• Title, Summary, Keyword: Customer Complaint

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Effects of Customer Relationship Quality, Customer Perceived Power, and Brand Reputation on Complaint Behaviors (서비스 실패 상황에서 고객관계 품질, 고객 파워, 브랜드 명성이 불만 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Soon-Hwa
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - This study aimed to investigate the effects of customer relationship quality and perceived power on complaint behaviors in a context of service failures in a restaurant. Two different types of complaint behaviors were employed: personal complaining that disappointed customers directly approach to a service manager and public complaining that customers ask for related institutions, like consumer protection organization, for help. This study also examined the moderation effects of brand reputation on the relationships between customer perceived power and two types of complaint behaviors. Research design, data, and methodology - The author developed a structural model in which customer relationship quality is proposed to affect customer perceived power, thus influencing personal and public complaint behaviors. The model also includes the moderating role of brand reputation; the effect of customer perceived power on two types of complaint behaviors becomes stronger when brand reputation is high. To analyze the research model, a survey based on a scenario regarding the contexts of service failures in a restaurant was conducted toward 126 female college students. SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 21.0 were utilized to test the hypotheses. Results - The findings are as follows. First, customers who had positive relationships with a restaurant are more likely to perceive that they have strong power to influence the service provider. Second, customer perceived power had a significant and positive effect on both personal and public complaint behaviors. Finally, when the brand reputation for a restaurant is high, dissatisfied customers who think they can exercise influence to the restaurant complain more actively toward the service provider. Conclusions - The findings of this study are against the traditional viewpoint on customer loyalty that loyal customers compared respond more generously to the mistakes of a company, but consistent with the 'love becomes hate' effect proposed by Grégoire, Tripp, and Legoux(2009). In complaining contexts, companies should manage customers with positive and strong relationship more carefully and strategically to prevent the expansion of economic and social risks from customers' complaining behaviors. This is more significant for companies with strong brand reputations.

Customer Complaint Intention in the Service Distribution Industry : Types and Determinants (서비스 유통 산업에서 고객 불평의도 유형과 결정요인)

  • Cho, Hyun-Jin
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - With growing competition in the service distribution industry, the importance of managing customer complaints has increased. If firms handle customer complaints effectively, they can strengthen customer loyalty and repurchase intention. Many studies have focused on customers expressing complaints, yet research on silent customers is scant. This study focuses on two types of complainers and non-complainers. In other words, this study is to examine the value of voice complaint intention and no-action intention. This study also investigates how perceptual and relational factors affect complaint intention. Research design, data, and methodology - This study was carried out using the survey with undergraduate students who have faced a service failure in a retail store(fast foods, electronics, apparel). And if such complaint were to occur again, respondents were asked about any possible action they would take. 300 questionnaires were distributed and a total of 279 respondents provided complete and usable data. The sample consisted of 158 males(56.6%) and 121 females(43.4%). The structural equation modeling analysis was used for the hypothesis test. Results - The results are as follows. First, attitude toward complaining, likelihood of successful complaint, and ease of complaint were positively related to voice complaint intention. Second, attitude toward complaining, likelihood of successful complaint, and ease of complaint were negatively related to no-action intention. Third, commitment was positively related to voice complaint intention but didn't have a significant negative impact on no action. Forth, voice complaint behavior reduced switching intention and no-action intention enhanced switching intention. Conclusions - The findings of this study confirm the value of complaint behavior and show voice complaint intention and no-action intention should be managed differently. Voice complaint intention is evaluated positively because it reflects customers' concerns about the company, while no-action intention is evaluated negatively. Attitude toward complaing is the most effective in increasing voice complaint intention and likelihood of successful complaint is a major factor in reducing no-action intention. Also, in explaining switching intention, voice complaint intention plays a more important role than no-action intention.

