• 제목/요약/키워드: Desalinization

검색결과 80건 처리시간 0.106초

새만금지구 간석지토양의 염분거동해석 및 제염효과분석을 위한 실험적연구 (Experimental Studies for Analyzing Salt Movement and Desalinization Effects on Reclaiming New Manguem Tideland)

  • 구자웅;한강완;서승덕
    • 한국농공학회지
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.92-103
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    • 1989
  • This study was performed in order to produce the basic data for devising irrigation project and desalinization countermeasure through analyzing salt movement and desalinzation effects. The Desalinization experiments with water management practices were carried out, using the soil samples collected in New Manguem tideland. The changes of electrical conductivity, exchangeable sodium percentage, pH and hydraulic conductivity during the desalinization experiments, and the correlations between various factors influencing desalinization, were analyzed by the statistical method. The results obtained from this study were summarized as follows: 1. The sample soils used in this study were salin-sotlic soils with the high electrical conductivity and the high exchangeable sodium percentage, and the soil texture was silt loam. 2. A large amount of the soluble salts was removed in the begining of desalinization experiments. The initial electrical conductivity and the initial exchangeable sodium percentage decreased considerably in the beginning, and were gradually slow in the rate of decrease 3. The value of pH showed a tendency to increase during the desalinization and were little by little slow in the rate of increase, and could be estimated by the regression equation. 4. The initial hydraulic conductivity were raised greatly with gypsum treatment and the penmeability was maintained adequately, The hydraulic conductivity and the leaching time elapsed during the desalinization could be estimated by the regression equation. 5. The water requirement for desalinization with various water management practices could be estimated for a given electrical conductivity, exchangeable sodium percentage, and pH reading respectively.

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간척지토양의 제염용수량산정에 관한 실험연구 (A Laboratory Study on the Estimation of Water Requirements for the Desalinization of Reclaimed Tidelands)

  • 구자웅;한강원;은종호
    • 한국농공학회지
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.96-105
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    • 1989
  • This laboratory study was performed to produce basic data for the estimation of water requirements for desalinization, through analyzing changes of the electrical conductivity and the exchangeable sodium percentage during the desalinization of reclaimed tidelands. Desalinization experiments were carried out by two water management practices, namely, the leaching method by subsurface drainage and the rinsing method by surface drainage, using samples of silt loam soil and silty clay loam soil collected in reclaimed tidelands. The results obtained from this study were summarized as follows : 1. The sample soils used in this study were saline-sodic soils with the high electrical conductivity and the high exchangeable sodium percentage. 2. Changes of the electrical conductivity and the exchangeable sodium percentage with water requirements for desalinization showed a similar tendency in the desalinization experiment by the same water management practice. 3. The regression equation between the relative electrical conductivity(EC/EC) and water requirements for desalinization(Dw/Ds) could be described by Dw/Ds=O. 29x(EC/EC.) -0.982 (Leaching method), Dw/Ds=3. 678X0. 030(EC/EC ) (Rinsing method). 4. The regression equation between the relative exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP/ESP ) and water requirements for desalinization (Dw/Ds) could be expressed in Dw/Ds = 0.039 x (ESP/ESP. ) - 1. 134 (Leaching method), Dw/Ds=7. 197X0. 024(ESP/ESP ) (Rinsing method). 5. It was estimated that water requirements for the adequate desalinization would be Dw/Ds=0.3 (Leaching method) and Dw/Ds=3.0 (Rinsing method)

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간척지 토양의 제염과정 중 전기전도도 분석 (Analysis of Electrical Conductivity during Desalinization of Reclaimed Tidal Lands)

  • 구자웅;최진규;손재권;윤광식;이동욱;조경훈
    • 한국농공학회지
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.37-49
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    • 2001
  • This study was performed in order to produce the basic data for developing prediction techniques of desalinization to be applicable to reclaimed tidal lands at the beginning stage. the desalinization experiments were carried out by two water management practices, namely, the leaching method by subsurface drainage and the rinsing method by surface drainage. The 5 soil samples used in this study were collected in 4 tidal land reclamation projects. Regression equations were obtained in order to investigate the changes of electrical conductivity during the desalinization of reclaimed tidal lands and to estimate water requirements for desalinization. The results obtained from this study were summarized as follows: 1. According to USDA Salinity Laboratory classification system of salt affected soils the reclaimed tidal land soils used in this study were saline-sodic soils with the high electrical conductivity and the high exchangeable sodium percentage. 2. With the increase of the water requirements for desalinization the electrical conductivity was decreased with high degree of correlationships and the desalinization effects were remakable in both the leaching method and the rinsing method. 3. In case of the leaching method the electrical conductivity had been reduced below the classification value of salt affected soils when the depth o water leached per unit depth of soil (Dwl/Ds) was 0.3 and the desalinization effects showed a tendency to be much the same in each treatment.

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간척지토양의 제염과정중 전기전도도 분석(농지조성 및 농어촌정비) (Analysis of Electrical Conductivity During Desalinization of Reclaimed Tidelands)

  • 구자웅;최진규;손재권;조경훈
    • 한국농공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.54-65
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    • 2000
  • This study was performed to analyze the changes of electrical conductivity with increasement of water requirements for desalinization in reclaimed tidelands and to obtain the basic data for developing prediction techniques of desalinization to be applicable in the beginning of tideland reclamation. Two different desalinization experiments were conducted through the leaching method by subsurface drainage and the rinsing method by surface darainage, using the samples of silt soil and silt loam soil collected in 5 units of tideland reclamation projects. Regression equations were obtained in order to investigate the changes of electrical conductivity during the desalinization of reclaimed tidelands and to estimate water requirements for desalinization.

