• Title/Summary/Keyword: Complication

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A Study On Environmental Factors Influencing Blood Pressure Control of A Patient With Hypertension (본태성 고혈압 환자의 혈압조절에 영향을 미치는 환경적 요인에 관한 연구)

  • 여주연
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.29-40
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    • 1980
  • A Study on environmental factors influencing blood pressure control of a patient with essential pressure hyper -tension was conduct to the identification of differences of demographic characteristics, socioeconomic factors and living habits. This study was performed on 219 cases who were divided into two groups from Sept. 14 to Oct. 20, 1979. One is the group with complication in the departments of internal medicine and outpatient of 7 hospitals in Seoul. The other is the group without complication in the same places as above. The instrument applied to this study consists of 19 items amended through preliminary test after consideration of related literatural review and Nursing History made by Smith (1965). The materials were analyzed by computer program. The findings were as follows : 1. The group with complication had more sleep disturbances than the group without complication 2. The group with complication used more short term coping method on stress than the group without complication. 3. The group with complication had a tendency to more intake of salt, fat, alcohols and cigretts than the group without complition, but there were no significant differences between two groups. 4. The group with complication were lower social class than the group without complication. 5. The group with complication were more single(Death of spouse, Divorce, Separation) in marital status than the group without complication.

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Local Complication after Surgical Resection for Thyroid Disease (갑상선 질환의 외과적 절제술에 대한 국소적 합병증)

  • Cho Hyun-Jin;Cho Tae-Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 1995
  • This study was retrospectively reviewed and analysis of postoperative local complication on all patient undergoing thyroid operation of 242 cases of thyroid disease, at Department of General Surgery, Chosun University Hospital from January 1988 to December 1992. The result were follow: Postoperative local complication are as follow; 52 cases of transient hypocalcemia, 7 cases of thansient hoarseness, 3 cases of permanent hypocalcemia, 2 cases of permanent hoarseness, and other local complication were postoperative bleeding with airway obstraction, hematoma, infection. In pathologic classification according to complicative patients; The most common frequency of complication in benign disease was Graves' disease with 13 cases(54.2%), and the most frequency of complication in malignance disease was follicalar adenocarcinoma with 7 cases(53.9%). The frequency of complication according to operation procedure were unilateral lobectomy in 31 cases(19.9%), subtotal thyroidectomy in 15 cases(39.5%), near total thyroidectomy in 12 cases (44.4%), and total thyroidectomy in 10 cases(55.6%). There was a significant relationship between extent of operative procedure and frequency of complication. The incidence of local complication after thyroid resection was 57 of 196(29.1%) in the benign disease that was 15 of 26(57.7 %) in the intrathyroidal carcinoma and 13 of 20(65.0%) in the extrathyroidal carcinoma. There was significant different in frequency of local complication according to invasion and malignance of pathologic lesion. The most frequent complication after thyroid resection is transient hypocalcemia ; 39 of 196(19.9%) in the benign disease, 7 of 26(26.9%) in the intrathyroida1 carcinoma, and 6 of 10(30.0%) in the extrathyroidal carcinoma. Their complication rate increased in direct relationship to the invasion and malignance of pathologic lesion, but there was no statistically significant. Transient hypocalcemia was encountered in 52 cases of the total 242 patient(21.9%) ; 29 of 156(18.6%) after unilateral lobectomy, 9 of 38(23.7%) after subtotal thyroidectomy, and 5 of 18(27.8 %) after total thyroidectomy. The relation ship between temporal hypocalcemia and the extent of surgery was not statistically significant.

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Subcutaneous Emphysema as a Complication of Tonsillectomy (편도적출술후 발생한 피하기종)

  • 홍기환;조윤성;임현실;이상헌;문승현
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.62-65
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    • 2001
  • Subcutaneous emphysema of the head and neck are well-known sequealae of surgery and trauma to the chest airway. This occurs when air is introduced into the tissue. This can happen as a complication during, or immediately after surgery. Among the causes subcutaneous emphysema due to complication of tonsillectomy, has rarely been described. Definitive treatment will depend on the cause. Recently. we have experienced two cases of subcutaneous emphysema without respiratory and circulatory insufficiency as a complication of tonsillectomy in 38-year-old male and uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in 41- year-old male.

