• Title, Summary, Keyword: Concentrated onion extracts

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Changes of Volatile Compounds in Concentrated Onion Extracts (ONIWELLTM) during Storage (양파추출농축액(오니웰TM)의 저장 중 휘발성 향기성분 변화)

  • Jeong, Yeon-Jeong;Jeong, Eun-Jeong;Jeon, Seon-Young;Cha, Yng-Jun
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.113-118
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    • 2010
  • The study was conducted to identify volatile flavor compounds in concentrated onion extracts ($Oniwell^{TM}$) during storage at $30^{\circ}C$ for 150 days. A total of 23 compounds was detected in samples by solid phase microextraction (SPME)/GC/MSD, consisting mainly of 9 sulfur-containing compounds, 5 carbonyl compounds, 4 furans, 2 aromatic compounds and 3 miscellaneous compounds. The sulfur-containing compounds were major compounds with ranges of 75.8~67.3% of total volatiles. In particular, dimethyl trisulfide, with a cooked cabbage-like odor, was 50.1~42.1% of the total amount of sulfur-containing compounds. Two compounds, dimethyl disulfide (fresh garlic/green onion-like) and methylpropyl disulfide (garlic salt-like), were significantly increased with longer storage periods (p<0.05). Four furans (furfural, 2-acetylfurn, 5-methyl-2-furfural, furfurylalcohol), known as thermally generated flavors, ranged from 14.2~12.9% of total volatiles, and the amounts of 4 aldehydes (2-, 3-methylbutanal, benzaldehyde, phenylactaldehyde) derived from lipid oxidation during heat treatment were followed in that order. Accordingly, it was estimated that these 3 groups including sulfur-containing compounds, furans and aldehydes played key roles in flavors in concentrated onion extracts ($Oniwell^{TM}$) during storage.

A Study on the Simplified Extraction and Cleanup Technique for Organophosphorus and Organochlorine pesticides in Vegetables (채소 중의 유기인제 및 유기염소제 농약의 단순화된 抽出과 精製 技法에 관한 연구)

  • 전옥경;이용욱
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.66-73
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    • 1997
  • This procedure describes the method for gas chromatographic determination of 31 organophosphorus and 28 organochlorine pesticides in 10g of spinach, tomato and onion. After the pesticides were extracted with several solvents, the amount of coextractives and recovery rates of acephate and methamidophos were calculated. Samples for organochlorine pesticides were cleaned up with florisil solid phase extraction columns. NaBH$_4$ was added to onion extracts, which contained sulfur compound. All the concentrated extracts were analyzed by gas chromatography with ECD and NPD. The smallest amount of coextractives resulted from the spinach samples extracted with 5% MeOH in ethyl acetate. 5% EOH in ethyl acetate had the highest extractability for acephate and methamidophos and gave the best overall performance as an extraction solvent. The ability of 5% EOH in ethyl acetate to extract various organophosphorus and organochlorine pesticides from spinach, tomato and onion was examined. Recovery of 59 insecticides ranged from 58.0% to 110.5%. The average recoveries of fortified spinach, tomato and onion were 90.08%, 94.54% and 84.90%, respectively.

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Effect of Onion Extracts on Serum Cholesterol in Borderline Hypercholesterolemic Participants (양파추출물 섭취가 경계역 고콜레스테롤혈증 대상자의 콜레스테롤 저하에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jin;Lee, Kyung-Hea;Park, Eun-Ju;Chung, Hye-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.12
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    • pp.1783-1789
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study was to examine the effects of 10 week onion extract supplementation on blood lipid profiles in borderline hypercholesterolemic participants. The study consisted of 10 males and 17 females aged $45.9{\pm}10.0$ years. At baseline, serum total cholesterol level was $228.6{\pm}4.1$ mg/dL (201~239 mg/dL). This study was designed as randomized single blind placebo controlled cross-over study. After 1 week wash-out period, subjects were randomized into two groups; they took onion extract (150 mL/1 pack, containing 30 mg quercetin) or placebo for 10 weeks. After 1 week wash-out period again, subjects took exchanged samples for another 10 weeks. The total-cholesterol ($226.7{\pm}4.6{\rightarrow}206.8{\pm}3.6$ mg/dL; p<0.01), LDL-cholesterol ($151.6{\pm}5.0{\rightarrow}127.1{\pm}4.1$ mg/dL; p<0.01) and atherogenic index (AI: $4.0{\pm}0.3{\rightarrow}3.4{\pm}0.2$; p<0.05) decreased significantly after 10 weeks of onion extracts supplementation, while there were no significant changes during placebo periods. The levels of HDL-cholesterol (onion extract: $46.5{\pm}2.0{\rightarrow}50.2{\pm}2.1$ mg/dL, placebo: $47.8{\pm}2.1{\rightarrow}50.1{\pm}2.4$ mg/dL), GOT (onion extract: $36.8{\pm}1.8{\rightarrow}32.3{\pm}1.8$ IU/L, placebo: $35.1{\pm}2.1{\rightarrow}32.8{\pm}2.0$ IU/L), and GPT (onion extract: $36.5{\pm}3.2{\rightarrow}32.9{\pm}1.8$ IU/L, placebo: $36.6{\pm}3.8{\rightarrow}33.8{\pm}2.8$ IU/L) showed no significant changes in both periods. These results indicate that the consumption of onion concentrated extracts exerts beneficial effects on dyslipidemia through the decrease of serum total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels in borderline hypercholestrolemic subjects. In conclusion, onion was useful as dietary therapy for hypercholestrolemia and adequate onion intake may help to prevent cardiovascular disease.