• Title/Summary/Keyword: Calcium

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Effect of Strontium on Norepinephrine Induced Positive Intoropic Effect of Isolated Perfused Rat Hearts (흰쥐 적출심장의 Norepinephrine 유발 양성 변력성작용에 미치는 Strontium의 영향)

  • Kwon, Oh-Cheal;Lee, Kwang-Youn
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 1988
  • This study was designed to investigate the effect of substitution of strontium for calcium on mechanical activity in isolated perfused spontaneously beating rat hearts. The mechanical activity of the hearts of Langendorff's preparation in conditions of low calcium and strontium-substitution for calcium was compared. The effect of norepinephrine and verapamil were also observed in those conditions. The results were as follows : 1. In low calcium, the mechanical activity of the heart preparation was significantly reduced, but when the equimolar strontium was substituted for the reduced calcium, the activity was kept at similar level to the normal condition. 2. When equimolar strontium was substituted for the total calcium in perfusate, the heart preparation stopped its beating, and it was not restored in spite of reperfusion with normal calcium perfusate. 3. Norepinephrine-induced positive inotropic effect was inhibited in low-calcium condition especially with low concentration of norepinephrine, but not in strontium-substitution for calcium. 4. Verapamil reduced the activity of the heart both in low-calcium and strontium-substitution as well as in normal calcium conditions. From above results, it was concluded that strontium served as a substitute of calcium in maintaining mechanical activity and in responsiveness to norepinephrine, and the influx of strontium through cell membrane is inhibited by verapamil as the influx of calcium.

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Calcium Ionization Characteristics and In vitro Bioavailability Derived from Natural Calcium Sources (천연칼슘소재의 이온화 특성 및 In vitro 칼슘 이용률)

  • Jang, Se-Young;Jeong, Yong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.497-504
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the characteristics of ionized calcium and in vitro calcium bioavailability rate of calcium from four natural sources: shellfish shell, oyster shell, starfish, egg shell. The levels of dissolved calcium and calcium ions increased at different concentrations of natural calcium (up to 8.0% (w/v)). However, there were insignificant differences in the levels of dissolved calcium and calcium ions between samples at calcium concentrations above 8.0% (w/v). In addition, no significant differences were observed (depending on the calcium source and concentration) with an ionization yield of about 90%. The temperature of the solutions also had little influence on the ionization of calcium. The highest calcium ion content was observed when solutions were left to dissolve calcium for 18 hours. The highest in vitro calcium bioavailability rate achieved among the different calcium solutions was BS (67.3%), with overall bioavailability rates about two times higher than the rates observed in commercially sold calcium supplements and natural calcium. In addition, the in vitro calcium bioavailability rate for ionized calcium in market milk, soy milk, and orange juice was more than twice as high as calcium carbonate. Overall, we expect a high and diverse bioavailability of ionized calcium from natural resources.

Calcium Movement in Carbachol-stimulated Cell-line (Calcium수송기전에 미치는 Carbachol의 영향)

  • Lee, Jong-Hwa
    • The Korean Journal of Pharmacology
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.355-363
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    • 1995
  • It has been well known that the intracellular calcium concentration $([Ca^{2+}]_i)$ in living cell is very sensitive to live or to survive, but the transmembrane system of calcium ion, especially mechanism of calcium ion movement in unexcitable state has been little elucidated. Though many proposed theories for calcium ion transport have been reported, it is still unclear that how could the sustained maintenance in cytosolic calcium level be done in cell. Since one of possible mechanisms of calcium transport may be related to the acetylcholine receptor-linked calcium channel, author performed experiment to elucidate this mechanism of calcium influx related to cholinergic receptor in ml muscarinic receptor-transfected RBL-2H3 cell-line. 1) The effects of carbachol both on calcium ion influx and on the secretion of hexosaminidase were respectively observed in the manner of time-related or concentration-dependent pattern in this model. 2) The effects of several metal cations on calcium transport were shown in carbachol-induced cell-line. 3) Atropine was administered to examine the relationship between cholinergic receptor and calcium ion influx in this model. 4) PMA (Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate) or PTx (Pertussis toxin) was respectively administered to examine the secondary mediator which involved pathway of calcium ion movement in carbachol-induced cell-line. The results of this experiments were as follows; 1) Carbachol significantly stimulated both the calcium influx and the secretion of hexosaminidase in the manner of the concentration-dependent pattern. 2) Atropine potently blocked the effects of carbachol in concentration-response manner. 3) Administered metal cations inhibited the calcium influx in carbachol-stimulated this model to the concentration-related pattern. 4) PMA did not inhibit carbachol-induced secretion of hexosaminidase, but blocked the calcium influx in this cell-line. 5) The suppression of carbachol-induced hexosaminidase secretion was shown in PTx-treated cell -line.

