• Title/Summary/Keyword: Cervix cancer

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The Relationship between Radiation Dose and Late Complication of Bladder in Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix (자궁경부암에서 방사선량과 방광합병증의 관계)

  • Ha, Sung-Whan;Chung, Woong-Ki;Kim, Jong-Hoon
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.377-385
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    • 1993
  • Five hundred and fifty patients treated for carcinoma of the uterine cervix at the Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital from 1979 to 1986, were analyzed retrospectively for late bladder complications. Of them,468 patients received primary radiotherapy for the cervix cancer in intact uterus, and the other 82 patients were treated postoperatively. The cumulative incidence of radiation induced bladder complication of grade 2 or 3 was $2.5\%$ at five years. The mean bladder dose for the group of patients with complication was higher than that of the group without complication, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.01). But relationship between mean bladder dose and severity of complication was not found. The frequency of complication (grade I, II, III) increased as a function of radiation dose to bladder from $5.0\%$ for patients with bladder dose less than 6,500 cGy to $27.7\%$ for patients with bladder dose higher than 8,000 cGy. Among various factors, the age of patient and the distance between ovoids turned out to have significant effect on the complication.

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Application of Modified Mupit for the Recurrent Vulva Cancer in Brachytherapy

  • Kim, Jong-Sik;Jung, Chun-Young;Oh, Dong-Gyoon;Song, Ki-Won;Park, Young-Hwan
    • 대한방사선치료학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.23-26
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    • 2005
  • Introduction: To evaluate whether modified MUPIT applicator can effectively eradicate recurrent tumor in uterine cervix cancer and reduce rectal complication after complete radiation treatment. Methods and Materials: Modified MUPIT applicator basically consists of an acrylic cylinder with flexible brain applicator , an acrylic template with a predrilled array of holes that serve as guides for interstitial needles and interstitial needles. CT scan was performed to determine tumor volume and the position of interstitial needles. Modified MUPIT applicator was applied to patient in operation room and the accuracy for position of interstitial needles in tumor volume was confirmed by CTscan. Brachytherapy was delivered using modified MUPIT applicator and RALS (192-Ir HDR) after calculated computer planning by orthogonal film. The daily dose was 600cGy and the total dose was delivered 3000cGy in tumor volume by BID. Rectal dose was measured by TLD at 5 points so that evaluated the risk of rectal complication. Result: The application of modified MUPIT applicator improved dramatically dose distributions in tumor volume and follow-up of 3 month for this patient was clinically partial response without normal tissue complication, Rectal dose was measured 34.1cGy, 57.1cGy, 103.8cGy, 162.7cGy, 165.7cGy at each points, especially the rectal dose including previous EBRT and ICR was 34.1cGy, 57.1cGy Conclusion: Patients with locally recurrent tumor in uterine cervix cancer treated with modified MIUPIT applicator can expect reasonable rates of local control. The advantages of the system are the fixed geometry Provided by the template and cylinders, and improved dose distributions in irregular tumor volume without rectal complication

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The Quality of Life Analysis in Patients with Cervical Cancer (자궁경부암 환자의 삶의 질 분석)

  • Kim, Yoon-Sook;Kim, Boon-Han
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.8-16
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The porpose of this descriptive study was grasp the QOL (Quality of Life) of cervix cancer patient and to analysis QOL (Quality of Life) by stage of disease, type of treatment and de me graphic characteristics Methods: Data were collected from 67 patients with cervical cancer from 3 General Hospitals from March 15 to June 4 using The "QOL (Quality of Life)-Cancer Version" inventory made by Ferrell et al (1995). The data were analysed by using SPSS $PC^+$ program including t-test, ANOVA, and Scheffe test. Results: Progressing stage of disease and QOL, the significant between the progressing stage of disease and QOL was significant (F=5.06, P=.003). The degree of difference between the progresstion of the stage of the disease and each item in the test was physical well-being (F=3.97 P=.012), the items of psychological well-being (F=3.91, P=.013), the items of social well-being (F=4.96, P=.004). It show a significant difference, but the item of spiritual well-being (F=1.36, P=.262) was not significant difference. The significance between the type of treatment and QOL was insignificant. The degree of difference between each area of life was the psychological well-being (t=-2.14, P=.037), the social well-being (t=-2.15, P=.036). But the physical well-being (t=-.93, P=.356), the spiritual well-being (t=.73, P=.469) was insignificant. Conclusion: As a result, The QOL of patients with cervical cancer is differentiated by the stage of disease, the type of treatment, and the demographic data. Therefore, there is a need to apply nursing intervention to patients with cervical cancer by considering the stage of disease, the type of treatment, and the demographic data.

