• Title, Summary, Keyword: CaO recovery

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Studies on the Grassland Development in the Foerst III. Effect of fertilizer level on quality , mineral constituents and tree growth of grass-clover mixtures grown under pine trees (임간초지 개발에 관한 연구 III. 임간혼파초지에서 3요소 시비수준이 목초의 품질과 무기성분함량 및 나무생장에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, S.;Han, Y.C.;Park, M.S.;Lee, J.Y.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.187-194
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    • 1985
  • This field experiment was carried out to determine the effects of thirteen different fertilizer levels of nitrogen(N), phosphorus($P_2O_5$) and potassium($K_2O$) on the content of crude protein, crude fiber, mineral constituents of product and tree growth forest pasture with 40-50% shading. The experiment was arranged as a randomized block design and performed in the suburban forest of Suweon in 1984. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Crude protein content and total protein yield were higher in the plot of 28 and 42kg $N/_{10a}$, regardless of $P_2O_5\;and\;K_2O$ level, while those were the lowest in zero fertilizer and N-zero fertilizer plots. 2. The contents of lignin and silica were significantly low in the high N fertilizer level, and the contents of NDF, ADF, cellulose and hemicellulose were not affected by different fertilizer levels. However, the content of crude fiber tended to be low with high N, regardless of $P_2O_5\;and\;K_2O$. 3. The contents of N,K and $SiO_2$ of grasses were influenced by different fertilizer levels. However, those of P,Ca,Ma and Na showed little differences. 4. The recovery percentage of NPK was higher in the plot of standard fertilizer level with 28-20-24 kg/10a, and higher recovery percentage was observed in $K_2O$, followed by N and $P_2O_5$ in that order. 5. The growth of tree was increased as the level of N fertilizer was increased, but no such trend was noted by $P_2O_5\;and\;K_2O$ levels. 6. Crude protein, crude fiber, some mineral contituents of grasses, and growth of tree were influenced by N level, regardless of $P_2O_5\;and\;K_2O$. And the optimum fertilizer level of $N-P_2O_5-K_2O$ seemed to be 28-20-24 kg/10a for the production of grasses with higher quality and more yield in the forest.

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The Study of Luppe Smelting with Converting Dust and Slag (제강전로 더스트와 슬래그를 이용한 루페제련에 관한 연구)

  • 황용길;이상화;김재일;김연수
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 1998
  • We smelted thc pellets made by mixing the distilled carbon from wlISte Lires, LD converter dust and slag with reduction process in the revcrberatory furnace. Thc obtained results are as follows 1) The removal mte of zinc appears above 97% after T reducing the pellets at $1300^{\circ}C$ for Ihr and the zinc content in the residue are 0.1~D.2%. 2) Under the mixing condition of 500 g LD dust. 150-200 g LD slag and 30-50 g distilled carbon of waste lires the removal raho of zinc shows above 95%, while t the 50-60% Fe remains in the residue. 3) After smelting at $1350^{\circ}C$ for 3hrs, the recovery ratio of pig iron reduced from lhe p pellets containing 15-20% LD slag and 4.1-7.2% distilled carbon of waste tires appears in the range of 89.3-92%. 4) Tbe c chemical composition of the recovered pig iron is 1.7%C, O.05%P, 0.05%S and balance Fe. 5) Tbe recovered dust from the d dust collcctor alter finishing the reduction rcaction appears as a crude zinc oxide conLaining 60% zinc.

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Chemical Stability through CO2 Curing of Cement Paste Exposed to High Temperature (고온 환경에 노출된 시멘트 페이스트의 DCG 양생을 통한 화학적 안정화)

  • Kim, Min-Hyouck;Cho, Hyeon-Seo;Lee, Gun-Cheo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.73-74
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    • 2019
  • In order to examine the chemical stabilization through DCG curing of cement paste exposed to high temperature environment, we produced a sample of 40% W/C cement paste and heated it for 180 minutes under the heating temperature of $800^{\circ}C$. The DCG curing time was 6, Three time conditions were divided into 12 and 18 hours. As a result of XRD analysis, Calcite ($CaCO_3$) was found in Theta 29.4, 40, and 46.5o. As the curing time increased, the peak of Calcite also increased, which is due to the increased reaction time with DCG. Therefore, Calcite produced through DCG curing seems to have stabilized chemically by filling the pores generated by heating.

