• Title, Summary, Keyword: Elderly Community

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Study on the Characteristics of the Design for the Community Building of Facilities for the Elderly (노인시설의 커뮤니티 증진을 위한 디자인 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Gon;Koh, Gwi-Han;Bang, Moon-Sun;Han, Chang-Hwan
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.21-29
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    • 2014
  • This study analyzed some of nursing homes in various domestic and foreign regions in order to find solutions to reduce suicidal incidents from the loneliness. To analyze community space of nursing homes, elderly community is analyzed into three categories based on their characteristics (morphological characteristics, Social characteristics, Environmental characteristics). With those three characteristics above, architectural spaces are analyzed the relation with them. Elderly nursing homes are divided with living, nursing, management, and public spaces. The space of elderly nursing homes (classification of function)-elderly community (classification of elderly characteristics) is approached in an architectural way related to the space of elderly nursing homes and elderly characteristics. Through some case studies, specific space relation of elderly nursing homes and elderly community is analyzed. Also, with the building analysis for summary, plans, wards(hospital rooms), cafeteria, program rooms and alley, some of general information and elderly community space is understood. In this study, there will be an analysis of relation of elderly community(morphological, social, environmental characteristics) which is separated into some spaces of elderly nursing homes(living, nursing, public spaces and facilities) written above. Furthermore, if people can recognize the importance of community space for elderly facilities, there will be a new guide line for that which can have a play on catalyst.

Community-Based Care Programs for the Elderly among NPOs in Japan (일본 민간조직의 지역노인돌봄 프로그램)

  • Yoon, Soon-Duck;Park, Gong-Ju;Chae, Hye-Sun
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.337-362
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    • 2009
  • The purposes of this study are to review the community-based care programs for the elderly among NPOs, focused on the Regional Council on the Social Welfare and Elderly Club, in Japan and to examine the way these programs help the community elderly to live independently in their own home in the community. First, the community welfare policy for the aged and service delivery organizations in Japan are reviewed. Second, using the informations about the elderly support programs carried out by the Regional Council on the Social Welfare and Elderly Club, various kinds and processes of specific programs developed to meet the local characteristics are introduced. Applicability of these programs to rural Korea is discussed.

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The Study of Community-oriented Welfare Service for the Rural Elderly - Focused on ′Villages Supported by Special Programs for the Rural Elderly′ - (농촌노인의 지역사회 복지서비스 이용실태 - ‘노인생활지도마을’을 대상으로 -)

  • 이정화;송미영
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.149-165
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    • 2004
  • In Korea, as the elderly population is growing, the quality of life of the rural elderly is becoming a major concern. By the way, social welfare services is less available and accessible to the rural elderly. And we have very limited information about community -oriented welfare services for the elderly. The lack of social welfare services in rural area resulted from mainly geographic isolation and economic deprivation. So, the present research aimed at; 1) to explore what the social welfare service is benefited from governmental or local assembly. 2) to explore what kind of community services is provided for the rural village and elderly. 3) to appear the political propose for the rural elderly. In South Korea, The Rural Development Administration currently operate 'villages which is supported special programs for the improvement of QOL of rural elderly' in 110 villages. It is a model governmental welfare service for rural area. For the purpose, the survey data is gathered from community level data per village (107 villages), individual survey data(881people) who live in the village and qualitative data. Two kinds of quantitative data is combined to form a data. The statistical methods used for data analysis are descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA. The major findings of this study were as follows : It was founded that the majority family type of the rural elderly is elderly-only households(75%). In case of poor elderly, they have very limited social insurance benefit and they can not get medical services with satisfaction. The result show that the welfare facilities per village and welfare service for the elderly is extremely low while the needs of welfare service is greate high. A distinctive characteristics in rural villages is that they receive a lot of services from private sectors, like as Women Farmers Union, Adult Union. They operate voluntary welfare services related to food supporting, education for the elderly, free haircut services and so on. In conclusion, the community care services from private sector has specialty in rural area. We conclude it is a distinguishing characteristic of rural community.