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A study on the relationship of family support and personality with quality of life in the Patients receiving radiotherapy for cervix cancer (방사선 치료를 받는 자궁경부암 환자의 가족지지와 성격이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Noh, Young-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.149-159
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    • 1996
  • This descriptive correlational study was undertaken in order to investigate the relationship of family support and personality with quality of life in patients receiving radiotherapy for cervix cancer and to provide basic data to help them improve a better quality of life. The subjects for this study Were 80 out-patients undergoing a radiation therapy at C university hospital in K-city, from April, 1992 to October, 1994. The data were obtained using a convenience sampling technique. The tools used for this study were Ro's quality of life scale, Kang's family support scale and Wallston & others health locus of control scale. The collected data were analyzed by the SAS program using percentage, mean, standard deviation, pearson's correlation coefficients. The result were as follows : 1. The total average score of the quality of life of the subjects was 138.95(minimum score 121-maximum score 164), item mean score(range 1-5) was 2.95. The total average score of the family support of the subjects was 32.55 (minimum score 16-maximum score 47), item mean score(range 1-5) was 2.95 The total average score of the health locus of control of the subjects was 37.00 (minimum score 24-maximum score 49), item mean score (range 1-6) was 3.36. 2 The results of the analysis of the relationship between the quality of life scale and the health locus of control were as follows : the total average score in the quality of life of internal locus of control scale was 136.97, the total average score in the quality of life of external locus of control scale was 144.90. 3. There was a significant positive correlation between the health locus of control and the quality of life(r = 0.2927, p<0.01). The result of the analysis of the relationship between the each factor in the quality of life and health locus of control were as follows : There were significant differences between the health locus of control and emotional state factor(r=0.1514, p<0.01), economic life factor(r=0.2560, p<0.05), self-esteem factor(r=0.2289, p<0.05), physical state and function factor(r=0.1455, p<0.05), relationship with neighbors factor(r=0.0754, p<0.05), relationship with family factor (r=0.3324, p<0.01). 4. There was a significant positive correlation between the family support and the quality of life(r=0.459, p<0.001). The result of the analysis of the relationship between the each factor in the quality of life and family support were as follows : there were significant differences between family support and emotional state factor (r=0.3891, p<0.01), self-esteem factor(r=0.2661, p<0.05), relationship with family factor (r=0.4353, p<0.001).

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Comparison of CT based-CTV plan and CT based-ICRU38 plan in Brachytherapy Planning of Uterine Cervix Cancer (자궁경부암 강내조사 시 CT를 이용한 CTV에 근거한 치료계획과 ICRU 38에 근거한 치료계획의 비교)