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A Study on Making of High-Purity Ferro-manganese from $Mn_3O_4$ Waste Dust ($Mn_3O_4$ 분진으로부터 고순도 훼로망간 제조에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Youn-Che;Song, Young-Jun;Park, Young-Koo
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.135-139
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    • 2011
  • In order to make high-purity ferro-manganese from $Mn_3O_4$ waste dust, the application of aluminothermite process to the reduction of the waste dust was investigated. The mixture from $Mn_3O_4$ dust as metallic source and Al metal powder as the reductant ignited, and reduced with an extremely intense exothermic reaction. The rapid propagation of the aluminothermite reaction occurred spontaneously and stably by ignition of the mixture. The Manganese having some alloy elements emerged as liquids due to the high temperatures reached up to about $2,500^{\circ}C$ and separated from the liquid by their differences of specific gravity. The result of thermite reaction showed the fact that can be obtained high purity ferro-manganese which have over about 90% of manganese content and lower impurities such as C, P, S than those of KS D3712 specification. The recovery of manganese from $Mn_3O_4$ dust was lower level of about 65% than about 75% from manganese ore by electric furnace process, that is due to spatter loss because of its extremely intense thermite reaction. But it will be improved by the process designed to provide CaO as the cooler or to use the Al metal powder having larger particle size distribution.

Solvent Extraction of Silver (Ag) by Cyanex 301 (Cyanex 301에 의한 은(Ag) 용매추출)

  • Cho, Yeon-Chul;Kang, Myeong-Sik;Ahn, Jae-Woo;Ryu, Ho-jin
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 2016
  • Extraction behaviour of silver from nitric acid solutions by Cyanex 301 as an extractant was examined. Detailed studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of different variables influencing the extraction such as concentration of nitric acid and extractant, phase ratio(O/A) and synergism of mixed extractant. The extraction behaviour of associated metals namely Ca, Al, Fe, Zn and Sr has been investigated. The extraction results show that Ag can be extracted effectively by Cyanex 301 and selectively extracted from 3.0M $HNO_3$ using 5% Cyanex 301. Impurity metals loaded in organic phase can be effective scrubbed by 4.0M HCl. Finally, pure silver solution can be obtained efficiently by thiourea as a stripping reagent.

Fabrication of Casting Pig Iron from Copper Smelting Slag by Carbothermic Reduction (탄소열환원 반응에 의한 동제련슬래그로부터 주철용 선철 제조 연구)

  • Choi, Moo-Sung;Choi, Dong-Hyeon;Wang, Jei-Pil
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to fabrication pig iron containing copper and to reduce sulfur content pig iron. Roasting test was conducted for 1 ~ 9 hours at each temperature of $500^{\circ}C$, $700^{\circ}C$, and $900^{\circ}C$. In addition, the effect of oxygen partial pressure with 0.5, 0.8, and 1 atm was carried out for 30 minutes at $900^{\circ}C$. It was found that there is no effect to reduce sulfure in pig iron through roasting and oxygen partial pressures. The addition of CaO with 15 wt.% was found to reduce sulfur content up to 0.001 wt.%. The suitable temperature and reactive time for carbothermic reduction were $1600^{\circ}C$ and 30 minutes which shows the highest recovery rate of iron from the copper slag.

