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A Study on the Limitations of Trade Terms in the Situtations of Kobe Earthquake -with a Special Reference to Marine Insurance- (고배대지진에 기인한 정형거래조건의 문제점)

  • 강진욱
    • The Journal of Information Technology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 1998
  • C.I.F. and F.O.B. contracts are the chief terms used in international trade contracts. But, in recently, the multimodal transport which is based on the containerization and the improvement of air transport has been grown gradually, Regardless of theese change in international trade environment, most of the contract of sale is made by C.I.F. and F.O.B. contracts which are based on the traditional port to port transport. In other words, there are some limitation in terms of legal base in which traditional C.I.F. and F.O.B. contract is applied to the changed environment. Especially, problems arised in marine insurance which export by F.O.B. trade terms. Therefore, when the parties of the contracts of sale make an sale contracts by using the container ship and Multimodal Transport, they should use the F.C.A. and C.I.P. contracts Instead of F.O.B. and C.I.F. contracts for the transport of goods. And parties of the contracts of sale need to gain a better understanding of the characteristic of F.C.A. and C.I.P. terms and the problem of the F.C.A. and C.I.P. contracts used in the performance on international multimodal transport.

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LIPSCHITZ TYPE INEQUALITY IN WEIGHTED BLOCH SPACE Bq

  • Park, Ki-Seong
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.277-287
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    • 2002
  • Let B be the open unit ball with center 0 in the complex space $C^n$. For each q>0, B$_{q}$ consists of holomorphic functions f : B longrightarrow C which satisfy sup z $\in$ B $(1-\parallel z \parallel^2)^q\parallel\nabla f(z)\parallel < \infty$ In this paper, we will show that functions in weighted Bloch spaces $B_{q}$ (0 < q < 1) satifies the following Lipschitz type result for Bergman metric $\beta$: |f(z)-f($\omega$)|< $C\beta$(z, $\omega$) for some constant C.

FUZZY LINEARITY OF THE FUZZY INTEGRAL

  • Kim, Mi Hye;Shin, Seung Soo
    • Journal of the Chungcheong Mathematical Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 1999
  • We introduce a concept of fuzzy linearity: A function $F:L^0(X){\rightarrow}\mathbb{R}$ is fuzzy linear if $F[({\alpha}{\wedge}f){\vee}(b{\wedge}g)]=[a{\wedge}F(f)]{\vee}[b{\wedge}F(g)]$ for $f,g{\in}L^0(X)$ and a, b > 0. We show that a fuzzy integral is fuzzy linear if the measure is fuzzy c-additive.

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Analysis of Genetic Polymorphism by Bloodtyping in Jeju Horse (혈액형에 의한 제주말의 유전적 다형성 분석)

  • Cho Gil-Jae
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.972-978
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    • 2005
  • The present study was carried out to investigate the blood markers of Jeju horses. The redcell cypes (blood groups) and blood protein types (biochemical polymorphisms) were tested from 102 Jeju horses by serological and electrophoretc procedure, and their phenotypes and gene frequencies were estimated. The blood group and biochemical polymorphism phenotypes observed with high frequency were $A^{af}\;(27.45\%$), $C^{a}\;(99.02\%$), $K^{-}\;(97.06\%$), $U^{a}\;(62.75\%$), $P^{b}\;(36.27\%$), $Q^{c}\;(47.06\%$), $D^{cgm/dghm}\;(13.73\%$), $D^{adn/cgm}\;(9.80\%$), $D^{ad/cgm}$\;(8.82\%$), $D^{dghm/dghm}(7.84\%$), $D^{cgm/cgm}(7.84\%$), $AL^{B}\;(48.04\%$), $GC^{F}\;(99.02\%$), $AlB^{K}\;(97.06\%$), $ES^{FI}\;(36.27\%$), $TF^{F2}\;(25.49\%$), $HB^{B1}\;(45.10\%$), and $PGD^{F}\;(86.27\%$) in Jeju horses, respectively. Alleles observed with high gene frequency were $A^{af}$ (0.3726), $A^{C}$ (0.2647), $C^{-}$ (0.5050), $K^{-}$ (0.9853), $U^{-}$ (0.6863), $P^{b}$ (0.4657), $Q^{c}$ (0.5294), $D^{cgm}$ (0.3039), $HB^{B1}$(0.6863), $PGD^{F}$ (0.9265), $AL^{B}$ (0.6912), $ALB^{K}$ (0.9852), $GC^{F}$ (0.9950), $ES^{I}$ (0.5000) and $TF^{F2}$ (0.4950) in Jeju horses, and sfecific alleles, $D^{cgm(f)}$ (0.0196), $HB^{A}$ (0.0147), $HB^{A2}$ (0.0196), $ES^{G}$ (0.0441), $ES^{H}$ (0.0098), $TF^{E}$TF'(0.0246), $TF^{H2}$ (0.0049) and $PGD^{D}$ (0.0098) were detected in Jeju horses. These preliminary results present basic information for detecting the genetic markers in Jeju horse. and developing a system for parentage verification and individuals identification in jeju horses.