  • Cho, Jung-Ken;Han, Tae-Jong
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2007
  • Purpose : In spite of recent remarkable improvement of diagnostic imaging modalities such as CT, MRI, and PET and radiation therapy planing systems, ICR plan of uterine cervix cancer, based on recommendation of ICRU38(2D film-based) such as Point A, is still used widely. A 3-dimensional ICR plan based on CT image provides dose-volume histogram(DVH) information of the tumor and normal tissue. In this study, we compared tumor-dose, rectal-dose and bladder-dose through an analysis of DVH between CTV plan and ICRU38 plan based on CT image. Method and Material : We analyzed 11 patients with a cervix cancer who received the ICR of Ir-192 HDR. After 40Gy of external beam radiation therapy, ICR plan was established using PLATO(Nucletron) v.14.2 planing system. CT scan was done to all the patients using CT-simulator(Ultra Z, Philips). We contoured CTV, rectum and bladder on the CT image and established CTV plan which delivers the 100% dose to CTV and ICRU plan which delivers the 100% dose to the point A. Result : The volume$(average{\pm}SD)$ of CTV, rectum and bladder in all of 11 patients is $21.8{\pm}6.6cm^3,\;60.9{\pm}25.0cm^3,\;111.6{\pm}40.1cm^3$ respectively. The volume covered by 100% isodose curve is $126.7{\pm}18.9cm^3$ in ICRU plan and $98.2{\pm}74.5cm^3$ in CTV plan(p=0.0001), respectively. In (On) ICRU planning, $22.0cm^3$ of CTV volume was not covered by 100% isodose curve in one patient whose residual tumor size is greater than 4cm, while more than 100% dose was irradiated unnecessarily to the normal organ of $62.2{\pm}4.8cm^3$ other than the tumor in the remaining 10 patients with a residual tumor less than 4cm in size. Bladder dose recommended by ICRU 38 was $90.1{\pm}21.3%$ and $68.7{\pm}26.6%$ in ICRU plan and in CTV plan respectively(p=0.001) while rectal dose recommended by ICRU 38 was $86.4{\pm}18.3%$ and $76.9{\pm}15.6%$ in ICRU plan and in CTV plan, respectively(p=0.08). Bladder and rectum maximum dose was $137.2{\pm}50.1%,\;101.1{\pm}41.8%$ in ICRU plan and $107.6{\pm}47.9%,\;86.9{\pm}30.8%$ in CTV plan, respectively. Therefore, the radiation dose to normal organ was lower in CTV plan than in ICRU plan. But the normal tissue dose was remarkably higher than a recommended dose in CTV plan in one patient whose residual tumor size was greater than 4cm. The volume of rectum receiving more than 80% isodose (V80rec) was $1.8{\pm}2.4cm^3$ in ICRU plan and $0.7{\pm}1.0cm^3$ in CTV plan(p=0.02). The volume of bladder receiving more than 80% isodose(V80bla) was $12.2{\pm}8.9cm^3$ in ICRU plan and $3.5{\pm}4.1cm^3$ in CTV plan(p=0.005). According to these parameters, CTV plan could also save more normal tissue compared to ICRU38 plan. Conclusion : An unnecessary excessive radiation dose is irradiated to normal tissues within 100% isodose area in the traditional ICRU plan in case of a small size of cervix cancer, but if we use CTV plan based on CT image, the normal tissue dose could be reduced remarkably without a compromise of tumor dose. However, in a large tumor case, we need more research on an effective 3D-planing to reduce the normal tissue dose.

Rectal Injuries after Radiotherapy for Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix (자궁경암(子宮頸癌) 방사선치료(放射線治療)에 의한 직장손상(直腸損傷))

  • Kim, Jung Jin
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 1983
  • 47 out of 56 cases of intact uterine cervix cancer treated by radiation at the Hanyang University Hospital were followed 18 months or more after treatment. (7 patients died before 18 months, 2 cases lost to follow-up). Age distribution reveal 5 cases in 30's, 18 cases in 40's, 17 cases in 50's, 7 cases in 60's. Histologically, all cases were squamous cell type except one case of adenocarcinoma. 1. 45 cases were treated by combined external Co-60 irradiation and intracavitary irradiation by Cs-137 small sources. 1 case was treated by external irradiation only, and 1 case by intracavitary only. 2. Rectal injuries were observed in 13 cased (27.6%), 4 cases in Grade 1, 8 cased in Grade 2 and 1 cases in Grade 3 which needed surgical management. 3. Average intervals of rectal injury following treatment was 9.2 months varying from 5 to 15 months. 4. Relation between rectal injury and point A dose reveal 6 cases between 7000-7999 rad and 6 cases between 8000-8999 rad and 1 case above 9000 rad. Even though there is no direct relation between point A dose and rectal injury, it is expected that rectal injury increases as point A dose increase. 5. In the normal condition, rectal injury can't be attributed to one major cause. Radiation dose, small source distribution, general condition of patients, local anatomy of the individual patient, history of PID and previous surgery, all play complex roles.

