• Title/Summary/Keyword: Covering material

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The Operating Characteristics of 3kW BIPV System (3kW BIPV시스템의 운전특성)

  • Kim J.H.;Park J.M.;Choi Y.O.;Choi S.J.;Cho G.B.;Baek H.R.
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.552-554
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    • 2006
  • BIPV(Building Integrated PV) system can expect dual effects that reduce expenses for establishment of PV system by adding new function as outer covering material of building expect producing the electricity. But, there are many generation differences according to the exterior environmental facts(solar cell array, design and installation condition of interactive inverter system) Therefore, it is difficult to optimum design. Consequently in advance design system, we experiment 3kW BIPV(Building Integrated PV) generation. We concrete PV system efficient application of variable. BIPV system that is proposed in this paper, was established in Solar Energy research center of Chosun University, composed with system. This research is a basic study for application of building integrated photovoltaic system for building

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Furrow Covering Effects with Rice Straw on Nutrient Discharge from Upland Soil Used for Red Pepper Cultivation (고추밭 고랑 볏짚피복에 의한 양분유출 특성)

  • Hong, Seung-Chang;Kim, Min-Kyeong;Jung, Goo-Buk;So, Kyu-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2016
  • Excessive application of nutrient supplement on the upland soil may increase the amount of discharge to surrounding water systems. The chemical fertilizer (CF), cow manure compost (CMC), and pig manure compost (PMC) are used as a nutrient supplement for cultivation of red pepper. Rice straws are widely used as a soil covering material in order to reduce weed occurrence, to protect soil moisture, and to supply organic matter in upland soil. This study was conducted to evaluate the furrow covering effect with rice straw on nutrient discharge in upland soil used for red pepper cultivation. The experimental plots of nutrient supplement were consisted of CF, CMC, and PMC and the amount of nutrient application were as recommended amount after soil test for red pepper cultivation. Each nutrient supplement treatment plot has no furrow covering (CFC) as a control and furrow covering with rice straw (FCS), respectively. Furrow covering with rice straw (FCS) of CF treatment and CMC treatment reduced the amount of T-N(total nitrogen) discharge by $1.4kg\;ha^{-1}$, $2.1kg\;ha^{-1}$, respectively, compared to control. While the amount of T-P(total phosphorus) discharge of the furrow covering with rice straw of CF, CMC, and PMC increased by $2.1kg\;ha^{-1}$, $2.1kg\;ha^{-1}$, and $0.2kg\;ha^{-1}$, respectively, compared to control. The phosphorus and nitrogen content of straw were 0.4 % and 0.3 % respectively. In addition, in three week the phosphorus was eluted from the straw which soaked in distilled water. Thus, it was assumed that T-P discharging originated from rice straw which applied as a furrow covering material. The furrow covering with rice straw reduced weed occurrence compared to control. But production of fresh red pepper was not influenced significantly by furrow covering with rice straw. In conclusion, excessive furrow covering with rice straw could induce T-P discharge from upland soil used for red pepper cultivation. Further studies are needed to evaluate the appropriate amount of rice straw as a furrow covering material.

Effect of covering materials on seedling quality of rice (못자리 피복재가 벼의 묘소질에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Suk-Yeon;Kim, Tae-Heon;Sohn, Jae-Keun
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.28
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the availability of covering material used for raising seedlings in the rice nursery bed. The pre-germinated seeds of a rice cultivar 'Chilbo' were sown into seedling tray ($60{\times}30{\times}2.5cm$) on 20th April and 3rd May 2010. Polypropylene spunbonded fabric (PSF) and lagging were used for covering materials in rice nursery bed. The growth characteristics of seedlings were evaluated at 8, 15 and 25 days after sowing (DAS) in the nursery beds covered with PSF and lagging, respectively. The plant height of 8-day old seedlings grown in lagging nursery bed was longer by 2cm than those in PSF nursery bed when the seeds were sown on 20th April, but seedling quality grown in lagging nursery bed was poor compared with that in PSF nursery bed. The growth characteristics of 15-day old seedlings were similar to that of 8-day old seedlings. The plant height of 8, 15 and 25-day old seedlings grown in lagging nursery was longer than those in PSF nursery when the seeds were sown on 3rd May. The seedling quality grown in PSF nursery was better than that in lagging nursery. The seedlings grown in PSF nursery have more leaves and better seedling quality compared with that of lagging nursery. The seedling quality was remarkably decreased with the increase of nursery period in lagging bed but seedlings quality were recovered at 5 days after hardening treatment by removing the lagging.

