• 제목/요약/키워드: Calcium

검색결과 8,403건 처리시간 0.103초

주부들의 심리적 자작 증세와 혈청칼슘 및 마그네슘 농도와의 관련성 (The Relationship of Serum Calcium and Magnesium Levels to Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Homemarkers)

  • 박귀선
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • 제31권1호
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    • pp.102-107
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of serum calcium and magnesium levels to depression and anxiety symptoms in 80 homemarker. Fasting blood samples were collected and serum calcium and magnesium concentrations were measured. At the same time, psychological conditions of subjects were estimated by questionnaire. As the result of psychological test, eighty homemarkers were divided into two groups according to psychologicaltest scores. The subjects in one group got high pssycholgoical test scores as high score group (HSG) and the others got low physchological test scores as low score group(LSG). Serum calcium and magnesium concentrations were significantly(p<0.05) lower in HSG than in HSG than in LSG. Many a subject who belonged to HSG appeared to have depression and anxiety symptoms. Drepression and anxiety scores of the subjects with calcium supplementation were significantly (p<0.05) lower than those without calcium supplementation . After calcium supplementation, depressiion and anxiety scores were significantly (p<0.05) decreased in HSG and serum calcium and magnesium concentrations in HSG were significantly increased to normal ranges . This results suggested that psychological conditions of homemarkers might be affected by serum calcium and magnesium levels.

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우유의 열처리 정도가 흰쥐가 성장, 단백질 및 칼슘 대사에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Milks by various Heat Treatment on Growth and Protein and Calcium Metabolism of Rats)

  • 이정아
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • 제28권2호
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    • pp.144-151
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    • 1995
  • This study investigates the supplementing effects of milks by various heat treatment on growth performance and protein and calcium metabolism of rats. For 4 weeks, raw, LTLT-HTST-and UHT-processed milks were given to rats which fed on a calcium free, semi-synthetic diet containing 5%casein. There were no significant differences among the experimental groups in weight gain, feed efficiency ratio and the serum level of total protein and calcium. Also, no significant differences were showed in protein efficiency, nitrogen balance, apparent protein digestibiltiy and the contents of weight and calcium of the left femur as well as 2 incisors. However, the biological value of protein in the UHT-milk group was significantly higher than that of the raw-milk group. The apparent calcium digestibility and calcium balance in the UHT-milk group were higher than those in the raw-, LTLT- and HTST-milk groups. The weight of left femur in all the groups supplemented with various heat-treated milks was significantly impair the nutritive value of protein and calcium in milk. Futhermore, UHT-processing may improve the bioavailability of protein and calcium in milk.

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돼지 소장 평활근 세포막에서의 Calcium 이동에 미치는 Calcium entry blockers 의 영향 (Effect of Calcium Entry Blockers on the Calcium Transport in the Isolated Sarcolemmal membrane from the Porcine Small Intestine)

  • 석정호;임종호;이재흔
    • 대한약리학회지
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    • 제22권2호
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    • pp.151-156
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    • 1986
  • 최근 심근세포 또는 신경세포에서 발표된 여러 종류의 calcium channel중 calcium antagonist로 차단되는 channel 또는 차단되지 않는 channel 등이 있는지 알아보기 위해 실험을 시행하였다. 돼지 소장 평활근으로부터 고농도의 KCl(150mM)로 부하된 세포 포막낭을 만들어 고농도의$K^+$ 또는 전기자극으로 $^{45}Ca$의 이동을 유발시켜 다음과 같은 성적을 얻었다. 저농도의 $K^+$용액에서의 $^{45}Ca$이동보다 고농도의 $K^+$-용액에서의 $^{45}Ca$이동이 유의하게 증가되었으며(p<0. 05) 이때 유입되는 $^{45}Ca$의 양은 시간에 따라 서서히 감소되었다. 전기자극(3V, 15Hz, 25msec)을 하였을때 유입되는 $^{45}Ca$의 양은 전기자극을 하지 않은 대조군에 비하여 현저하게 증가되었고, 자극시간에 따른 $^{45}Ca$의 유입량은 2분 동안 계속 증가되었다. Diltiazem 또는 nifedipine을 처치하였을때, 고농도의 $K^+$-용액에 의한 $^{45}Ca$의 유입은 억제되지 않았으나 전기자극에 의해 유도되는 $^{45}Ca$의 유입은 유의하게 억제되었다(p<0.005). 상기의 실험성적으로 돼지 소장 평활근으로부터 분리한 세포막에서의 calcium이동 중 전기자극에 의해 이루어지는 것은 calcium antagonist로 차단되는 calcium channel을 통하여 이루어지는 것으로 사료된다.

