• 제목/요약/키워드: Complication

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Self expandable Metallic Stent 합병증으로 인한 좌측 전폐 설상 절제술 -치험 1례- (Left Wedge Pneumonectomy for the Complication of the Self Expandable Metallic Stent -A Case Report-)

  • 김진;신형주;구자홍;김공수
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • 제28권2호
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    • pp.201-205
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    • 1995
  • Most of the patient with endobronchial tuberculosis have some degree of bronchial stenosis. however, a part of bronchial stenosis need aggressive treatment for the patency because of severe symptoms. The self-expendable metallic stents provide palliative treatment for narrowed airways where surgical resection is inadvisable. We experienced a successful left wedge pneumonectomy on a 29-year-old woman with obstruction of left main bronchus due to complication of the bronchial stent. She had inserted self-expendable metallic stents on left main bronchus of the tuberculous bronchial stenosis two times. There was no specific postoperative complication.

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하치조신경 전달마취 중 파절된 주사바늘

  • 장중희;송민석;김현민;김남훈;엄민용;구현모;이준규;양병은
    • 대한치과의사협회지
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    • 제44권2호통권441호
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    • pp.139-144
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    • 2006
  • Local anesthesia is routine procedure in dental practices and has several complication. One of them, needle fracture is not uncommon in past, but rare in recent. The number of cases reported in the literature of broken needle in local anesthetic procedure has shown a marked decrease since the use of disposable spiral-constructed dental needle began. This complication results from lack of patient cooperation, inaccurate anesthetic technique, sudden movement of patient, error in the manufacturing procedure, use of short needle, and bending before use. Most common site is pterygomandibular space during inf. alveolar nerve block. In two patients, we removed broken needles under general anesthesia without complication. So we report cases with review of literatures.

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Delayed Detected Unexpected Complication of ADCON-$L^{(R)}$ Gel in Lumbar Surgery

  • Kim, Sung-Bum;Lim, Young-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • 제48권3호
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    • pp.268-271
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    • 2010
  • The ADCON-L $gel^{(R)}$ (Gliatech, Cleveland, OH, USA), a carbohydrate polymer gel. has been shown in a controlled clinical study to inhibit postsurgical adhesions and improve a patient's clinical outcome. Immediate complication of this gel has been reported in the recent literature including back pain, radiculitis and durotomy. However, delayed detection of disturbance of muscle healing and attachment in late postoperative state has been rarely reported. This report documents an unexpected delayed detected complication of the anti-adhesion barrier gel. which was used after lumbar discectomy one year ago, with review of literature.

Small Bowel Injury as a Complication of Lumbar Microdiscectomy : Case Report and Literature Review

  • Kim, Duk-Sung;Lee, Jung-Kil;Moon, Kyung-Sub;Ju, Jae-Kyun;Kim, Soo-Han
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • 제47권3호
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    • pp.224-227
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    • 2010
  • Small bowel injury resulting from unforeseen penetration of the anterior annulus fibrosus and longitudinal ligament is a rare complication of lumbar microdiscectomy. The patient complained of abdominal tenderness and distention immediately after microdiscectomy for L4-5 and L5-S1 disc herniation. Using abdominal computed tomography, we found several foci of air overlying the anterior aspect of the vertebral body at the L5-S1 level. Segmental resection of the small bowel including small tears and primary anastomosis of the jejunum were performed. Here, we present a case of intestinal perforation after lumbar microdiscectomy and discuss technical methods to prevent this complication with a review of literature.

An unusual complication during arthrocentesis: N. facialis paralysis, with N. lingualis and N. alveolaris inferior anesthesia

  • Aliyev, Toghrul;Berdeli, Eynar;Sahin, Onur
    • Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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    • 제19권2호
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    • pp.115-118
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    • 2019
  • This case report aims to review complications that can occur during arthrocentesis and report an unusual complication observed in a 55-year-old man. The patient received arthrocentesis in an attempt to treat painful locking episodes of his right temporomandibular joint (TMJ). One hour after the operation, the patient experienced temporary facial paralysis in the area of the facial nerve and anesthesia of the lingual and alveolar inferior nerves. No persistent complications were detected during the postoperative follow-up. We suspected this complication occurred after anesthetic solution overflowed from a traumatic perforation in the joint capsule to the infratemporal area during the operation. To our knowledge, this complication has not been previously reported in the literature.

