• Title, Summary, Keyword: Diuretic

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Effects of Renal Denervation and Cromakalim on Central Diuretic Action of Glibenclamide, an ATP-dependent $K^+$ Channel Blocker, in Dogs (ATP-의존성 $K^+$ Channel 차단제인 Glibenclamide의 중추적 이뇨작용에 대한 신장 신경제와의 Cromakalim의 영향)

  • 고석태;임광남;정경희
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.674-681
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    • 1999
  • This study was performed to investigate the effects of renal denervation and cromakalim, a K+ Channel opener, on central diuretic action of glibenclamide, an ATP-dependent K+ Channel blocker, in dog. Diuretic action of glibenclamide administered into the vein was weakened markedly by renal denervation and pretreatment of of cromakalim. Above results suggest that central diuretic action of glibenclamide is mediated by renal nerves and K+ Channel localized in kidney.

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Study on diuretic activity and electrolytes excretion of methanol extract of Lippia nodiflora (Verbenaceae) in rats

  • D., Ashok Kumar;GP, Senthilkumar;V., Thamil selvan;UK, Mazumder;M., Gupta;SK, Ray
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2008
  • In the Indian traditional medicine, Lippia nodiflora (Verbenaceae) whole plant is claimed to possess powerful diuretic activity. However, the diuretic potential of this plant is not yet investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diuretic potential of methanol extract of Lippia nodiflora (MELN) in rats. Control (0.9% saline solution, 25 ml/kg, b.w) or urea (1 g/kg b.w) or frusemide (5 mg/kg b.w) and different concentrations of MELN (200 and 400 mg/kg b.w) were intraperitoneally administered (n = 6 per each treatment group) to hydrated rats and their urine output was monitored over a period of 5 h and 24 h after drug administration. The diuretic responses with its electrolyte excretion potency of the extract were highly remarkable in comparison with control animals. The extract at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg shows a significant increase in volume of urine with increase in $Na^{+}$, $Ca^{2+}$ and $Cl^{-}$ excretion accompanied by the excretion of $K^{+}$ in dose dependent manner. This study suggests that the active component(s) in MELN had similar diuretic effect to that of frusemide. These results validate the traditional use of Lippia nodiflora as a diuretic agent.

Role of Calcium in Function of Isolated Perfused Rabbit Kidney (적출관류 토끼 신장기능에서 칼슘의 역할)

  • Lee, Kweon-Haeng;Chun, Eun-Eui;Hong, Kyoung-Ja;Cho, Kyu-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Pharmacology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 1986
  • This study was designed to investigate the role of calcium in the function of an isolated perfused rabbit kidney and its effect on the diuretic action of furosemide. The administrations of hydralazine and verapamil produced remarkable diuretic actions mainly by decreasing renal resistance. The administration of furosemide in combination with hydralazine or verapamil produced remarkable diuretic action and there was no difference between the two groups. The administration of quinidine produced a diuretic action in spite of vasoconstriction and potentiated the diuretic action of furosemide. In the calcium-free perfusion medium, the administration of calcium produced a marked diuretic action in spite of vasoconstriction and potentiated significantly the diuretic action of furosemide. The administration of quinidine did not alter renal function and the diuretic action of furosemide, but the combined administration of quinidine and calcium showed antidiuretic effect due to excessive vasoconstriction in the calcium-free perfusion medium. Although the administration of verapamil produced a slight diuretic action in the calcium-free perfusion medium, verapamil did not alter the diuretic action of calcium as well as the diuretic actions of furosemide alone and in combination with calcium. The results of this experiment show that calcium, verapamil and quinidine produced diuretic actions and calcium potentiates the diuretic action of furosemide.

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Effect of Renal Denervation on Renal Action of Diltiazem in Dog (Diltiazem의 신장작용에 대한 신신경제거의 영향)

  • 고석태;유강준;김해석
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.84-92
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    • 1993
  • This study was performed to elucidate the mechanism of antidiuretic action of diltiazem by infusion into the vein and carotid artery, of diuretic action into a renal artery in dog. Renal denervation caused a reversal of the effect of diltiazem from the antidiuretic to the diuretic when infused into vein or carotid artery, and potentiated the diuretic effect when infused into a renal artery. The changes of renal function in diuretic circumstances as described above included the increase in renal plasma flow, osmolar clearance, the amounts of sodium and potassium excreted in urine and the decrease in reabosrption rate of sodium and potassium in renal tubules. Above results suggest that antidiuretic action of diltiazem may be mediated by central nervous system, not by endogenous substance, diuretic action by direct renal action.

