• 제목/요약/키워드: Equilibrium Position

검색결과 79건 처리시간 0.048초

채널 유동 내 유연한 캡슐 움직임에 대한 수치해석 (MIGRATION OF ELASTIC CAPSULE IN A CHANNEL FLOW)

  • 신수재;성형진
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.504-507
    • /
    • 2011
  • The inertial migration of a two-dimensional elastic capsule in a channel flow was studied over the Reynolds number range $1{\leq}Re{\leq}100$. The lateral migration velocity, slip velocity, and the deformation and inclination angle of the capsule were investigated by varying the lateral position, Reynolds number, capsule-to-channel size ratio(${\lambda}$), membrane stretching coefficient(${\Phi}$), and membrane bending coefficient(${\gamma}$). During the initial transient motion, the lateral migration velocity increased with increasing Re and ${\lambda}$ but decreased with increases in ${\Phi}$, ${\gamma}$ and the lateral distance from the wall. The initial behavior of the capsule was influenced by variation in the initial lateral position ($y_0$), but the equilibrium position of the capsule was not affected by such variation. The balance between the wall effect and the shear gradient effect determined the equilibrium position. As Re increased, the equilibrium position initially shifted closer to the wall and then moved towards the channel center. A peak in the equilibrium position was observed near Re=30 for ${\gamma}=0.1$, and the peak shifted to higher Re as ${\gamma}$ increased. Depending on the lateral migration velocity, the equilibrium position moved toward the centerline for larger ${\gamma}$ but moved toward the wall for larger ${\Phi}$ and ${\gamma}$.

  • PDF

블록의 탑재 안전성을 위한 초기 평형 자세 탐색 방법 연구 (A Study on the Methods for Finding Initial Equilibrium Position of a Lifting Block for the Safe Erection)

  • 전도현;노명일;함승호;이혜원
    • 대한조선학회논문집
    • /
    • v.55 no.4
    • /
    • pp.297-305
    • /
    • 2018
  • In a shipyard, block lifting is an important process in the production of ships and offshore structures. Block lifting is a sensitive process because lifting blocks have to be erected with exact positions and orientations. If we use a numerical method for the process, it is important to find tensions of wires and positions of equalizers to maintain the initial equilibrium position of the block. At this time, equations of motion of the block should be solved to calculate the initial equilibrium position of the block. Because the solving technique changes according to the number of equalizers, a suitable equation for the corresponding problem is required. In this study, three types of equations are proposed to find the initial equilibrium position of the block according to the number of equalizers. The Newton-Raphson's method is used to solve nonlinear simultaneous equations and the optimization method is used to determine the appropriate solution to the undetermined problem. To evaluate the applicability of the proposed methods, the dynamic simulations are performed using the tensions calculated from the proposed methods, and the results are discussed. The results show that the proposed methods can be effectively used to determine initial equilibrium position of the block for the block lifting.

순목 후 콘택트(하드)렌즈의 감쇄 진동 (Damped Oscill ations of the (Hard)Contact Lenses Posterior to the Blink)

  • 김대수
    • 한국안광학회지
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.173-184
    • /
    • 2005
  • 각막과 콘택트렌즈 사이의 눈물 층에는 모세관 작용에 따른 장력이 발생하고, 순목 결과 렌즈가 평형위치에서 벗어나게 되면 렌즈의 상/하 또는 좌/우의 눈물 층의 간격이 변하며 이 간격 변화에 의해 복원력이 발생한다. 이 복원력과 눈물 층의 정성 저항력에 의해 렌즈는 진폭이 감소하는 진동을 하면서 평형위치로 복귀하게 된다. 순목 시 안검작용에 의해 렌즈가 일정한 위치로 편위 되었다고 설정할 때 순목 종료 후 매 순간 렌즈의 위치를 예측할 수 있는 미분방정식과 그 수치계산 프로그램 모델을 수립하였다. 이 컴퓨터 모델을 사용하여 렌즈의 BC, 직경, 초기 위치, 무게 등이 감쇄진동에 미치는 영향을 모사하였다. 순목 후 렌즈의 평형 위치로의 귀환은 순목 시간이 적절한 경우에는 순목 종료 직후의 렌즈 위치 및 직경에 그다지 영향을 받지 않고 빠르게 이루어지지만 렌즈의 BC가 지나치게 크거나, 무게가 큰 경우에는 렌즈 진동이 급격히 느려지기 때문에 평형 위치로 되돌아오는데 시간이 많이 걸리게 될 것이다.

