• Title, Summary, Keyword: Chlorophyta

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Morphotaxonomy of the Genus Spirogyra (Zygnemataceae, Chlorophyta) in Korea

  • Kim, Jee-Hwan;Kim, Young-Hwan;Lee, In-Kyu
    • ALGAE
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.91-105
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    • 2004
  • Ten taxa of the genus Spirogyra (Zygnemataceae, Chlorophyta) in Korea were examined for morphology and taxonomic category with field as well as cultured materials: S. africana (Fritsch) Czurda, S. decimina (Muller) Kutzing, S. distenta Transeau, S. dubia Kutzing, S. ellipsospora Transeau, S. ellipsospora var. crassoidea Transeau, S. gracilis (Hassall) Kutzing, S. submajuscula Kutzing, S. peipingensis Jao and S. variformis Transeau. Features of vegetative cell and female gametangium, shape of septum, chloroplast number, sexuality, size and shape of zygospore, and ornamentation of spore wall were major characteristics used for determination of the species. All of them were described for the first time in Korea.

Eight Taxa of Newly Recorded Species of Chlorophytes (Chlorophyceae and Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) in Korea

  • Kim, Mi Ran;Kim, Jee Hwan;Kim, Do Hyun;Lee, Ok Min
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.277-284
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    • 2018
  • In 2017, the freshwater algae were collected from reservoirs, small ponds, soil, and rocks in Korea. Eight taxa of Chlorophyta (Chlorophyceae and Trebouxiophyceae) have been newly reported in Korea. The unrecorded indigenous species were Chlorolobion braunii, Coelastrum pseudomicroporum, Coelastrum reticulatum var. cubanum, Monoraphidium nanum, Tetrachlorella incerta, Ecdysichlamys obliqua, Gloeotila scopulina, and Stichococcus jenerensis.

Structure Analysis of Intertidal Algal Communities in Muchangpo and Maryangri, Western Coast of Korea (서해안 무창포와 마염리의 조간대 해조 군집구조의 분석)

  • 유종수
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.225-236
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    • 1990
  • Intertidal algal communities of Muchangpo and Maryangri in western coast of Korea were investigated qualitatively and quantitatively. Seasonal assessments of species composition, biomass, dominant species in biomass and vertical distributional pattern were conducted from July 1986 to April 1988. Ninety-nine species of marine algae (13 Cyanophyta, 12 Chlorophyta, 24 Phaeophyta and 50 Rhodophyta) were observed, of which 90 (13 Cyanophyta, 11 Chlorophyta, 23 Phaeophyta and 43 Rhodophyta) were from Muchangpo and 83 (10 Cyanophyta, 11 Chlorophyta, 21 Phaeophyta and 41 Rhodophyta) were from Maryangri, respectively. Ordination by detrended correspondence analysis based on the floristic data from nine localities indicated that, on the whole, marine algal distribution in western coast of Korea might be divided into two regions, i.e. the north and the south, being separated at the Taean Peninsula, the mid-western coast. Seasonal fluctuations of mean biomass were 44.55-201.19g-dry wt/$m^2$ at Muchangpo and 19.59-134.76g-dry wt/$m^2$ at Maryangri. Important species determined by the specific proportion of biomass were Sargassum thunbergii, Pelvetia siliquosa and Corallina pilulifera at Muchangpo, and Sargassum thunbergii and Corallina pilulifera at Maryangri.

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New record of two marine ulvalean species (Chlorophyta) in Korea

  • Lee, Seung Hee;Kang, Pil Joon;Nam, Ki Wan
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.379-385
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    • 2014
  • Two marine ulvalean species (Chlorophyta) were collected from the southern and eastern coasts of Korea. One is morphologically characterized by usually unbranched or little branched ribbon-shaped thalli, fronds with spirally twisted basal portions and usually undulate margins and 1 (-2) pyrenoids per cell. The other has irregularly shaped thalli, undulate and dentate margins in the fronds, small macroscopic denticulations along the margin and (1-) 2-3 pyrenoids per cell. In phylogenetic tree based on molecular data, the two species nest in the same clade with Ulva flexuosa and U. rigida, respectively. These two Korean entities are identified as U. flexuosa and U. rigida, respectively, based on morphological and molecular analyses. This is the first record of Ulva flexuosa and U. rigida in Korea.

Records of desmids (Chlorophyta) newly found in Korea

  • Kim, Han Soon
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.299-313
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    • 2014
  • The present study summarizes the taxonomic notes and korean distribution of 29 taxa of the desmids (Chlorophyta) collected from several swamps, reservoirs, rivers, and high land wetlands in South Korea from 2009 to 2013. All of these consisting of 9 genera (Tetmemorus 1 taxon, Pleurotaenium 5 taxa, Triploceras 1 taxon, Euastrum 7 taxa, Cosmarium 6 taxa, Staurastrum 5 taxa, Xanthidium 1 taxon, Hyalotheca 2 taxa, and Desmidium 1 taxon) are newly described in Korean freshwater algal flora. In this study, light microscopy of all of these are presented and briefly discussed with regard to their taxonomy, distribution and ecology within South Korea.

