• Title, Summary, Keyword: Conservation Planning

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Problems of Environmental Conservation Planning and its Improvement in Aspects of Spatial Environmental Planning (공간환경계획 측면에서의 환경보전계획의 문제점 및 개선방안)

  • Choi, Hee-Sun;Sung, Hyun-Chan;Eum, Jeong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2010
  • Environmental conservation planning as set forth in the "Framework Act for Environmental Policy" is a representative planning that demands linkages with spatial development planning like urban master plan. However, despite the intentions and efforts of government (including revision of relevant guidelines etc.), controversy still continues regarding the efficacy of environmental conservation planning in respect of its linkages to spatial development planning. Accordingly, this study was devised to examine existing issues and produce proposals for improvement in ensuring the efficacy of environmental conservation planning by local governments. This study focused in particular on the establishment of spatial environmental plans as suggested in the guidelines of the Ministry of Environment for the purposes of strengthening the efficacy of environmental conservation planning. Based of questionnaires for relevant officials of local governments, the study found that although local governments with established current spatial environmental plans are not numerous, the need for establishment of spatial environmental plans were high in terms of the applicability of environmental conservation and spatial plans. Furthermore, this study also confirmed through analysis of questionnaires data, archival research and case study research that there were a number of salient issues including an overly access and program centered planning method based on individual pollution sources and individual post factor measures in the planning aspect, a lack of usable spatial information in the application of spatial environmental information, and inadequate connections with spatial development planning in respect of linkages with other plans. Under these circumstances, various proposals for improvement were presented including the establishment of contents in environmental conservation planning for each urban master planning item from the standpoint of planning, strengthening of basic environmental surveys for spatial planning and preparation of applicable proposals from the perspective of leveraging of spatial environmental information, and systematic improvements that can enable mutual consideration through feedback between environmental conservation planning and urban master planning from the perspective of connections with spatial planning.

The Problems of Dualizing Condition of Farmland Conservation System & Dissonance Problems (농지제도의 문제점: 이원화와 부조화 문제)

  • Lee, Byung Ki
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.405-418
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    • 2016
  • Farmland conservation function of 'The Farmland Act' has been being weakened according as farmland conservation system came to the dualizing condition. Overall land use issues including farmland are determined by 'The National Land Planning Act'. In this process, much farmland has been disappeared unilaterally. Above all, 'The National Land Planning Act' recognized farmland as land for development rather than looking in conservation perspective. Formulating with a 'urban(rural) plan', 'The National Land Planning Act' brings means and development methods in a variety of setting. So 'The Farmland Act', the center of farmland conservation system, lose an effect of its conservation functions. Farmland is a kind of facility made with heavy investment for agricultural purpose definitely. Therefore conversion of recognition that farmland must not be undermined indiscriminately in dimension such as urban planning facilities.

Natural Environment Conservation Planning for Sustainable Development (지속가능한 자연환경보전계획 수립방향 연구)

  • Byun, Byungseol
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2004
  • Recently the ecosystem has been seriously damaged by reckless development. The Ministry of Environment is now shifting its policy from one of "end-of-pipe" management and being regulation-centered to one striving to be preparatory and self-regulating. The nature conservation plan has been focused on protecting only the wildlife, so a systematic conservation of the nationwide ecosystem is inherently limited. To go beyond this limit, the strengthening of the link between the natural environmental conservation plan and the land use development plan is necessary. This study first diagnosed the "AS-IS" status of the natural environment conservation planning process and then envisioned a "TO-BE" image of the organic link between that plan and the land/metropolitan development plan. In conclusion, it was determined that the system of planning should be reformed and the focus of the planning should be shifted from source oriented planning to spatial environment planning. A biotope map should be drawn during this process and the examination criteria, methodology, and drawing standards are needed. The central government and self-governing bodies should have reasonable roles and responsibilities, and cooperate for more efficient conservation planning.

