• Title/Summary/Keyword: Cement

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새로 개발된 Cement

  • 한국양회공업협회
    • Cement
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    • s.59
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    • pp.26-38
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    • 1975
  • 본고는 일본 소야전Cement Co.의 중앙연구소주임연구원으로 있는 Hiroshi Uckikawa 박사가 일본의 Ceramics-Japan지(''74.10)에 기고한 것을 번역한 것으로서 그 내용에 의한 목차는 다음과 같다. 즉 근년에 개발된 새로운 cement로서는 1. 속경성 cement 2) 초속경 cement(jet cement, regulated set cement) 2) Alumina cement 3) 초조강 cement 4) 급경 cement 2. 고강도 cement 3. 내구성 cement 1) 내유산균 cement 2) 내화 cement (1) alumina cement 계 (2) barium, strontium 계 cement (3) 인산 aluminium 계 cement 3) 방사선차폐용 cement 4. 팽창 cement 1) alumine 산, 유산 calcium 수화물의 생성에 의한 것 2) 수산화 calcium의 생성에 의한 것 3) 기타 5. 시공성을 개선한 cement (예: 유정용 cement, 도장용 cement) 등이 있다. 머지 않아 우리나라에서도 cement 품종의 다양화가 필연적인 문제로 대두될 것을 생각하여 본번역문이 다소나마 도움이 되기를 바란다.

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Characterizations of High Early-Strength Type Shrinkage Reducing Cement and Calcium Sulfo-aluminate by Using Industrial Wastes

  • Lee, Keon-Ho;Nam, Seong-Young;Min, Seung-Eui;Lee, Hyoung-Woo;Han, Choon;Ahn, Ji-Whan
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.215-221
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    • 2016
  • In this study, the utilization of the by-products of various industries was examined using raw materials of CSA high-functional cement such as coal bottom ash, red mud, phosphate gypsum, etc. Technology to improve energy efficiency and reduce $CO_2$ was developed as part of the manufacturing process; this technology included lower temperature sintering ($150{\sim}200^{\circ}C$) than is used in the OPC cement manufacturing process, replacement of CSA cement with the main raw material bauxite, and a determination of the optimum mix condition. In order to develop CSA cement, a manufacturing system was established in the Danyang plant of the HANIL Cement Co. Ltd., in Korea. About 4,200 tons of low purity expansion agent CSA cement (about 16%) and about 850 tons of the lime-based expansion agent dead burned lime (about 8%) were produced at a rate of 60 tons per hour at the HANIL Cement rotary kiln. To improve the OPC cement properties, samples of 10%, 13%, and 16% of CSA cement were mixed with the OPC cement and the compressive strength and length variation rate of the green cement were examined. When green cement was mixed with each ratio of CSA cement and OPC cement, the compressive strength was improved by about 30% and the expansibility of the green cement was also improved. When green cement was mixed with 16% of CSA cement, the compressive strength was excellent compared with that of OPC cement. Therefore, this study indicates the possibility of a practical use of low-cost CSA cement employing industrial wastes only.

Numerical investigation on tortuosity of transport paths in cement-based materials

  • Zuo, Xiao-Bao;Sun, Wei;Liu, Zhi-Yong;Tang, Yu-Juan
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.309-323
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    • 2014
  • Based on the compositions and structures of cement-based materials, the geometrical models of the tortuosity of transport paths in hardened cement pastes, mortar and concrete, which are associated with the capillary porosity, cement hydration degree, mixture particle shape, aggregate volume fraction and water-cement ratio, are established by using a geometric approach. Numerical simulations are carried out to investigate the effects of material parameters such as water-cement ratio, volume fraction of the mixtures, shape and size of aggregates and cement hydration degree, on the tortuosity of transport paths in hardened cement pastes, mortar and concrete. Results indicate that the transport tortuosity in cement-based materials decreases with the increasing of water-cement ratio, and increases with the cement hydration degree, the volume fraction of cement and aggregate, the shape factor and diameter of aggregates, and the material parameters related to cement pastes, such as the water-cement ratio, cement hydration degree and cement volume fraction, are the primary factors that influence the transport tortuosity of cement-based materials.