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간척지 토양의 제염예측 프로그램 개발 (Development of Prediction Techniques for Desalinization in Reclaimed Tidelands)

  • 구자웅;손재권;최진규;이동욱;송재도
    • 농촌계획
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2002
  • The PTDRT model as prediction techniques for desalinization in reclaimed tidelands was developed and verified whether it is applicable to reclaimed tidelands at the beginning stage. The changes of salt concentration during desalinization, the water requirements and period required for desalinization, were simulated according to soil properties and desalinization methods by repression analyses. The program was also designed to systematize input data and analysis data associated with desalinization, and to confirm the results by a graphic form. All input data and the results can be printed after the form of a typical report.

간척지 토양의 제염예측 프로그램 개발 (Development of Prediction Techniques of Desalinization in Reclaimed Tidelands)

  • 구자웅;최진규;손재권;이동욱
    • 한국농공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2001
  • The PTDRT model as prediction techniques of desalinization in reclaimed tidelands was developed and verified in order to be applicable to reclaimed tidelands at the beginning stage. In this model, the changes of salt concentration during desalinization, the water requirements and period required for desalinization, were simulated according to soil properties and desalinization methods by regression analyses. This program was also designed to systematize input data and analysis data associated with desalinization, and to confirm the results by a graphic form. All input data and the results are able to be printed after the form of a typical report.

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간석지 제람에 관한 연구 (Study on the Desalinization in Tiolal Land)

  • 이중기
    • 한국농공학회지
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.4695-4707
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    • 1978
  • The objeative of this study is to study how to rapidly convert tidal land into cultivable land. The study of a rapid, reasonable desalinization method is conducted at Namyang tidal land which represents soil texture of tidal lands along the south west costa larea of Korea. Therefore, Researches were made at many Pilots in order to find a way of high efficiency of leaching with simpler facilities and cheaper costs. The results of study are briefly summarized as follaws: 1. Subdrainage efficieny is 35%. This is a Poorly drained area, and needs longer leaching desalinization period. 2. The efficieny of desalinization in P.V.C 16 meters plot is the same as that of mole drainage 2 meters plot. P.V.C 4 meters plot has desalinization effect as much as two times compared to P.V.C 16 meters plot. 3. Because the soil texture is silty-clay, desalinization in non-treated plot of sub-drainage and surface drainage desalinization take three times longer period in comparision with P.V.C 4 meters plot. 4. As to the desalinization rate of soluble salt in the soil, the efficieny of desalinization of the topsoil in P.V.C plots was 50% higher than that of mole drainage plot and about 170% higher than that of non-treated plot. In the deep soil salt accumulation at topsoil was observed in non-treated and mole drainage plots, but efficiency in P.V.C polt is about 40 times as high as that of mole drainage and non-treated plot. 5. As to the results of use gypsum and lime as sub-drainage soil improver, gypsum was 60% more efficieny than lime in the continuously inundated plot and 44% in the intermittently inundated plot. The efficieny of gypsum and lime in the intermittently flooded plot is 35% and 42% higher than that of continuously flooded plot reapeaticee1y.

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간척지토양의 제염과정중 전기전도도와 치환성 나트륨 백분율 및 pH 사이의 관계 (Relationship Between Electrical Conductivity, Exchangeable Sodium Percentage and pH During Desalinization of Reclaimed Tidelands)

  • 구자웅;은종호
    • 한국농공학회지
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 1988
  • This study was performed to obtain the basic data analyzing salt movement and desalinization effects, and two different desalinization experiments through leaching and rinsing were carried out, using samples of silt loam soil and silty clay loam soil collected in reclaimed tidelands. The relationships between the electrical conductivity of saturation extract and the electrical conductivity at various dilutions, and the correlations between electrical conductivity, total salt concentration, exchangeable sodium percentage and pH during the desalinization of reclaimed tidelands, were analyzed by the statistical method. The results obtained from this study were summarized as follows: 1.The sample soils used in this study were saline-sodic soils in accordance with the USDA classi- fication system of salt affected soils. 2.The electrical conductivity of saturation extract could be estimated conveniently, using the electrical conductivity of extract from various different soil-water suspensions. 3.The total salt concentration could be expressed in the electrical conductivity, but there was a little difference by soil textures. 4.The regression analysis showed that the relationship between the electrical conductivity of saturation extract and the exchangeable sodium percentage during the desalinization of reclaimed lands could be described by a linear regression equation. 5.The value of pH showed a tendency to increase according as the exchangeable sodium percentage decreased during the desalinization of reclaimed tidelands.

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간척지 토양의 제염과정 중 교환성 나트륨 백분율 분석 (Analysis of Exchangeable Sodium Percentage During Desalinization of Reclaimed Tidal Lands)

  • 구자웅;최진규;손재권
    • 한국관개배수논문집
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.48-60
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    • 2001
  • This study was performed in order to produce the basic data for the estimation of water requirements for desalinization and developing prediction techniques of desalinization to be applicable in the beginning of tidal land reclamation through analyzing ch

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