• Title, Summary, Keyword: Environmental indicators

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An Overview of Current Trends of Studies about Environmental Health Indicators in Korea (우리나라 환경보건지표 개발 과정과 활용)

  • Lee, Jong-Tae
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The main purpose of this review is to introduce the current status of environmental health indicators of Korea and to share our experience of the developmental process of Korean version of environmental health indicators. Methods: This paper describes 1) the background of environmental health indicators; 2) the ways how we developed environmental health indicators of Korea; 3) the current status of selected indicators; and 4) suggestions for the further policy development. Results: The 6-year long project for the development of environmental health indicator systems in Korea could provide outputs on three major distinct aspects on the indicator issues. Firstly, we have developed the rational process/manual so that the government can select and advocate the potential indicators with a relatively objective manner. Secondly, we have suggested the potential candidate indicators which can be implemented immediately. We also pooled all indicators in order to evaluate the summary index which we expect to tell the status of environmental health. Third, we provided suggestions on the further utilization of this indicator system. Conclusion: The mission of environmental health policy is to resolve the public health problems occurring because of hazardous environment. In order to identify the environmental determinants of the community health problems and to evaluate the effectiveness of the policy implemented, these environmental indicators can be used. Therefore, the government should implement this ready-prepared system of environmental health indicators.

A Study on the Development of Eco-friendly Environmental Indicators for Saemangeum Project (새만금사업의 친환경개발지표 설정 연구)

  • Ryu, Jae-Hong;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Koo, Ja-Kon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.279-288
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    • 2006
  • Saemangeum reclamation project was started in 1991 with the purpose of eco-friendly reclamation, but without clear definition of eco-friendliness. This study was carried out to find out the environmental indicators to define and evaluate the eco-friendliness of Saemangeum project. The methodology to identify the indicators included the analysis of similar reclamation projects, professional discussions, and Delphi survey. The eco-friendly indicators are theoretically based on the five elements of eco-friendliness; 1) resource consumption, 2) energy consumption, 3) pollution emission, 4) bio-diversity, 5) social amenity. The 69 indicators were explained in detail for the convenient use of the indicators by the potential users. The 69 indicators were classified into three categories such as pre-evaluation, process evaluation, and post-evaluation. In terms of spatial consideration, the 69 indicators were classified into two categories such as direct influence area and indirect influence area. Also the 69 indicators were classified into 7 categories: 1) sea, 2) lake, 3) agricultural land use, 4) industrial land use, 5) residential land use, 6) tourism land use, and 7) environmental land use. Twenty core indicators were selected from the 69 indicators by surveying the importance of each indicator. The core indicators are recommended in case of time and budget strain. When there are few quantitative data accumulated for the reclamation project, 5 macro indicators are recommended to be used. Macro indicators are qualitative in nature, and may be used in order to evaluate the overall eco-friendliness of a reclamation project.

A study on Environmental Indicators for Sustainable City Development -The case of Coexistent Indicators between Men and Nature (지속가능한 도시개발을 위한 환경지표에 관한 연구 - 인간과 자연과의 공생지표를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Dong-Kun;Youn, So-Won
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.93-107
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    • 1998
  • In this study, the indicator is established by the human activities which cause the load of the environment, the effect of the human activities on the environment, the state of the natural environment in the city, and the effort on improving this state. And this indicator is based on the DPSR(Driving Force, Pressure, State, Response)framework which combines the PSR framework of GECD with the DSR framework of UNCSD. Coexistent indicators between men and nature among the established environmental indicators apply to the case cities such as Suwon, Songnam, Bucheon, Ansan and the results are analyzed in detail. The environmental indicators established in this study will be the concrete and persuasive means which can evaluate the possibility of the sustainability that is the paradigm of the new city development when the environmental quality or state of the existing cities is evaluated.

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A Study on Assessment Indicators for Integrated Management on Korea National Planning and Environmental Planning (국토계획과 환경계획 통합관리 지표 개발 연구)

  • Heo, Han-Kyul;Sung, Hyun-Chan;Lee, Dong-Kun;Heo, Min-Ju;Park, Jin-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.27-45
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    • 2018
  • Both the national land plan and the environmental plan reflect the need for sustainable land use and management. However, the linkage between the plans is reduced due to the lack of integrated management. Therefore, this study developed indicators to achieve integrated management. A total of 59 environmental plans were reviewed for the development of indicators, and a total of 74 integrated management indicators were derived through a three-stage process. In this process, the relevance of the integrated management indicators of this study to the UN 's sustainable development goals (SDGs) is presented in order to derive indicators that meet the level of international consultation. In order to facilitate the utilization of the indicators, the final indicators are divided into seven areas: natural ecology, water resource and quality, urban and green space, atmospheric, energy, landscape, resource circulation and waste. Furthermore, the indicators were classified into national, regional, and city level. Accordingly, the final indicator can be adapted to the field of influence of the planned to be established, and the indicator can be selected and applied to the level of the plan. The final indicators can be used to examine the extent to which the national plan reflects the contents of the environmental plan and can be used as an aid to confirm the contents to be included in the plan when establishing a new national plan.

