• Title, Summary, Keyword: Community Development

Search Result 4,844, Processing Time 0.062 seconds

A Theoretical Review on the Community Attachment (지역사회친밀도에 관한 이론적 연구)

  • Choi, Chang-Wook;Kim, Sung-Soo;Yoon, Joon-Sang;Park, Duk-Byeung
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.317-327
    • /
    • 1997
  • The objectives of this study were to review studies on the community attachment and to identify it's related variables. Community attachment variables were divided into linear development model variables and system model variables. The theoretical base for linear development model originated from Ferdinand Toennies(1957) and system model was from Kasarda and Janowitz(1974). Linear development model variables were population size and density. And system model variables were age, education, income, number of children, marital status, length of residence, sex, and job. Recent studies on the community attachment were being carried out through system model than linear development model.

  • PDF

A Study on Improvement Method of Rural Community Development Project (농촌마을종합개발사업의 개선방안 연구)

  • Kim, Kang-Sub;Jun, Taek-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.59-66
    • /
    • 2009
  • This paper presents the change and contents of rural community development project by literature review. And this paper analyzes the results and problems of rural village in rural community development project. The aim of this study is to suggest the improvement method of rural community development project. Based on this study, mainly three results can be drawn as follows ; first, rural community development project must establish sustainability and locality to main direction of project. Second, this project demand new system and role of local government. And the third, this project are performed by residents, and an educational program and public information to inspire participation consciousness are necessary.

  • PDF

Development of a Community-based Participatory Global Health Project Model for Primary Health Care Capacity Development: A Case Study from a Rural Community in Ecuador (일차보건의료 역량 개발을 위한 지역사회 기반 참여형 국제보건사업 모델 개발: 에콰도르 일개 지역을 중심으로 한 사례연구)

  • Shin, Hye-Jeong;Kim, Eui-Sook;Yoo, Byung-Wook;Lee, Hyeon-Kyeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-42
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: The aims of this study were to identify successful strategies and propose a community-based participatory global health project model for primary health care capacity development. Methods: The study used case study methodology. A The unit of analysis was an international cooperation health project entitled "Community-based Primary Health Care Improvement in San Lorenzo, Ecuador" using community-based participatory research conducted in 2007~2008. Data were collected through windshield surveys, focus group discussion, key informant interviews, and provider surveys. Results: Identified successful strategies for the international cooperation health project were reciprocal partnership between researchers and community, partners' capacity building, south-to-south cooperation, and continuous monitoring and feedback. Community participation was found to be an essential tenet to guarantee the improvement of primary health care in the underserved rural community. Evidence from the activities of community health practitioners in Korea was applicable to the development of training programs for primary health care providers in Ecuador. Conclusion: Strategies for strengthening primary health capacity may be tailored depending on socio-cultural, political, and economical situations of each country. The model, however, would be applicable to the entire process of community-based global health projects in underserved rural communities of other countries.

The Role of Rural Revitalization Support Centers in Facilitating Community Innovation in Korea (지역사회 혁신을 촉진하기 위한 농촌활성화지원센터의 역할)

  • Im, Sang Bong
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.39-49
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study identifies the necessity and importance of innovation in rural communities and highlights the role of rural revitalization support centers in facilitating the diffusion of community innovation. The study provides a literature review and employs the survey method to verify the arguments. There is an urgent need for rural communities to be distinct, attractive, and competitive in the wake of globalization. It is clear that they must recognize the need to facilitate innovation under growing trends toward trade liberalization, environment-oriented life styles, diversified consumer needs, and a knowledge-based society. The results provide support for the legitimacy of establishing rural revitalization support centers to help community leaders and local stakeholders develop their communities. More specifically, rural communities should employ R&D outcomes from diverse fields and capacity building by community members, leaders, and local governments to foster sustainable growth by overcoming limitations in spatial access and resources. The results suggest that rural revitalization support centers can be established as intermediary organizations that can be operated to facilitate community innovation in rural development. In addition, these centers should play key roles such as empowering communities, facilitating region-specific rural development policies, motivating R&D applications for rural development, encouraging rural development networks. Further, close attention should be paid to facilitate mutual learning by expanding networks and interactions between these centers.

Profiling Segments of Residents' Perceptions towards Tourism Development as a Community Development Project: Case of Kangwon Land Casino (카지노 개발에 대한 지역주민의 영향인지와 사회경제적 특성분석 : 강원랜드 사례)

  • Park, Duk-Byeong;Yoon, Yoo-Shik
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
    • /
    • v.18 no.4
    • /
    • pp.523-537
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study aimed to explore residents' perceptions towards Kangwon Land Casino. An on-site survey was conducted for residents in the casino communities using self-administered questionnaires. Completed questionnaires were obtained from 191 residents in the study area. A factor-clustering method identified four distinct segments: positive perceived impact residents (52.8%), negative perceived impact residents (11.3%), unconcerned residents (28.9%), and selectively perceived impact residents (6.9%). Results showed that women and younger residents are more likely to perceive positive impact with casino development. Men, middle-aged residents and farmers are more likely to perceive negative impact with casino development. White-collar business-class residents are more likely to perceive the impact selectively with casino development. We suggest that the stakeholders including public bodies on casino industry development boards share with local residents information on the economic benefits and other topics related to the casino business.

