• 제목/요약/키워드: Effectiveness

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영유아 교사의 의사소통능력과 교사효능감이 어린이집 조직효과성에 미치는 영향 (Study on Influence of Communication Ability and Early Childhood Teachers' Sense of Efficacy on Organizational Effectiveness of Child Care Centers)

  • 백성아;송승민;이유현
    • 한국지역사회생활과학회지
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.447-460
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of early childhood teachers' communication ability, teacher efficacy, and organizational effectiveness of child care centers. The subjects of this study were 397 teachers working at child care centers. The results of this study were as follows. First, differences in the organization effectiveness of child care centers were detected according to teachers' age, career, type of child care center where they were affiliated, and marriage status. Second, the relative effects of the teachers' communication ability and teacher efficacy on the organizational effectiveness of early-childhood educational institutions differed significantly according to each sub-factor; teachers' communication ability's sub-factors - response, analysis, and evaluation - and teacher efficacy's sub-factors - general efficacy and personal efficacy - had partial effects on the organizational effectiveness of child care centers. Of these, personal efficacy had the greatest effects on all sub-factors of organizational effectiveness. This study is significant since it identifies the variables that could affect the organizational effectiveness of child care centers.

Effect of Hole Shapes, Orientation And Hole Arrangements On Film Cooling Effectiveness

  • Jindal, Prakhar;Roy, A.K.;Sharma, R.P.
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.341-351
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    • 2016
  • In this present work, the effect of hole shapes, orientation and hole arrangements on film cooling effectiveness has been carried out. For this work a flat plate has been considered for the computational model. Computational analysis of film cooling effectiveness using different hole shapes with no streamwise inclination has been carried out. Initially, the model with an inclination of $30^{\circ}$ has been verified with the experimental data. The validation results are well in agreement with the results taken from literature. Five different hole shapes viz. Cylindrical, Elliptic, Triangular, Semi-Cylindrical and Semi-Elliptic have been compared and validated over a wide range of blowing ratios. The blowing ratios ranged from 0.67 to 1.67. Later, orientation of holes have also been varied along with the number of rows and hole arrangements in rows. The performance of film cooling scheme has been given in terms of centerline and laterally averaged adiabatic effectiveness. Semi-elliptic hole utilizes half of the mass flow as in other hole shapes and gives nominal values of effectiveness. The triangular hole geometry shows higher values of effectiveness than other hole geometries. But when compared on the basis of effectiveness and coolant mass consumption, Semi-elliptic hole came out to give best results.

대학도서관의 변혁적 리더십이 사서들의 임파워먼트(Empowerment)와 조직유효성에 미치는 영향 (A Study on the Effects of Transformational Leadership on the Empowerment and Organizational Effectiveness in University Libraries)

  • 이은철;백인화
    • 한국문헌정보학회지
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.139-156
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 대학도서관 리더의 변혁적 리더십이 사서들의 임파워먼트와 조직유효성에 미치는 영향력을 실증 분석하기 위해 수행되었다. 연구 결과 변혁적 리더십은 임파워먼트와 조직유효성에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며, 임파워먼트는 조직유효성에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 변혁적 리더십이 조직유효성에 직접 영향을 미칠 때보다 임파워먼트를 매개로 하였을 때 더 큰 영향을 주고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 대학도서관의 리더는 사서들의 개인적 성장을 위해서 그들의 욕구를 파악하고 관심과 격려 및 적절한 임무부여 등의 개별적 배려를 통해 조직유효성을 향상시킬 수 있도록 하는 것으로 나타났다.

7종 한약재 추출물의 항산화 및 항염증 효과와 이를 이용한 방제 구성에 대한 고찰 (Anti-oxidative and Anti-inflammatory Effect of 7 Herbal Extracts and Methods of Herbal Formula Compositioning)