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Transition and characteristics of International Conservation Standards for Cultural Heritage - with focus on conservation targets, issues and approach - (문화유산 보존을 위한 국제원칙의 경향과 특성 - 보존대상, 보존쟁점, 보존방식의 변화를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Hwa-Yeon;Park, So-Hyun
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.73-84
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the contents of the cultural heritage conservation standards those have been developed throughout the century to reveal the evolution of the conservation. The analysis targets are prepared principles in response to the risks posed by armed conflicts, improper modifications, risks caused by urban planning and development, and the risk posed by environmental impacts. The study analyzed how conservation targets, issues, and conservation methods have changed. The analysis showed that the results of changed trend of conservation, first, the segmentation and diversification of the conservation targets, second, the integrated approaches, third, risk perception changes due to indirect effects from direct risk factors, forth, changes of conservation from safeguard to sustainable development.

Analysis for Environmental Consciousness on Conservation Planning Considering the Regional Characteristic -The Case of Daegu City- (지역특성을 고려한 환경보전계획수립을 위한 시민환경의식 분석)

  • Ryu, Ji-Won;Jung, Eung-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.23 no.12
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    • pp.2071-2082
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    • 2014
  • In this study, the environmental consciousness of Daegu citizen on conservation planning considering the regional characteristics was investigated. Data were collected throughout a survey and 1400 people were selected using a stratified sampling method based on populations of Daegu administration district. Results wee followings; First, the levels of environmental consciousness were different dependent on districts' characteristics. Second, poor awareness on Daegu Agenda 21 (Clear and Green Daegu 21) were shown. Daegu Agenda 21 is the action plan for the sustainable environmental conservation activities of the City of Daegu. Third, waste was the most serious environmental problems of Daegu, air quality was second worst, and third was river water quality from the survey, but differentiated awareness was shown dependent on regional spatial factors and pollution emission factors. Last, a public environmental education was the most important issue to make invigorations and progress for future environmental policy.

A Study on the Environmental Assessment Criteria for Designation of Conservation Zones in Urban Area (환경성 평가시 도시보전용도지역 확보기준에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Moon;Jeon, Young-Ok
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.403-413
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    • 2005
  • The environmental conservation-targeted zoning in urban planning process has been functioned as securing a ecological core in urban green spaces management. Hence, the designation of conservation zones in land use planning is considered as a key task to achieve the sustainability of urban planning. The recently introduced pre-environmental review system for the proposed urban plan, by which the conservative measures for urban ecosystem and landscape are suggested in aspect of environmental impact mitigation, has played an active role in enhancing the environmental performance degraded by wide range of development pressure. This study is aimed at drawing out of objective criteria for designation of environmental conservation zones, which can be applied to urban planning establishment and also to environmental assessment process. To achieve this goal, the study adopted the following methods; pre-study review, analysis of existing official opinion statements released by the Ministry of Environment, contents analysis of related laws, and experts' panel discussions on the finally arranged criteria. The results of this research can be summarized as follows: First, the total criteria of 48 are drown out with categorizing into environment-ecological and socio-cultural sectosr. Second, the environment-ecological part is composed of 33 criteria such as vegetation, animal, geomorphology, watershed, environmental land suitability, and etc. Here, the Degree of Ecological Function, Degree of Environmental Land Suitability, and Vegetation Map are mainly utilized. Third, the 15 socio-cultural criteria relating to the history, social ecology and landscape have such components as forest around relics, Seo-won(school), castle, tomb, landmark, skyline, natural landscape, and etc. Forth, these individual criteria can be applied to designation of each conservation zones among total of 11 conservation areas(or districts).