A Study on the Variation of the Body surface Area by the Arm movements to Somatotype -The Subject of the College Men- (체형별 상복동작에 따른 상체의 체표면 변화에 관한 연구 -남자대학생을 중심으로-)

  • 김진경
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 1988
  • The purpose of this study was to classify somatotype of males, to show changes of the body skin surface by the somatotype. The size of sample was 156 males between age 20 and 24. Somatotype classified into Bending somatotype, Standard somatotype, Turning over somatotype. And according to the somatotype, changing of the upper part of the body by the arm movements analyzed through gypsum experiment. The result obtained from this study were as follows; 1. the variation of the upper part of the body form by changing the am movements, by the increasing of movements, shoulder-point ws moved to be inside or upside, the anterior armpit point & armpit point were moved to the upside. 2. As a result of investigating into the rate of the expansion and contraction of the basic lines and body surface area by the arm movements, the rate of expansion and contraction of the basic lines by the arm movements, the side sea length showed the maximum rate of extension in 135 degrees, the shoulder length showed the maximum rate of contraction in 135 degrees. The rate of expansion and contraction on the body surface area by the arm movements showed the phenomenon of contraction, of items F1, F6, B1, B9 showed the phenomenon of extension, of items F3, F4, F8, F9, B8, B9. 3. According to somatotypes, items which show the significant difference were, of items f3, f8, b3, b8, F2, F7, F8, B3, B7, in all movements.

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NEIGHBORHOOD CONDITION AND FRACTIONAL f-FACTORS IN GRAPHS

  • Liu, Hongxia;Liu, Guizhen
    • Journal of applied mathematics & informatics
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    • v.27 no.5_6
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    • pp.1157-1163
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    • 2009
  • Let G be a graph with vertex set V(G) and let f be a nonnegative integer-valued function defined on V(G). A spanning subgraph F of G is called a fractional f-factor if $d^h_G$(x)=f(x) for all x $\in$ for all x $\in$ V (G), where $d^h_G$ (x) = ${\Sigma}_{e{\in}E_x}$ h(e) is the fractional degree of x $\in$ V(F) with $E_x$ = {e : e = xy $\in$ E|G|}. In this paper it is proved that if ${\delta}(G){\geq}{\frac{b^2(k-1)}{a}},\;n>\frac{(a+b)(k(a+b)-2)}{a}$ and $|N_G(x_1){\cup}N_G(x_2){\cup}{\cdots}{\cup}N_G(x_k)|{\geq}\frac{bn}{a+b}$ for any independent subset ${x_1,x_2,...,x_k}$ of V(G), then G has a fractional f-factor. Where k $\geq$ 2 be a positive integer not larger than the independence number of G, a and b are integers such that 1 $\leq$ a $\leq$ f(x) $\leq$ b for every x $\in$ V(G). Furthermore, we show that the result is best possible in some sense.

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Odd Harmonious and Strongly Odd Harmonious Graphs

