• Title/Summary/Keyword: Cultivar

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Altered Cultivar Resistance of Kimchi Cabbage Seedlings Mediated by Salicylic Acid, Jasmonic Acid and Ethylene

  • Lee, Young Hee;Kim, Sang Hee;Yun, Byung-Wook;Hong, Jeum Kyu
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.323-329
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    • 2014
  • Two cultivars Buram-3-ho (susceptible) and CR-Hagwang (moderate resistant) of kimchi cabbage seedlings showed differential defense responses to anthracnose (Colletotrichum higginsianum), black spot (Alternaria brassicicola) and black rot (Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, Xcc) diseases in our previous study. Defense-related hormones salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA) and ethylene led to different transcriptional regulation of pathogenesis-related (PR) gene expression in both cultivars. In this study, exogenous application of SA suppressed basal defenses to C. higginsianum in the 1st leaves of the susceptible cultivar and cultivar resistance of the 2nd leaves of the resistant cultivar. SA also enhanced susceptibility of the susceptible cultivar to A. brassicicola. By contrast, SA elevated disease resistance to Xcc in the resistant cultivar, but not in the susceptible cultivar. Methyl jasmonate (MJ) treatment did not affect the disease resistance to C. higginsianum and Xcc in either cultivar, but it compromised the disease resistance to A. brassicicola in the resistant cultivar. Treatment with 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) ethylene precursor did not change resistance of the either cultivar to C. higginsianum and Xcc. Effect of ACC pretreatment on the resistance to A. brassicicola was not distinguished between susceptible and resistant cultivars, because cultivar resistance of the resistant cultivar was lost by prolonged moist dark conditions. Taken together, exogenously applied SA, JA and ethylene altered defense signaling crosstalk to three diseases of anthracnose, black spot and black rot in a cultivar-dependent manner.

Comparison of transcriptome analysis between red flash peach cultivar and white flash peach cultivar using next generation sequencing (Next generation sequencing 방법을 이용한 적육계 복숭아와 백육계 복숭아의 전사체 분석)

  • Kim, Se Hee;Nam, Eun Young;Cho, Kang-Hee;Shin, Il Sheob;Kim, Hyun Ran;Hwang, Hae Seong
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.273-280
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    • 2012
  • Differences of gene expression between red flash peach cultivar and white flash peach cultivar were investigated by Nest-generation sequencing (NGS). EST from the red flash peach cultivar and white flash peach cultivar were selected for nucleotide sequence determination and homology searches. The levels of transcripts coding for proteins involved in pathogenesis related proteins, temperature stress, ethylene signal pathway were significantly higher in white flash peach cultivar than in red flash peach cultivar. On the other hand, the up-regulation of proteins involved in anthocyanin and flavonol biosynthesis and protein degradation and sorbitol metabolism were observed in red flash peach cultivar. Chalcone synthase was preferentially expressed in the red flesh peach cultivar, agreeing with the accumulation of anthocyanin and expression of other previously identified genes for anthocyanin biosynthesis. Anthocyanin pathway related genes CHS, F3H, DFR, LDOX, UFGT differentially expressed between red flash peach cultivar and white flash peach cultivar. These results suggest that red flash peach cultivar and white flash peach cultivar have different anthocyanin biosynthesis regulatory mechanisms.

Studies on the Physiological and Ecological Characteristics of Korean boxwood(Buxus microphylla var. koreana Nakai) (회양목의 생리적 특성과 엽색변화에 관한 연구)

