• Title, Summary, Keyword: FLO-2D

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Modeling for Debris Flow Behavior on Expressway Using FLO-2D (FLO-2D를 이용한 고속도로에서의 토석류 거동 모델링)

  • Lim, Jae-Tae;Kim, Byunghyun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.263-272
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    • 2019
  • This study demonstrates the applicability of the FLO-2D for the influence analysis of the debris flow on expressway. To do this, the behavior of debris flow on the expressway was reproduced by applying the FLO-2D to actual generated debris flow. The study area is a part of the Deokyusan Service Area on the Daejon-Jinju Expressway, where traffic was blocked for 24 hours due to the debris flow in August 2005. Geographical analysis with GIS, hydrological analysis with HEC-HMS, and estimation of the amount of debris flow were carried out using field survey and soil property test data. Then, the optimum parameter combination of FLO-2D was selected through the parameter sensitivity analysis, and the behavior analysis of debris flow on expressway was applied. The comparison of the predictions with the observations shows the availability of FLO-2D for the behavior analysis of debris flow on the expressway.

Numerical modeling of debris flow in Mt. Umyeon using FLO-2D model (FLO-2D 모형을 이용한 우면산 토석류 수치모델링)

  • Kim, Seung-Eun;Paik, Joong-Cheol;Kim, Kyung-Suk
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.105-105
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    • 2012
  • 최근 우리나라는 집중호우로 인한 토석류의 발생이 현저하게 증가하고 있으며, 2002년 태풍 루사와 2003년 매미 그리고 2006년 7월 집중호우 등으로 인한 피해의 규모는 여러 조사와 문헌에서도 확인할 수 있다. 2011년 7월, 서울 우면산 일대에서는 집중호우로 인한 토석류가 발생하였으며, 16명의 인명손실을 포함한 큰 피해가 있었다. 우면산 토석류는 십여 개 지역에서 동시다발적으로 발생하였으며, 토석류 발생 유역 특성과 토석류의 유동특성을 분석하기 위한 현장 조사가 진행되었다. 조사한 자료에 따르면 우면산 일대의 일일 강우량은 서초 기상측정소를 기준으로 최대 24시간 누적 324mm 그리고 시간당 최대 68.5mm/hr를 기록하였다. 상업용 소프트웨어인 FLO-2D는 유사농도의 함수로서 점성(viscous)응력, 항복(yield)응력, 난류 및 분산(dispersive) 응력항을 포함하는 2차 유변학(quadratic rheology) 모델을 기본으로 사용하여 이류(mudflow)와 토석류(debris flow)를 모의할 수 있다. FLO-2D는 흐름의 운동량 및 에너지 보존을 고려하여 격자와 시간에 관계없이 유동심도, 속도, 압력을 예측할 수 있으며, 격자 기반의 모델로서 GIS 및 기타 응용 프로그램들과 연동이 쉽다는 장점이 있다. 그러나 하상침식에 의해 유발된 토석류의 체적 증가는 고려 할 수 없으므로 토석류의 전파 및 퇴적영역에서의 토석류 모의에만 사용할 수 있는 단점이 있다. 이 연구의 목적은 FLO-2D 소프트웨어를 이용하여 우면산에서의 토석류 현상을 재현하는 것이다. 우면산 일대에서 발생한 토석류 중 서초구 방배동의 래미안 아파트 부근에서 발생한 토석류에 대하여 수치지도(DEM)와 현장조사를 통해 얻은 지형자료, 해당 지역의 강우량 및 지질 특성 자료 등을 토대로 FLO-2D 모델을 적용하여 토석류의 흐름특성을 검토한다. 토석류 유동 및 퇴적에 대한 가용한 현장관측 자료와의 비교 분석을 통하여 토석류 특성 값을 산정하고, 모델의 적용성을 검증한다.

