• Title/Summary/Keyword: Egg Yolk Cholesterol

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Effects of Dietary Pine Cone Meal on Egg Production, Egg Quality, Serum Cholesterol and Cholesterol Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Egg Yolk in Laying Hens (산란계 사료 내 잣 부산물의 첨가가 산란율, 계란 품질, 혈청 콜레스테롤 및 난황 내 총 콜레스테롤과 지방산 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, J.H.;Kim, K.S.;Shin, S.O.;Cho, J.H.;Chen, Y.J.;Kim, I.H.
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.223-229
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to evaluate effects of dietary pine cone meal on egg production, egg quality, serum cholesterol and cholesterol content and fatty acid composition of egg yolk in laying hens. The total of 252 (51-wks) Hy-line brown commercial hens were used for 5 weeks. Dietary treatments included 1) T1 (basal diet + 1% cottonwood sawdust), 2) T2 (basal diet + 0.5% cottonwood sawdust + 0.5% pine cone meal) and 3) T3 (basal diet + 1% pine cone meal). During the overall period, there was no significant difference in egg production, egg weight and egg quality among the treatments. Lipids profile(total, HDL, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride) in serum was not affected by treatments. Egg yolk cholesterol was not significantly different among the treatments. In fatty acid contents of yolk, C18:3 was higher in T1 treatment than T3 treatment(P<0.05). Total SFA, PUFA, MUFA and UFA/SFA were not significantly different in experimental period. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of pine cone meal affected C18:3 fatty acid content of yolk in laying hens, without any adverse effect on egg production.

YOLK CHOLESTEROL CONTENT IN EGGS FROM THE MAJOR DOMESTIC STRAINS OF BREEDING HEN

  • Han, C.K.;Lee, N.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.461-464
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    • 1992
  • A survey of the cholesterol content of eggs obtained from commercial sources in Korea was conducted. Eggs from 17 different strain birds were obtained from the Poultry Random Sample Test Station at Ansung, Kyonggi province. Yolk cholesterol contents, determined by the colorimetric procedure, were obtained from three consecutively laid eggs from birds of about 63 weeks of age. The overall mean of cholesterol value was 17.25 mg/g of wet yolk and ranged from 16.40 to 18.18 mg/g yolk. Analysis of t-test between white shell eggs and brown shell eggs showed no difference in cholesterol content: however, the white shell eggs were somewhat high in cholesterol (17.41 vs. 17.08 mg/g yolk). Significant differences (p<0.05) were found in yolk cholesterol contents among strains within the breed.

Effect of Egg Yolk Supplementation to Korean-Diet on Human Serum Cholesterol (한국인 식사에 계란의 추가 급여가 혈청 콜레스테롤 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • 유은주
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.260-267
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    • 1988
  • Forteen healthy women, with normal serum cholesterol levels, were supplemented with two egg yolks daily for the 1st week and four egg yolks for the 2nd week to their customary diets for 2 weeks period. Serum cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipid and lipoprotein fractions were determined. Serum cholesterol and phospholipid levels were not affected by the supplementation of egg yolks. However, triglyceride level was significantly increased by the supplementation of four egg yolks at the end of the 1st week, but the level remained normal range. The serum lipoprotein pattern was influenced by the supplementation of egg yolks : HDL fraction significantly decreased, while LDL and VLDL fractions significantly increased.

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Effect of dietary supplementation of wild grape (Vitis coignetiae) on the quality of egg (머루(Vitis coignetiae)의 급여가 계란의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Yong, Hae-In;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Jung, Samooel;Kang, Mingu;Bae, Young-Sik;Jo, Cheorun
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.371-376
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of wild grape (Vitis coignetiae) on egg qualities. Laying hens were randomly assigned to three different dietary groups containing 0, 0.25, and 0.5% of wild grape and fed for 8 weeks, respectively. Eggs were collected after feeding period and stored at $4^{\circ}C$ for 7 days. Egg quality traits and cholesterol level of egg yolk were measured at 0 and 7 days of storage. There were no significant differences in total cholesterol content of egg yolk and egg shell thickness among the treatments. However, egg weights of wild grape-fed groups significantly increased compared to that of control. Dietary supplementation of 0.25% wild grape increased the shell and yolk colors compared to the control. Dietary supplementation of 0.5% wild grape significantly increased albumen height and Haugh unit and decreased egg shell hardness and pH values at day 0. However, no differences were found after 7 days of storage. Consequently, the dietary supplementation of wild grape improved the egg qualities on some extent including egg weights, shell and yolk color, albumen height, and Haugh unit.