  • 박정후;박주연;박선동
    • 대한한의학방제학회지
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.87-103
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : Herbal formulas are complicated to analyze and difficult to compose because of its mixed, complex features. So we discussed about how to compose herbal formulas effective and efficient by analyzing various effectiveness of each herbal extracts. Methods : To evaluate the effectiveness of herbal formula, anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effectiveness were mathematically analyzed. DPPH, superoxide anions, Nitric Oxide scavenging activity was measured to evaluate the effectiveness of 7 herbal extracts. And next, cytotoxic activity of extracts on RAW 264.7 cells were measured using MTS assay. To asses anti-inflammatory effect, nitric oxide and $PGE_2$ production were measured. Based on these anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory experiment result, mathematical analyzation were carried out with constOptm function, and determined efficacy-maximizing ratio. Results : This mathematical analysis based formula showed significantly outstanding effectiveness than other formulae. And estimated tendency of anti-inflammatory effectiveness was matched with real effectiveness. Conclusions : So, mathematical analysis can be available to evaluate and estimate the effectiveness of herbal formulae.

The Relationship Between Internal Auditors' Personality Traits, Internal Audit Effectiveness, and Financial Reporting Quality: Empirical Evidence from Jordan

  • ALBAWWAT, Ibrahim Emair;AL-HAJAIA, Mohammad Eid;AL FRIJAT, Yaser Saleh
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.797-808
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    • 2021
  • This study examines the interaction between internal auditors' personality traits and the internal audit function effectiveness. It also investigates the effect of such interacted variables on financial reporting quality. This study employed a questionnaire survey to collect data from 193 internal auditors of Jordanian companies listed on the Amman Stock Exchange. The study model is validated and tested using the partial least squares structural equation modelling. The results reveal that all the examined personality traits of internal auditors significantly impact internal audit function effectiveness except for the extraversion trait. The results also show that personality traits have indirect effects on financial reporting quality via internal audit function effectiveness. These results suggest that internal auditors with high scores on openness to experience, emotional stability, and conscientiousness traits can be among the most significant contributors to the internal audit function effectiveness. The results also suggest that internal auditors' personality traits can be regarded as an internal audit function intangible resource that enhances effectiveness. The study's findings might be of interest to many different parties interested in enhancing internal audit function effectiveness and boosting the financial reporting quality, such as external and internal auditors, auditees, human resource departments, and Chief Internal Audit Executives.

종합병원 근무자의 근로생활의 질과 조직유효성과의 관련성 (Relationship between Quality of Working Life and Organizational Effectiveness of Employees at the General Hospital)

  • 이선희;조희숙
    • 한국병원경영학회지
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 1999
  • Objectives: Quality of Working Life(QWL) is a set of employee's physical, mental conditions which are perceived at their work. Most employees and managers are concerned about the quality of working life as a strategy for improving organizational effectiveness. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between QWL and organizational effectiveness of employees at the general hospital. Methods : Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires at the general hospital in Kyunggi-Do. Survey was conducted to 675 workers. QWL was measured by using 5 items from the scale developed by Walton(1973). Organizational effectiveness was measured by measuring organizational commitment, intention of job-shift, and job satisfaction. Results: The recognitions to each component of QWL were significantly different by socio-demographic characteristics such as sex, age, education levels and working duration. Also, QWL were significantly different by types of organizational culture. Multiple regression analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis were applied to find the relationship of QWL and organizational effectiveness. As a result, job-pride, compensation, working condition, human relationship and development showed significant relationship with organizational effectiveness. Conclusions: These results show that QWL is significantly related to organizational effectiveness. So we expect that this result will be used as basic informations for management and motivation of employees at the general hospital.

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철도차량 모의운전연습기의 훈련비용 효율성 분석 (Analysis on Cost-effectiveness of a Train Simulator)

  • 김사길;변승남
    • 한국철도학회논문집
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.655-659
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    • 2007
  • 이 논문은 국내 철도 모의운전연습기의 훈련비용 효율성(TCE; training cost-effectiveness)을 분석하는데 그 목적이 있다. 교육훈련 비용 효율성이란 해당 모의운전연습기를 통해 얻어진 학습 효율성(TER)과 그에 따르는 비용 효율성(TCR)을 모두 고려한 비율이다. TCE가 1보다 작으면 분석하고자 하는 훈련체계나 새롭게 적용하는 훈련 도구의 비용 효율성이 없는 것이고, 1보다 크면 비용 효율성이 있는 것이다. 그러나 훈련체계나 훈련 도구가 비용 효율성이 없다 하더라도 안전과 관련된 사항은 반드시 비용에 관계없이 고려되어야 한다. 본 연구는 국내 철도 모의운전연습기의 훈련비용 효율성을 분석하였으며, 훈련의 종류와 훈련 내용에 따라 적절한 종류의 모의운전연습기를 활용하는 것이 비용 효율성이 있는 것으로 분석되었다.