  • 하유미;강양희;심경구;김용기
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.46-57
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    • 1992
  • This study was carried out to compare physiological characteristics of winter green cultivar (Buxus microphylla van. koreana 'Hanlim') with those of native cultuvar and clucidate the effect of environmental factors such as light intensity, time of shading, and nutrients etc. on leaf color in Korean boxwood(Buxus microphylla var. koreana Nakai). The results are summarized as followed; The 'Hanlim' cultivar had higher contents of chlorophyll as compared with native cultivar from September, 1989 to March, 1990. However, at April, 1990, native cultivar had higher chlorophyll contents. In the rate of photosynthesis, 'Hanlim' cultivar was higher than native cultivar from September to December, 1989, but showed the opposite trend from March to April, 1990. As to the period of browning, 'Hanlim'cultivar had stayed green even after November 22, 1989, while the foliage of native cultivar turned yellowish brown color through the winter. The contents of nitrogen and potassium of 'Hanlim' cultivar werehigher than those of the native cultivar. However native cultivar had higher rate of phosphorus, magnessium, and calcium. In the effect of environmental factors such as light intensity, time of shading, and nutrients etc. on leaf color in Korean boxwood(Buxus microphylla var. koreana Nakai), chlorophyll contents were increased with shading and leaves grown 70% shading had twice as much as those of full sunlight, fertilized plot. Nutrient fertilization increased chlorophyll contents and values of color in boxwood too. In the shading times, early shading time maintained effectively green color of boxwood in winter. Therefore, in case of native cultivars, it has planted at full sunlight area until now and color of leaves turned yellowish brown color through the witner. However, it will maintain green color of leaves by planting at shade area. In addition to, as 'Hanlim' cultivar had benefits of maintain green color of leaves during winter, it will be planted at full sunlight area to landscape plants.

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Cultural and Morphological Characteristics of a New White Button Mushroom Cultivar 'Saedo'

  • Oh, Youn-Lee;Jang, Kab-Yeul;Kong, Won-Sik;Shin, Pyung-Gyun;Oh, Min ji;Choi, In-Geol
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.94-99
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    • 2016
  • Since development of the first Korean button mushroom cultivar 'Sae-Ah' in 2010, mushroom farmers have demanded an improved cultivar. Although a new cultivar, 'Saejeong', was developed in 2011, this cultivar has thus far been difficult to cultivate in typical mushroom farms. To solve this problem, another new cultivar, 'Saedo', was developed in 2012. This new cultivar was selected by genetic analysis from crossing the heterokaryon line A175 and the homokaryon line ASI1346-15. The heterokaryon A175 was a crossed line between strains ASI1038-211 and ASI1346-20. The mycelium of 'Saedo' showed good growth on compost dextrose agar at $25^{\circ}C$. The morphological traits such as the pileus (cap) and stipe of the 'Saedo' cultivar were thicker than those of the reference control 'Saejeong', and the production yield was increased by 1.89-fold compared to that of the reference control. A field experiment of the 'Saedo' cultivar has been ongoing since 2013. The yield of the 'Saedo' cultivar was found to be substantially higher than that of the reference control during the $2^{nd}$ flush.

Breeding of High Yielding and Easily Rootable Mulberry Cultivar ′Milsungppong′(Morus bombycis KOIDZ) (다수성이고 발근력이 강한 뽕품종 ′밀성뽕′육성)

  • 성규병;김현복;남학우;이상욱;구태원
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2001
  • New Mulberry Cultivar, Milsungppong, was selected from F1 seedlings obtained by crossing the female, 4X Keomseolppong, and the male, Kaeryangppong. Local adaptability test has been carried out at five places(Suwon, Chunchun, Cheongju, Kongju and Sangju) for four years since 1992. Leaf quality was tested by silkworm rearing for two silkworm rearing seasons(spring and autumn) at Suwon in 1995. From these tests, Milsungppong was found to be superior to control cultivar, cultivar, Kaeryangppong, in productivity, rootability and shoot cold injury. The new cultivar, Milsungppong, has following agronomic characteristics as compared with Kaeryangppong, the most prevailing cultivar, Milsungppong, has following agronomic characteristics as compared with Kaeryangppong, the most prevailing cultivar in Korea It is triploid cultivar belonging to Morus bombycis KOIDZ with the leaf shape of five lobes, sprouting in spring nearly the same to the Kaeryangppong (Morus alba L.), high leaf yielding of 25% compared to Kaeryangppong (Morus alba L.) and the medium degree of cold resistance. It is adaptable to every where in Korea except the area cold injury broken out habitually. Milsungppong is recommended to rear silkworms not only in spring but also in autumn besides for young silkworms.

