• Title, Summary, Keyword: Community Development

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A Study on the Literature Analysis for Community Activation Program Development (공동체 활성화 프로그램 개발을 위한 문헌분석연구)

  • Shin, Hwa-Kyoung;Lee, Joon-Min;Jo, In-Sook
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.464-468
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the meaning about community and programs of community cases for community activation program development. Data were collected from literature and internet about community. Analyze community connection virtue research and domestic outside community cases and used content analysis method. The results of this study were showed as followings ; First, community which could preserve social interaction and continuous relation developing community activation program. Second, community could divide to ecotype community, life style community, school style community, bloc economy type community. Third, program of enforcing community activation was education, residing, employment connection program mainly.

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Socio-demographic Heterogeneity of Community Participation in Rural, Korea (농촌주민의 지역사회조직 참여 실태 분석)

  • Park Duk Byeong;Cho Young Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.61-73
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    • 2005
  • This study aims to examine the socio-demographic heterogeneity of community participation in rural Korea. Data was collected through interviews with 1,870 rural householders and housewives who have lived in Up or Myen as an administrative unit of rural communities, and analyzed by the SPSS/PC Win V.10 program. The statistical techniques used for this study were frequency and percentile. The major findings of this study were as follows. Firstly, the extent to which rural people have participated in community organizations were: cooperative groups, $80.8\%$; religious groups, $20.6\%$; learning groups, $12.7\%$; political groups, $9.8\%;$ civil groups $6.7\%$; and voluntary groups, $5.3\%$. Whereas the numbers were high for community participation in groups related to agricultural production, participation in civil and voluntary groups were lower. Secondly, it showed that people who lived in urbanized and high population density areas were more likely to participate in community groups. The diversity of community organizations was different according to the level of rurality. Thirdly, farm householders were more likely to participate in religious, civil and voluntary groups than non-farm householders. Fourthly, people with higher education, females, those in the 40 to 50 age groups were more likely to participate in community organizations. Fifthly, even though men are more likely to participate in political parties, women were more likely then men to agree that women should participate in political parties. This empirical study could support the results of Sundeen (1988) and Wilson and Musick (1997) in that education was related positively to community participation. In addition, we concluded that community participation in a rural development process has two main considerations: philosophical and pragmatic. This implies that there is room for government to enable and facilitate 'true' community participation. That can be done through policy reform which creates a permissive environment for community decision-making and input, in addition to simply supporting community development through financial assistance.

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A Probe for Local Community Centered Lifelong Learning Movement's Course of Action (지역사회 중심 평생학습운동의 추진방향 탐색: 외국의 평생학습운동 사례를 중심으로)

  • Yang Heug-Kweun;Choi Sang-Keun
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.109-122
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    • 2006
  • As we encounter the global and localized era, the development operations on a regional level are in active promotion. This manuscript has been completed with the purpose of probing for course of action in lifelong learning movement in terms of activating and developing of local communities. For this, the comparative analysis of practiced cases in America's community school movement, Japan's movement for establishing lifelong learning village and Sweden's study circle movement have been made. For the analytical frame of the comparison, the actual results on background of promotion, themes for practice, details of practice, methods for practice of local community centered lifelong learning movement have been applied. As a result of analysis, the local community centered lifelong learning movement has been promoted to break each country's social and economic crisis and to activate the local community. The promotion of each operation has been accomplished with the support of specific organization and the participants were the citizens of the local community. Also, the details of practice are composed of operating the people-centered lifelong learning program, cooperative learning by local citizens and local community realization activity. The details of education is closely related with the life of learners. Therefore, the lifelong movement for the activation of local community hereafter should be promoted based on the coherence of local community, should be able to contain the actual life of the citizens and should be practiced as a process of forming the lifelong learning group at concerned local community through a democratic learning process.

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Community Ecological Approach for Sustainable Society (지속가능한 사회를 위한 지역사회 생태적 접근)

  • Kim, Dae-Hee;Lee, Chae-Shik
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.161-174
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    • 2004
  • This paper discussed community ecological approach for Environmentally Sound and Sustainable Development(ESSD) and Sustainable Society(SS). Community ecology is composed of nature, environment and diverse species and is dynamic and sustainable system by interaction among those components. It is required long-term, integrating and eco-centric stances to achieve ESSD and SS such as eco-city and eco-village movements. This is integrated and complicated perspective beyond traditional dichotomy between human and environment. Community ecological perspective directs people toward ecological society system which creates and maintains adaptable life style under ecological situation in community. Building up eco-parts, eco-cites, eco-villages are crucial movements for promoting human's environmental living standards. These sustainable community movements require people to change their values and life styles suitable for their SS. It is required integrated and balanced perspective and participating endeavor of residents to maintain SS.

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A Study on the Community Resource Development for the Effective Management of Healthy Families Center - Focused on the Community Organization - (건강가정지원센터 활성화를 위한 지역사회 자원개발의 가능성 - 주민조직화를 중심으로 -)

  • Song Hye-Rim;Kim So-Young
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2006
  • This study was to define the possibilities for the community resource development. Focused on the community organization this study analized 3 cases of the community organization. Based on the theoretical concepts and the analized case studies this study concluded some scheme as follows : 1. For the effective community organization the Healthy Families Center has to give emphasis on the establishment of the concrete objects, the system of communication and decision-making. 2. The professionals of the Healthy Families Center have to possess the knowlegement of the organization management. And this point porposed the necessities for enlargement of family resource management.