Development of Multi-Components Model of Cement Hydration

  • WangXiaoYong
    • Cement Symposium
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    • s.34
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    • pp.129-137
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    • 2007
  • This paper presents a numerical model which can predict degree of cement mineral component, such as $C_3S$, $C_2S$, $C_3A$, $C_4AF$ and microstructure of hydrating cement as a function of water to cement ratio, cement particle size distribution, cement mineral components and temperature. In this model cement particles are parked randomly in cell space and hydration process is described using a multi-component intergrated kinetic model. The simulation result of degree of hydration of cement mineral component agrees well with experiment result. The content of cement hydration product, such as CSH and CH can be obtained as an accompanied result during hydration process. By introducing of equal-area projection method, water withdrawl mechanism and contact area among cement particles can be considered in detail. By using proposed method, pore size distribution of hydrating cement is predicted.

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Application of zeolite/kaolin combination for replacement of partial cement clinker to manufacture environmentally sustainable cement in Oman

  • Abdul-Wahab, Sabah A.;Hassan, Edris M.;Al-Jabri, Khalifa S.;Yetilmezsoy, Kaan
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.246-253
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to explore the optimum proportion of zeolite and zeolite-kaolin as additives to cement clinker and gypsum samples, while maintaining the strength properties of produced environmentally sustainable cements. According to the British standard method, zeolite was added to cement clinker in proportions of 5-12% and 10-12% by weight, respectively, in the preparation of samples of zeolite-containing cement and zeolite-kaolin-based cement. Kaolin was used as a second additive as 10-20% of the total weight. The compressive strength tests were performed on base cement samples according to a standard procedure given in ASTM C109 Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement. These values were compared with those of the reference sample and the Omani allowable limits. The results indicated that the best compressive strength values were obtained with 88% cement clinker, 5% gypsum, and 7% zeolite for the zeolite-containing cement. Quantities of 70% cement clinker, 5% gypsum, 10% zeolite, and 15% kaolin gave the best results for zeolite-kaolin-based cement, resulting in a substitution of than 25% cement clinker. The study concluded that the partial cement clinker replacement using zeolite/kaolin combination may have a great influence on the reduction of $CO_2$ emission and energy saving in cement manufacturing.

A Comparison Study on Quality Regulation of China and Korea Cement (중국과 한국 시멘트의 품질규정에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Pei, Chang-Chun;Jin, Hu-Lin;Li, Bai-Shou;Han, Cheon-Goo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • 2006.05a
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    • pp.159-162
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    • 2006
  • This study generally compared and investigated cement type and quality of China and Korea. Cement in Korea is divided into five such as ordinary, high early strength, moderate heat, low heat and sulfate resistance portland cement. However cement in China is divided into portland cement($P{\cdot}I,\;P{\cdot}II$) and ordinary portland cement($P{\cdot}O$) with admixture displacement ratio and it is again divided into 6 level and 7 level with 28 days compressive strength. In addition China classified cement into several standards, such as Mgo, SO3,, igloss, blame, setting time, stability, strength, alkali and sampling test. Therefore it should be careful to conclude so quickly without right understanding whether quality of China cement is bad or good. The better way to evaluate China cement is synthetically understanding a value engineering and consumer awareness.

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The Influence of Polymers on the Hydration of Modified Cement System (속경형시멘트의 수화거동에서 폴리머의 영향)

  • Park, Phil-Hwan;Lee, Kyoung Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.44 no.9
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    • pp.496-501
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    • 2007
  • The properties of the polymer-modified mortars are influenced by the polymer film, cement hydrates and the combined structure between the organic and inorganic phases. Also, this quality of polymer modified cement strongly depend on weather condition. To overcome this problem, polymer-modified cement based on rapid setting cement mortars were prepared by varying polymer/cement mass ratio (P/C) with a constant water/cement mass ratio of 0.5. The effect of polymer on the hydration of this polymer cement is studied on different curing temperature. The results showed that the polymer mortar which is modified with rapid setting cement have superior physical strength properties on independent curing temperature. In addition the PIC ratio, the compressive strength, flexural strength, tensile strength and adhesion strength of mortar is enhances and polymer-modified cement based on rapid setting cement is more beneficial to the improvement of the mortar properties in jobsite.