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Complications of the Nasal Bone Fractures according to the Stranc Classification (Stranc 분류법에 따른 비골골절 정복술 후 합병증)

  • Lee, Jun-Ho;Park, Won-Yong;Nam, Hyun-Jae;Kim, Yong-Ha
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.62-66
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Although nasal fractures are often discussed as minor injuries but the incidence of post-traumatic nasal deformity remains high. For decrease the incidence of post-traumatic nasal deformity which require the guideline to optimize the management of acute nasal bone fracture. The aim of this study is analysis of post-traumatic nasal deformity according to Stranc classification. Method: We reviewed 310 patients with nasal bone fracture treated at our hospital from January of 2005 to December of 2006. Result: Post-traumatic complication were divided septal deviation, nasal bone deformity, temporary hyposmia and synechia. Nasal bone deformity include nasal bone deviation, hump, flat nose and minimal nasal bone irregularity. The incidence of total complication rate was 36.4%. The most common complication was nasal deformity(22.9%) followed by septal deviation(19.7%). The most common complication was septal deviation(20%) in frontal impact. The most common complication was nasal deformity(19.5%) in lateral impact. In frontal impact, the incidence of complication rate was plane II(68.8%) followed by plane I(29.9%) and plane III(16.7%). In lateral impact, the incidence of complication rate was plane II (78.8%) followed by plane III(61.5%) and plane I(42.7%). Conclusion: This result can be used to improve longterm results and to reduce the incidence of post-traumatic nasal deformity by predict complication of nasal bone fracture according to Stranc classification.

Complications of Donor Site in Latissimus Dorsi Muscle Flap (광배근 피판의 공여부에 대한 문제점의 분석)

  • Chung, Duke-Whan;Han, Chung-Soo;Cho, Chang-Hyun
    • Archives of Reconstructive Microsurgery
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.149-153
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    • 1999
  • Purpose : To investigate the complication of donor site in latissimus dorsi muscle flap. Materials and Methods : From April 1983 to March 1999, forty patients with latissimus dorsi muscle flap for reconstruction of extremity and with a follow-up period of more than 12 months were included. We analysed the complication, shoulder function, degree of shoulder muscle weakness, skin scar width after operation. Results After 1 year, skin scar widening in 12 cases(30%), limitation of shoulder motion in 9 cases(12.5%), muscle weakness in 14 cases(17.5%) were found. Conclusion. The rate of complication at donor site after latissimus dorsi flap operation is around 10%. To minimize the complication, avoiding axillary skin incision, minimal invasive harvesting by endoscopy, meticulous suturing of subcutaneous layer are needed.

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Clinical Evaluation of Pneumonectomy (전폐절제술에 관한 임상적 연구)

  • Gwon, Eun-Su;Jeong, Hwang-Gyu
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.150-155
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    • 1995
  • For study the influencing factors to the complication after pneumonectomy, authors performed retrospective analysis in 33 patients managed surgically from February 1985 to February 1994 in the Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Pusan National University Hospital.Among 33 patients, the underlying diseases were distributed 15 patients[45.5% pulmonary tuberculosis, 14[42.% lung cancer and 4[12.1% bronchiectasis. Numbers of complication according to the underlying disease after pneumonectomy were 8 in pulmonary tuberculosis, 2 in lung cancer and 1 in brochiectasis. Study was analyzed on age, sex distribution, etiology of underlying diseases and operated sides contributing to the complication. The results were characterized that the rate of occurrence of complication after pneumonectomy was not affected by age, sex and operated side differences but affected by the underlying disease.The development of complication after pneumonectomy in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis revealed statistically borderline significance comparing to the others[p=0.07 .

