acid composition of breast milk. Among 18 lactating women who were exclusively breast-fed their babies, 6 were in control group and 12 were in fish lil groups. The subjects in fish oil groups were supplemented with 1.96g/d or 3.92g/d of fish oil for 2 weeks from 10 to 12 weeks of postpartum. All subjects consumed their usual diet at home. Breast milk samples were collected at the final day of experiment. By fish oil supplementation, the concentrations of triglyceride, cholesterol, free fatty acid and phospholipid as well as total lipid in breast milk tended to increase, but not significant. There was no dose-dependent response. The fatty acid composition of breast milk was not changed by fish oil supplementation. These results suggest that low dose of fish oil supplementation may increase of lipid content, but does not affect on the fatty acid composition of breast milk.

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Studies on the Fatty Acid Composition of Egg Yolk Oil. (난황유의 지방산 조성에 관한 연구)

  • 고무석;김종숙;최옥자;김용두
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.87-91
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    • 1997
  • Egg yolk oil was obtained by roasting and Pressing egg yolks of hen's egg breeding on the open bin system and the cage system, respectively. Lipids in egg yolk oil were extracted with a mixture of chloroform and methanol (2 : 1, V/V), and fractionated into neutral lipid, glycolipid, and phospholipid by silicic aicd column chromatography. Fatty acid composition of each fraction was determined by gas chromatography. The major fatty acids of total lipids and neutral lipids are in sequence of oleic acid, palmitic acid, and linoleic acid. The major fatty acids of the glycolipids are palmitic acid, oleic acid, stearic acid, and lauric acid successively. The major fatty acids of phospholipids are oleic acid, lauric acid, and Palmitic acid consecutively. About the fatty acids composition of egg yolk oil in the open barn system, the contents of saturated fatty acid are lower and the contents of unsaturated fatty acid are higher than that of the case system. The contents of unsaturated fatty acid in egg yolk oil is higher than that of saturated fatty acid in total lipids and nutral lipids. Unsaturated fatty acid/saturated fatty acid of e99 yolk oil in the open barn system is higher than that of the cage system in glycolipids and phospholipids.

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Dietary Fatty Acid Intakes of Employees in Employee Feeding Operations (사업체 집단급식소 근로자의 지방산 섭취 조사 연구)

  • 정은정
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.9-21
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the fatty acid intakes of employees in employee feeding operations in Seoul and to provide prudent dietary guidelines with special concern on dietary fat. Four establishments were selected in large scale group and other four were selected as small scale group according to feeding numbers and food cost. Food intake was measured by substracting the leftover from the averaged portion amount. The leftover was measured by the modified aggregate selection plate waste measurement technique. The results were as follows : Employees from the large scale institution consumed more energy, protein, carbohydrate and niacin compared to those from the small scale institution(p<0.05). The mean calorie compositions of carbohydrate, protein and fat of all subjects were 66.7, 16.4 and 16.9%. The mean fat intake was 12.1g/lunch. Linoleic acid(C18:2 $\omega$6, 3.67g) was the most abundant fatty acid contained in the diet, followed by oleic acid (C18:1 $\omega$9, 3.53g) and palmitic acid(C16:0, 1.83g). The subjects consumed 5.2g polyunsaturated fatty acids(PUFA), 4.6g monounsaturated fatty acid(MUFA), 3.2g saturated fatty acid(SFA) per lunch per person. The average ratios of P/M/S and $\omega$6/$\omega$3 fatty acids were 1.6/1.5/1.0 and 8.5/1/0., respectively. the dietary $\omega$3 fatty acid status can be improved, even though the ratios found belong to the desirable range, by including $\omega$3 fatty acid rich-foods such as bean products and seafoods more frequently in the diet. Caution is needed for higher unsaturated nature of $\omega$3 series fatty acids to be prevented from peroxidation.