연구개발 인력의 근무환경이 조직유효성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Effects of R&D Employee's Working Conditions on Organizational Effectiveness)

  • 박정운;정영배;유우식
    • 산업경영시스템학회지
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2012
  • The human resources of an enterprise is very important in order to survive in these days of business environment. This study investigates the influence of working conditions on organizational effectiveness. Job satisfaction and immersion has been regarded as a key conception of organizational effectiveness. The focus of this study is to investigate the effects of R&D employee's working conditions on organizational effectiveness. The results of this study show that organizational effectiveness are greatly influenced by working conditions. According to the result, First, an enterprise must make a favorable working conditions for R&D employees, the enterprise will provide R&D employees with support for collegiality and good relationship with superiors. Second, the systems of organization are significant in organizational effectiveness. Therefore, the enterprise gives the enterprise's vision and autonomic authority of business to R&D employees in order to improve organizational effectiveness. Finally, the enterprise must admit failure and compensates R&D employees for creative ideas.

병원 간호조직의 유효성 결정요인 (Determinants of Organizational Effectiveness on Hospital Nursing)

  • 김종경
    • 간호행정학회지
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.564-573
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    • 2006
  • Purposes: This study was to provide basic data to explain the effect of the organizational effectiveness factor on hospital nursing, to construct an appropriate model to examine the validation and relationship with variables and to provide basic data for improving the organizational effectiveness of hospital nursing. Method: This study was a descriptive correlation research. Subjects of the study were 348 nurses, 219 patients, and 89 nurses for nursing quality. Twelve measurement variables and nine paths were established in the hypothetical model. Results: The fitness indices of the model were GFI=0.91, NFI=0.90, and PGFI=0.49. Five among the nine paths proved to be statistically significant : level of nurse manpower to organizational effectiveness, conflict to organizational effectiveness, organizational climate to organizational effectiveness, level of nurse manpower to organizational climate, and leadership to organizational climate. Level of nurse manpower and leadership influenced organizational climate. Organizational climate accounted for 43% by the predictor variables, and the level of nurse manpower, conflict, and organizational climate influenced the organizational effectiveness, which accounted for 77% by the predictor variables. Conclusion: This study identified that the level of nurse manpower, leadership, conflict, and organizational climate are important factors affecting organizational effectiveness.

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기업의 e-Learning에 대한 학습효과 및 전이에 영향을 미치는 요인 (Factors Influencing the Learning Effectiveness and Transfer of e-Learning in Business Organlizations)

  • 정경수;김경준
    • 한국정보시스템학회지:정보시스템연구
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.1-29
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    • 2006
  • The recent development of IT, consolidation of communication and multimedia technology have brought enormous changes in many organizations. Theses changes are enabling the new educational opportunities such as distance teaming and virtual class room. Recently, e-Learning has grown rapidly in business training field, In the context of companies, e-Learning has merits in terms of access convenience, costs reduction self-directed learning, reciprocity, and flexibility. In this regard, the primary purpose of this study is to investigate which factors of e-Learning influence the effectiveness of education and transfer of loaming in business organizations. Based on the prior studies of the education and business training field, research model and research hypotheses were developed. Factors studied in this paper were as follows: 1) learners' characteristics, 2) organizational support and 3) system environments. The results of our study are as follows. (1) Motivation perceived usefulness in Learner factors had an significant influence on both learning effectiveness and transfer of teaming, whereas Ability, expectation had an influence on transfer of teaming. (2) Support from peer, support from supervisor in Organization factors had an significant influence on both Loaming effectiveness and transfer of teaming, whereas support from organization had influence on learning effectiveness. (3) Appropriate contents in system circumstance had an significant influence on both teaming effectiveness and transfer of teaming, whereas interface design had an influence on learning effectiveness.

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