Risk Factors for Complications Following Resection of Gastric Cancer

  • Kim, Min-Soo;Park, Joong-Min;Choi, Yoo-Shin;Cha, Sung-Jae;Kim, Beom-Gyu;Chi, Kyong-Choun
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • 제10권3호
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    • pp.118-125
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Operative morbidity and mortality from gastric cancer have decreased in recent years, but many studies have demonstrated that its prevalence is still high. Therefore, we investigated the risk factors for morbidity and mortality considering the type of complication in patients with gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: A total of 259 gastrectomies between 2004 and 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Overall morbidity and mortality rates were 26.6% and 1.9%, respectively. A major risk factor for morbidity was combined resection (especially more than two organs) (P=0.005). The risk factors for major complications in which a re-operation or intervention were required were type of gastrectomy, upper location of lesion, combined resection, and respiratory comorbidity (P=0.042, P=0.002, P=0.031). Mortality was associated with preexisting neurologic disease such as cerebral stroke (P=0.016). In the analysis of differen complication's risk factors, a wound complication was not associated with any risk factor, but combined resection was associated with bleeding (P=0.007). Combined resection was an independent risk factor for a major complication, surgical complication, and anastomotic leakage (P=0.01, P=0.003, P=0.011, respectively). Palliative resection was an independent risk factor for major complications and a previous surgery for malignant disease was significantly related to anastomosis site leakage (P=0.033, P=0.007, respectively). Conclusions: The risk factors for gastrectomy complications of gastric cancer were combined resection, palliative resection, and a previous surgery for a malignant disease. To decrease post-gastrectomy complications, we should make an effort to minimize the range of combined resection, if a palliative gastrectomy is needed for advanced gastric cancer.

갑상선 전 절제술 및 근전 절제술의 안전성에 대한 고찰 (Safety of Total and Near-total Thyroidectomy)

  • 서광욱;이우철;박정수
    • 대한두경부종양학회지
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    • 제8권1호
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    • pp.14-20
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    • 1992
  • To clarify the safety of both total and near-total thyroidectomy, and to guide a selectionof an adequate type of surgical treatment of thyroid diseases, 192 consecutive total or near-total thyroidectomy cases were reviewed. They were divided into two groups: ont, the total thyroidectomy group(Group T,N=111) and the other, the near-total thyroidectomy group (Group NT, N=81). In both groups, complication rates, associations of complication rates with extents of surgery and stage of lesion were observed. Complication rate was significantly higher in Group T (53.6% vs 12.3%, p<0.05). But the rate of permanent complications such as permanent hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury was remarkably low(4.5% in Group T, 6.0% in Group NT) and shows no significant difference in both groups. There was no permanent complication in cases where any type of neck dissection had not been performed regardless of the type thyroidectomy. But among whom underwent central compartmental neck dissection(CCND) and functional neck dissection(FND), 4(4.4%) and 4(6.4%) cases showed permanent complications. There was no statistical significance in differences between Group I and NT. In cases who underwent concomittant classical radical neck dissection(RND), 3(25.5%) showed permament complications. In this subgroups, complications were significantly higher in Group T(p<0.005). Complications were also directly related to the stage of the lesion. Only one patient showed permanent complication in 74 intracapsular lesions but 9 permanent complications were observed in 118 advanced lesions. We could clarify both total and near-total thyroidectomy were safe operations and the complications were related to accompanying neck dissections and the disease status rather than total or near-total thyroidectomy itself. Thus, we think that for the cases where higher complication rates are expected, such as locally advanced thryoid cancers or the cases which required wider neck dissection, the near-total thyroidectomy would be a preferrable method.

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자궁경부암의 방사선치료후 대장 및 직장합병증에 대한 분석 (Bowel Complication after Radiotherpy of Uterine Cervix Carcinoma)

  • 하성환;정웅기;김종훈
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • 제10권2호
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    • pp.237-245
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    • 1992
  • 1979년부터 1986년까지 자궁경부암으로 진단되어 외부방사선 및 강내 방사선 치료를 함께 받은 550명의 환자를 대상으로 직장 합병증과 방사선량에 대한 후향적 분석을 시행하였다. 전체 환자550명 중 468명은 근치적 목적으로 방사선 치료를 받았으며, 82명은 수술후에 추가적인 방사선 치료를 받았다. 이들 82명 중 43명은 수술절제연 양성으로, 31명은 원발질환의 재발로, 8명은 stump cancer로 방사선 치료를 받았다. Grade 2와 3를 포함하는 직장 합병증의 발생률은 5년에 $6.7였다. 합병증이 생긴 환자군의 직장에 조사된 방사선량은 $7424{\pm}834$ cGy이었으며, 이는 합병증이 발생하지 않은 환자군의 $6946{\pm}717$ cGy보다 많았고 통계학적 유의성이 있었다(p<0.05) 직장합병증의 정도에 따른 방사선량의 차이는 통계학적 유의성이 없었다(p>0.05). 전체 합병증의 발생률은 직장에 조사된 방사선량에 따라 증가하였는데, 6,500 cGy 이하에서는 5년 합병증 발생률이 15.6이었으며 8,000 cGy 이 상 조사된 환자군에서는 71.2이었다. 직장 합병증에 영향을 줄 수 있는 요인들을 Cox의 방법에 의해 다변량분석한 결과 당뇨가 있는 경우 합병증 발생률이 증가하였으며, 강내 방사선치료는 한번 시행한 경우보다 두번 시행한 환자군에서 합병증 발생률이 더 적었다. 또한 자궁의 후방만곡은 ovoid의 크기와 함께 분석된 경우에 통계적으로 중요한 의미를 나타내었고, ovoid의 크기는 이번 분석에서 합병증 발생에 가장 중요한 인자로 나타났다. 직장에 조사된 방사선량도 중요한 요소로서 방사선량이 많아질수록 합병증 발생률은 증가하였다(p<0.05). TDF와 CRE단위로 분석하였으며 선량과 합병증의 관계는 cGy 단위의 결과와 같았다.