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The Ecological Characteristics of the Communities and Social Interactions of the Elderly in rural Korea (농촌마을의 환경특성과 노인들의 사회적 상호작용에 대한 사례연구)

  • Han Gyoung Hae;Kim Joo Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.73-88
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    • 2005
  • As the proportion of the elderly population in rural Korea has increased rapidly, the quality of life of the rural elderly has become a major public and policy concern. In this regards, most of the researches on rural elderly have focused mainly on the 'risk factors or problems' of rural areas, ignoring the 'positive or protective aspects' of rural community on the quality of life of elderly. This study attempts to explore the possible positive influence of rural community on the quality of life of elderly and to examine the linkage among ecological characteristics of the communities, social interaction and quality of life of rural elderly. To achieve this goal, a community case study was conducted in four Korean rural villages. The data were collected using participant observation method and in-depth interviews (person-to-person, group interviews). All the interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim for the analysis. The data was analyzed using the reflective qualitative analytic technique. The major findings of this study are as follows : All of the four villages have strong community ties and provide contexts which make it possible for older people to share their everyday life with neighbors and to actively participate as a community member. Although the four villages were geographically not far from each other, the pattern of social interaction and the nature of everyday-life of the elderly were nevertheless different depending on the ecological environment of each community, the relationship history among the community members, and the shared experience of historical events in recent Korean history. Elderly men have smaller networks and have less frequent contact with community members than elderly women. The political and practical implications of this study are discussed.

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A Case Study of the Housing for Low Income Elderly in Melbourne, Australia (호주 멜버른 지역의 저소득층 노인주거 사례 연구)

  • 이영심;이상해
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.103-114
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    • 2002
  • Housing is a central place fur elderly and it can be influenced to the quality of life for them. Most low income elderly has much problems on their housing. It needs to be developed for more various ones which considered in the way of their economic and physical conditions. This case study was aimed to supply (or a basic data for developing a housing for tow income elderly through the analysis of elderly housing of Melbourne in Australia. This study evaluated two types of government housing and five types of community housing available to elderly People on low income allowing them to live independently. Results of the research were as follows. 1) High rise apartment living was differentiated from other housing types. Such accommodation had drawbacks, for example it made the elderly difficult to get along with neighbours. 2) Community housing had more various types of housing than government housing and was aimed at encouraging community interaction between residents. Some community housing residents joined the management of the housing committee. As a result, it made the elderly very confident and promoted a good relationship between them and young generations. 3) The strength of community housing was that the elderly could choose the place to live within the community which was familiar to them. 4) The managers in broth government housing and community housing had many roles as adviser and mediator for residents as well as managing the complex. 5) A policy of housing for low income elderly is changing now from management by government appointees to one governed by the community 6) Most elderly prefer to live close to facilities such as medical and shopping centers and convenient transportation and wished to remain in their familiar community as long as possible.

A Study on the Revitalization of Senior Community in the Aged Society - Focused on Analysis of Senior's use of Senior Culture Center in Community Center Complex and Senior Club in the City of Sejong - (고령사회 노인 커뮤니티 활성화 방안에 관한 연구 - 세종시 복합커뮤니티센터 내 노인시설과 경로당 이용 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Yoon, Hyo-Won;Rieh, Sun-Young
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea
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    • v.36 no.11
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 2020
  • With the worldwide increase in the elderly population, interest in the quality of life of the elderly has sparked many studies on age-friendly cities, but most of them have focused on improving the physical environment promoting the social participation of the elderly in existing urban settings. The purpose of this research is to understand how the specifically planned community facilities and physical environment are being used and how they influence the formation of community in new towns in terms of aging in place to suggest a direction for revitalizing the communities of the elderly. This research identified characteristics of the newly formed senior community in the City of Sejong through a qualitative study including interviews with users of two distinct elderly community facilities, the "Senior Culture Center" and "Senior Club," focusing on two planned neighborhoods. The usage patterns and characteristics of the elderly community facilities under study are summarized as follows. First, there is a lack of diversity in community facilities for the elderly and a shortage of critical facilities, such as community restaurants and public spa. Second, there is stratification of the elderly among specific facility users. Third, indifference toward the various lifestyles of elderly people creates a blind spot for the elderly's use of community facilities. Fourth, the mobility problems of the elderly, such as difficulties with pedestrian environments and public transportation, influence their use of community facilities. Based on the findings, this research suggested three ways to revitalize the elderly community. First, relocating and redistributing programs of senior clubs is recommended to avoid redundancy and inefficient sharing of the facilities in the community. Second, it is necessary to resolve the stratification of the elderly by expanding exchange opportunities through physical and psychological linkages between the "Senior Culture Center" and "Senior Club." Finally, creating links with various public facilities, such as medical, religious, and school facilities, will enable elderly people in blind spots to use community facilities easily.