The Effects of Dietary Supplementation of L-carnitine and Humic Substances on Performance, Egg Traits and Blood Parameters in Laying Hens

  • Yalcin, Sakine;Ergun, Ahmet;Ozsoy, Bulent;Yalcin, Suzan;Erol, Handan;Onbasilar, Ilyas
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.1478-1483
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    • 2006
  • This experiment was carried out to determine the effects of supplementation of L-carnitine and humic substances alone or in combination in laying hen diets on performance, egg traits and blood parameters. A total of 180 IGH type brown laying hens aged 22 weeks were employed in a completely randomized block design with one control group and three treatment groups. Each group was divided into five replicates as subgroups, each comprising 9 hens. The diets of the first, second and third treatment groups were supplemented with 0.1 g/kg L-carnitine, 1.5 g/kg humic substances (Farmagulator$^{(R)}$ Dry Plus) and 0.1 g/kg L-carnitine+1.5 g/kg humic substances, respectively. The experimental period lasted 18 weeks. Feeding supplemental carnitine, humic substances or carnitine+humic substances resulted in increases in body weight gain (p<0.05). Dietary treatments did not significantly affect daily feed intake, daily metabolizable energy intake, egg production, egg weight, feed efficiency, mortality, egg shape index, egg breaking strength, egg shell thickness, egg albumen index, egg yolk index, egg Haugh unit and the percentages of egg shell, albumen and yolk. Supplementation of humic substances reduced egg yolk cholesterol as mg per g yolk and mg per yolk (p<0.05). Blood serum parameters were not affected by the supplementation of carnitine, humic substances or carnitine+humic substances. The results in this study demonstrated that humic substances supplementation reduced egg cholesterol without adverse effects on performance, egg traits and blood parameters of laying hens. It was concluded that the usage of L-carnitine alone or in combination with humic substances in diets had no beneficial effects in laying hens.

Effects of Green Tea Powder on Laying Performance and Egg Quality in Laying Hens

  • Uuganbayar, D.;Bae, I.H.;Choi, K.S.;Shin, I.S.;Firman, J.D.;Yang, C.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.1769-1774
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    • 2005
  • This experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of feeding green tea powder on laying performance and egg quality in hens. A total 180 'Tetran Brown' laying hens aged 40 weeks were assigned to 6 treatments in a completely randomized design. Each treatment consisted of five replicates accommodating six layers per replication. The experimental diets were a negative control containing no green tea, a positive control diet containing antibiotics (0.05% chlortetracycline) and diets containing 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5% and 2.0% green tea powder. Egg production rate of layers fed the diets containing green tea powder did not differ significantly from that of the negative and positive controls (p>0.05). Egg weight was decreased significantly in the group fed the diet containing 0.5% green tea powder (p<0.05). Feed intake of layers was significantly higher for the diet containing 1.5% green tea powder compared to that of negative and positive control diets (p<0.05). The eggshell thickness reduced significantly in the layer group fed the diets containing green tea powder regardless of dietary levels (p<0.05). Green tea powder tended to reduce egg yolk cholesterol in this experiment. Particularly, dietary 2% level of green tea powder significantly suppressed the cholesterol contents of the egg yolk (p<0.05). Thiobarbituric acid value (TBA) of egg yolk was significantly reduced by green tea diets (p<0.05). The yellowness of egg yolk was increased in the layers fed the 2.0% green tea diet compared with that of control diet (p<0.005). The Linoleic and $\alpha$-linolenic acids tended to increase in the group fed diets containing 1.5% green tea powder even though there were no significant differences among treatments (p>0.05). The oleic and docosahexaenoic acid contents of the egg yolk were similar among treatments (p>0.05). Based on the results of the experiment, it is concluded that green tea powder inclusion in the diet for layers at 2.0% level can reduce the cholesterol content and TBA value of the egg yolk, implying its potential effect on egg quality parameters.

Influences of Long-Term Feeding of Japanese Green Tea Powder on Laying Performance and Egg Quality in Hens

  • Biswas, Md. A.H.;Miyazaki, Y.;Nomura, K.;Wakita, M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.980-985
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    • 2000
  • Influences of Japanese green tea powder (GTP) supplementation to commercial diet on laying performance and egg quality were studied by using 60 laying hens. The experimental diet with or without 0.6% GTP was given ad libitum to the birds during the period from 6 to 71 weeks of age. The birds started egg production from 21 wk of age regardless GTP feeding. Body weight, feed intake, egg weight tended to decrease with GTP supplementation, while egg production rate tended to increase. Haugh unit score was significantly increased with GTP, which accompanied with the increased albumen height. These were observed almost throughout the laying period over 50 wk. Gel proportion in thick albumen was decreased as storage time is prolonged, then higher values of the gel proportion were recorded in the eggs from GTP group. Thick albumen of the eggs from GTP-fed layers had more carbohydrate than that from control layers. All these indicate physical stability of thick albumen in the eggs from GTP group. Thiobarbituric acid content of egg yolk tended to remain lower in the eggs from GTP group during 5-10 days of storage at room temperature. Levels of egg yolk cholesterol and yolk lipid were significantly reduced by GTP feeding. There were no significant differences in eggshell weight, shell thickness and shell strength between the two groups. Thyroid gland and liver from hens slaughtered at 71 wk of age did not differ in weight irrespective of GTP feeding. The present results suggest that GTP could modify components of edible part of egg, leading to the characteristics favourable to consumers such as high durability of thick albumen and less cholesterol in yolk, without altering general performance of the layers throughout this year round experiment.