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자궁경부암에서 방사선량과 방광합병증의 관계 (The Relationship between Radiation Dose and Late Complication of Bladder in Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix)

  • 하성환;정웅기;김종훈
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • 제11권2호
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    • pp.377-385
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    • 1993
  • 1979년부터 1986년까지 자궁경부암으로 진단되어 외부방사선 및 강내 방사선 치료를 받은 550명의 환자를 대상으로 방광합병증과 장사선량에 대한 후향적 분석을 시행하였다. 전체 환자 550명중 468명은 근치적 목적으로 방사선 치료를 받았으며, 82명은 수술후에 추가적인 방사선 치료를 받았다. 이들 82명중 43명은 수술절제연 양성으로, 31명은 원발질환의 재발로, 8명은 stump cancer로 방사선 치료를 받았다. Grade 2와 3를 포함하는 방광합병증의 발생률은 5년에 $2.5\%$였다. 합병증이 생긴 환자군의 방광에 조사된 방사선량은 $7487{\pm}768$ cGy이었으며, 이는 합병증이 발생하지 않은 환자군의 $7150{\pm}808$ cGy보다 많았고 통계학적 유의성이 있었다(p<0.01). 방광합병증의 정도에 따른 방사선량의 차이는 통계학적 유의성이 없었다(p>0.05). 전체 합병증의 발생률은 방광에 조사된 방사선량에 따라 증가하였는데, 6,500 cGy 이하에서는 5년 합병증 발생률이 $5.0\%$이었으며 8,000 cGy 이상 조사된 환자군에서는 $27.7\%$이었다. 방광합병증에 영향을 줄수 있는 요인들을 Cox의 방법에 의해 다변량 분석한 결과 환자의 연령이 증가할수록, ovoid 사이의 거리가 멀수록 합병증 발생률이 적었다(p<0.05). 골반전체에 조사된 방사선량도 통계적 유의성에 근접하는 중요한 요소로서 방사선량이 많아질수록 합병증 발생률은 증가하였다. TDF와 CRE 단위로 분석하였으며 선량과 합병증의 관계는 cGy 단위의 결과와 같았다.

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Establishing cleft services in developing countries: Complications of cleft lip and palate surgery in rural areas of Indonesia

  • Ruslin, Muhammad;Dom, Lawrence;Tajrin, Andi;Yusuf, Andi Sitti Hajrah;Arif, Syafri Kamsul;Tanra, Andi Husni;Ou, Keng Liang;Forouzanfar, Tymour;Thamrin, Sri Astuti
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • 제46권6호
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    • pp.511-517
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    • 2019
  • Background Cleft treatment is frequently performed in Indonesia, mostly in charity missions, but without a postoperative protocol it is difficult to establish the risks and complications of cleft treatment. The present study was designed to give an overview of current cleft lip and palate treatment strategies in Indonesia and to assess the complication rates during and after surgery. Methods This prospective study evaluated anesthetic, intraoperative surgical, and short-term postoperative complications in patients undergoing primary, secondary, or corrective surgery for cleft lip and palate deformities. The population consisted of 98 non-syndromic cleft patients. The main anesthetic complication that occurred during general anesthesia was high blood pressure, whereas the main intraoperative surgical complication was excessive bleeding and the main early postoperative complication was extremely poor wound hygiene. Results In this study, there were no cases of perioperative or postoperative mortality. However, in 23 (23.4%) of the 98 operations performed, at least one perioperative complication related to anesthesia occurred. The intraoperative and early postoperative complications following cleft lip and/or palate were assessed. There was a significant difference in the complication rate between procedure types (χ2=0.02; P<0.05). However, no relationship was found between perioperative complications related to anesthesia and the occurrence of postoperative complications (χ2=1.00; P>0.05). Nonetheless, a significant difference was found between procedure types regarding perioperative complications and the occurrence of postoperative complications (χ2=0.031; P<0.05). Conclusions Further evaluation of these outcomes would help direct patient management toward decreasing the complication rate.