  • PDF

Composite Control for Inverted Pendulum System

  • Kwon, Yo-Han;Kim, Beom-Soo;Lee, Sang-Yup;Lim, Myo-Taeg
    • Transactions on Control, Automation and Systems Engineering
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.84-91
    • /
    • 2002
  • A new composite control method for a carriage balancing single inverted pendulum system is proposed and applied to swing up the pendulum and to stabilize it under the state constraint. The target inverted pendulum system has an extremely limited length of the cart(below 16cm). The proposed swing-up controller comprises a sliding mode control algorithm and an optimal control algorithm based on two regions: the region near the inverted unstable equilibrium position and the rest of the state space including the downward stable equilibrium position. The sliding mode controller uses a switching control action to converge along the specified path(hyperplane) derived from energy equation from a state around the path to desired state(standing position). An optimal control method is also used to guarantee the stability at unstable equilibrium position. Compared with the reported controllers, it is simpler and easier to implement. Experimental results are given to show the effectiveness of this controller.

동적 평형위치에 있는 다물체계의 모드특성에 미치는 공차의 영향 분석을 위한 해석적 방법 (Analytical Method to Analyze the Effect of Tolerance on the Modal Characteristic of Multi-body Systems in Dynamic Equilibrium)

  • 김범석;유홍희
    • 한국소음진동공학회논문집
    • /
    • v.17 no.7
    • /
    • pp.579-586
    • /
    • 2007
  • Analytical method to analyze the effect of tolerance on the modal characteristic of multi-body systems in dynamic equilibrium position is suggested in this paper. Monte-Carlo method is conventionally employed to perform the tolerance analysis. However, Monte-Carlo method spends too much time for analysis and has a greater or less accuracy depending on sample condition. To resolve these problems, an analytical method is suggested in this paper. Sensitivity equations for damped natural frequencies and the transfer function are derived at the dynamic equilibrium position. By employing the sensitivity information of mass, damping and stiffness matrices, the sensitivities of damped natural frequencies and the transfer function can be calculated.

동적 평형위치에 있는 다물체계의 모드특성에 미치는 공차의 영향 분석을 위한 해석적 방법 (Analytical Method to Analyze the Effect of Tolerance on the Modal Characteristic of Multi-body Systems in Dynamic Equilibrium)

  • 김범석;유홍희
    • 한국소음진동공학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.109-114
    • /
    • 2007
  • Analytical method to analyze the effect of tolerance on the modal characteristic of multi-body systems in dynamic equilibrium position is suggested in this paper. Monte-Carlo Method is conventionally employed to perform the tolerance analysis. However, Monte-Carlo Method spends too much time for analysis and has a greater or less accuracy depending on sample condition. To resolve these problems, an analytical method is suggested in this paper. By employing the sensitivity information of mass, damping and stiffness matrices, the sensitivities of damped natural frequencies and the transfer function can be calculated at the dynamic equilibrium position. The effect of tolerance on the modal characteristic can be analyzed from tolerance analysis method.

