• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ecological Restoration

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Evaluation indicators for the restoration of degraded urban ecosystems and the analysis of restoration performance (훼손된 도시생태계 생태복원 평가지표 제시 및 복원성과 분석)

  • Sohn, Hee-Jung;Kim, Do-Hee;Kim, Na-Yeong;Hong, Jin-Pyo;Song, Young-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.97-114
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to analyze the effect of urban ecosystem restoration projects by evaluating the short-term restoration performance of the project sites, from both qualitative and quantitative evaluations. In this study, for the qualitative evaluation, we derived the evaluation frame from previous studies and literature. For the quantitative evaluation, the changes in ecological connectivity after the restoration project were described using landscape permeability and network analysis. In addition, changes in habitat quality after the restoration project were evaluated by using InVEST Habitat Quality Model. These evaluations were applied to the three natural madang (ecological restoration) projects and two ecosystem conservation cooperation projects. As a result, three categories, 10 indicators, and 13 sub-indicators were derived from literature as the evaluation frame for this study. In the case of quantitative evaluation of restoration performance, habitat quality increased by 45% and ecological connectivity by 37% in natural-madang, and habitat quality by about 12% and ecological connectivity by about 19% in ecosystem conservation cooperation projects. This implies that the ecological restoration project can increase the ecological connectivity and the habitat quality of degraded sites even in a short period of time by improving the land-cover and land use. The results by applying the evaluation frame indicated that ecological and environmental factors and the ecological functions were improved by the restoration works, even though the magnitude of performances were diverse depending on the specific evaluation items, project type, and site characteristics. This study clarified that the success of ecological restoration project should be assessed by both of the short-term and long-term goals, which can be achieved by the maintenance and sustainable management, respectively.

Landscape Performance Assessment Framework for Ecological Restoration Using Systematic Reviews

  • Kim, Min;Han, Junga;Choi, Yuneui;Chon, Jinhyung
    • Journal of recreation and landscape
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2018
  • Landscape performance is an assessment tool to quantitatively evaluate designed landscapes, which allows us to overcome the limitations of qualitative evaluation of ecological restoration projects. The purpose of this study was to develop a landscape performance assessment framework for ecological restoration using systematic reviews. To do this, literature related to landscape performance was systematically reviewed, considering the design intent of an ecological restoration project. Results indicated that the ecological benefits of 'Water' and 'Habitats', the social benefits of 'Recreational and Social Value', and the economic benefits of 'Operation and Maintenance Savings' should be considered first. Based on the results, this study suggests the landscape performance framework for ecological restoration projects. The landscape performance assessment framework can not only develop improvement plans for one ecological restoration project, but also potentially provide a logical basis for assessing other designed landscapes.

Restoration and Landscape Ecological Design to Restore Mt. Nam in Seoul, Korea as an Ecological Park (복원 및 경관생태학적 원리에 근거한 남산의 생태공원화 계획)

  • 이창석;문정숙;김재은;조현제;이남주
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.21 no.5_3
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    • pp.723-733
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    • 1998
  • Restoration to improve the ecological quality of Mt. Nam was explored in a viewpoint of restoration in both landscape and ecosystem levels. A restoration plan in landscape level was based on the result on the land-use pattern in Mt. Nam including its surrounding area and that in ecosystem level on the ecological quality of each landscape element. A plant to construct the green network, which extending from Mt. Nam to the Han river through the Yongsan family park and through the Eungbong urban park was prepared as a restoration project in landscape level to improve the ecological quality of Mt. Nam as an ecological park. On the other hand, a plan for restoration and creation of biotop as a restoration project in ecosystem level was also prepared to improve the ecological quality of each green area consisting green network. Green areas composing green network include keystone green area (Mt. Nam), green stations (Yongsan family park, Eungbong urban park, and the han river citizen's park), and green pathway (or ecological corridor) connecting those green areas.

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Restoration of the Prehistoric Site(1) - Focused upon Restituting Paleolithic Site into an Ecological Park - (선사유적의 정비·복원(1) - 구석기유적의 생태공원화 방안을 중심으로 -)

  • Moon, Seok-Ki;Jang, Ho-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.67-80
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    • 2011
  • This study is focused upon developing repairing and restoration methodologies of the Paleolithic sites. The Paleolithic era is not only the remote past, which ended ten thounds years ago, but the period of much different ecological condition compared with that of these days. There have been two kinds of conservation method adopted to restoration of Paleolithic sites which are historic park and ecological park. But there left not much historic remains than ecological sources in most Paleolithic sites, restoring them into ecological park is thought to be more reasonable for the purpose of conserving sites and remains. The first step of restoring Paleolithic sites is reconstructing environmental background in which they earned a living with their own life style at that time. There are three ways of ecological restoration for prehistoric sites, which are the reclamation, the rehabilitation, and the restoration. The reclamation requires physical modification, and the rehabilitation does biological modification, but only the restoration requires improved management. Among them, the most desirable way applicable upon the Paleolithic sites restitution is the reclamation.