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Renal Action of Domperidone in Dog (돔페이돈의 신장작용)

  • 고석태;최홍석
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.561-570
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    • 1993
  • Renal action of domperidone known as dopamine receptor blocker and effect of domperidone on renal function of dopamine were investigated in dog. Domperidone, when administered into vein, produced diuretic action by the improvement of renal hemodynamic state, when given into a renal artery, elicited diuretic action accompanied with natriuresis in only experimental kidney, whereas domperidone given into carotid artery exhibited antidiuretic action by the decrease of Na$^{+}$ excretion in urine. Diuretic action of dopamine was not influenced by domperidone given into vein or into a renal artery, was blocked by domperidone given into carotid artery. Above results suggest that domperidone produced both peripheral diuretic and central antidiuretic action, and domperidone do not block diuretic action by renal hemodynamic improvement of dopamine in kidney.

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Application of torsemide to two dogs with congestive heart failure

  • Park, Hyung-Jin;Lee, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Jae-Hun;Seo, Kyoung-Won;Song, Kun-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.54 no.2
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    • pp.123-126
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    • 2014
  • An 11-year-old castrated male Maltese weighing 3.6 kg and a 12-year-old intact female Shih-tzu weighing 6.5 kg were admitted to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of Chungnam National University with decompensatory congestive heart failure. Diuretic resistance was suspected due to long term diuretic therapy with furosemide. However, the patients improved after the furosemide treatment was changed to torsemide, demonstrating the benefits of application of torsemide to treat diuretic resistance caused by long term use of furosemide. These findings suggest that torsemide should be applied for treatment of diuretic resistance caused by long term use of furosemide.

Tissue culture of the plant Pluchea indica (L.) Less. and evaluation of diuretic potential of its leaves

  • Pramanik, Kartick Chandra;Biswas, Ria;Mitra, Anupama;Bandyopadhyay, Durba;Mishra, Moumita;Chatterjee, Tapan Kumar
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.197-204
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    • 2007
  • The present study focused on the establishment of micropropagation protocol for the high value Pluchea (P.) indica (L.) Less., genotype, an important medicinal plant and evaluation of the diuretic activity of the leaf extract of the tissue cultured plant. Leaf explants, nodal segments and shoot tips were cultured in MS medium supplemented with auxin and cytokinin and their combinations. With the objective of inducing callus giving rise to new adult plants, naphthalene acetic acid was found to be most effective for (80%) for callus induction. The methanolic extract of leaves of the micropropagated P. indica was investigated for its diuretic activity in Wistar albino rats. Urinary excretion parameters were studied for evaluation of diuretic activity using Frusemide (20 mg/kg, p.o.) as standard. The extract showed significant diuretic activity at the doses of 100, 200 and 300 mg/kg. p.o. An oral acute toxicity study for the extract was carried out and the $LD_{50}$ value was found to be 2,825 mg/kg body weight.

Effects of Renal Denervation and SCH 23390, Dopamine Dl Receptor Antagonist, on Diuretic Action of SKF 81297, Dopamine Dl Receptor Agonist, in Dog (Dopamine Dl Recptor 효능제인 SKF 81297의 이뇨작용에 대한 신장 신경 제거 및 Dopamine Dl Receptor차단제인 SCH 23390의 영향)

  • 고석태;정경희;임동윤
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.50-58
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    • 2002
  • lt had been reproted previously that (${\pm}$)6-chloro-7,8-dihydroxy-1-phenyl 2,3,4,5-tetra-hydro -lH-3benzazepine (SKF 81297), dopamine $D_1$ receptor agonist, produced diuresis by both Indirect action through central function and direct action being induced in kidney. This study was attempted in order to examine the diuresis mechanism of such SKF 81297 Diuretic action of SKF 81297 given into the vein or the carotid artery was not affected by renal denervation, whereas diuretic action of SKF 81297 administered into a renal artery was blocked completely by renal denervation, and then diuretic action of SKF 81297 injected into carotid artery was inhibited by SCH 23390, dopamine $D_1$ receptor antagonist, given into carotid artery. Above results suggest that indirect diuretic action of SKF 81297 elicites through central dopamine $D_1$ receptor and direct diuresis in kidney by influence of renal nerves.

