• Title/Summary/Keyword: Cropping system

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Present Status of Soilborne Disease Incidence and Scheme for Its Integrated Management in Korea (국내 토양병해 발생현황과 종합 관리방안)

  • Kim, Choong-Hoe;Kim, Yong-Ki
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.146-161
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    • 2002
  • Incidence of soilborne diseases, as a major cause of failure of continuous monocropping becomes severe in recent years. For examples, recent epidemics of club root of chinese cabbage, white rot of garlic, bacterial wilt of potato, pepper phytophthora blight, tomato fusarium wilt and CGMMV of watermelon are the diseases that require urgent control measures. Reasons for the severe incidence of soilborne diseases are the simplified cropping system or continuous monocropping associated with allocation of major production areas of certain crop and year-round cultivation system that results in rapid degradation of soil environment. Neglect of breeding for disease resistance relative to giving much emphasis on high yield and good quality, and cultural methods putting first on the use of chemical fertilizers are thought to be the reason. Counter-measures against soilborne disease epidemics would become most effective when the remedies are seeded for individual causes. As long-term strategies, development of rational cropping system which fits local cropping and economic condition, development and supply of cultivars resistant to multiple diseases, and improvement of soil environment by soil conditioning are suggested. In short-term strategies, simple and economical soil-disinfestation technology, and quick and accurate forecasting methods for soilborne diseases are urgent matter far development. for these, extensive supports are required in governmental level for rearing soilborne disease specialists and activation of collaborating researches to solve encountering problems of soilborne diseases.

Effect of Soil Salinity and Flooding on Plant Growth and Yield of Rape-Castor Bean Cropping System in the Newly Reclaimed Tidal Land of Western Seaside of Korea (서해안 신간척지에서 유채-피마자 작부체계시 토양염농도 및 침수가 생육 및 수량에 미치는 영향)

  • Sohn, Yong-Man;Jeon, Geon-Yeong;Song, Jae-Do;Lee, Jae-Hwang;Park, Moo-Eon
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.355-363
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    • 2009
  • Double cropping system of oilseed crops introduced rape and castor bean was studied in the newly reclaimed tidal land of Korea. Surface soil EC to reach at 50% of growth reduction to the tallest height of crops was estimated $4dS\;m^{-1}$ for castor bean and $6dS\;m^{-1}$ for rape by logarithmic function. The castor bean cultivated during rainy summer much more suffered serious growth and yield reduction by flooding damage in the Hwaong and Yeonsangang reclaimed lands having low soil conductivity and finer textured soil than in the Iweon reclaimed land having higher soil conductivity and coarse sandy textured soil. Rape cultivated during dry winter-spring much more suffered serious growth and yield reduction by high soil salinity come from re-salting process. 50% yield reduction was estimated at $2.0\;2.5dS\;m^{-1}$ of surface soil EC by logarithmic function. Consequentially, it was concluded that oilseed production for energy by double cropping system of rape and castor bean might be possible under good controling soil salinity below $4dS\;m^{-1}$ for castor and $3dS\;m^{-1}$ for rape in the newly reclaimed land of Korea.

Effect of Location, Year and Variety on Forage Yield and Quality of Winter Rye

  • Kim, J.D.;Kwon, C.H.;Shin, C.N.;Kim, C.H.;Kim, D.A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.997-1002
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    • 2005
  • The objective of this experiment was to determine agronomic characteristics, and forge yield and quality responses of rye variety to location and year for a double-cropping system in South Korea. Five forage rye varieties ('Koolgrazer', 'Jlee select', '9909', 'Homill22', 'Danko') were evaluated for forage quality and yields during the two growing years (the First year; 2001-2002, and the Second year; 2002-2003) at two locations (the central and southern zone). The heading date of rye in the central zone (Cheonan) was 15 April, and that of the southern zone (Daegu) was 10 April. The heading dates of 'Koolgrazer', 'Jlee select' and '9909' were earlier than those of the others. Although the five varieties had resistance to foliar diseases and insects, these had less lodging resistance. Dry matter (DM) content, DM and total digestible nutrients (TDN) yields had significant differences among rye varieties. DM and TDN yields of the rye varieties at the second year were higher than the first year in the central zone. In the southern zone, DM and TDN yields at the first year were lower than the second year. 'Jlee select' and '9909' had higher DM and TDN yields than the other varieties in both location and year except the first year of the central zone (p<0.001). The crude protein (CP) contents of rye grown in Cheonan were higher than Daegu. The CP content of 'Danko' variety was highest among tested varieties. The acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) contents were greater for the varieties grown in Cheonan and in the second year. The ADF and NDF contents of 'Danko' were lowest, while 'Danko' in TDN and relative feed value (RFV) was highest among rye varieties. Our study showed that there are differences in forage production and quality from location to location, year to year and variety to variety. Therefore, forage quality and forage production are an important factor for screening forage rye varieties. Early maturing varieties should be recommended as high-yielding forage in a double-cropping system because their production of forage was greatest early in the season.

Establishment of Effective Cropping System to Reduce the Injuries by Continuous Cropping in Oriental Melon. (참외 연작장해 경감을 위한 작부체계)

  • 박동금;권준국;이재한;최영하;김회태;이순구;한상찬
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Bio-Environment Control Conference
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    • pp.24-29
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    • 2003
  • 시설참외 주산지에서는 연작함으로써 뿌리혹선충을 비롯한 각종 토양전염성 병해충의 피해가 많아지고 염류가 집적되는 등 재배상 많은 문제점이 발생되고 있다. 특히 참외를 장기재배하는 농가가 많은 성주 등 경북지역에서는 뿌리혹선충으로 인해 생육이 불량하고, 과실의 착과율이 떨어지는 등 피해가 발생되면 영양결핍증상으로 오인, 계속 추비를 시용함으로써 토양의 염류집적을 가중시키고 있다. (중략)

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An Analysis on Regional Farm System - A Case of Kyung-Ju Area - (지역영농체계 분석 사례연구 - 경주지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Chung Sil
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.13
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    • pp.71-83
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    • 1995
  • The purposes of this study are to classify farm area and to develop farm system by region. The factor analysis was used as a main analysing tool to approach these purposes in this study. The farming of Kyung-Ju area in cropping sector is classified into 11 cropping systems. The distribution of specialized regions is very distinctive by the cropping systems. The specialized regions resulted from this analysis are different by factor. An efficient means to raise agricultural competitive power is to realize farm specialization by region according to productivity factor.

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