A Fundamental Study on the Properties of Cement Collected at Different Process Line (시멘트 분쇄공정별 물성에 관한 기초적 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Back;Cha, Wan-Ho;Kwon, O-Bong;Han, Min-Cheol;Han, Cheon-Goo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • 2006.11a
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    • pp.111-114
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    • 2006
  • This paper is to investigate the chemical composition and physical properties of cements collected at different crushing process line of ordinary portland cement to verify the possibility for producing special purpose cement based on the particle distribution technique. According to test results, six different cement samples with different blaine were gathered. loss on ignition and chemical composition of cements gathered were satisfied with KS L 5201. Cement collected at line 5 had the lowest blaine value while cement at line 4 had the highest blaine value. The coarser the cement particle is, the larger the fluidity of cement is. The compressive strength of cement was highly affected by the blaine value of cement. It is confirmed that the use of cement produced by the process of particle distribution control may be applied for special purpose cement without modification of chemical composition.

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각종 치과용 합착 Cement의 색소침투에 관한 실험적 연구

  • Chin, Yong-Whan;Kim, Sang-Se;Lee, Eun-Ho;Kim, Sung-Il;Ahn, Sang-Kyu
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.613-617
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    • 1974
  • The authors have studied the marginal leakage of various dental cements; Fynal cement (Caulk), Zinc cement (S.S. White) Carbo cement (Shofu, Poly-carboxylate cement), EBA cement (Opotow alumina cement), Propac (G-C's zinc oxide euginol cement), and Super cement (Shofu oxyphosphate zinc cement), by means of penetration of 2% methylene blue solution between orden crown restorations and human teeth in 150 cases. The result revealed as follow 1. None of the cements tested were free from dye penetration. 2. There was a wide difference in dye penetration among the trade brands of dental cement when immersed in dye solution before setting of cements. 3. EBA cement and Carbo cement showed comparatively low grade of dye penetration at the restorative margins.

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A Study on the Effects of Bituminous Material on Durability of Soil-Cement Mixtures (염청재료가 흙-시멘트의 강도 및 내구성에 끼치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 김종옥;정하우
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.4599-4613
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    • 1978
  • This study was intended to investigate the effects of bituminous material content of soil-cement mixtures on their durability. For the purpose, unconfined compressive strength test, Freeze-thaw test, and wet-dry test were performed with three types of soil. Each type of soil was mixed with three levels of cement content and each soil-cement mixture was mixed with four levels of bituminous material content. For the unconfined compressive strength test, Freeze-thaw test and wet-dry test, 324, 108, and 108-specimens were prepared respectively. Unconfined compressive strength was measured at age of 7-days, 14-days and 28-days using 108-specimens in each age. The soil-cement loss rate due to freeze-thaw and wet-dry were calculated after 12 cycles of test using 108-specimens in each test. The results are summarized as follows : 1. Optimum moisture content was increased with increase of cement content, but maximum dry density was changed irregulary with increase of the cement content. 2. The unconfined compressive strength was increased with increase of cement content, bituminous material content and curing age. Cement is more effective factor than bituminous material on unconfined compressive strength of soil-cement Mixture. 3. It is estimated as the most economical cement content that the recommended cement content of A.S.T.M. because increasing rate of unconfined compressive strength at age of 28-days was low when cement content is above the recommanded cement content of A.S.T.M. among all types of soil. 4. Although a portion of cement content is substituted for bituminous material, the necessary unconfined compressive strength can be obtained. 5. The soil-cement loss was more influenced by wet-dry than Freeze-thaw 6. The bituminous material is more effective on the decrease of soil-cement loss than increase of unconfined compressive strength 7. The void ratio of soil-cement mixture was changet irregularly with increase of cement content, but that was decreased in proportion to the increase of bituminous material content. 8. The regression equation between the unconfined compressive strength and soil-cement loss rate were obtained as table 7.

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