Studies on the analysis of phytin by the Chelatometric method (Chelate 법(法)에 의(依)한 Phytin 분석(分析)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Shin, Jai-Doo
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.10
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 1968
  • Phytin is a salt(mainly calcium and magnesium) of phytic acid and its purity and molecular formula can be determined by assaying the contents of phosporus, calcium and magnesium in phytin. In order to devise a new method for the quantitative analysis of the three elements in phytin, the chelatometric method was developed as follows: 1) As the pretreatment for phytin analysis, it was ashfied st $550{\sim}600^{\circ}C$ in the presence of concentrated nitric acid. This dry process is more accurate than the wet process. 2) Phosphorus, calcium and megnesium were analyzed by the conventional and the new method described here, for the phytin sample decomposed by the dry process. The ashfied phytin solution in hydrochloric acid was partitioned into cation and anion fractions by means of a ration exchange resin. A portion of the ration fraction was adjusted to pH 7.0, followed by readjustment to pH 10 and titrated with standard EDTA solution using the BT [Eriochrome black T] indicator to obtain the combined value of calcium and magnesium. Another portion of the ration fraction was made to pH 7.0, and a small volume of standard EDTA solution was added to it. pH was adjusted to $12{\sim}13$ with 8 N KOH and it was titrate by a standard EDTA solution in the presence of N-N[2-Hydroxy-1-(2-hydroxy-4-sulfo-1-naphytate)-3-naphthoic acid] diluted powder indicator in order to obtain the calcium content. Magnesium content was calculated from the difference between the two values. From the anion fraction the magnesium ammonium phosphate precipitate was obtained. The precipitate was dissolved in hydrochloric acid, and a standard EDTA solution was added to it. The solution was adjusted to pH 7.0 and then readjusted to pH 10.0 by a buffer solution and titrated with a standard magnesium sulfate solution in the presence of BT indicator to obtain the phosphorus content. The analytical data for phosphorus, calcium and magnesium were 98.9%, 97.1% and 99.1% respectively, in reference to the theoretical values for the formula $C_6H_6O_{24}P_6Mg_4CaNa_2{\cdot}5H_2O$. Statical analysis indicated a good coincidence of the theoretical and experimental values. On the other hand, the observed values for the three elements by the conventional method were 92.4%, 86.8% and 93.8%, respectively, revealing a remarkable difference from the theoretical. 3) When sodium phytate was admixed with starch and subjected to the analysis of phosphorus, calcium and magnesium by the chelatometric method, their recovery was almost 100% 4) In order to confirm the accuracy of this method, phytic acid was reacted with calcium chloride and magnesium chloride in the molar ratio of phytic: calcium chloride: magnesium chloride=1 : 5 : 20 to obtain sodium phytate containing one calcium atom and four magnesium atoms per molecule of sodium phytate. The analytical data for phosporus, calcium and magnesium were coincident with those as determine d by the aforementioned method. The new method employing the dry process, ion exchange resin and chelatometric assay of phosphorus, calcium and magnesium is considered accurate and rapid for the determination of phytin.

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Effects of $K^+$ Channel Modulators on Extracellular $K^+$ Accumulation during Ischemia in the Rat Hippocampal Slice (해마절편의 허혈성 $K^+$ 축적에 대한 $K^+$채널 조절 약물의 작용)

  • Choi, Jin-Kyu;Chun, Boe-Gwun;Ryu, Pan-Dong
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.1 no.6
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    • pp.681-690
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    • 1997
  • Loss of synaptic transmission and accumulation of extracellular $K^+([K^+]_O)$ are the key features in ischemic brain damage. Here, we examined the effects of several $K^+$channel modulators on the early ischemic changes in population spike (PS) and $[K^+]_o$ in the CA1 pyramidal layer of the rat hippocampal slice using electrophysiological techniques. After onset of anoxic aglycemia (AA), orthodromic field potentials decreased and disappeared in $3.3{\pm}0.22\;min$ $(mean{\pm}SEM,\;n=40)$. The hypoxic injury potential (HIP), a transient recovery of PS appeared at $6.0{\pm}0.25\;min$ (n=40) in most slices during AA and lasted for $3.3{\pm}0.43\;min$. $[K^+]_o$ increased initially at a rate of 0.43 mM/min (Phase 1) and later at a much faster rate (12.45 mM/min, Phase 2). The beginning of Phase 2 was invariably coincided with the disappearance of HIP. Among $K^+$ channel modulators tested such as 4-aminopyridine (0.03, 0.3 mM), tetraethylammonium (0.1 mM), NS1619 $(0.3{\sim}10\;{\mu}M)$, niflumic acid (0.1 mM), glibenclamide $(40\;{\mu}M)$, tolbutamide $(300\;{\mu}M)$ and pinacidil $(100\;{\mu}M)$, only 4-aminopyridine (0.3 mM) induced slight increase of $[K^+]_o$ during Phase 1. However, none of the above agents modulated the pattern of Phase 2 in $[K^+]_o$ in response to AA. Taken together, the experimental data suggest that 4-aminopyridine-sensitive $K^+$channels, large conductance $Ca^{2+}-activated$ $K^+$ channels and ATP-sensitive $K^+$ channels may not be the major contributors to the sudden increase of $[K^+]_o$ during the early stage of brain ischemia, suggesting the presence of other routes of $K^+$ efflux during brain ischemia.