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Feasibility study of the energy supply system for horticulture facility using dynamic energy simulation (동적 에너지 시뮬레이션을 이용한 시설원예용 에너지 공급시스템의 경제성 분석)

  • Yu, Min-Gyung;Cho, Jeong-Heum;Nam, Yujin
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2015
  • Recently, the usage of renewable energy system has been recommended because of the energy saving and depletion of fossil fuel. Especially, ground source heat pump system(GSHP) has a high efficiency by using annual stable ground temperature. Also, wood pellet is low cost and a high calorific value compared to fossil fuel. However, only small number of farms have applied renewable energy system to horticultural facility because of a high initial costs and uncertainty of its cost efficiency. In this study, in order to analyze the feasibility for the horticulture, TRNSYS simulation based on the standard horticultural facility was conducted in different weather and covering material conditions. Then, comparative feasibility analysis of each energy supplying system was conducted. As a result, we have found out that a high initial cost of renewable energy system was recovered by the economics of the energy cost. Due to the energy cost reduction, the payback periods were 10-11 years in the case of GSHP and 4-6 years in the case of wood pellet boiler.

The Output Characteristics of 3kW BIPV System (건물일체형 태양광발전시스템의 실증분석)

  • Kim, Ji-Hoon;Jie, Bian Wen;Lee, Kang-Yeon;Kim, Pyoung-Ho;Oh, Geum-Gon;Baek, Hyung-Lae
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.386-389
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    • 2006
  • BIPV(Building Integrated PV) system can expect dual effects that reduce expenses for establishment of PV system by adding new function as outer covering material of building expect producing the electricity. In case of PV(photovoltaic system) there are many generation differences according to the exterior environmental facts(solar cell array, design and installation condition of interactive inverter system). In this paper, we compared constitute factors of 3kW BIPV(solar cell module, inverter), operating characteristic and total system characteristic(utilization, generation efficiency, loss fact) and found out long time operating data using a watch instrumentations. By use of long time operating result, compare a totally operating characteristics, and we proposed a next building application of BIPV. BIPV system that is proposed in this paper, was established in Solar Energy research center of Chosun University, composed with system. The objective of this paper, is to provide a efficient BIPV design method through the considerations for the integration of PV system.

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A Study on the Short-Circuit Characteristics of Vinyl Cords Damaged by External Flame (외부화염에 의해 소손된 비닐 코드의 단락 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi Chung-Seog;Kim Hyang-Kon;Shong Kil-Mok
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.72-77
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, we studied on the short-circuit process, surface structure, and component variation of vinyl cords. In the results of high speed imaging system (HSIS) analysis, as soon as wire covering was damaged by heat, the conductor of wire came in contact with the other conduct of wire, and the short-circuit occurred. Stereomicroscope and SEM analysis indicated that the source part of wire showed V-type form. The molten beads of load part were bigger than those of source part. In the results of EDX analysis, Cu and O were detected in the source part, whereas covering material (Cl, Ca), Cu and O were detected in the load part. The results will help us to find out the cause of electrical fire.

Effect of Polycarbonate Covering Sheet on Greenhouse Indoor Environments and Growth Behavior of Cherry Tomatoes

  • Choi, Kyung Yun;Kim, Soo Bok;Bae, Seokhu;Yoon, Jeong-Hwan;Yun, Ju-Ho;Kim, Namil
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.55 no.2
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    • pp.114-119
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    • 2020
  • The effect of a greenhouse-covering material on its indoor environment and on the characteristics of cherry tomatoes grown in it was investigated. The conventional polyethylene (PE) film on the greenhouse roof was replaced by a polycarbonate (PC) sheet, while maintaining the main structural frame intact. Color changes and the formation of water droplets on the PC surface were avoided by applying coextrusion and coating layers. When compared to the PE greenhouse, the PC greenhouse enabled increased light transmittance and thus a higher indoor temperature during both summer and winter. The thermal insulating property of the PC sheet effectively reduced the heating loss by approximately 55% during winter. The cherry tomatoes grown in the PC greenhouse exhibited superior fruit characteristics in terms of size, weight, and sugar content. The total amount of cherry tomatoes produced per unit area (1,000 ㎡) in the PC greenhouse was found to be greater by approximately 19% compared to that in the PE greenhouse.