Directions for Linkages between Policy Measures and the OECD Agricultural Environmental Indicators (OECD 농업환경지표와 정책연계 방안)

  • Kim, Chang-Gil;Kim, Tae-Young
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.303-313
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    • 2005
  • Agricultural environmental indicators (AEIs) are useful tool for evaluating environmental performance induced by agri-environmental policy measures. General and specific criteria have been set to assess the linkages between policy measures and environmental states. In addition, a number of specific AEIs such as nutrient balance indicators and farm management indicators have been posit to review environmental performance associated with agri-environmental policy measures. The proposed environmental subjects encompass soil quality, qualities of underground and surface water, water resource preservation, species and genetic diversity, diversity for wildlife habitats, and agricultural landscapes. The developed AEIs may contribute to establishment or adjustment of environmental targets and ex-ante or ex-post evaluation for environmental performance associated with policy measures. In addition, the AEIs may be useful to consider introduction of new agri-environmental measures and enhance policy efficiency by assessing environmental performance, considering specific locality, and harmonizing support measures.

Environmental indicators for evaluating sustainablility of district unit planning in Seoul (서울시 지구단위계획의 환경적 지속가능성 평가지표)

  • Yang, Byoung-E;Lee, Gwan-Gyu
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2004
  • This study aims at developing environmental indicators to evaluate sustainability of district unit planning in Seoul. The indicators are devised to evaluate three categories of influencing areas such as district planning area, surrounding areas of planning area, and city wide area. In order to formulate the environmental indicators, subsystems of the environment were reviewed and classified into seven sectors of the environment such as air and climate, soil, water, green space, fauna, noise, and landscape. 16 indicators were developed from the seven sectors. Weighing were given to each indicator resulting from AHP analysis of the questionnaire survey of environment and urban planning experts.

A Study on the Development of Environmental Indicators and the Evaluation of Environmental Amenity (쾌적환경평가 및 지표개발에 관한 연구 - 경기도를 중심으로 -)

  • 성현찬;이영준
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.23-38
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    • 1997
  • In this Study, indicators for the evaluation of environmental amenity were determined through the investigation of the resident's consciousness in all thirty one cities and counties of Kyonggi. Also, environmental amenity that the resident feel in terms of recognition level was evaluated and based on the determined environmental indicators, environmental amenity for the physical environmental situation was evaluated. By analyzing the results, basic data for the planning of the future environmental management were prepared. The results of this study can be summarized as follows First, the developed indicators for the evaluation of environmental amenity consist of four intermediate evaluation items and fifteen individual evaluation items, and fifty four evaluation standards in total . Two to five evaluation standards were determined for the respective individual evaluation items. Second, using the developed indicators, the evaluation of environmental amenity were implemented based on both resident's consciousness and statistical data. Third, by analyzing the difference between two evaluation results, future research plan was proposed.

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A Study on the Indicators for evaluating Environmental Sustainability of Building - Focused on evaluating indicators for utilizing natural energy - (건물의 환경적 지속가능성 평가 지표에 관한 연구 -자연에너지 활용 평가지표를 중심으로-)

  • Bang, Jae-Sung;Yang, Byoung-E
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to develop the sustainability indicators for assessing environmental sustainability of building. This reseach focused on evaluating indicators for passive design in the stage of site planning and building massing. In order to achieve the aims of this study, first priority was given to set up systematic framework of sustainability indicators for passive design. Based on the framework, the assessment categories and indicators by each category were established. Secondly, the weighted value of each indicators were obtained by questionnaire survey of the experts. As the result of the analysis of questionnaire of experts, feasible indicators were obtained and the grades of measured values were deduced. Finally, this paper presented comprehensive environmental sustainability indicators which is related to the passive design.

Development and Adaptation of Indicators for the Environmentally Friendly Rural Community Planning (환경친화적인 농촌개발을 위한 평가지표의 개발과 그 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Jeong-Ah;Lee, Dong-Kun;Choi, Jae-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to develop and adapt indicators for the rural community assessment. Bearing in mind, indicators are derived from the various theoretical literature review and the efficiency of the indicators has been tested through comparing and evaluating 3 different rural communities which was selected based on their distance from Seoul. In order to assess a rural development project, the assessment indicators should include at least 5 domains of natural environment, socio-economic, quality of living environment, community characteristics, public participation, which are the basic formation of indicators of this study. Furthermore, this approach could be a ground for the environmentally friendly rural development planning.

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Framework for Developing of Sustainable Indicators (지속가능한 개발 지표 도출을 위한 기본적 구성)

  • Chung, Yong;Kim, Yong-Bum
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.79-91
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    • 1996
  • In Chapter 40, "Information for decision-making", of Agenda 21, it was Slated that, "indicators of sustainable development need to be developed to provide solid bases for decision-making at all levels and to contribute to a self-regulating sustainability of integrated environment and development systems." Sustainable development has been defined as "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs", An indicator that measures sustainability should therefore focus on this definition. One of the most widely used frameworks for environmental indicators is the Pressure-State-Response model proposed by the OECD. And we introduced the the Driving force-State-Response framework, the adaptation of Pressure-State-Response model, for UN sustainable development indicators. Therefore, in our country, indicators for sustainable development should be developed by using the DSR framework.

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