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응고제가 우유 첨가 두부의 품질에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Coagulants on the Quality of Soybean Curd Added With Cow's Milk)

  • 김태영;김중만;조남준
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • 제37권5호
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    • pp.370-378
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    • 1994
  • 두유에 우유를 40% 첨가시킨 두부 제조를 위하여 각 응고제별 및 첨가농도별로 두부를 제조하여 gel형성, 순물(whey)의 탁도, 단백질함량, 두부 생산량, 무기질함량, 조직특성과 색도를 비교 조사하였다. Calcium염 응고제는 0.3%(v/v), magnesium chloride는 0.4%, 유기산 응고제는 0.2% 첨가수준에서 대두와 우유 단백질의 공침전이 일어났으며 각 응고제 첨가비율에 비례하여 whey 탁도와 단백질의 유출량이 낮아졌다. 각 응고제 첨가 적정수준은 calcium acetate, calcium sulfate, calcium lactate 가 각각 1.2%(v/v), calcium chloride, gluconodelta-lactone이 각각 1.0%(v/v), magnesium chloride, lactic acid 0.8%(v/v), acetic acid는 0.6%(v/v)였으며 두부 생산량은 calcium chloride를 응고제로 사용했을 때 가장 높았다. 무기질의 함량은 calcium염 응고제가 유기산 응고제보다 Ca은 약 3.3배 많았고 K, Mg, Na, Fe도 약간 높았다. Texturemeter에 의한 우유 첨가 두부의 조직특성 조사결과 가장 단단한 두부는 acetic acid 두부이었고 calcium염 중에서는 calcium sulfate가 단단하였다. 응고제별 두부의 색도 비교에서 명도는 유기산 두부가 약간 높았고 적색도와 황색도는 calcium염 두부가 높았다.

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연령이 다른 흰쥐에 있어 칼슘이 섭취수준이 체내 지질함량과 효소활성에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Calcium Intake on Lipid Contents and Enzyme Activity in Rats of Different Ages)

  • 최미경
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
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    • 제8권1호
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    • pp.9-19
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of calcium intake on lipid contents and enzyme activities in rats of different ages. Lipid levels in serum and liver and GOT, CPK and LDH activities in serum were compared in rats of different ages(4 weeks and 10 months) that were fed various levels of calcium(50, 100, 200% of requirement)for 3 weeks. Body weight gain and feed efficiency ratio were significantly higher in young rats than in adults. Serum calcium level was increased by elevation of calcium intake levels were decreased. Liver phospholipid and triglyceride levels in the high-cal-terol and triglyceride levels were decreased. Liver phospholipid and triglyceride levels in the high calcium group were significantly lower than those in other groups. Serum GOT and LDH activities of adults were significantly higher in low-calcium group than those in adequate/high-calcium groups. However, serum CPK activity of adults was significantly higher in high-calcium group than that in low/adequate-calcium groups. The results of this study suggest that adequate calcium intake may have protective effects ont he alteration of lipid and enzyme activity in rats.

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일 지역 여성의 임신기와 수유기 칼슘섭취 양상 (Women's Calcium Intake during Late Pregnancy and Breastfeeding)

  • 안숙희;김진희
    • 근관절건강학회지
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    • 제18권1호
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify the amount of calcium intake during late pregnancy and breastfeeding and compare the differences in the amount of calcium by subjects' characteristics. Methods: With a descriptive survey design, 121 Korean breastfeeding women were recruited in a community setting. The list of foods and drinks with calcium extracted from the study of Song and So (2007) was used to measure the amount of calcium intake during pregnancy and lactation. The subjects' characteristics were collected to identify differences in the amount of calcium intake. Results: Mean age of the women was 31 years old. Amount of calcium intake was 568mg per day during late pregnancy and 431mg per day during breastfeeding. These amounts were quite lower than a recommended dose that adult women should consume a daily minimum of 1,000mg of calcium. Women who had higher household income and attending experience for nutritional education took more calcium during breastfeeding and late pregnancy, respectively. Conclusion: More than a half of the breast-feeding women do not consume the recommended dose of calcium. Education for proper calcium consumption during pregnancy and lactation should be an additional subject in the prenatal and breastfeeding education program for women's bone health.