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Comparison of Inclusion Complex Formation Capacity of Cyclodextrins with Various Molecules and Characterization of Cyclodextrin-fatty Acid Complex (Cyclodextrin의 Inclusion Complex 형성능과 Fatty Acid와의 Complex 형성조건과 특성)

  • 이용현;정승환박동찬
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.149-158
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    • 1995
  • The capacity of inclusion complex formation between ${\alpha}$-, ${\beta}$-, ${\gamma}$-cyclodextrins(CDs) and various compounds, such as pH indicators, biloslalns, glycoside, amino acid, and fatty acids, was compared. Fatty acid was identified as the most suitable ligand for fractionation of CDs in terms of capacity and selectivity. The effects of complex formation conditions, such as, mixing ratio of CD and fatty acid, pH, ionic strength, and temperature, on the capacity of fatty acrid-CD complex was also investigated. The carbon number of fatty acids was identified as the most significant factor determining the capacity and selectivity of inclusion complex formation of CDs. Capric acid(C10) and palmitic acid(C16) showed high specificity for ${\alpha}$- and ${\beta}$-CDs, respectively. Under the optimal conditions, the molar ratio of complex formed was found to be 1.0:2.6 for ${\alpha}$-CD/capric acid and 1.0:1.9 for ${\beta}$-CD/palmitic acid. X-ray diffraction and infrared spectrum of the formed inclusion complex were analyzed. The changes of enthalpy($\Delta$H) of the inclusion complex formation reaction was evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry, showed that the reaction was endothermic.

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Epistatic Effects of Six Candidate Genes on Fatty Acid Composition in Korean Native Chicken

  • Jin, Shil;Lee, Seung Hwan;Lee, Doo Ho;Lee, Jun Heon
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2021
  • Fatty acid composition is an important economic trait that affects meat flavor. Several genes that influence fatty acid composition in meat have been investigated. In a previous study, we identified 51 significant SNP × SNP interactions (P≤0.05) between nine SNPs of six candidate genes (DEGS1, ELOVL6, FABP3, FABP4, FASN, and SCD) on meat fatty acid composition in Korean native chicken. This study further investigated the patterns of the SNP × SNP interactions to understand how they affect the fatty acid content in thigh and breast meat of Korean native chicken. The significant epistatic effects of SNP combinations showed various patterns for each fatty acid trait. The results of this study suggest that the respective additive effects of each SNP on polygenic traits, such as fatty acid composition, should be considered in combination with the epistatic effect of SNP combinations in animal breeding programs. The findings of this study have provided new genetic information for improving meat quality, especially the fatty acid composition, of Korean native chicken.

Identification of Exonic Nucleotide Variants of the Thyroid Hormone Responsive Protein Gene Associated with Carcass Traits and Fatty Acid Composition in Korean Cattle

  • Oh, Dong-Yep;Lee, Yoon-Seok;La, Boo-Mi;Lee, Jea-Young;Park, Yong-Soo;Lee, Ji-Hong;Ha, Jae-Jung;Yi, Jun-Koo;Kim, Byung-Ki;Yeo, Jung-Sou
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1373-1380
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    • 2014
  • The thyroid hormone responsive protein (THRSP) gene is a functional gene that can be used to indicate the fatty acid compositions. This study investigates the relationships of exonic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the THRSP gene and fatty acid composition of muscle fat and marbling score in the 612 Korean cattle. The relationships between fatty acid composition and eight SNPs in the THRSP gene (g.78 G>A, g.173 C>T, g.184 C>T, g.190 C>A, g.194 C>T, g.277 C>G, g.283 T>G and g.290 T>G) were investigated, and according to the results, two SNPs (g.78 G>A and g.184 C>T) in exon 1 were associated with fatty acid composition. The GG and CC genotypes of g.78 G>A and g.184 C>T had higher unsaturated fatty acid (UFA) and monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) content (p<0.05). In addition, the $ht1^*ht1$ group (Val/Ala haplotype) in a linkage disequilibrium increased MUFAs and marbling scores for carcass traits (p<0.05). As a result, g.78 G>A and g.184 C>T had significantly relationships with UFAs and MUFAs. Two SNPs in the THRSP gene affected fatty acid composition, suggesting that GG and CC genotypes and the $ht1^*ht1$ group (Val/Ala haplotype) can be markers to genetically improve the quality and flavor of beef.