The Value of Tc-99m DTPA Diuretic Renography for Assessment of Dilated Upper Urinary Tract in Children (소아의 상부 요관확장증에서 폐쇄 유무 감별에 있어 Tc-99m DTPA 이뇨 신장 신티그램의 유용성)

  • Yang, Ki-Ra;Lim, Gye-Yeon;Sohn, Hyung-Sun;Hahn, Seong-Tae;Lee, Jae-Mun
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 1999
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Tc-99m DTPA diuretic renal scans in children with dilated upper urinary tract. Materials and Methods: We reviewed diuretic renal scans of 14 pediatric patients (age range: 3 days to 4 years) with unilateral hydronephrosis diagnosed by ultrasonography. Diuretic renal scan was done using Tc-99m DTPA and standardized protocol. In 3 neonates, diuretic renal scans were performed within 1 week and 3-7 months after birth. Results: Six patients required Pyeloplasty and eight were managed conservatively. All 6 patients requiring Pyeloplasty were diagnosed as having ureteropelvic junction obstruction in the diuretic renal scan. In these 6 patients, post-operative renal scans at 3-12 months after surgery were converted to nonobstructive pattern in 5 and a nonfunctioning pattern in 1. In 3 patients who underwent diuretic renal scan within 1 week after birth, nonobstructive patterns of initial scan were converted to obstructive patterns in the follow-up scan. However, all patients with nonobstructive diuretic renal scans performed after the neonatal period did well on serial ultrasonography and showed favorable clinical outcome without progression to obstruction. Conclusion: Tc-99m DTPA diuretic renal scan with standardized protocol is useful in assessing suspected ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children as an initial diagnostic or post-operative follow-up modality. Nonobstructive or indeterminate scan results in the neonatal period requires follow-up scan to monitor development of the obstructive pattern.

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Studies on the Diuretic Action of Oryeongsan and Kami-Oryeongsan (오령산(五笭散) 및 가미오령산(加味五笭散)이 가토이뇨작용(家兎利尿作用)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Sang-In
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.31-43
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    • 1981
  • In order to determine the effect of Oryeongsan reputed to have diuretic action since Han Dynasty and possible synergetic action of Dianthi Semen, Polygonum avicularis Herba, Kochiae Fructus and Akebiae Lignum, herbs with similar reputation, when added to the above prescription, their decoction powders were solved into distilled water and injected into rabbits through the ear vein. Upon the treatment, the excretion of sodium, potassium and chloride ion together with urine volume was kinetically determined. At the same time the clearance of plasma creatinine and sodium ion was determined and the following results were obtained. Every experimental group demonstrated diuretic action, though feable, of relatively long duration. The diuretic mechanism in the case of Oryeongsan made up by mixing the seperate extracts of individual components and Oryeongsan(A) plus Dianthi Semen was found to be inhibitory effect of renal tubular reabsorption in contrast to the case of Oryeongsan(A) plus Polygonum avicularis Herba, Kochiae Fructus or Akebiae Lignum in which case the diuretic mechanism was found to be glomerular vascular dilatation. The urinary excretion of potassium ion was increased in the case of Oryeongsan(A) plus Dianthi Semen, Kochiae Fructus of Akebiae Lignum whereas in the other cases no similar change was registered. The diuretic action was most remarkable in the case of Oryeongsan(A) plus Polygonum avicularis Herba followed by Oryeongsan(A) plus Kochiae Fructus, Oryeongsan(A) plus Dianthi Semen, extract mixture of individual component of Oryeongsan, Oryeongsan(A) and Oryeongsan(A) plus Akebiae Lignum decreasing order. The duration of diuretic action was found to be 90 minutes in the case of Oryeongsan and mixture of individual component of Oryeongsan, and 60 minutes in the case of Oryeongsan(A) plus Dianthi Semen, Kochiae Fructus or Akebiae Lignum in contrast to the case of Oryeongsan(A) plus Polygonum avicularis Herba which lasted up to 120 minutes.

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