An Analysis on the Properties of the Domestic Laws Connected with Ecological Restoration Materials (생태복원재료 관련 국내 실정법의 속성 분석)

  • Shin, Ick-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to present the legal object in the related legislation taking the present condition of the domestic laws and the leading cases connected with ecological restoration materials and analyzing their properties according to the analytic standards which are legal class and ecological restoration material items, the present condition by the field of ecological restoration business, interrelationship between the law and the leading cases, comparison of the domestic laws with the foreign regulations. The results of this study are as follows; 1) Detailed enforcement regulation(36.5% of totals), enforcement regulation(32.4%) and law(31.1%) as legal class of the domestic legislation relating to ecological restoration materials are in the order of frequency that shows the little strong frequency at low-ranking class. By items, the number of legislation relating to planting material holds about majority, next to it, stone material, soil material and wood material are in the order of frequency. 2) By the field of ecological restoration business, legislation relating to administration forms the highest frequency(36.3% of totals), next to it, material properties(23.4%), plan design(13.0%) are in the order of frequency. 3) For the number of the leading cases by items of ecological restoration materials, those are, for the most part, them relating to planting material(93.8% of totals). The number of legislation relating to planting material forms the highest frequency at laws and the leading cases in common. 4) The domestic legislation connected with ecological restoration materials is mainly to be in legal class of the positive law, on the contrary, a foreign country has legislation widely consisted of laws, ordinances and other general regulations. Some foreign country legislated the topsoil conservation act, but not to domestic. The result of this study will be applied to legislature and court as reference materials, and to the public and public officer as a means of an understanding of ecological restoration materials.

Application of Landscape Ecology to Ecological Restoration

  • Hong, Sun-Kee;Kang, Ho-jeong;Kim, Eun-Shik;Kim, Jae-Geun;Kim, Chang-Hoe;Lee, Eun-Ju;Lee, Jae-Chun;Lee, Jeom-Sook;Choung, Yeon-sook;Choung, Heung-Lak;Ihm, Byun-Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.311-323
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    • 2004
  • To date, restoration ecology has focused on local areas, particularly small-scale ecosystems. As such, restoration ecology has been applied to areas with clear boundaries, such as roads, abandoned mines, wetlands, and forest ecosystems. However, those involved in these restoration efforts, due to their tendency to implement comprehensive plans to change the landscape structure, and their mismanagement of the restoration process, have more often than not wound up weakening the ecological functions of surrounding ecosystems, and in further degrading the ecosystem which they were trying to restore. To resolve these problems and restore a comparatively large-scale region, methods to assess the impact of such restoration efforts on surrounding ecosystems must be developed. These include expanding the scale of restoration efforts; in other words, moving from the local to the landscape scale. As a conclusion, practice of ecological restoration is increasingly moving towards landscape scale in order to deal with these problems.

Development of Evaluation Indices for Ecological Restoration of Degraded Environments Near DMZ in the Republic of Korea (DMZ 주변 훼손지의 생태복원 평가지표 개발)

  • Lee, Peter Sang-Hoon;Lee, Sanghyuk;Lee, Sol Ae;Choi, Jaeyong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.135-151
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    • 2015
  • DMZ is considered as an ecologically sensitive landscape and one of the highest biodiversity regions in the Republic of Korea. There have been, albeit the significant value, increased interests in developing this region for a variety of purposes including tourism and commemorative events. As this region has been already facing a range of problems derived from previous development, natural disaster and invasive species, the necessity for active management of ecological health within this region has been increased, which weighs the importance of executing ecological restoration. The objective of this study was to develop evaluation indices as an effective management means of properly evaluating ecological restoration and sustainably maintaining the restored conditions on a long-term scale. Through literature review existing evaluation indices related to restoration were collected, and then the most suitable indices were selected based upon two interviews and one questionnaire survey targeting experts in the relevant field to ecological restoration. They were categorized by two major division and their subclasses (Ecological base - vegetation structure & composition, habitat characteristics, soil environment; landscape ecology - connectivity, landscape patch, boundary & surrounding) and 40 indices. These indices were considered helpful to comprehensively evaluate ecological restoration on degraded environments within ecologically sensitive areas, and sustainably manage target areas by employing a long-term monitoring approach. As this result played a meaningful role in providing the fundamentals of evaluating ecological restoration, it should develop a suitable evaluation system through further research.