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Plasma Concentrations of Lipid Profiles and Lipoprotein(a) In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Macrovascular Complications (제2형 당뇨병 환자의 대혈관 합병증 유무별 혈중 지질농도와 Lipoprotein(a) 비교)

  • Song Min Sun;Yoo Yang Sook;Kim Hee Seung
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study to examine lipid profiles and lipoprotein (a) concentrations and identify the risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with macrovascular complications. The subjects were consisted of 618 out patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from beginning of March through the end of April in 2001, who visited at the endocrinology department at Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital of Catholic University in Seoul. The patient's clinical laboratory data and the occurrence of chronic complications of diabetes were assessed at medical record review. The data were analyzed using for t-test. chi-square test and logistic regression. The results were as follows : 1. There were no significant differences in age. duration of diabetes. body mass index, sex, fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postprandial blood glucose and $HbA_{1}c$ level between macrovascular complication group and non macrovascular complication group. 2. There were significant differences in the level of total cholesterol. triglyceride. HDL(High density lipoprotein) cholesterol, LDL(Low density lipoprotein) cholesterol and lipoprotein(a) between macrovascular complication group and non macrovascular complication group. 3. Significant factor associated with macrovascular complication in the logistic regression best gut model was HDL cholesterol.

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Pinch-Off Syndrome, a Rare Complication of Totally Implantable Venous Access Device Implantation: A Case Series and Literature Review

  • Ilhan, Burak Mehmet;Sormaz, Ismail Cem;Turkay, Rustu
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.333-337
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    • 2018
  • Background: Pinch-off syndrome (POS) is a rare complication after totally implantable venous access device (TIVAD) implantation. In cancer patients, it is important to prevent this rare complication and to recognize it early if it does occur. We present a case series of POS after TIVAD implantation and the results of a literature search about this complication. Methods: From July 2006 to December 2015, 924 permanent implantable central venous catheter implantation procedures were performed. The most common indication was vascular access for chemotherapy. Results: POS occurred in 5 patients in our clinic. Two patients experienced POS within 2 weeks, and the other 3 patients were admitted to department of surgery, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine at 6 to 14 months following implantation. The catheters were found to be occluded during medication administration, and all patients complained of serious pain. The transected fragments of the catheters had migrated to the heart. They were successfully removed under angiography with a single-loop snare. Conclusion: POS is a serious complication after TIVAD implantation. It is important to be aware of this possibility and to make an early diagnosis in order to prevent complications such as drug extravasation and occlusion events.

Factors Affecting Postoperative Complication in Pneumonectomy for Chronic Complicated Inflammatory Lung Disease (만성 염증성 폐질환의 전폐적축술 후 합병증에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • 최필조;우종수
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 2000
  • Background: this study was designed to estimate whether specific risk factors could increase the postoperative complication rate of pneumonectomy for chronic complicated inf-lammatory lung disease. Material and Method: Eighty-five patients underwent pneumon-ectomy for chronic complicated inflammatory lung disease(tuberculosis, 67 ; bronchiecasis 11; aspergio- losis, 4; others, 3) between January 1991 and August 1998. We performed a univariated statistical analysis to identify preoperative and intraoperative risk factors associated with postoperative complications, Result: There was no operative mortality. There were a total of 18 postoperative complications(22.2%) Bronchopleural fistula(BPF) and empyema occurred in 5(5.9%) and 2(2.4%) respectively. General complication rate was significantly higher in patients with right-sided pneumonectomy(p=.029) extrapleural pneu-monectomy(p=.009) and intraoperative pleural spillage due to cavity or lesion perforation (p=.004). The prevalence of BPF and empyema was higher in patients with right sided pneumonectomy(p=.007) extrapleural pneumonectomy(p=.015) and intraoperative pl- eural spillage due to cavity or lesion perforation(p=.003) which is as the same results as gen-eral complication rate. Conclusion: The postoperative complication rate of pneumone-ctomy for chronic complicated lung disease is accptably low. But it is increase in patients with right sided pneumonectomy extrapleural pneumonectomy and intraoperative pleural spillage due to cavity or lesion perforation. therefore more careful and meticulous intra-operatve management are needed in right sided extrapleural pneumonectomy without intra- pleural spillage.

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