  • PDF

채널 유동에서 점성이 단일 입자 혼합 유동의 suspension에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Fluid Viscosity on the Suspension of a Single Particle in Channel Flow)

  • 최형권
    • 대한기계학회논문집B
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.194-200
    • /
    • 2009
  • Suspension of a single solid particle in a channel flow with a constant pressure gradient is studied numerically. The interaction of a circular particle with a surrounding Newtonian fluid is formulated using a combined formulation. Numerical results are presented using two dimensionless variables: the sedimentation Reynolds number and the generalized Froude number. From the present results, it has been shown that a solid particle is suspended at a smaller generalized Froude number as the viscosity of the surrounding fluid increases. The time taken for equilibrium position is found to be smaller as fluid viscosity increases when both : the sedimentation Reynolds number and the generalized Froude number are the same while, at the same situation, the dimensionless time taken for equilibrium position is to be nearly the same regardless of fluid viscosity when a dimensionless time variable is introduced

다차원 뉴튼-랩슨 방법을 이용한 하드 디스크/헤드 시스템의 3차원 평형위치 검색 (3-Dimensional Equilibrium Position Searching of HDD/Head System using Multi-Dimensional Newton-Raphson Method)

  • 장인배
    • 산업기술연구
    • /
    • v.15
    • /
    • pp.203-208
    • /
    • 1995
  • This paper suggests the three dimensional steady state searching techniques of hard disk/head system, which has some skew angle with flexure. In order to analyze the steady state behaviors of magnetic head slider, the localized Knudsen number and the localized bearing numbers are sued. For finding the steady state of magnetic head slider under the pre-loaded condition, I proposed multi-dimensional Newton-Raphson method which traces the equilibrium position of magnetic head slider, which has 3-degrees of freedom, using Jacobian matrix. The multi-dimensional Newton-Raphson method is very efficient technique for finding the steady state position of magnetic head slider because it approaches to the equilibrium position with changing three parameters simultaneously.

  • PDF

Flow Characteristics of Neutrally Buoyant Particles in 2-Dimensional Poiseuille Flow through Circular Capillaries

  • Kim, Young-Won;Jin, Song-Wan;Yoo, Jung-Yul
    • 한국가시화정보학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.7-10
    • /
    • 2006
  • An experimental study has been conducted to quantitatively characterize the motion of neutrally buoyant particles in 2-dimensional Poiseuille flow through the micron-sized circular capillaries in the range of Re (Reynolds number) $\approx0.1\sim100$. $A{\mu}-PTV$ (Particle Tracking Velocimetry) system is adopted, which consists of a double-headed Nd:YAG laser, an epi-fluorescence microscope and a cooled CCD camera. Since high shear rate can be induced due to the scale effect even at low Re, it is shown that in micro scale neutrally buoyant particles in Poiseuille flow drift away from the wall and away from the center of the capillary. Consequently, particles accumulate at the equilibrium position of $0.52\sim0.64R$ with R being the radius of the capillary, which is analogous to that of tube flow in macro scale. There is a plateau in equilibrium position at small Re, while equilibrium position starts increasing at $Re\approx30$. The outermost edge of particle cluster is closer to the center of the capillary than that in previous studies due to low Re effect. The present study quantitatively presents characteristics of particle motion in circular capillaries. Furthermore, it is expected to give optimum factors for designing microfluidic systems that are to be used fur plasma separation from the blood.

  • PDF

다물체 모델링을 통한 Hip Joint 위치에 따른 인체 Leg부의 고유진동특성 분석 (Modal Analysis of Human Leg with Respect to Hip Joint Position by Using Multibody Modeling)

  • 남궁홍;유홍희
    • 한국소음진동공학회논문집
    • /
    • v.20 no.8
    • /
    • pp.761-766
    • /
    • 2010
  • The goal of this study is to analysis natural frequency for different static postures of human leg. To perform this research human leg is modeled by multi-body modeling for the musculoskeletal system. This leg model has biarticular muscles which acting on two joints and the muscles represents some of the major muscles, such as hamstring, of the upper and lower limbs. To obtain each static equilibrium position energy method is employed and to analysis natural frequency linearization method for constrained mechanical system is employed. Static equilibrium position depends on some parameter or condition such as hamstring stiffness or external force. Making a change these parameter the aim of this research can be performed.