• Title, Summary, Keyword: Elastic Dead Zone

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Nonsteady Plane-strain ideal forming with elastic dead zone (탄성 변형 영역을 고려한 비정상 평면 변형 이상 공정 이론)

  • Lee W.;Chung K.;Richmond Owen
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.190-193
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    • 2004
  • Ever since the ideal forming theory has been developed fur process design purposes, application has been limited to sheet forming and, for bulk forming, to two-dimensional steady flow. Here, application for the non-steady case was performed under the plane-strain condition based on the theory previously developed. In the ideal flow, material elements deform following the minimum plastic work path (or mostly proportional true strain path) so that the ideal plane-strain flow can be effectively described using the two-dimensional orthogonal convective coordinate system. Besides kinematics, for a prescribed final part shape, schemes to optimize a preform shape out of a class of initial configurations and also to define the evolution of shapes and boundary tractions were developed. Discussions include the two problematic issues on internal tractions and the non-monotonous straining. For demonstration purposes, numerical calculations were made for a bulk part under forging.

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Nonsteady Plane-strain Ideal Forming with Elastic Dead Zone (탄성 변형 영역을 고려한 비정상 평면 변형 이상 공정 이론)

  • Lee W.;Chung K.;Alexandrov S.;Kang T.J.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.540-545
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    • 2004
  • Ever since the ideal forming theory has been developed for process design purposes, application has been limited to sheet forming and, fur bulk forming, to two-dimensional steady flow. Here, application for the non-steady case was performed under the plane-strain condition based on the theory previously developed. In the ideal flow, material elements deform following the minimum plastic work path (or mostly proportional true strain path) so that the ideal plane-stram flow can be effectively described using the two-dimensional orthogonal convective coordinate system. Besides kinematics, fur a prescribed final part shape, schemes to optimize a preform shape out of a class of initial configurations and also to define the evolution of shapes and boundary tractions were developed. Discussions include the two problematic issues on internal tractions and the non-monotonous straining. For demonstration purposes, numerical calculations were made for a bulk part under forging.

Nonsteady Plane-strain Ideal Forming without Elastic Dead-zone

  • Chung, Kwansoo;Lee, Wonoh;Kang, Tae Jin;Youn, Jae Ryoun
    • Fibers and Polymers
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.120-127
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    • 2002
  • Ever since the ideal forming theory has been developed for process design purposes, application has been limited to sheet forming and, for bulk forming, to two-dimensional steady flow. Here, application for the non-steady case was made under the plane-strain condition. In the ideal flow, material elements deform fellowing the minimum plastic work path (or mostly proportional true strain path) so that the ideal plane-strain flow can be effectively described using the two-dimensional orthogonal convective coordinate system. Besides kinematics, schemes to optimize preform shapes for a prescribed final part shape and also to define the evolution of shapes and frictionless boundary tractions were developed. Discussions include numerical calculations made for a real automotive part under forging.

Two case studies on structural analysis of transmission towers under downburst

  • Yang, FengLi;Zhang, HongJie
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.685-701
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    • 2016
  • Downbursts are of great harm to transmission lines and many towers can even be destroyed. The downburst wind field model by Chen and Letchford was applied, and the wind loads of two typical transmission towers in inland areas and littoral areas were calculated separately. Spatial finite element models of the transmission towers were established by elastic beam and link elements. The wind loads as well as the dead loads of conductors and insulators were simplified and applied on the suspension points by concentrated form. Structural analysis on two typical transmission towers under normal wind and downburst was completed. The bearing characteristics and the failure modes of the transmission towers under downburst were determined. The failure state of tower members can be judged by the calculated stress ratios. It shows that stress states of the tower members were mainly controlled by 45 degree wind load. For the inland areas with low deign wind velocity, though the structural height is not in the highest wind velocity zone of downburst, the wind load under downburst is much higher than that under normal wind. The main members above the transverse separator of the legs will be firstly destroyed. For the littoral areas with high deign wind velocity, the wind load under downburst is lower than under normal wind. Transmission towers are not controlled by the wind loads from downbursts in design process.

A Finite Element Simulation of Cancellous Bone Remodeling Based on Volumetric Strain (스폰지 뼈의 Remodeling 예측을 위한 체적 변형률을 이용한 유한요소 알고리즘)

  • Kim, Young;Vanderby, Ray
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.373-384
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    • 2000
  • The goal of this paper is to develop a computational method to predict cancellous bone density distributions based upon continuum levels of volumetric strain. Volumetric strain is defined as the summation of normal strains, excluding shear strains, within an elastic range of loadings. Volumetric strain at a particular location in a cancellous structure changes with changes of the boundary conditions (prescribed displacements, tractions, and pressure). This change in the volumetric strain is postulated to predict the adaptive change in the bone apparent density. This bone remodeling theory based on volumetric strain is then used with the finite element method to compute the apparent density distribution for cancellous bone in both lumbar spine and proximal femur using an iterative algorithm, considering the dead zone of strain stimuli. The apparent density distribution of cancellous bone predicted by this method has the same pattern as experimental data reported in the literature (Wolff 1892, Keller et al. 1989, Cody et al. 1992). The resulting bone apparent density distributions predict Young's modulus and strength distributions throughout cancellous bone in agreement with the literature (Keller et al. 1989, Carter and Hayes 1977). The method was convergent and sensitive to changes in boundary conditions. Therefore, the computational algorithm of the present study appears to be a useful approach to predict the apparent density distribution of cancellous bone (i.e. a numerical approximation for Wolff's Law)

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