A Study on the phytoplankton distribution in polluted water. (오수에 따른 식물성 Plankton의 분포조사)

  • 김병구
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.61-65
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    • 1978
  • To investigate the phytoplankton distribution effected by polluted water, this research was carried out at eight sampling places in Tae-jun and one sampling place in Kang-kyong during the period from May 10 to July 25, 1977. The results are as follows. 1) The range of water temperature was 21.0~36.0$\circ$C (May 10~July 25), and pH value was in the range of 3.5~11.0. 2) BOD was generally high (140~432mg/l) 3) At the places where BOD was high, dominant species were Aphanocapsa rivularis, Microcystis aeruginosa and Oscillatoria sp. belonging to Cyanophyta, Chlorella sp. belonging to Chlorophyta, Euglena sp. belonging to Euglenophyta, and Navicula exqua and Navicula sp. belonging to Chrysophyta. 4) At the places where the range of pH value was 3.5~3.8 and the range of BOD value was 134~148mg/l, observable species were Scenedesmus ellipsoideus and Pandorina morurn belonging to Chlorophyta, Navicula exqua belonging to Chrysophyta and Euglena sp. belonging to Euglenophyta. 5) At the places where the range of pH value was 9.0~11.0 and the range of BOD value was 214~220mg/l, a few observable species were Scenedesmus carinatus, Scenedesmus ellipsoideus, Scenedesmus bijuga and Scenedesmus obundance belonging to Chlorophyta.

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New record of Codium lucasii (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) in Korea

  • An, Jae Woo;Nam, Ki Wan
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.647-654
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    • 2015
  • A prostrate species of Codium (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) was collected from Daejin on the eastern coast of Korea. This alga is morphologically characterized by a prostrate, adherent or pulvinate, dark green thallus that is tightly attached to substratum. The utricles are strongly grouped and cylindrical to slightly clavate. Their apex is rounded to capitated, and it frequently has an alveolate ornament. Hair scars are found in the upper portion of the utricle. The gametangia grow on a short pedicel in the upper part of the utricle. In the phylogenetic tree based on molecular data, this alga is placed in the same clade as C. mozambiquense in UPGMA analysis, and nests in a sister clade of C. lucasii subsp. capense and C. mozambiquense in ML and NJ analyses. However, the genetic distance between the sequences of the Korean alga and the two species is 1.3-1.9%, while that between the Korean alga and C. lucasii from Japan is 1.1% within intraspecific range. The divergence value between the Korean alga and C. lucasii from the type locality (Australia) is 2.7% considered to be interspecific range. As based on this genetic divergence value, the Korean alga together with Japanese C. lucasii can be separated from genuine C. lucasii from the type locality. However, the Korean alga is identified as C. lucasii until those entities are morphologically characterized in species level. This is the first record of C. lucasii in Korea

Marine macroalgae and associated flowering plants from the Keret Archipelago, White Sea, Russia

  • Garbary, David J.;Tarakhovskaya, Elena R.
    • ALGAE
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.267-280
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    • 2013
  • The marine algal flora of the Keret Archipelago ($66^{\circ}$ N, $33^{\circ}$ E) in the White Sea, Russia was investigated during 2008. Over 250 algal records from more than 15 islands and several sites on the adjoining mainland produced a total of 62 algal species. This raised the total from 56 to 88 species of Chlorophyta (23 species), Phaeophyceae (31 species), Rhodophyta (33 species), and Tribophyceae (1 species) of which seven were new records or verifications of ambiguous records for the White Sea and 11 species are new for the Keret Archipelago. The new or confirmed records included species of Blidingia, Eugomontia, Prasiola, Rosenvingiella, and Ulothrix (Chlorophyta), Acrochaetium, Colaconema (Rhodophyta), and Vaucheria (Tribophyceae). Five species of flowering plants (Aster, Plantago, Triglochin, and Zostera) were associated with the macrophytic algal vegetation of the region. Five fucoid algae in Pelvetia, Fucus, and Ascophyllum provide a picture of a temperate flora. Regardless, the overall species richness is consistent with an arctic nature to the flora. This discrepancy is attributed to the 'filter' provided by the Barents Sea of the Arctic Ocean for post-glacial colonization of the White Sea.

Effects of Temperature and Irradiance on Growth of Ulva prolifera (Chlorophyta) (가시파래(Ulva prolifera)의 생장에 미치는 온도 및 조도의 영향)

  • Kang, Pil Joon;Nam, Ki Wan
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.845-848
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    • 2016
  • The effects of temperature and irradiance on the growth of Ulva prolifera O.F. $M{\ddot{u}ller$ (Chlorophyta), which has been used commercially as food in Korea, were examined in laboratory culture to conserve the strain. Experiments were conducted under combined factors of temperatures of 5, 10, 15, 20 and $25^{\circ}C$ and irradiances of 30, 50, 80 and $100{\mu}mol\;m^{-2}s^{-1}$. The maximum growth of the U. prolifera germlings was observed at $20^{\circ}C$ and $80{\mu}mol\;m^{-2}s^{-1}$, and the minimum growth was recorded at $5^{\circ}C$ and $100{\mu}mol\;m^{-2}s^{-1}$. Considering these results, the species appears to survive under wide ranges of temperature and irradiance, although growth is inhibited by high irradiances of over $100{\mu}mol\;m^{-2}s^{-1}$. This appears to be due to the in situ habitat niche of Ulva prolifera, which is the middle to lower intertidal zone. In conclusion, optimal conditions for the long-term conservation of Ulva prolifera can be established under relatively low temperatures ($5^{\circ}C$) and high irradiance ($100{\mu}mol\;m^{-2}s^{-1}$), while the optimal conditions for mass production are $20^{\circ}C$ and $80{\mu}mol\;m^{-2}s^{-1}$.