The Management Planning Model for Wetland Conservation Area in South Korea: Focused on Conservation and Management Planning According to Making Mt. Daeam's Yong-neup Opening to the Public (한국의 습지보호지역 관리계획 모델: 대암산 용늪 개방에 따른 보전 및 관리계획을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Gwan-Gyu;Lee, Jung-Hwan;Cha, Jin-Yeol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.185-201
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    • 2014
  • The Yong-neup of Mt. Daeam, which was designated as Korea's National Monument No.246 in 1973, is a high moor, and it has been managed with the designation as an ecosystem conservation area, Ramsar wetlands, and wetland conservation area. With the closing of the officially announced 5-year period for 'No-Trespassing' on the ecosystem conservation area starting August, 2010, it becomes necessary to arrange a systematic management and conservation scheme in consideration of the access & use of the visitors and Yong-neup's potential change into land consequent on making it open to the public. This study thinks that in order to preserve the Yong-neup, it's necessary to prepare the conservation plan for the program operation for exterminating exotic species, development of replacement wetlands and nurseries, access limit through zone categorization, establishment of environment-monitoring system, institutional management support, and establishment of managing facilities, etc., and to make scientific approaches, such as survey on wetland ecosystem, establishment of inventories, wetland monitoring, and drawing up of wetland ecology maps, etc. In addition, it is required that there should be adequate considerations of restoration of slope faces, drains, artificial embankment, water-collecting wells, roads for military operations, and wild-boar-stricken areas, etc., and should be continuous and systematic management of Yong-neup through the wise use of residents' participation-style maintenance, organization of a consultative body, introduction of CEPA programs, and introduction of visiting facilities and alternative transportation system, etc.

A Study on Conservation and Practical Use of Incheon Old Town Urban Tissue (인천 구도심 도시조직의 보전 및 활용에 관한 연구: 지구단위계획의 내용과 실효를 중심으로)

  • Rhee, Bum-Hun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.241-250
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    • 2021
  • This study reviewed details and case studies of district unit planning to preserve and develop urban tissues concerning a historic urban environment and provide implications for future practice. In particular, this case study examined the role of the district unit planning in city conservation rooted in the experience of Incheon's old town. The old town begins with the opening of Incheon Port and concessions, including Japanese, Qing Dynasty, and multinational settlements. Second, the study established land subdivision planning and reviewed the institutions to encourage urban tissue. Third, the conservation guidelines influenced the conservation and utilization of the streets, such as alleys and old coastlines, the form of parcels called deep and narrow lots, and the exterior elements of buildings. This study also derived implications for the future. First, the street with historical value in the settlement should be excavated further. Second, the parcels in the settlement limit redevelopment to maintain the unique morphological characteristics. Third, the exterior of the buildings should be provided with planning incentives to induce conservation and utilization.

The Role of Urban Green Areas in the Conservation of Biological Diversity

  • Zhao, Shiwei;Zhang, Zuoshuang;Deng, Qisheng
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture International Edition
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    • no.1
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    • pp.26-27
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    • 2001
  • The materials that are involved in urban landscaping include plants and the associated animals, soil, water, and other environmental elements. And biodiversity is the substantial base for human beings. The conservation of biodiversity is of great importance in the sustainable development of the society and should not be neglected in the development of sustainable urban landscape. The conservation of biodiversity should be included in the urban landscape planning. The conservation of biodiversity should be emphasized in the construction of urban green space. Every possible opportunity should be used to conserve the species diversity, genetic diversity and ecological diversity. The assessment of biodiversity conservation should be introduced into modern landscape planning.

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Landscape Conservation System in Korea (한국의 경관보전체계)

  • Lee, Dong-Kun;Yoon, Eun-Joo;Joo, Shin-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2007
  • In the continued economic prosperity, concern about environment and landscape is converted to develop actual institutional system on conservation and management of landscape. In these transition periods, the objective of this study is to suggest limitations and improvements of landscape conservation system for each landscape type such as rural landscape, natural landscape, urban landscape, historical landscape through reviewing related policies, laws, and case studies. As a results, landscape conservation system is insufficient for each landscape type and is regulated sporadically by a few laws. In particularly, rural landscape has been damaged seriously since significance of it was lesser recognized than other landscape types. Urban landscape is managed by landscape ordinance and planning which local government developed, however it doesn't have effectiveness due to insufficient legal basis and related cases. Therefore to enhance recognition of landscape as well as to support the law of landscape which is established this year is required.