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Occurrence of Off-type Plants in japonica/indica Hybrid Rice Cultivars

  • Lee, Jeom-Ho;Jeon, Yong-Hee;Hwang, Hung-Goo
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.141-146
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    • 2004
  • Frequent occurrence of off-type plants in a given cultivar has been a serious problem in both breeder's and farmer's fields. An experiment was designed to examine the differences in rate of occurrence of off-type plants among Tongil-type cultivars (high yielding cultivars derived from indica/japonica hybridization) from which the possible cause of higher occurrence of off-type plant in a specific cultivar was deduced. Among five Tongil-type cultivars examined for morphological variant in the field, only one cultivar, Dasanbyeo, had off-type plants. When analyzed with SSR markers, off-type plants showed different band patterns from original cultivar, having several extra bands in addition to cultivar-specific band, suggesting that off-type plants were originated from Dasanbyeo, rather than originated from mixing or mishandling of seed materials with other cultivars. The possible cause of off-type occurrence seems to be natural pollination with other cuItivars adjacent to the original cultivar during seed multiplication. This was supported from the observation that self-crossed progeny of the off type plants showed a wide range of variation of agronomic traits which could not be observed when there was a smaller introduction of genes to the fixed germplasm as happened in the case of cultivar mutation. Another evidence supported this idea that Dasanbyeo showed much of difference in floral organ and behavior to other cultivar to be subjected to higher out-crossing than other cultivars examined.

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'Choyoung', Triticale Cultivar for Forage of Early-Heading, Resistance to Lodging and High Seed Production (조숙 내도복 종실 다수성 조사료용 트리티케일 품종 '조영')

  • Han, Ouk-Kyu;Park, Hyung-Ho;Park, Tae-Il;Oh, Young-Jin;Ahn, Jong-Woong;Ku, Ja-Hwan
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 2019
  • 'Choyoung', a winter forage triticale cultivar (X Triticosecale Wittmack), was developed at the Department of Rice and Winter Cereal Crop, NICS, RDA in 2015. The cultivar 'Choyoung' has the leaves of medium width, long length and green color and a medium grain of brown color. The heading date of the cultivar 'Choyoung' was April 30 which was 2 days earlier than that of check cultivar 'Shinyoung'. Its tolerance or resistance to cold, wet injury, powdery mildew, and leaf rust was similar to those of the check cultivar. But the resistance to the lodging of cultivar 'Choyoung' was stronger than that of the check. The average forage fresh and dry matter yield of cultivar 'Choyoung' at milk-ripe stages were 40.5 and $15.7MT\;ha^{-1}$, respectively, which were similar to those (40.3 and $16.1MT\;ha^{-1}$) of the check cultivar. The silage quality of 'Choyoung' was higher than that of the check cultivar 'Shinyoung' in crude protein content (5.9%), while was similar to the check cultivar 'Shinyoung' in acid detergent fiber (33.9%), neutral detergent fiber (57.3%), and total digestible nutrients (62.2%). It showed a grain yield of $5.59MT\;ha^{-1}$, which was 38% higher than that of the check cultivar 'Shinyoung' ($4.05MT\;ha^{-1}$). This cultivar is recommended for fall sowing forage crops in areas in which average daily minimum mean temperatures in January are higher than $-10^{\circ}C$.