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Run-out Modeling of Debris Flows in Mt. Umyeon using FLO-2D (FLO-2D 모형을 이용한 우면산 토석류 유동 수치모의)

  • Kim, Seungeun;Paik, Joongcheol;Kim, Kyung Suk
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.965-974
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    • 2013
  • Multiple debris flows occurred on July 27, 2012 in Mt. Umyeon, which resulted in 16 casualties and severe property demage. Accurate reproducing of the propagation and deposition of debris flow is essential for mitigating these disasters. Through applying FLO-2D model to these debris flows and comparing the results with field observations, we seek to evaluate the performance of the model and to analyse the rheological model parameters. Representative yield stress and dynamic viscosity back-calculated for the debris flows in the northern side of Mt. Umyeon are 1022 Pa and 652 $Pa{\cdot}s$, respectively. Numerical results obtained using these parameters reveal that deposition areas of debris flows in Raemian and Shindong-A regions are well reproduced in 63-85% agreement with the field observations. However, the propagation velocities of the flows are significantly underestimated, which is attributable to the inherent limitations of the model that can't take the entrainment of bed material and surface water into account. The debris flow deposition computed in Hyeongchon region where the entrainment is not significant appears to be in very good agreement with the field observation. The sensitivity study of the numerical results on model parameters shows that both sediment volume concentration and roughness coefficient significantly affect the flow thickness and velocity, which underscores the importance of careful selection of these model parameters in FLO-2D modeling.

Impact of Vegetation Heterogeneity on Rainfall Excess in FLO-2D Model : Yongdam Catchment (용담댐 유역에서 식생 이질성이 FLO-2D 유량 산정에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Hojun;Lee, Khil-Ha
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.259-266
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    • 2019
  • Two main sources of data, meteorological data and land surface characteristics, are essential to effectively run a distributed rainfall-runoff model. The specification and averaging of the land surface characteristics in a suitable way is crucial to obtaining accurate runoff output. Recent advances in remote sensing techniques are often being used to derive better representations of these land surface characteristics. Due to the mismatch in scale between digital land cover maps and numerical grid sizes, issues related to upscaling or downscaling occur regularly. A specific method is typically selected to average and represent the land surface characteristics. This paper examines the amount of flooding by applying the FLO-2D routing model, where vegetation heterogeneity is manipulated using the Manning's roughness coefficient. Three different upscaling methods, arithmetic, dominant, and aggregation, were tested. To investigate further, the rainfall-runoff model with FLO-2D was facilitated in Yongdam catchment and heavy rainfall events during wet season were selected. The results show aggregation method provides better results, in terms of the amount of peak flow and the relative time taken to achieve it. These rwsults suggest that the aggregation method, which is a reasonably realistic description of area-averaged vegetation nature and characteristics, is more likely to occur in reality.

Comparsion Between RAMMS And FLO-2D through Danaged by Debris Flow Analysis (토석류 피해지 분석을 통한 RAMMS모형과 FLO-2D모형의 비교)

  • Tak, Won-Jun;Jeon, Gye-Won;Jeon, Byeong-Hui;Lee, Ho-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.112-112
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    • 2015
  • 우리나라는 산지가 국토의 64%이상으로 토석류 등 지반재해의 위험성에 노출되어 있다. 2011년 7월 우면산 토석류, 춘천시 펜션 토석류 등 규모가 큰 토석류 재해가 일어나며 문제가 되고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 토석류 피해지역을 연구지역으로 선정하고 지상 LiDAR스캔을 통한 현장조사로 연구지역과 유사한 매개변수 값을 산정하고 정밀도가 높은 지형자료를 생성하여 토석류 해석에 대한 정확도를 높혔다. 토석류 해석프로그램은 국내에서 토석류 해석에 많이 사용되는 FLO-2D와 아직 국내에서는 사용 빈도가 높지는 않지만 국외 연구사례에서 사용 빈도가 높은 모델 중 RAMMS 모형을 선정하여 토석류 피해가 발생한 동일 지역에 두 모형을 적용하고 그 적용성을 검토하였다.

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Impact of Different Green-Ampt Model Parameters on the Distributed Rainfall-Runoff Model FLO-2D owing to Scale Heterogeneity (분포형 강우-유출 모형에서 토양도 격자크기 효과가 Green-Ampt 모형의 매개변수와 모의된 강우손실에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Ji-hyeong;Lee, Khil-Ha
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 2020
  • The determination of soil characteristics is important in the simulation of rainfall runoff using a distributed FLO-2D model in catchment analysis. Digital maps acquired using remote sensing techniques have been widely used in modern hydrology. However, the determination of a representative parameter with spatial scaling mismatch is difficult. In this investigation, the FLO-2D rainfall-runoff model is utilized in the Yongdam catchment to test sensitivity based on three different methods (mosaic, arithmetic, and predominant) that describe soil surface characteristics in real systems. The results show that the mosaic method is costly, but provides a reasonably realistic description and exhibits superior performance compared to other methods in terms of both the amount and time to peak flow.

