• Title/Summary/Keyword: Decision-making

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Public Health Nurses유 Decision Making Models and Their Knowledge Structure (보건간호사의 의사결정 유형과 지식 유형에 관한 실증연구)

  • 최희정
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.328-339
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to describe decision making model of 180 public health nurses in Korea and their knowledge structure for decision making. The differences of decision making models by nurse's knowledge structure were also tested. Research concepts were measured using the instrument based on systemic and interpretive decision making approaches that were developed by Lauri & Salantera (1995). The results were as follows. 1. The public health nurses turned to, most commonly, a mixed practical-theoretical knowledge structure (45.9%), followed by practical knowledge (32%) and theoretical knowledge (22.1%). 2. The six different decision making models were identified. These were named for decision making theories and nursing process. These were client-oriented decision making, rule-oriented systemic decision making, wholistic and intuitive decision making, decision making depending on subjective view and experience, systemic decision making for defining problems. 3. The public nurses who had practical and practical-theoretical knowledge structure and community health practitioner (CHP) retold that decision making depends on subjective view and experience. Also the public health nurses who had 5~19 years clinical experience represented hypothetico-deductive decision making for defining problems.

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A Study of Nurse Manager's Decision-making on Human Resource Management (인적자원관리 상황에 대한 간호 관리자의 의사결정에 관한 연구)

  • Yu, Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.82-97
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the relationships among nurse managers' participation in decision-making process relation to human resource management and the influencing factors. Method: The subjects were 198 nurse managers who were in general hospitals over 900 beds. The data were collected from January 13 to March 13, 2006. The SPSS PC+ 12.0 program was used to analyze the data. Result: The nurse managers had greater participation in the identification phase of decision making than selection phase. The mean scores of three phases were significantly different. The satisfaction of decision making was evaluated. The higher participation in decision making, the higher satisfaction of decision making. Nurse managers' decision style tended to be more participative than autocratic. Personal and organizational factors(age and decentralization) influenced positively on participation in decision making. Decentralization and span of control influenced positively on satisfaction in decision making. Conclusion: It is necessary to permit the participation in decision making for nurse managers.

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A Simulation based Approach for Group Decision-Making Support

  • Kwahk, Kee-Young;Kim, Hee-Woong
    • Management Science and Financial Engineering
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2004
  • The changing structure of organization and the increasing diversity of business have forced organizations to have abilities to coordinate dispersed business activities. They have required cooperation and coordination among the functional units in the organization which should involve group decision-making processes. Although many group decision-making support tools and methods have been introduced to enable the collaborative process of group decision-making, they often lack the features supporting the dynamic complexity issue frequently occurring at group decision-making processes. This results in cognitive unfit between the group decision-making tasks and their supporting tools, bringing about mixed results in their effects on group decision-making. This study proposes system dynamics modeling as a group decision-making support tool to deal with the group decision -making tasks having properties of dynamic complexity in terms of cognitive fit theory.

A Study on Vocational Decision Making of Rural Youth (농촌청소년의 직업의사결정 분석)

  • Lee, Chae-Shik
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.257-270
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    • 2005
  • The purposes of this study were to explore the differences of decision making in farming settlement and to analyze attributes for vocational decision making of rural youth. The study was carried out by literature review and questionnaire. To analyze vocational decision making of rural youth, the data were collected from 196 rural youth by stratified random sampling. The SPSSWIN/ver10 was used for analyzing data with frequency, percentage, t-test ANOVA and factor analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows; 1) Rural youth decided to become farmers at the middle and high school stage for farming succession and eco-friendly life orientation. 2) Youth parents were the major source of influence on their rural youth to settle in farming. 3) Rural youth with high economic status, upper academic achievement and university graduation showed higher autonomous decision making and lower heteronomous decision making. 4) Rural youth with low economic status and low academic achievement showed unstable vocational decision making. 5) The study suggested that rural youth with unstable decision making should get more educational opportunities and supports.

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The Relationships among Career Decision Making Types, Career Decision Making Self-Efficacy and Career Exploration Behavior of Engineering Students (공과계열 대학생의 진로의사결정유형, 진로결정효능감과 진로탐색행동의 관계)

  • Lee, Jeongmin;Ko, Eunji
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.20-31
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to explore factors predicting career exploration behavior of engineering students. Career decision making types(rational type, intuitive type, and dependent type) and career decision making self-efficacy were included as predictors for this study. 249 engineering students in Gyeonggi-do of South Korea participated in this study and 231 data analyzed as final samples through multiple regression and mediation analysis. Results showed as follows: first, rational and intuitive decision making significantly predicted career exploration behavior. Also, career decision making self-efficacy completely mediated between these career decision making types(rational and intuitive) and career exploration behavior. The implication of the findings on practice for career education are discussed in the paper.

Influential Factors for the IT Investment Decision Making Quality: An Empirical Study Focus on IT Governance

  • Ham, Ju-Yeon;Lee, Jung-Hoon;Woo, Hyeok-Jun
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2010
  • In recent years, many leading corporations are actively adopting IT as competitive resources to improve productivity and processes efficiency with strategic alignments. In effect, IT investment also continues to increase. As a vast growth of IT investment, questions and criticism on recent IT investment results are also rapidly being raised. Especially, improper decision making and management on IT investment may cause negative impact on the company's reputation and finances, therefore companies need reasonable and wise investment decision making on new IT projects. This study applies the conceptual framework of IT governance to IT investment decision making cases to examine how IT investment governance influences the quality of IT investment decision making and how business-IT strategic alignment affects the quality of IT investment decision making. This paper contributes to identify the main factors for reasonable and effective IT investment decision making and expected to provide proper guidelines for IT investment decision making.