Cooking Characteristics of Different Types of Rice Produce (쌀의 품종별 취반 특성)

  • Choi, Ok-Ja;Jung, Hee-Nam;Shim, Ki-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.81-86
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the cooking properties of seven different rice cultivars (Dasan, Keunseom, Goami, Baekjinju, Seolgaeng, Hangangchal, and Heukseol). For the Hunter's color values, the L value was highest in the Seolgaeng cultivar, the a value was highest in the Heukseol cultivar, and the b value was highest in the Hangangchal cultivar. For the water absorption rate, that of the Heukseol cultivar was 80 min up to the saturation point, those of the Dasan and Goami cultivars were 50 min, those of the Baekjinju and Keunseom cultivars were 30 min, and that of the Seolgaeng cultivar was 10 min. The water absorption was highest in the Keunseom cultivar (351.38%). The expansibility and soluble-solid contents were 226.97-551.08 and 5.56-21.05%, respectively. The hardness of the cooked rice was highest in the Heukseol cultivar (24.30 kg); conversely, the Hangangchal cultivar had the lowest value (7.49 kg). Goami was a hard cooked rice, except for the Heukseol cultivar. In the sensory evaluation of the cooked rice, the taste, texture, and overall preference were highest in the Baekjinju cultivar, the color was highest in the Seolgaeng cultivar, the flavor was highest in the Heukseol cultivar, and the appearance was highest in the Hangangchal cultivar. The Dasan and Keunseom cultivars yielded the lowest values in the sensory evaluation, except for texture.

Characteristics and Breeding of a New Thornless Castor aralia Cultivar, 'Cheongsong II'

  • Kim, Sea-Hyun;Jung, Hyun-Kwon;Jang, Yong-Seok
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.123-126
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    • 2004
  • New thornless cultivar of castor aralia(Kalopanax septemlobus Koidz.) was developed and selected in Cheongsong, Prov. of GyeongSangbuk-do during the period from 1994 to 1999 by Korea Forest Research Institute(KFRI). The new thornless cultivar, "Cheongsong II" is characterized by a thinner outer-bark and soft, wider leaves, and is particularly characterized by thornless stems. This cultivar has a thinner outer-bark(8.82mm) when compared with thorned type trees(13.95mm). It also has a larger leaves than does thorned type trees. Consequently, the new thornless cultivar, "Cheongsong II" is defined to have thinner bark and longer and wider leaves than do other thorned type trees. thorned type trees.

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Antioxidant Activity of Several Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) Cultivars

  • Yang, Sung-Ryeul;Songzhuzhao,;Boo, Hee-Ock
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.312-320
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    • 2015
  • Total phenol, flavonoid and antioxidant components of cabbage leaf samples derived from different cultivar were determined. Total phenol compound content showed the highest amount in methanol extracts from ‘YR Howol’ cultivar (11.72 ㎎/g), followed by ‘Harutame’ (10.66㎎/g), ‘Winstar’ (10.34 ㎎/g) and YR Hero (10.20 ㎎/g). The highest amount of total flavonoid content was observed from the methanol extracts of Harutame (5.39 ㎎/g), followed by Winstar (4.28 ㎎/g), Wialhowol (4.10 ㎎/g). The SOD enzyme activity showed a high activity of ‘YR Hogeo’ cultivar, and the cultivar of ‘YR Howol’ cultivar showed the lowest activity of SOD. The activity of CAT and APX showed higher values ‘Ogane’ and ‘YR Hogeol’ cultivars than the other cultivars. The POD activities showed relatively high values ‘Ogane’ and ‘YR Howol’ cultivars compared with other cultivars. The free radical (DPPH) scavenging activity showed lower IC50 values of ‘Harutame’ (15.71) and ‘YR Howol’ cultivar (16.88), however methanol extract of ‘YR Hero’ cultivar (22.49) being the highest. The extracts of all cabbage cultivars in the reaction solution of pH 1.2 could be decomposed nitrite more than 50%. Especially, the cultivar ‘YR Hogeol’ and ‘Ogane’ showed a relatively high nitrite scavenging activity for each 60.13% and 57.20% respectively. The IC50 values of antioxidant activity determined by ABTS were lower in ‘Harutame’ (17.04) and ‘YR Howol’ cultivar (17.97), and its results observed similar with values obtained from the same extracts by DPPH method. The result of this study suggests that the methanol extract of Brassica oleracea L. contains the high amount of phenolic and higher radical scavenging activities.