The Effects of a Culture & Arts Treatment Program for Elderly Women for Regional Community Consciousness (문화예술치유프로그램이 여성 노인의 지역공동체의식에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Dong Joo;Lee, Debora
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.383-393
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    • 2020
  • This research demonstrates the effects of a culture & arts treatment program for elderly women's regional community consciousness. Study subjects of this research are 18 women whose ages are 65 years old and older. (8 women participated in a culture & arts program and 10 women participated in an elderly center program.) The culture & arts program held 16 sessions where the subjects wrote letters or drew pictures. After this program, we measured the degree of regional community consciousness. The results of the study were, first, that the cultural and arts treatment program improved the regional community consciousness among the elderly woman. Second, the treatment program has improved the sub-region of the regional community consciousness among the woman's elderly. This result shows the culture & arts treatment program can be used as an effective way to enhance the consciousness of the regional community on elderly women

A Study on the Planning and Management of Community Space for the Elderly in Local Community - Mainly on the Elderly Complex Space in Japan (지역 공동체에서의 고령자 커뮤니티 공간 계획과 운영에 관한 연구 - 일본 고령자 복합공간을 중심으로)

  • Park, Haesun;Eun, Nansoon
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: With particular focus on the analysis of elderly community space in local communities, this study aims to propose policies and points to consider in the planning and management of community space that can encourage the elderly to actively participate in community activities. Methods: The study explores five different Japanese community spaces that have been utilized as platforms for intergenerational interactions; the research was carried out by literature review, field work and interviews. Results: The results are as follows. First, the planning of the community space for the elderly must be combined with the space that the locals often use. Community space should not be seen as a place for a specific generation, but for everyone to interact with each other at any time; hence it must be fostered to be accessible for anyone regardless of age. Second, community space for the elderly requires to be planned as an accessible place for everyone such as cafes and restaurants. The adjacent areas require social infrastructure like libraries and public baths which are frequently used by people from various age groups. Third, in order to spark off the intergenerational community space as the stronghold of local communities, it needs to be a place where the elderly is given sufficient role and meaning as a member of the community. To achieve this, it is essential to support the locals to take active measures in creating job opportunities for the elderly and the disabled, and to develop voluntary self-sufficiency and volunteering programs.

Community Shared Space Planning for Vitalization of For-Profit Urban Elderly Welfare Housing (도시형 유료노인복지주택의 활성화를 위한 공용공간 계획)

  • Jang, Eun-Hye;Kim, Mi-Kyoung
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.318-327
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    • 2013
  • Elderly welfare housing refers to a residential facility with diverse medical and welfare services for cohabitation of elderly. Especially, community shared spaces in the elderly welfare housing plays an important role as a place for community and leisure activities that enhance vitality of elderly life. The purpose of this study was to investigate types, planning characteristics and actual utilization of community shared spaces in for-profit elderly welfare housing. Eight for-profit elderly welfare housing facilities in Seoul and Gyeonggi province were selected for this study and categorized into small-, medium- and large-scale facilities based on the number of housing units. Community shared spaces in the elderly welfare housing were classified into six space types: social space, education space, exercise space, medical space, convenience space and leisure space. Findings are as follows. Small-scale elderly welfare housing facilities with less than 100 housing units had fitness centers, clinics, restaurants, convenience stores and hobby rooms which were required by law. All community shared spaces were planned on a single level. Fitness centers was found the most frequently used while the other spaces were not used very frequently. Medium-scale facilities with 100 to 299 housing units had multi-purpose halls, libraries, swimming pools, indoor and/or outdoor driving ranges, physical therapy centers, saunas, karaokes and so on. Most community shared spaces were found frequently used. Large-scale facilities with 300 or more housing units had religion rooms, community halls, hair salons, pharmacies, etc. In most facilities, community shared spaces were planned in distributed locations.

A Study on the Community Spaces for Sustainable Apartment Complex in the Aging Society (고령친화 지속가능한 아파트단지 개발을 위한 공동생활공간에 대한 연구)

  • Kang, Hye-Gyoung;Choi, Sung-Heue
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.141-146
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the planning of the community spaces for sustainable apartment complex under the aging society. For this, it is needed to identify the practical meaning of community spaces for elderly residents. In many cases, existing apartments' community spaces have been designed without considering the elderly. In order to develop successful environment for aging society, it is necessary for us to precisely review how elderly residents are changing their needs. Survey and depth-interview methods were used for data collection of this study. This study was performed in the five subject apartments located in Haeundae new town, Busan. In planning of community spaces for sustainable apartment complex in the aging society, 1) The population of the elderly in apartment complex has been increased with progress of the aging society, and it has been necessary to enlarge and consider the aging-friendly community space. 2) When the community space is located in a good accessibility, visual openness, multipurpose composition and the center of complex, it was investigated that the degree of its usage was high. 3) Common apartment complex for the elderly was deficient, and the composition and the layout of community spaces were needed, which included sports facility, spaces for leisure culture and study. This study could be utilized as basic data for designing community spaces in apartments from the perspective of sustainable community.

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