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Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Calcium-added Garlic Yanggaeng (칼슘 첨가 마늘 페이스트로 제조한 양갱의 품질특성 및 항산화성)

  • Jeon, Mi-Ra;Kim, Min-Hee;Son, Chan-Wok;Kim, Mee-Ree
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed to investigate the quality characteristics and antioxidant activity of garlic yanggaeng added with several calcium sources (calcium carbonate, calcium citrate, calcium lactate, mixed calcium and calcium powder). The pH and lightness of calcium-added garlic yanggaeng decreased compared with control. Lightness of garlic yanggaeng added with calcium lactate, calcium carbonate and calcium powder was similar with that of control. As for texture profile analysis, hardness of garlic yanggaeng added with calcium lactate, calcium carbonate and calcium powder was increased compared to control. The antioxidant activities determined by DPPH and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities of the garlic yanggaeng added with calcium lactate, calcium carbonate and calcium powder were significantly higher than those of control. The pungent and taste of garlic were reduced in garlic yanggaeng added with calcium lactate, calcium carbonate and calcium powder. Consumer test showed that the score of overall acceptance was higher in the garlic yanggaeng added with calcium lactate and calcium carbonate, compared to those of other calcium sources. Based on these results, it was suggested that garlic paste added with calcium carbonate or calcium lactate may be useful materials to improve quality of garlic yanggaeng.

Metabolism of Calcium in the Oocyte Maturation of Rat (흰쥐의 난자성숙에 있어서의 칼슘의 대사)

  • Hong, Soon-Gab;Lee, Joon-Yeong
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.357-366
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    • 1996
  • The present experiments aimed to investigate the metabolism of calcium during oocyte maturation in rat. The concentration of free calcium and calmodulin in oocytes was measured respectively by using of fluo-3/AM and FITC with microscope fluorescence spectrometer. The ultrastructural localization of calcium precipitates in oocytes was observed with the transmission electron microscope. Cumulus-free immature oocytes(GV-oocyte) were cultured in vitro through 15 hours. The free calcium concentration in GV oocyte was $55.9{\pm}3.5nM$. In calcium-containing medium, the free calcium concentration was increased in germinal vesicle breakdown(GVBD) oocyte($64.2{\pm}7.3nM$). In normal medium after calcium chelator treatment ($10{\mu}M$ BAPTA/AM), the free calcium contents were slightly lower than those in control group. In calcium-free medium, the free calcium content was drastically increased in GVBD($72.7{\pm}3.4nM$) and metaphase I - anaphase I ($88.0{\pm}3.4nM$) oocyte. In maturation rate of oocytes, GVBD rate was high in control group($82.9{\pm}6.55%$) and calcium chelator treatment group($91.2{\pm}4.4%$), but in calcium-free medium group, it was low and then the oocyte was degenerated without polar body formation. Relative content of calmodulin in oocyte was significantly(P<0.001) increased in metaphase I - anaphase I than in GV and GVBD oocyte. The calcium precipitates were observed in mitochondria and cytoplasm of GV oocyte but that were not observed in mitochondria of GVBD and metaphase I - anaphase I oocyte. And then the calcium precipitates reappeared in mitochondria of metaphase II oocyte. The above results indicate that changes in free calcium and calmodulin concentration of oocyte occur according to the maturational stages and the extracellular calcium is required during oocyte maturation. Also change of calcium localization in oocyte occurs according to the maturational stages.

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Nutritional value of calcium acetate obtained from sea-mussel shell (진주담치 껍질을 이용한 아세트산 칼슘의 제조와 영양학적 가치)

  • Ryu, Byung-Ho;Lee, Sung-Ho;Ha, Mi-Suck;Sin, Dong-Bun;Lee, Sang-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.42-47
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    • 1987
  • The present studies were undertaken to prepare calcium acetate from sea-mussel shell and then, to investigate the calcium absorption ratio for calcium acetate by using young albino rate male. Purities such as chloride, nitrate, nitrate, sulfate, phosphate and heavy metal passed to test as reagent grade and calcium acetate assay was 99.0%. No significant differences in the body weight gain between calcium acetate group, calcium gluconate group and calcium carbonate group were not recognized. Diet consumptions of calcium acetate group was almost similar with calcium gluconate group and calcium carbonate group. It was found that absorption rate of calcium acetate was $57.68{\pm}0.83%,\;58.08{\pm}0.94%$ and was $2.0{\sim}3.0%$ high than calcium gluconate and calcium carbonate group.

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Suppression of Bacterial Soft Rot on Chinese Cabbage by Calcium Fertilizer Treatment (칼슘비료 처리에 의한 배추 무름병 발생 억제)

  • Kim, Byung-Sup;Yeoung, Young-Rog
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.82-85
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    • 2004
  • Bacterial soft rot by Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora is one of the diseases causing the biggest damages in Chinese cabbage cultivation. This study was conducted to evaluate on suppressive effect of calcium fertilizer to bacterial soft rot of Chinese cabbage. Seven calcium fertilizers were selected for evaluation. And screening was conducted to select effective agents for controlling bacterial soft rot. When applied by the nursery test condition using mineral oil inoculation method with Chinese cabbage, calcium hydroxide had more suppressive efficacy than any other calcium fertilizer, While nitrogen fertilizer was induced the disease, calcium hydroxide was suppressed soft rot disease in field test as well as seedling test. Treatment of calcium+nitrogen fertilizer as well as calcium only showed a significant control effect in the field experiment with Chinese cabbage 'Sanchon' in 2003.