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Dose Distribution of Rectum in the treatment of Uterine Cervical Cancer using Remote Afterloading System (RALS시행시 선원의 거리 이동및 직장선량에 관한 계산치와 측정치의 비교연구)

  • 김성규;신세원;김명세
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 1994
  • Dose distribution of point source represents an inverse square law as the distance, Difference of measurement value and calculation value according to moving distance of radiation source show very large error in dose calculation of Brachytherapy. Therefore, in RALS of high dose rate, dose calculation have an important effect in treatment of uterine cervix cancer and recurrent rate. In this paper, authors measured moving distance of radiation source carrying out RALS. And we measured Rectum dose compared with calculationdose.

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Factors Affecting HPV Vaccination Rates of Daughters Aged 12 years (만 12세 초등학생 딸의 자궁경부암 예방접종 실태 및 영향요인)

  • Moon, Hee
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.114-121
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the rate of human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccinations among 12-year-old daughters and to analyze factors influencing the mothers' decisions to vaccinate their daughters. Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted using a convenience sample of 139 mothers. Data was analyzed using SPSS WIN 23.0. Descriptive statistics and a logistic regression analysis were conducted. Results: The vaccination rate of HPV among children was 43.9%. Mothers showed a higher knowledge of the HPV vaccination than of cervical cancer and of human papilloma virus. In self-efficacy scores, the subscores of self-regulation efficacy were higher than self-confidence and task difficulty preference. The factors influencing the vaccination of daughters included the age of the daughters at the time of the vaccination, the provision of information on the HPV vaccine, knowledge of the HPV vaccination, and self-confidence. Conclusion: In order to increase the HPV vaccination rate, it is necessary to provide accurate scientific knowledge to mothers. A variety of intervention strategies should be developed to enhance the confidence of mothers so that mothers who want to provide the HPV vaccination to their daughters are able to follow through and provide the vaccination.

Relating Factors in Pap Smears by Stages of Change among Married Nurses (기혼간호사 대상 자궁경부세포 검진의 변화 단계에 따른 관련요인)

  • Kim, Hae-Won;Jung, Yeon-Yi
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.317-325
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was to examine the differences in health belief variables and HPV (Human Papillomavirus) knowledge in Pap smears according to the stages of change using Trans-theoretical Model (TTM) among married nurses. Methods: The research design was a cross sectional survey. Participants were 387 married nurses working in general hospital located metropolitan city. Measurement variables were perceived threatening, perceived severity, benefits of Pap, HPV knowledge and stages of the change in Pap smear. Results: Classified stages were pre-contemplation 3.9%, contemplation 17.8%, relapsing 29.5%, action 31.0%, and maintenance 17.8%. Accuracy rate of HPV knowledge were low ranging from 15% to 45%. Among the variables, perceived threatening (F=3.56, p=.007), perceived severity (F=9.73, p<.001) and HPV knowledge (F=7.52, p<.001) were significantly different by stages of change. Conclusion: Application of TTM to Pap smears was efficient to know the nurse's level of health behaviors, Health belief variables and HPV knowledge were main factors to identify the stages of change. The continuation of Pap smears and the education in relation to HPV knowledge should be encouraged for married nurses.

Association of Educational Levels with Survival in Indian Patients with Cancer of the Uterine Cervix

  • Krishnatreya, Manigreeva;Kataki, Amal Chandra;Sharma, Jagannath Dev;Nandy, Pintu;Gogoi, Gayatri
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.3121-3123
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    • 2015
  • The main objective of this paper was to assess the influence of educational level on the survival of uterine cervix cancer patients in our population. A total of 224 patients were registered in our registry, of which 178 had information on stage and different educational levels. The overall median survival (MS) was 23 months, with values of 18.5, 20.7 and 41.3 months for the illiterate, literate and qualified groups, respectively. In the illiterate patients, stage I was seen in 2.6% and stage IV in 11.8%, while in other 2 groups stage I was seen in 10% to 17% of patients at the time of diagnosis. The survival probability at around 50 months was around 42%, 30% and 26% (approximately) for qualified, literates and illiterates respectively [Log Rank (Mantel-Cox) showed p=0.023]. Emphasis on imparting education to females can be a part of comprehensive cancer control programme for improving the overall survival in patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix in our population.