The Effects of Perceived Interaction Effort and Service Justice on Satisfaction with Complaint Handling and Customer Loyalty in the Internet Fashion Shopping Mall Service Recovery (인터넷 패션쇼핑몰 서비스 회복 과정의 지각된 상호 작용성과 서비스 공정성이 불평 처리 만족 및 충성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Ju, Seong-Rae;Chung, Myung-Sun
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.1023-1037
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    • 2007
  • The focus of this study was on service recovery process of domestic internet fashion shopping mall, the purposes of this study were to extract perceived interaction effort and service justice with the recovery factors according to service failure by literature review, and to empirically examine the effect this variables on customer satisfaction with complaint handling and loyalty. The questionnaires was administered to 256 internet shopping mall customer, who has experiences of dissatisfaction and complaining behavior after buying fashion products. The data was analyzed by Cronbach's a, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and structural equation modeling using LISREL 8.30 program. The results were as follows. First, perceived interaction partly affected serviced justice consumer. Interaction effort on the part of consumer negatively affected interactional justice, but didn't affected distributive justice and procedural justice. However interaction effort on the part of shopping mall positively affected all justice. Second, distributive, procedural and interactive justice positively affected customer satisfaction with complaint handling and loyalty. Finally, customer satisfaction with complaint handling positively affected customer loyalty. The implications of the research and directions for future researchers were discussed.

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Service Failure Management on Internet Shopping Environment by Combining Service Blueprint and FMEA (서비스 청사진과 FMEA의 결합에 의한 인터넷 쇼핑몰 서비스 실패관리)

  • Lee, Hye-Jun;Lee, Dong-Il;Zhang, Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.217-233
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    • 2011
  • This paper introduces service failure management on internet shopping environment. The purpose of this study is to find and improve service failure modes at the time of customer's complaint thereby reducing that. To achieve this purpose, this study combines the Service Blueprint which describes the online shopping process and FMEA which finds each encounter of service failures and proposes how to recover them. First of all this study generates internet shopping process using Service Blueprint then matches customer's purchase decision making process and company's service provide process. After this process customer complaint types in real purchasing process are fell in according to their occurrence and more frequently occurred complaint is more risky. Finally 6 Risk Priority Numbers(unfair exchange/return policies, slow response/poor customer service support, purchase arrived later than promised/deliverly service dissatisfaction, dissatisfaction short period to take back/exchange/cancels order, A/S or handle defective item) are extracted and suggest their improvement.

The Service Failure of Global Large Distribution Companies: the Failure Factors by Service Marketing Mix (글로벌 대형유통기업의 서비스 실패에 관한 사례 연구: 서비스 마케팅믹스별 실패요인을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Young Jae;Choi, Suk Bong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.641-659
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: Recently, the managing customer complaints properly has emerged as key source of competitive advantage in the large distribution industry. Effective customer complaint management helps firms minimize service failures and incense the capability to respond to customer's needs. Despite this importance, the in-depth prior study of a firm's service failures is very limited. Therefore, the actual service failure cases of large discount stores in Korea were analyzed in this study, and the types of service failures that occur at the service interface were identified. Method: Specifically, a total of 48,307 cases of customer complaints that have occurred in the past three years were collected from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2018. Using 7 dimensions of service marketing mix. we have classified and analyzed systematically the service failure cases collected. Results: Among the cases of service failures, 34,921 (72.3%) cases were involved with the product factor, followed by 6,152 (12.7%) cases with person factor and 5,392 (11.2%) cases with process factor. Conclusion: By linking the main causes of service failure with the service marketing mix variables, this research presented a more systematic analytic model and verified by applying it to large domestic distribution company. Understanding the main factors affecting customer complaints n the large distribution industry can provide managers useful information and insight who want to achieve an effective customer complaint management.

Cosmetic Customers' Complaint Behaviors -Focused on the Changes of Complaint Behaviors before and after the Complaint Management Experiences- (화장품 구매고객 불평행동 연구 -불평처리 경험전과 후 불평행동 변화를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Soo-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.288-298
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    • 2009
  • This article deals with the customers' complaint behaviors and complaint management for cosmetic customers. The general aim is to analyze the changes of complaint behavioral responses before and after the complaint management experiences, describing customers' response patterns in terms of how they are influenced by the service justice and satisfaction of complaint management. The most relevant contributions from the related theoretical work indicate that the better the customer complaints are managed, the higher the level of possibility for customers to complaint, especially for public and direct responses(complaint behaviors). The only exception, although the statistical significant support was not found, is the private response, as the chance gets lower than before experiencing the complaint management.