  • Seoud, Mohamed Abdel-Azim;Hafez, Hamdy Mohamed
    • Kyungpook Mathematical Journal
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    • v.58 no.4
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    • pp.747-759
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    • 2018
  • A graph G = (V (G), E(G) of order n = |V (G)| and size m = |E(G)| is said to be odd harmonious if there exists an injection $f:V(G){\rightarrow}\{0,\;1,\;2,\;{\ldots},\;2m-1\}$ such that the induced function $f^*:E(G){\rightarrow}\{1,\;3,\;5,\;{\ldots},\;2m-1\}$ defined by $f^*(uv)=f(u)+f(v)$ is bijection. While a bipartite graph G with partite sets A and B is said to be bigraceful if there exist a pair of injective functions $f_A:A{\rightarrow}\{0,\;1,\;{\ldots},\;m-1\}$ and $f_B:B{\rightarrow}\{0,\;1,\;{\ldots},\;m-1\}$ such that the induced labeling on the edges $f_{E(G)}:E(G){\rightarrow}\{0,\;1,\;{\ldots},\;m-1\}$ defined by $f_{E(G)}(uv)=f_A(u)-f_B(v)$ (with respect to the ordered partition (A, B)), is also injective. In this paper we prove that odd harmonious graphs and bigraceful graphs are equivalent. We also prove that the number of distinct odd harmonious labeled graphs on m edges is m! and the number of distinct strongly odd harmonious labeled graphs on m edges is [m/2]![m/2]!. We prove that the Cartesian product of strongly odd harmonious trees is strongly odd harmonious. We find some new disconnected odd harmonious graphs.

ON A CLASS OF MULTIVALENT FUNCTIONS WITH NEGATIVE COEFFICIENTS

  • Shukla, S.L.;Chaudhary, A.M.;Owa, S.
    • Kyungpook Mathematical Journal
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.129-139
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    • 1988
  • Let $T^{\alpha}_{\lambda}$(p, A, B) denote the class of functions $$f(z)=z^p-{\sum\limits^{\infty}_{k=1}}{\mid}a_{p+k}{\mid}z^{p+k}$$ which are regular and p valent in the unit disc U = {z: |z| <1} and satisfying the condition $\left|{\frac{{e^{ia}}\{{\frac{f^{\prime}(z)}{z^{p-1}}-p}\}}{(A-B){\lambda}p{\cos}{\alpha}-Be^{i{\alpha}}\{\frac{f^{\prime}(z)}{z^{p-1}}-p\}}}\right|$<1, $z{\in}U$, where 0<${\lambda}{\leq}1$, $-\frac{\pi}{2}$<${\alpha}$<$\frac{\pi}{2}$, $-1{\leq}A$<$B{\leq}1$, 0<$B{\leq}1$ and $p{\in}N=\{1,2,3,{\cdots}\}$. In this paper, we obtain sharp results concerning coefficient estimates, distortion theorem and radius of convexity for the class $T^{\alpha}_{\lambda}$(p, A, B). It is further shown that the class $T^{\alpha}_{\lambda}$(p, A, B) is closed under "arithmetic mean" and "convex linear combinations". We also obtain class preserving integral operators of the form $F(z)=\frac{p+c}{z^c}{\int^z_0t^{c-1}}f(t)dt$, c>-p, for the class $T^{\alpha}_{\lambda}$(p, A, B). Conversely when $F(z){\in}T^{\alpha}_{\lambda}$(p, A, B), radius of p valence of f(z) has also determined.

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STABLE CLASS OF EQUIVARIANT ALGEBRAIC VECTOR BUNDLES OVER REPRESENTATIONS

  • Masuda, Mikiya
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.331-349
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    • 2002
  • Let G be a reductive algebraic group and let B, F be G-modules. We denote by $VEC_{G}$ (B, F) the set of isomorphism classes in algebraic G-vector bundles over B with F as the fiber over the origin of B. Schwarz (or Karft-Schwarz) shows that $VEC_{G}$ (B, F) admits an abelian group structure when dim B∥G = 1. In this paper, we introduce a stable functor $VEC_{G}$ (B, $F^{\chi}$) and prove that it is an abelian group for any G-module B. We also show that this stable functor will have nice properties.

A Study on 1/f Noise Characteristics of the Base Spreading Resistance for BJT (BJT 베이스 분산저항의 1/f 잡음특성에 관한 연구)

  • Koo, Hoe-Woo;Lee, Kie-Young
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.236-242
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    • 1999
  • J noise component due to base spreading resistance ${\gamma}_{bb}$ of bipolar junction transistors fabricated by BiCMOS process is experimentally analyzed. The analysis of equivalent noise circuit for common collector shows that output 1/f noise value is purely generated from ${\gamma}_{bb}\;when\;g_m^{-1}-{\gamma}_{bb}-R_B$ is closely to zero. From the $S^{1/f}_{Irbb}=K_fI_b{^{A_1}}/f$, we fine that $A_f=2,\;K_f{\simeq}5{\times}10^{-9}$. And Hooge constant ${\alpha}$ values are in the order, of 10$^{-3}$.

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