The Effect of Dietary Calcium and Phosphate Levels on Calcium and Bone Metabolism in Rats (흰쥐에서 칼슘과 인의 섭취비율이 체내 칼슘 및 골격대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 정혜경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.813-824
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    • 1997
  • This study was designed to investigate the effect of dietary calcium and phosphate levels on calcium and bone metabolism in rats. The rats were divided into six groups and each of the groups was fed diets with different Ca/P ratios. The experimental periods were 5 weeks . There was no significant different difference in dietary intake, body weight gain, and organ weight among the groups with different calcium and phosphate intake levels. Fecal calcium excretion was not significantly different among the groups, but urinary calcium excretion was increased by the increase in Ca/P ratio. Fecal phosphate excretion was not different but urinary phosphate excretion was increased by the increase in dietary phosphate intake. There was no significant difference in serum alkaline phophatase activity and urinary hydroxyproline levels were not significantly different among the groups. The low calcium-high phosphate(0.25Ca-1.2% P) group showed the lowest total calcium content in femur and scapula. This may be due to it having the lowest Ca/P ratio among groups. The low calcium-high phosphate(0.2%Ca-1.2%P) group showed that mandible is almost lost and osteolyzed Harversian canal was expanded in femur. Results suggest that phosphate intake affects calcium and bone metabolism more with inadequate calcium nutrition that with adequate calcium intake. Thus , for normal bone growth and metabolism , adequate calcium intake and/or high Ca/P ratio are important.

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Comparison of Membrane Currents in Xenopus Oocytes in Response to Injection of Calcium Influx Factor (CIF) and Depletion of Intracellular Calcium Stores

  • Kim, Hak-Yong;Hanley, Michael R.
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.202-207
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    • 2000
  • The depletion of intracellular calcium stores by thapsigargin treatment evoked extracellular calcium-dependent membrane currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes. These currents have been compared to those evoked by microinjection of a calcium influx factor (CIF) purified from Jurkat T lymphocytes. The membrane currents elicited by thapsigargin treatment (peak current, $163{\pm}60$ nA) or CIF injection (peak current, $897{\pm}188$ nA) were both dependent on calcium entry, based on their eradication by the removal of extracellular calcium. The currents were, in both cases, attributed primarily to well-characterized $Ca^{2+}-dependent$ $Cl^-$ currents, based on their similar reversal potentials (-24 mV vs. -28 mV) and their inhibition by niflumic acid (a $Cl^-$ channel blocker). Currents induced by either thapsigargin treatment or CIF injection exhibited an identical pattern of inhibitory sensitivity to a panel of lanthanides, suggesting that thapsigargin treatment or CIF injection evoked $Cl^-$ currents by stimulating calcium influx through pharmacologically identical calcium channels. These results indicate that CIF acts on the same calcium entry pathway activated by the depletion of calcium stores and most lanthanides are novel pharmacological tools for the study of calcium entry in Xenopus oocytes.

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Effects of Sulfuric Acid on the Synthesis of Highly Pure Calcium Borate in the Boron-Containing Brine and Bittern (붕소함유 염수와 간수로부터 고순도 calcium borate를 합성하는 반응에 황산이 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Hyo-Jin;Kim, Myoung-Jin
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.523-528
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we investigated the effects of sulfuric acid on the synthesis of calcium borate in the artificial boron-containing brine (bittern) saturated with calcium hydroxide. For the study, we attempted to synthesize calcium borate under various conditions such as reaction temperature, reaction time, and cooling temperature after heating, and then to examine the recovery and purity of the calcium borate according to the presence or absence of sulfuric acid at each condition. The XRD analysis confirmed that, regardless of the presence of sulfuric acid, the calcium borate ($Ca_2B_2O_5{\cdot}H_2O$) was synthesized, while, in the presence of sulfuric acid, the calcium sulfate ($CaSO_4{\cdot}0.5H_2O$) was produced as a by-product. In all the experiments performed by varying the reaction temperature and time, the recovery and purity of the calcium borate without sulfuric acid were observed higher than those with it. The results indicated that the addition of sulfuric acid increased the solubility of the calcium hydroxide, but the calcium sulfate produced as a by-product could decrease the recovery and purity of the calcium borate by preventing the synthesis. In this study, the artificial boron-containing brine (bittern) (500 mg-B/L) was saturated with calcium hydroxide in the absence of sulfuric acid, and then the solution was heated at $80-105^{\circ}C$ for less than 10 minutes to synthesize the calcium borate. The recovery and purity of calcium borate were measured as high as 80 % and 96 %, respectively.