The Effect of Perception and Attitude Toward Consumer Complaint Behavior

  • Halim, Rizal Edy;Christian, Filipus
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.11 no.9
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 2013
  • Purpose - The objective of the paper is to describe the relationship between consumer perceptions and attitudes of complaints against the behavior of their complaint. Research design, data, methodology - The study explore the process of complain intention which mediated by perceptual process and attitudinal behavior. Structural equation modeling used in this study is aim to describe the relationship simultaneously. The two samples failure (high vs. low level services) will be compared using analysis of variance. Results - The study found that the higher the alienation, the lower the perceived value of consumer complaint and the higher likelihood of successful perceived consumer complaint. The study also found the more positive the prior complaint experience, the more positive attitude toward complaining, the higher the perceived value of complaint and the higher the likelihood of successful perceived complaint. Furthermore, the perceived value of customer's complaint affect positive intention and perceived consumer likelihood of successful complaint increases intention complaint. Conclusions - The findings of this study show that the effect of a number of personal antecedents such as alienation; prior complaint experience and controllability will vary toward the complaint intention. Furthermore, the attitudinal and perceptual factors play a partial mediation role for that relationship.

Customer Satisfaction in the Mobile Commerce - An empirical study using general structural equation model (모바일 상거래의 고객만족 형성 요인 연구 : 구조방정식을 이용한 실증 분석)

  • 최지원;박용태
    • Proceedings of the Technology Innovation Conference
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    • pp.131-149
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    • 2006
  • The increasing number of mobile phone users has caused the increasing number of mobile internet subscribers since the 2000s. However, there are little studies on commercial transactions through mobile internet by contraries of abundant studies on the traditional offline and online commerce. This paper aims to find out some factors affecting customer satisfaction in the mobile commerce. For this purpose, influential factors were drawn out by comparing mobile commerce with e-commerce and a more systematic framework was developed. 6 factors were proposed such as mobile internet experience, perceived content Quality, perceived ease of use, perceived price level, perceived system Quality and perceived security level. Initially, they have effects on the customer satisfaction, and then, they have relationships with customer complaint and customer loyalty. In this paper, a Questionnaire survey was conducted. And a general structural equation model was applied to empirically test the proposed research model which is based on the relationships among the 6 factors and customer satisfaction, customer complaint and customer loyalty. This study will be useful to firms providing services of mobile commerce, because it can find out some influential and significant factors of the mobile commerce.

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A Study about Consumer Voluntary Performance in Retailing (소매업의 소비자 자발적 성과에 대한 연구)

  • 한동철
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.55-69
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    • 1998
  • One of the urgently-needed retail strategies is to lower the labor expenses of the store. For this purpose, more stores are developing new, fancy techniques to make consumers work for the stores without paying them. Examples include self-service system, consumer suggestion system and others. These are called customer voluntary performance. Intiated by Bettencourt(1997), customer voluntary performance(CVT) becomes an important concept in modern retailing. This paper applies three dimensions of CVP (loyalty, cooperation, participation) to the setting of Consumer Complaint Intentions(CCI). Similar to CVP, CCI has three dimensions in itself (voice, private, third party). The major focus of this empirical research is on finding the possible relationships between three dimensions of CVP and three dimensions of CCI. The results show that participation is positively related to the levels of consumer complaint intentions, whereas loyalty is negatively related to the levels of them. This implies that the weak tactic of CVP(loyalty) may reduce the levels of complaint, but strong one(participation) may not be so. More conceptual and empirrical studies are urgently needed.

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Antecedents and the Moderating Effect of Value Consciousness on Customer Complaints in the Social Commerce Industry

  • Lee, Hae-Young;Reid, Earl;Kim, Woo-Gon
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.98-104
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    • 2016
  • In comparison to the rapid rise in the number of restaurant daily deal service consumer complaints, relatively little attention has been directed at the features of deal consumers' complaint behaviors in academic research. In order to address this gap, this study examined the characteristics of complaint behaviors of consumers who purchase restaurant deals with a focus on three potential determinants (likelihood of success with the complaint, attitude toward complaining, and severity of the failure). Results indicated that the three proposed determinants emerged as critical factors that influence deal consumers to exhibit different complaint reactions to dissatisfactory experiences. Furthermore, it was discovered that the hypothesized relationships were moderated by value consciousness, in which high value-conscious deal consumers exhibited a higher complaint inclination than low-value conscious deal consumers.