A Study on the Development of Design Model of Ecological Park as Stormwater Storage Facilities (저류지 생태공원 설계모형 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Byeon, Wooil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to develop design model of ecological park as stormwater storage facilities. The results are as follows : First, the design model of ecological park as stormwater storage facilities consider ecological and landscape characteristics such as high efficiency of land use, function as disaster prevention, ecological water purification, formation of habitat for flora and fauna. Second, this study demonstrates two types of plane structure and eight types of designed section. They can be combined and designed depending on conditions of each site. The facilities of stormwater storage conduct disaster prevention system and ecological park. Retention pond in stormwater storage facilities for ecological park also should be made for ecological restoration in the site. Third, the ecological park provide the basis for ecological network from in-site to out-site. Therefore its conservation and restoration plan consider the ecosystems of the site. Fourth, the most important factor for maintenance and management for retention pond is keeping water quality. Sustainable Structured wetland Biotop system is suggested for ecological water purification system in the retention pond which is one of the constructed wetland system using multi-celled aquatic plant and pond. This system can also provide habitat for animals and plants, water friendly park for men, and beautiful landscape.

Development and Application of Participatory Ecological Restoration Program for BaigDooDaeGahn (백두대간 생태 복원을 위한 시민참여 프로그램 개발과 적용)

  • Kim, Chan-Kook;Ahn, Tong-Mahn;Kim, In-Ho;Lee, Jae-Young;Kim, Sung-Jin;Chae, Hye-Sung;Lee, Young;Lee, Jae-Won;Kim, Min-Woo;Shin, Min-Jong;Park, Hyo-In;Cho, Kyung-Jun
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2010
  • Ecological restoration aims to reverse the degradation of ecosystems that occurred as humans have affected landscapes. This study was conducted in part of a larger project to develop participatory ecological restoration procedures for disturbed areas in Baigdoodaegahn which is a major mountain range in the Korean Peninsula. The case of alpine farmland at Kangwon-do was selected to apply the theoretical framework of participatory restoration since the nutrient contents in alpine solid under vegetable cultivation degrade water quality in the watershed while farmers in the region are economically struggling due to imports of vegetables from China. The reciprocal model of restoration was applied to cope with interactions between human and ecosystem needs in ecological restoration. A series of environmental education and eco-tourism programs were developed and incorporated into the participatory restoration project to rebuild social-cultural aspects of the community as well as to restore the biophysically disturbed area while meeting both ecological needs and human needs. This study suggests that participatory projects will be more successful when experts support the local residents and citizens in restoration process, when leadership are developed through social learning, and when ecological, financial and social factors of restoration are integratedly considered.

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A Study on Recognition of Land Acquisition for Ecology Restoration Project in Ecological and Landscape Conservation Area of Donggang River Basin. (동강유역 생태·경관보전지역 내 매수토지 생태복원사업 인식도 연구)

  • Li, Lan;Koo, Bon-Hak
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.15-28
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    • 2017
  • A protected area means a space designated and protected by law from development pressure and environmental pressure. It is mainly designated to protect specific ecosystems, natural landscapes, and cultural resources from irrational development (or damage), and involves policies of the public sector such as central and local governments. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has conducted conservation and restoration projects for preserving natural ecosystems and genetic resources. In order to conserve the ecosystem in the protected area, national and public organizations purchase private land and use it ecologically; in addition, ecological restoration project is carried out for the purpose of creating waterside ecological belt or preserving ecosystem. Land acquisition refers to the land where highly influenced by the water quality and need to restore, and purchased by negotiating with the landlord. Although the nation and public institution carried out ecosystem restoration project for partial purchase land in order to conserve ecosystem, it is below the expected effect due to lack of comprehensive management system and have some problems in restoration project and unification of management institutions. Land acquisition in Donggang River Basin Ecological Conservation area is initiated in 2005 for creating income of local residents and ecological restoration. However, the lack of overall management and awareness resulted in poor vegetation growth and poor response by local residents due to terrain exposure. As such, there is insufficient research on the current situation and systematic integrated management although the number of land acquisition is increasing year after year. Futhermore, overall recognition and follow-up monitoring of eco-restoration are still inadequate. Therefore, the survey on the awareness of the purchase land ecosystem restoration project is necessary for the efficient restoration project and establishment of the management strategy for land acquisition in the future. Therefore, in this study, we provide fundamental materials on further research projects by carrying out research on the awareness of ecological restoration projects in the Donggang River basin ecological preservation area.