개에서 전산화단층촬영을 이용한 Calcium Oxalate결석과 Struvite결석의 감별 (Differentiation of Canine Calcium Oxalate and Canine Struvite Stones using Computed Tomography)

  • 윤영민;이희천
    • 한국임상수의학회지
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    • 제32권1호
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    • pp.69-72
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to differentiate calcium oxalate and struvite canine urinary stones using computed tomography. A total of 38 urinary stones (8 calcium oxalate and 30 struvite) were scanned using a computed tomography scanner. These urinary stones (10-15 mm diameter) extracted surgically without fragmentation were obtained from the different individual patients. The stone's Hounsfield units(HU) values, heterogenicity, and roughness of surface were evaluated to differentiate calcium oxalate and struvite. The HU values of calcium oxalate were significantly higher than those of struvite. A receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve revealed 1272 as the best threshold value to distinguish calcium oxalate from struvite (ROC curve AUC 0.87, p < 0.0014). The heterogenicity of calcium oxalate and struvite significantly differed on bone and dental window setting (p < 0.0001). There was no significant difference between calcium oxalate and struvite in roughness of surface. On computed tomographic images, bone and dental windows setting were useful for evaluation of heterogenicity between calcium oxalate and struvite. The HU value and heterogenicity are highly promising factor that can distinguish calcium oxalate and struvite with reasonable accuracy.

칼슘보강음료가 법랑질 재광화 효과에 미치는 영향 (Influence of soft drinks supplemented calcium to enamel remineralization)

  • 김민영;이혜진
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • 제8권3호
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2008
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the correlation between calcium in soft drinks and enamel remineralization. Method: Six soft drinks were used in this study. These were calcium milk, normal milk, calcium yoghurt, normal yoghurt, calcium orange juice, and orange juice. Enamel specimens which 300- 400Vickers Hardness Number (VHN) were selected. These samples were immersed in each soft drink for 12 hours in an in vitro remineralization model. All specimens were processed for SEM image of the enamel surface. Results were analyzed by SPSS 13.0 package program. Results: Calcium milk was the most influential and normal yoghurt was the least to enamel surface. There was not significant difference according to calcium supplement in milk although the difference of enamel hardness was ${\Delta}f13.4$ in calcium milk, and ${\Delta}f4.7$ in normal milk (P>0.05). Other soft drinks showed a little change about calcium but they were insignificant. Demineralization effect was remarkably observed in calcium yoghurt ($-{\Delta}f269.1$) and this effect was confirmed by SEM images. In conclusion, calcium supplemented soft drinks had little influences to hardness of enamel surface.

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칼슘용해에 미치는 유기산의 영향 (Effects of Organic Acids on Solubility of Calcium)

  • 장세영;박난영;정용진
    • 한국식품저장유통학회지
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    • 제12권5호
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    • pp.501-506
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구에서는 유기산을 이용하여 칼슘 용해에 미치는 영향과 칼슘종류에 따른 용해특성을 조사하였다. 유기산종류에 따른 영향을 조사한 결과 해조칼슘은 초산과 젖산에서 잘 용해되었으나 구연산에서는 초기산도 4%이상에서 용해되었으며 주석산에는 칼슘이 용해되지 않았다. 초산과 젖산을 이용하여 칼슘종류에 따른 용해특성을 조사한 결과 초기산도가 높을수록 pH와 잔사량은 낮게, 적정산도는 높게 나타났다. 칼슘함량은 탄산칼슘과 해조칼슘에서 높았으며 젖산보다 초산이 칼슘가용화에 더 효과적인 것으로 나타났다.

Effect of Extracellular Calcium on Vitellogenin Production in the Culture of Hepatocytes in the Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss

  • Yeo In-Kyu;Mugiya Yasuo;Chang Young Jin;Hur Sung Bum;Yoo Sung Kyu
    • Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • 제1권1호
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    • pp.24-29
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    • 1998
  • Effect of extracellular calcium in vitellogenin (VTG) production in response to estradiol-17 $\beta$ $(E_2,\;2\times10^{-6}M)$ was examined in primary hepatocyte culture of rainbow trout, Onchorhynchus mykiss. Total calcium in estrogenized sera significantly increased, compared with the control, while diffusible calcium was insignificant. However, diffusible calcium in the incubation medium with $E_2$ was significantly reduced, compared with the control. The uptake of extracellular calcium by cultured hepatocytes signifIcantly increased 90 min after $E_2$ addition. Moreover, the accumulation of intracellular calcium increased in the cultures with $E_2$, regardless of the calcium concentrations in the incubation media. In addition, $E_2-primed $ VTG production was significantly decreased by withdrawal of E_2$ from the incubation medium. Moreover, VTG production by $E_2-primed$ hepatocytes was reduced by removing calcium from the incubation medium with or without $E_2$. These results suggest that the entry of extracellular calcium into the cytoplasm is an important step for VTG production in primary hepatocyte cultures in rainbow trout.

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