Analysis of Optimal Evacuation Route for Flood Disaster (홍수재난에 대한 최적 대피경로 분석)

  • Kim, Kyong-Hoon;Park, Jae-Woo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.169-177
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    • 2018
  • There is a lot of loss of life due to natural disasters. In particular, flood damage caused by heavy rainfall in urban areas causes serious damage. Therefore, in this study, we conducted a study on the optimal evacuation route for safe evacuation of urban areas. We set up a methodology by reviewing Flo-2D model and A* algorithm. A Flo-2D model was used to derive the hazardous area, and we selected the starting points with many people and suggested ways to select safe evacuation sites. And the route was derived from the starting point to the safe evacuation point by using the A * algorithm. This study could be used not only for evacuation route but also for road maintenance and evacuation facilities.

Sensitivity Analysis of Model Parameters used in a Coupled Dam-Break/FLO-2D Model to Simulate Flood Inundation (FLO-2D에서 댐붕괴 모형 매개변수의 침수 범위 민감도 분석)

  • Lee, Khil-Ha;Son, Myung-Ho;Kim, Sung-Wook;Yu, Soonyoung;Cho, Jin-Woo;Kim, Jin-Man;Jung, Jung-Kyu
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.53-67
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    • 2014
  • Numerical modeling is commonly used to reproduce the physical phenomena of dam-break and to compile resulting flood hazard maps. The accuracy of a dam-break model depends on the physical structure that describes the volume of storage, breach formation and progress, input variables, and model parameters. Model input and parameters are subjective in that they are prescribed; hence, caution is needed when interpreting the results. This study focuses on three parameters (breach degree ${\theta}$, shape factor P, and collapse rate k) used when the dam-break model is coupled with FLO-2D (a two-dimensional flood simulation model) to estimate flood coverage and depth etc. The results show that the simulation is sensitive to the shape factor P and the collapse rate k but not to the breach degree ${\theta}$. This study will contribute to reducing flood damage from dam-break disasters in the future.

Terrain Data Construction and FLO-2D Modeling of the Debris-Flow Occurrences Area (토석류 발생지역 지형자료 구축 및 FLO-2D 모델링)

  • Oh, Chae-Yeon;Jun, Kye-Won
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2019
  • Occurrences of debris flow are a serious danger to roads and residential located in mountainous areas and cause a lot of property loss. In this study, two basins were selected and spatial data were constructed to simulate the occurred debris flow from mountainous areas. The first basin was to use the Terrestrial LiDAR to scan the debris flow occurrence section and to build terrain data. For the second basin, use drones the sediment in the basin was photographed and DSM (Digital surface model) was generated. And to analyze the effect of the occurrence of debris flow on downstream side, FLO-2D, two-dimensional commercial model, was used to simulate the flow region of the debris flow. And it was compared with the sedimentation area of terrestrial LiDAR and drone measurement data.

Comparison of inundation patterns of urban inundation model and flood tracking model based on inundation traces (침수 흔적도 기반으로 도시침수 모형과 홍수추적모형의 침수양상 비교)

  • Choi, Jonghwa;Jeon, Jaehyun;Kim, Taehyung;Kim, Byungsik
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.54 no.2
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2021
  • In recent years, the possibility of flooding due to the increase in the incidence of high-frequency rainfall due to abnormal rainfall and the increase in concentrated torrential rain is increasing. Also, the amount of rainwater runoff is increasing due to the increase of the impermeable layer in the city due to the concentration of population due to urbanization and concentration of development. Due to the characteristics of the developed city, it is located in the vicinity of rivers and in the lowlands. For the analysis of inundation in water, using XP-SWMM, which can analyze stormwater pipelines and surface flows, and FLO-2D models that can track flood-sluice curves and rainfall-spill curves, based on hydraulic and hydrological analysis. Inundation analysis was conducted and comparative review was conducted. The patterns of flooding of the two models were compared, and a model suitable for domestic flooding was selected.