  • PDF

Effects of Social Capital on the Problem-solving Ability of Rural Communities in the Context of Developers (농촌마을 내 사회자본이 주민주도 문제해결에 미치는 영향 : 업무담당자들의 시각을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jung-Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-64
    • /
    • 2014
  • With a shift in the rural development process toward a bottom-up approach, the need to enhance the endogenous capacity of communities has become the core of rural development. In this regard, scholars have paid close attention to social capital to identify ways to facilitate endogenous rural development but focused mainly on relationships between social capital and local environment. That is, few studies have investigated the relationships between social capital and its various dimensions in the context of rural development initiatives. This study examines the effects of social capital on the problem-solving ability of community residents'rural development initiatives and assesses the types of social capital associated with such initiatives to propose optimal path for improving this ability. To distinguish between major dimensions of social capital, a questionnaire was developed by considering various stages of the rural development process. The survey considered a sample of 59 employees from public rural development institutions. According to the results, four paths were significant at the 5% level. Among these four paths, three set common goals. The effective channel was the path [common goals${\Rightarrow}$network${\Rightarrow}$cooperation${\Rightarrow}$problem-solving ability]. The key factor in improving problem-solving skills, the endogenous ability of community residents to facilitate rural development initiatives. The results suggest that governments should strengthen education and training programs to help residents set their common goals.

The Actual Situation and Development Strategies for Community Based NGO Movement (지역사회 시민운동단체(NGO)의 실태와 발전방안)

  • Suh, Gyu-Sun;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.343-358
    • /
    • 2004
  • The purposes of this study were to draw out the situational problems of the community based NGO (Non Governmental Organization) movement and to suggest development strategies for NGO movement in Korea. The study was conducted through extensive review of literature and analysis of the related data. The major findings of this study were as follows; As the development of democracy and localization process were in progress, the community based NGO movement was also developing quantitatively, however not yet qualitatively. The NGO Times Net, a internet newspaper for NGOs revealed that the number of community based NGO was 3,397 as in 2004, which was 5 times larger than 597 central based or Seoul located NGOs. However, some of the problems identified were lower participation of local people, quality of the movement compare to the original purposes of the movement, and the problems in local leadership, etc. In order to overcome various problems, this study suggested some strategies for development such as enhancement of civil education, expansion of voluntary spirits, financial support for NGOs, better mutual understanding among the GOs (Government Organizations), POs(Profit Organizations) and NGOs. Self evaluation and innovative strategies will be needed for further development of NGO movement in Korea.

  • PDF

Achieving Local Residents' Support for Tourism Development through Community Satisfaction and Government Trust

  • Trinh, Thi Anh;Kim, Hyun-Jung
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.96-107
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purposes of the study are (1) to explore relationships amongst attitudes to positive/negative tourism impacts, community satisfaction, government trust, and support for tourism development and (2) to provide practical implications for policy makers how they can gain residents' support by increasing community satisfaction and government trust, which are resulted from attitudes to tourism impacts. A questionnaire is self-administered to local residents using a systematic sampling method in Ninh Hai Commune, Hoa Lu District, Ninh Binh Province, Vietnam. The results indicate community satisfaction and government trust are core factors of support for tourism development. The study highlights that to attain community satisfaction and government trust, the policy makers should especially increase positive socio-cultural and environmental impacts and minimize negative economic impacts on the community simultaneously.

A study on Program Development of Traditional Living Culture for Viable Rural Community (농촌지역 활성화를 위한 전통생활문화 프로그램 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Un-Shik;Park, Duk-Byeong;Lee, Han-Ki
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-46
    • /
    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to develop the program of traditional living culture for people to sustain viable rural community in Korea. The study was conducted by literature review, survey, interview, and delphi method. The results of this study were as follows; First, the program was developed to response to educational roles and functions. Second, the program was developed to utilize elder people for viable community as programs practitioners. Third, the factors of traditional cultural program for endogenous development were human resources, community organization and community participation, and natural and cultural resources. Forth, the program was developed to view the community resources as a systems because the culture was communicated through relationship rather than heritage. The re-valorization of cultural resources by the programs will provide local people with strategic capacity for endogenous development and for the harnessing of extra-focal forces in a market economy.