An Analysis of Career Exploration and Career Decision-making by Identity Statuses of Vocational High School Students (실업계 고등학생의 자아정체감 상태에 따른 진로탐색 및 진로결정 분석)

  • PARK, Sung-Mi
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze of career exploration and career decision-making by identity statuses(diffusion, foreclosure, moratorium, achievement) of vocational high school students. The research questions were formulated as follows. (1) Is there a difference in identity statuses by level of the career exploration? (2) Is there a difference in identity statuses by level of the career decision-making? (3) How much identity statuses-identity diffusion, identity foreclosure, identity moratorium, identity achievement-effect to the career exploration and career decision-making? 255 vocational high school students in Pusan were sampled. For the statistical analysis, Oneway, analysis of covariance structure by AMOS 4.0 was applied. The results of the study were as follows. (1) The identity diffusion was low in the level of career exploration, but the identity moratorium and achievement were high in the level of career exploration. (3) The identity diffusion was low in the level of career decision-making, but the identity achievement was high in the level of career decision-making. (4) The identity diffusion effected to negatively career exploration and career decision-making, identity foreclosure effected to low positively career exploration and career decision-making, identity moratorium effected to positively career exploration but negatively career decision-making, identity achievement effected to positively career exploration and career decision-making.

Managers' Propensity for Participative Decision-Making with the Components of Theory of Planned Behavior: Evidence from Bangladesh

  • ISLAM, Md Enamul;AZAD, Abul Kalam
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.1141-1149
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    • 2021
  • The study aims to explore whether Ajzen's theory of planned behavior is determinant of managers' propensity for participative decision-making in Bangladeshi textile industries. Surveys measuring the theory of planned behavior assumptions and propensity for participative decision-making were administered to 384 full-time managers and supervisors from different textile industries across Bangladesh. A measurement and structural equation model were employed to explain the cause-and-effect relationship between the variables. Results generally support Ajzen's prediction that managers' psychological and psychosomatic predisposition is linked to participative decision-making. Findings suggest that managers' attitude toward participative decision-making, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control significantly impact their avoidance or acceptance of participative decision-making in prevailing organizational settings. The findings also present a convincing argument for managers to constantly challenge their assumptions about workers and objectively analyze whether their perceptions affect their decision-making practices. The previous studies concerning managers' propensity for participative decision-making are conducted in western developing and developed nations. This study has taken the initiative to advance previous knowledge into a least developed country. This study expands the landscape of participative decision-making literature, adding further evidence that individual-difference variables, in this case, theory of planned behavior assumptions, greatly influence managers' and supervisors' biases about employee participation.

The Correlations between Critical Thinking Disposition and Decision Making Styles (간호대학 신입생의 비판적 사고성향과 의사결정 유형과의 관계연구)

  • Kim, Eun-Joo;Lim, Ji-Young;Choi, Kyung-Won
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.144-149
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to testify correlations between critical thinking disposition and decision making styles. Methods: The subjects of this study were 193 freshman nursing students in the 1 nursing school located in Incheon area. The data were collected by self-reporting questionnaires. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation coefficient analysis. Results: The score of critical thinking disposition was revealed 3.96 points. The highest was inquisitiveness, the lowest was systematicity. The most frequent decision making style was revealed a rational decision making. The next was dependant decision making, intuitional decision making as follows. The critical thinking disposition and rational decision making had a statistically significant positive correlation. However the critical thinking disposition and dependant decision making had a statistically significant negative correlation. Conclusion: With these findings, we are found that the more increasing critical thinking disposition, the more developing rational decision making. It will suggested that the program for increasing nursing student's critical thinking disposition focused on systematicity, analyticity and truth seeking in critical thinking sub categories.

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A Study on Participation in Clinical Decision Making by Home Healthcare Nurses (가정전문간호사의 임상적 의사결정 참여도에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Se-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.892-902
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify participation by home healthcare nurses in clinical decision making and factors influencing clinical decision making. Methods: A descriptive survey was used to collect data from 68 home healthcare nurses in 22 hospital-based home healthcare services in Korea. To investigate participation, the researcher developed 3 scenarios through interviews with 5 home healthcare nurses. A self-report questionnaire composed of tools for characteristics, factors of clinical decision making, and participation was used. Results: Participation was relatively high, but significantly lower in the design phase (F=3.51, p=.032). Competency in clinical decision making (r=.45, p<.001), perception of the decision maker role (r=.47, p<.001), and perception of the utility of clinical practice guidelines (r=.25, p=.043) were significantly correlated with participation. Competency in clinical decision making (Odds ratio [OR]=41.79, p=.007) and perception of the decision maker role (OR=15.09, p=.007) were significant factors predicting participation in clinical decision making by home healthcare nurses. Conclusion: In order to encourage participation in clinical decision making, education programs should be provided to home healthcare nurses. Official clinical practice guidelines should be used to support home healthcare nurses’ participation in clinical decision making in cases where they can identify and solve the patient health problems.