A Study on The Color Examination and Color Planning in the Different Type of Classroom (학교 교실의 용도별 색채분포 및 색채계획에 관한 연구)

  • 김은정;김기환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.65-68
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is examine the color planning in the different type of classroom to establish interior color planning. This study also uses environmental planning and practical use of basic data for color planning to future school facilities. The summary of this study is as followed. The primary school and middle school classrooms as well as the open space classrooms floor color recommended of brown and the primary school wall color is light yellow, middle school wall color is light yellow and brown. The high school classroom color is recommended brown and wall color to light yellow and green system. The recommended floor color of primary school which includes in computer room and language study room, library of the multi-purpose of media room recommended are gray, brown and pink. The recommended wall color in primary school is light gray. The middle school floor color propose gray and light brown and wall recommended color is light brown, gray, ivory with the high school the computer room, language study room and library. The floor color is recommended gray, green and the wall propose blue. Moreover, recognize that importance of color effectiveness in school interior facilities considering with Interior covering material in class room.

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An Experimental Study on Fire resistance Performances of High-Strength Concrete Application of Fire-proofing Protection Method (내화피복공법 적용 고강도 콘크리트의 내화성능 확보 방안에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Jeong-Jin
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Structure & Construction
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2014
  • Owing to the dense internal organization of high-strength concrete, water vapor generated within the concrete cannot be easily discharged to the outside. The increased internal vapor pressure leads to a phenomenon known as spalling. This study investigated the use of fire-protection covering methods for preventing the spalling of high-strength concrete in order to inhibit temperature transmission to concrete structure by covering the material and to minimize the increase in cross-section. The fire-protection covering methods considered included fireproof plaster boards, high-performance fireproof plaster boards, and a composite covering method (fireproof plaster board + intumescent coating system). Among these, the high-performance fireproof plaster board exhibited 20~40 % higher fire protection performance compared to the regular fireproof plaster board. If the composite covering material is exposed to high-temperature fires, especially above $500^{\circ}C$, a 4 mm-thick intumescent coating system extends up to at least 50 mm, thereby blocking most of the heat transferred inside the board and suppressing the temperature increase within the concrete. The above-mentioned mechanism leads to more than 40 % decrease in the coating thickness. The restrictive application of this method could reinforce fire protection performance on finishing parts of gypsum board in existing buildings.

Synthesis and Evaluation of Copoly(chitosan-g-L-lysine) for Wound Covering Material (Chitosan과 L-lysine의 공중합체로 부터 인공피부의 제조와 평가)

  • Kim, K.Y.;Min, D.S.;Park, S.H.;Lee, S.Y.;Cho, Y.J.;Chung, Y.H.;Kim, J.M.
    • Proceedings of the KOSOMBE Conference
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    • v.1989 no.05
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    • pp.7-8
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    • 1989
  • The graft copolymer of chitosan with amino acid, L-lysine was synthesized by heterogeneous copolymerization and was evaluated as an artificial skin. The mechanical properties under dry and wet state, water content, water vapor transmittance rate and biodegradability were measured. The tensile strength and elongation under wet state ranged $0.3-0.5\;kg/mm^2$, 10-13%, respectively. Water vapor transmittance rate ranged $450-500\;g/m^2{\cdot}day$ like that of the normal skin. The weight loss of prepared membrane by protease IV was measured for the degree of biodegradation. The degree of biodegradation was around 15% and after 4 days it was slow. Biocompatibility was evaluated by studying the attachment of human fibroblast on the prepared membrane surface.

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