• Title/Summary/Keyword: Cognitive learning theory

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The Application of Cognitive Teaching and Learning Strategies to Instruction in Medical Education (인지주의 교수학습 전략과 의학교육에서의 적용)

  • Yeo, Sanghee
    • Korean Medical Education Review
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to examine teaching strategies from cognitive learning theory applied to medical education and to present specific applications of the strategies and cases. The results of this study yielded (1) seven teaching strategies and specific sample activities that instructors can use based on learning processes in medical schools; (2) nine instructional events to which cognitive learning strategies were applied; (3) principles of curriculum design from a cognitive perspective; and (4) instruction cases employing cognitive teaching strategies. Cognitive learning theory has two implications: first, if instructors in medical schools apply the results of the study to design a class and curriculum, it would be possible for them to minimize cognitive loading of the learners that may stem from ineffective teaching strategies or curricula; second, cognitive teaching strategies that seek improvement in thinking skills could provide useful teaching strategies for medical education, which aims to develop experts with high-level thinking processes. In this sense, cognitive learning theory is not an out-of-date learning theory, but one that can be effectively applied in current medical education.

Software Education using Information Processing Theory (정보처리이론을 적용한 소프트웨어 교육 활용 방안)

  • Kang, Min-Gyeong;Lee, Myung-Suk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • 2020.01a
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    • pp.277-279
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구는 학생들의 효율적인 학습을 위하여 정보처리이론에 따른 소프트웨어 교육 수업 전략 설계 및 교수학습 활용 방법을 도출하는데 목적이 있다. 정보가 입력되어 인출되기까지의 정보처리과정을 적용해 소프트웨어 교육에서 프로그래밍을 보다 효과적으로 이해하고 적용할 수 있는 원리와 방법을 제시한다. 학습의 과정을 개선하고 소프트웨어 교육 정보를 보다 많이 기억하고 인출할될 수 있도록 돕는 유용한 내용들을 제공한다. 정보처리이론을 소프트웨어 교육 수업에 적용함으로써 학생들은 집중력, 문제해결능력이 향상되고 학습정보에 대해 효과적으로 기억하며 장기간 기억, 인출이 가능해 질 것을 기대한다. 교육 환경이 발전하고 학습방법도 달라지고 있지만 학습자의 인지구조가 변화되진 않을 것이다. 그러므로 발전하는 교육 환경에 맞추어 정보처리이론을 토대한 소프트웨어 교육에서 교수·학습 방법은 지속적으로 연구되어야 한다.

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Comenius' Pansophism as a Historical Origin of Science Education (코메니우스의 범지주의적 교육학과 과학교육의 사상적 기원에 관한 문제)

  • Chung, Byung-Hoon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.379-392
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    • 1994
  • One of the historical origins of the modern science education was investigated in this paper. From the view point of the pansophistic educational philosophy which emphasized "man should teach completely all things to all mankind(Omnes, Omnia, omnino)", J.A.Comenius proposed in his book "Didactica magna"(1658) that 'physica' should be learned as one of the most important school subjects. He suggested the completion of human being as a wholeness of the universe could be achieved through the physics teaching. His ideas of science education was, however, directed not to the 'rational konwledge' about the natural world, but to the 'divine wisdom'. His main thoughts and influences on science education can be summarized as follows: 1) The human being as a God's image should know the divinely created nature, because the invisible God's existence can be sensorially recognized in the nature. 2) Physics or science should be regarded as more important objects than verbal learning in general school education. 3) The cognitive union between the words('representative' or 'das Dargestellte') and things('presentative' or 'das Dargebotene') can be achieved through the objects lesson ('Anschauungsunterricht') 4) The realistic and sensor-cognitive learning theory of the object lesson is yet very important especially in the science education of elementary school, even though the inquiry learning process has became more important in the last years. 5) The religious aspect of his idea could not satisfy the social needs of industrialization and the development of professonal technics in the 18 to 19th century.

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The Construction and Internal Validation of Lifelong Education ISD Model (평생교육 교수체제설계 모형 개발 및 내적 타당화)

  • Yun, Gyuwon;Kim, Moon-Seup;Kim, Jin-Sook
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2022
  • The purpose of this study is the construction and internal validation of DT ISD model that incorporates Design Thinking process into Instructional Systems Design. The study proceeded in 3 steps. Firstly, literature review was conducted to examine the process and components of Instructional Systems Design model such as ADDIE. Design Thinking models were also reviewed to determine the probability of integrating Design Thinking with ISD. Secondly, DT ISD model was constructed by adopting 3 principles of Design Thinking to ISD process. Thirdly, the internal validation research was conducted through 3 rounds delphi study and DT ISD model was finally validated by experts of instructional technology and lifelong education. DT ISD model is based upon constructionism in learning theory rather than behavioral or cognitive learning theory such as ADDIE. Hence, DT ISD model is an effective instructional design model for adult lifelong education program. It is suggested that action research is necessary to examine the external validation of DT ISD model.