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A Basic Study for the Talc Flotation from Hand Picking Tailings of Dong Yang Talc Mine (동양활석광산의 수선광미로부터 활석부선을 위한 기초연구)

  • 송영준;박찬훈;지정만
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 1992
  • In this study, a talc flotation was fundamentally carried out with dolomite origin talc ore produced in Dong Yang Talc Mine at Chung-Ju. This ores are mainly composed with talc as a valuable mineral, dolomite as a gangue mineral and other minor minerals of hornblende, tremolite, actinolite, chlorite, calcite, epidote and iron oxide. In order to obtain some of fundamental data for the talc flotation from low grade dolomitic talc tailings which were abandoned -25mm +17 mm size, after the treatment of crude talc ores by screening and hand -picking at the mine, flotation characteristics of the pure talc and dolomite in this ores were first investigated by measuring floatability of the minerals at some experiment conditions. Furthermore, Several times of batch flotations for talc were performed experimentally to recover talc from the low grade dolomitic talc tailings. From the results obtained in this experiment, the conclusions can be summarized as follows ; 1) In the flotation of pure talc, the use of Dowfroth 250 as frother was the most effective in various kinds of frother and the proper addition amount was about 50 mg/${\ulcorner}$(200g/t) at the condition of this experiment. 2) In the flotation of pure talc, the use of kerosene as collector was not adequate, at the addition over 50mg/l of Dowfroth 250. 3) The adequate pH of pulp ranged from pH6 to pH9 in the talc flotation using Dowfroth 250 as frother. 4) The use of Quebracho as depressant for dolomite was not adequate for the recovery of talc, and more selective depressant was required. 5) In the talc flotation on D sample(dolomitic talc tailing), the suitable number of cleaning time was about 3. 6) At this experimental conditions for the talc flotation on D sample, the talc flotation concentrates of 1. 40% CaO and 84.5 whiteness could be recovered with the talc recovery of about 53%.

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Studies on proteolytic enzyme from A New Strain in Serratia sp. (Serratia속의 신균주가 생산하는 단백질분해효소)

  • 최완수;정계종;이주경;박주웅;이상훈;이진복;이송락;최신원
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 1993
  • Serratia sp. Y-4 was isolated from soil. Many characteristics of the strain and optimum cultivation condition for protease production were investigated.,The protease from Serratia sp. Y-4 was purified and studied for the properties of the enzyme. The isolated strain was identified to the genus Serratia. The strain was cultivated in 1%-casein, 0.5%-Na$_{3}$PO$_{4}$.7H$_{2}$O, 0.1%-NaCl, 0.05%-KCI, 0.02%-MgSO$_{4}$.7H$_{2}$O, 0.02%-CaCl$_{2}$.2H$_{2}$O, 0.02%-ZnSO$_{4}$.7H$_{2}$O, 0.02%-MnCl$_{2}$.4H$_{2}$O and 0.5%-soy bean oil at pH 7.0 for 35 hrs. The enzyme was purified about 5.89 fold from the culture broth with 31.1% recovery and 19,613 u/mg through ultrafiltration, ammonium sulfate, DEAE-sephacel and Superose-12 chromatography. The purified enzyme was identified as one band by isoelectric focusing, SDS- and native-PAGE. It has maxium activity at $37^{\circ}C$ and pH 9.0. Molecular weight of it is approx. 50 kD and pl is about 6.70. Its Km value for casein was 20 mg/ml. 5 mM-EDTA, 5mM-SDS, Ag$^{+1}$, Cu$^{+2}$, Hg$^{+2}$ and Pb$^{+2}$ inhibited the enzyme.

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