Dietary Olive Oil, Canola Oil, and Sardine Oil on Fatty Acids Composition and Cholesterol Contents in Eggs (올리브기름, 카놀라기름 및 정어리기름의 급여가 계란의 지방산 조성 및 콜레스테롤 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • 박구부;김진형;김진성;진상근;신택순;이정일;박태선;성필남
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.145-151
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    • 1997
  • This study was conducted to investigate the influence of dietary olive oil, canola oil, or sardine oil on the fatty acids composition and cholesterol contents in eggs The experimental layers, 62~65 weeks of age, were randomly allotted to one of the four treatments; a) Control (commercial feed), b) T1 (commercial feed plus 10% olive oil), c) T2 (commercial feed plus 10% sardine oil), d) m (commercial feed plus 10% sardine oil) for 3 weeks. The egg samples were stored at 4${\pm}$1˚C for a certain period (1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 days) and analyzed for the fatty acids composition and cholesterol contents. The unsaturated fatty acid contents in the egg yolk were slightly decreased as the storage periods extended. The oleic acid content in T1 was the highest in all treatments. The linoleic and linolenic acid contents in T2 were higher than in the other treatments. The eicosahexaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and docosasahexaenoic acid ( DH A) contents in eggs from m were higher than the other treatments. The ratio of egg yolk n-6 /n-3 fatty acids contents in all treatments were slightly increased as the storage periods extended. The n-3 fatty acid contents of the egg yolk from T3 was the highest in all treatments. The cholesterol contents of the eggs were significantly decreased as the storage period extended(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in egg cholesterol content among all treatments.

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Effects of Cod Liver Oil and Chromium Picolinate Supplements on the Serum Traits, Egg Yolk Fatty Acids and Cholesterol Content in Laying Hens

  • Lien, Tu-Fa;Wu, Chaen-Ping;Lu, Jin-Jenn
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.1177-1181
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    • 2003
  • This study investigated the effects of cod liver oil and chromium picolinate on the serum traits and egg yolk fatty acids and cholesterol content in laying hens. One hundred 45-week old single comb white Leghorn laying hens were assigned randomly to four groups. These groups were: (1) control (soybean oil), (2) 1,000 ppb (${\mu}g/kg$) chromium (organic form chromium picolinate) (Crpic), (3) 3% cod liver oil (CLO), and (4) 1,000 ppb chromium with 3% cod liver oil (CLO+Crpic). The experiment was conducted for 40 days. Results indicated that serum triacylglycerol (TG) and cholesterol contents in the CLO group and the serum glucose content in the Crpic group were significantly lower than those in the control group (p<0.05-0.01). The yolk cholesterol content in the CLO and Crpic groups were also lower than the control group (p<0.01). The lipoprotein profile displayed that in the Crpic group, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) were significantly higher (P<0.05) than the control group. Meanwhile, low-density lipoprotein+very low-density lipoprotein (LDL+VLDL) and LDL-C+VLDL-C were significantly lower (p<0.05) than the control group. Notably, of all four groups, the CLO group displayed a more profound effect on serum traits and lipoprotein (p<0.05-0.001). Furthermore, the fatty acid composition of the egg yolks presented that C18:2 in the CLO and Crpic groups was significantly lower (p<0.05-0.001) compare to the control. However, only in the CLO group, C18:3, C20:5 and C22:6 were significantly higher (p<0.001) than the control. Only serum glucose and LDL+VLDL showed the CLO${\times}$Crpic interaction (p<0.05), most parameters did not. Therefore, supplemented chromium picolinate or cod liver oil in the diet of laying hens had beneficial effects. However, when these two factors were combined, there was no interaction with most parameters.

Effects of Dietary Garlic Powder and Copper on Cholesterol Content and Quality Characteristics of Chicken Eggs

  • Lim, K.S.;You, S.J.;An, B.K.;Kang, C.W.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.582-586
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    • 2006
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the dietary effect of garlic powder (GP) and copper (Cu) on laying performances and the cholesterol content and quality characteristics of eggs during storage in laying hens. A total of one hundred and eighty, 50-wk-old, Hy-Line Brown layers were divided into 6 groups with 3 replicates per group (10 layers per replicate) and fed one of six diets containing GP 0%, GP 1%, GP 3%, GP 5%, Cu 200 ppm, or GP 3%-Cu 200 ppm for 5 wks. There were no differences in the laying performances and feed intakes bertween treatments. Eggshell strength, eggshell thickness and yolk color were also not affected by feeding of GP and Cu. With increasing dietary GP, Haugh unit was linearly increased after 2 wk of storage (p<0.05). The levels of serum total cholesterol in hens fed diets containing GP or Cu were lower than that of the control (p<0.05), but high density lipoprotein-cholesterol was not influenced by dietary GP or Cu. The content of egg yolk cholesterol from hens fed diets containing GP or Cu was significantly decreased from that of the control, except for the GP 1% group. Based on the results of this experiment, the decrease of Haugh unit during storage was alleviated by feeding of GP. The feeding of GP or Cu alone and in combination altered the cholesterol fractions in serum and reduced the content of egg yolk cholesterol in laying hens.