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A Study on the Public Library Program Development for the Old Age in Community Development (지역사회개발 측면에서 노안을 위한 공공도서관 프로그램 개발 확대방안에 관한 연구)

  • 정종기
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.53-71
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    • 2001
  • The purpse of this study is to analy7~ the public library program development for the 01d Age and voluntary activities for community development. The study area that are Anyng city, Uiwang city and Goonpo city who was the Old Age from 60 years old to 8lyears. In United State Old Age mnning in 1955 of voluntary Activities. But Korea Old Ages had not be experience of voluntary service activities not so much. So, through the public Library Program for the Old Age increase participation community development that voluntary of care the Youth and Guide stranger in city. Also, A study on The Public Library program development for the Old Age in Community Development that change police of public library through thls study. This study is based on the (1) Searching the cornmunit\ulcorner. development police in the Old Age in community (2) Study method in library educate for The Old Age (3) the Old Age Participation of community development Activities in local Government (4) Exploring the improvemts based on the study. And also training of the old Age for human resource development.

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A Study on the Rural Development Information System using ISP Methodology (정보 전략 계획(ISP)을 통한 농촌지역개발사업 정보시스템 구축방안)

  • Kim, Mi-Young;Lim, Sang-Bong;Jang, Bo-Ram;Kang, Seong-Kil;Kim, Do-Hoon;Hong, Jae-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.193-202
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    • 2013
  • This study aims at suggesting some measures to establish rural community development information system through ISP. A future model for rural community development information system was established by applying such 3-step ISP methodology as environment analysis, current status(AS-IS) analysis, future(To-Be) directions. As a result, with the vision of realizing comprehensive information service for rural development projects, rural development information system has established such goals as the assistance of project decision making through preparing rural development project data management system and acquiring evaluation efficiency, the preparation of spatial information utilization system, the utilization of objective GIS-based information through the increase of data management efficiency, the community activation and participatory rural development through rural spatial information portal service. In order to attain the goals, four strategical subject matters were derived. They are: 1) one-stop service subject matter for data management including pilot DB building for rural development projects, 2) rural information GIS service strengthening subject matter including DB building for rural development, O&M measures, 3) step-by-step DB building subject matter including the sharing of integrated information system for rural development, and 4) core value increase subject matter of spatial information data including the building of active service delivery system.

The Community Consciousness and Social Capital in Rural Korea (탈 농촌화 지역 주민의 공동체의식과 사회적 자본)

  • Lee, Geum-Ok
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.223-234
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    • 2001
  • The community consciousness used to be the core of the social capital in rural Korea, and there used to be a long tradition of mutual trust and cooperation in rural village community in Korea. However, recent trends in rapid urbanization or de-ruralization may affected community consciousness and social capital in rural society in Korea. The social capital has been existed in terms of mutual trust, commonly shared norms, and cooperative behavior in farm work and daily life of rural people. Commonly shared norms and networks have accelerated social effectiveness and promoted cooperative work as well as moral and spiritual aspects of rural society. Social capital in terms of community consciousness, participation of village work, visit and invitation of the neighborhood, and participation in various village group and networks were suveyed in JanggogRi, Jori Myun, Paju city, Gyeonggi province. The data collected from 65 persons, and the major findings of the study were as follow; The respondents responded that the community consciousness of de-rural area decreased in general with a few exception in the groups of alumni, family, religion and voluntary society. Social capital in terms of participation of village work, visiting the neighbors and voting increased slightly. Further research on social capital should be conducted to strengthen community consciousness, and various measures to increase the social capital should be adopted for livable community development.

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A Study on the Evaluation Index and Rating system for Remodeling in Rural Community Facility (농촌 커뮤니티 공간 리모델링의 대상요소 및 평가방법에 관한 연구 - 제주시 선흘리를 대상으로 -)

  • Shin, Jae-Sun;Kim, Sang-Bum
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.233-242
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    • 2014
  • In terms of both quality of rural lifestyle and cultural awareness, the importance of community facility is being emphasized. Nevertheless, by occasion of graying, population outflow and revenue loss, rural society faces the erosion of community. For these reasons, government is promotion an community space construction project on rural areas which is lack of community facilities. Whereas the projects are just one off thing not include upkeeping, so lots of functional overlapping community facilities are formed in same place. In this study has classified rural community facility remodeling element and designed rural community facility evaluation system of each elements. In order to implement of purpose, it has categorized community remodeling index in rural area by literature analysis and site survey. For setting remodeling rating system, this study analysed preceding research data and conducted a Delphi survey of 30 experts. As a result, this study deducted 29 categories of community remodeling index and 21 categorizes of remodeling rating clause. Taking this result, this study progressed case study on seonheul-ri in Jeju. Implications, limitations and future research directions are presented. It would be groundwork for remodeling system development in rural community facility.

A Study of Dynamic Characteristics in the Process of Community Building Projects in Korea (주민주도적 마을만들기의 동태적 측면에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Dae Uk;Kim, Hye Ihn;Kim, Kun-Wee
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.51-74
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    • 2013
  • Recently, Community Rebuilding Projects (hereinafter CRPs) in Korea have been driven and motivated by community inhabitants by themselves, and highlighted as an alternative approach to overcome the limitation revealed normally in top-down projects of community vitalization by the Government. The CRPs encourage community-lead development because it happens to integrate multiple stakeholders and to help inhabitants to participate in the process of the CRPs by accumulating and enlarging social capital and network among inhabitants, and the social gain consequently raises the efficiency of public investment in revitalizing communities. In this study, the series of Causal Loop Diagrams (CLDs) is to be elaborated and the System-Thinking (ST) approach is to be presented to understand the dynamic characteristics residing in the above development process of rebuilding communities. The ST approach refers to the CLDs analyzing 19 remarkable Korean CRP cases, and leads to a conclusion including some of policy instruments to support the bottom-up CRPs in Korea. This study contributes a theoretical framework to understand the dynamic relation between social capital and community revitalization as well as empirical suggestions to respond to the issues of the CRPs in Korean local governments.

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