• Title, Summary, Keyword: CaO recovery

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Reduction of long-term potentiation at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses in the rat hippocampus at the acute stage of vestibular compensation

  • Lee, Gyoung Wan;Kim, Jae Hyo;Kim, Min Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.423-428
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    • 2017
  • Vestibular compensation is a recovery process from vestibular symptoms over time after unilateral loss of peripheral vestibular end organs. The aim of the present study was to observe time-dependent changes in long-term potentiation (LTP) at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses in the CA1 area of the hippocampus during vestibular compensation. The input-output (I/O) relationships of fEPSP amplitudes and LTP induced by theta burst stimulation to Schaffer's collateral commissural fibers were evaluated from the CA1 area of hippocampal slices at 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month after unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL). The I/O relationships of fEPSPs in the CA1 area was significantly reduced within 1 week post-op and then showed a non-significant reduction at 1 month after UL. Compared with sham-operated animals, there was a significant reduction of LTP induction in the hippocampus at 1 day and 1 week after UL. However, LTP induction levels in the CA1 area of the hippocampus also returned to those of sham-operated animals 1 month following UL. These data suggest that unilateral injury of the peripheral vestibular end organs results in a transient deficit in synaptic plasticity in the CA1 hippocampal area at acute stages of vestibular compensation.

Magnetic Properties of Multilayered and Mixed $Pr_{0.65}$Ca_{0.35}MnO_3/La_{0.7}Sr_{0.3}MnO_3$ Films

  • V. G. Prokhorov;Lee, Y. P.;V. S. Flis;Park, J. S.
    • Journal of the Korean Vacuum Society
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    • v.12 no.S1
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    • pp.67-69
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    • 2003
  • The magnetic properties of single- and poly-crystalline $La_{0.7}Sr_{0.3}MnO_3/Pr_{0.65}Ca_{0.35}MnO_3$ multilayered (ML) films, and composite (CP) $(La_{0.7}Sr_{0.3})_{0.5}(Pr_{0.65}Ca_{0.35}_{0.5}MnO_3$ films, prepared by laser ablation, have been investigated in a wide temperature range. It was shown that the transformation from an incoherent to a coherent interface in the ML films leads to an enhancement of the ferromagnetic coupling between layers and to a single-phase magnetic transition. The amorphous CP films demonstrate a paramagnetic behavior of the magnetization with a sharp peak at $T_{G}\approx$45 K, which was interpreted as the formation of Griffiths phase. A short-term annealing at $750^{\circ}C$ induced the complete crystallization of film, and a recovery of the ferromagnetic and the metal-insulator transitions.

Investigation on the Self-Healing Performance of Cement Mortar Incorporating Inorganic Expansive Additives (무기질계 팽창재가 포함된 시멘트 모르타르의 자기치유성능에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Jin-Wook;Her, Sung-Wun;Bae, Sung-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Recycled Construction Resources Institute
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.404-412
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    • 2020
  • Herein, the properties and self-healing performance of cement mortar incorporating calcium sulfoaluminate(CSA), crystalline admixture(CA), and magnesium oxide(MgO) were investigated. Mortar strength test and water permeability experiments were conducted to analyze self-healing performance of the mortar. Also, variation in crack width were measured via digital optical microscope observation. The hydration products formed in the crack via self-healing were analyzed using x-ray diffraction(XRD), thermogravimetry(TG), and digital optical microscope. The analysis revealed that compressive strength and tensile strength increased as CA substitutional ratio increased. However, in the case of MgO replacement, the compressive strength and tensile strength decreased as the CA substitution ratio increased. The products in the recovered cracks are found to be mostly Ca(OH)2, MgCO3, and CaCO3. CaCO3 was shown to be the main healing product and had a higher portion than Ca(OH)2 and MgCO3 in the recovery products. Moreover, the optimal mix derived via water permeability and crack width results was 8% CSA + 1% CA + 2.5% MgO.

Extraction Method for Paraquat from Soil (토양중 Paraquat의 효과적인 추출방법)

  • Kwon, Jin-Wook;Kim, Yong-Se;Choi, Jong-Woo;Lee, Kyu-Seung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.239-244
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    • 1997
  • To develope more effective extraction methods for paraquat in soil, some modification methods were accomplished in two different types of soil. For extraction of tightly bound-paraquat, conc. HCl 70ml were added with different shaking times, and then $H_2SO_4$ reflux were performed for an hour. In this case, 60 minutes shaking were optimum and recovery were increased more $1.09{\sim}1.50$ folds(84.0% in high clay contents soil, but 96.7% in low clay contents soil) and the long-time consuming step, filtration were easily done, with decreasing filtration time were shorter 4.6 folds(ca. $11{\sim}14min.$). than general paraquat analytical method(ca. $55{\sim}65min.$). And only $H_2O_2$ digestion with different volume and refluxing time resulted in recovery increasing. Nevertheless, considering analyst's safety, 30ml of $H_2O_2$ addition and 30 minutes reflux were regarded as optimum condition. Although, Kjeldahl digestion with $H_2O_2$ showed relatively high recovery, it is not significant statistically. For extraction of loosely bound-paraquat, 0.01, 0.1, 1.0, 10.0M of $NH_4Cl$ and of $CaCl_2$ compared with $1.5{\sim}24hr$ of different shaking time. There were no loosely bound residues of paraquat.

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A Study on the Recovery of a Metalic Fe-particle from the Steelmaking E.A.F. Slag by the Magnetic Separation (전기로 제강 슬래그에서 자력선별에 의한 지금의 회수)

  • 현종영;김형석;신강호;조동성
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.3-8
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    • 1997
  • The EA.F. sleelmaking slag (slag that follow) of a cnmvany 1 Co.. containzd a simple substance of a metal, wustlte (FeO), magnetite (Fe,O,), gehlenite (CaAl,SiO,), monlicellite (CaMgSiO,), dc. To recovere a metal (Fe grade . t95%) in the slag, it is desirable that the particles of a metal are isolated from thc slag and madc for a liberated subslance. Then, the liberaled melal is easlly recoveled by a magnetic separation. If thc rcclarnalcd slag, the sizc of which ranges under 40 nun, have a mulli-stage crushing, the most of a metal in thc slag is simply isolaled as a liberated subslance. If the mad, lhat is a liberated subslance and a sphere, is recovered by a magnetic field intensity. the minimum intensity, at which a metal is attracted, is approximately IOOG and did no1 dcpcnd on the particle size of a metad in the same particles. TIe recovered material. that contdined a iron (Fe) over 95% is a metal which is crushed slag by l00G in the multi-stage. If the magnetic field intcns~ty increase, the recovery mcrcasc, but the concentration grade decrease Bewusc thc concentration eams more and more impurities, iron oxide and the coml~ound of alkali earth element. 'll~ercforc If the rccla~nated slag have the multi-stage crushing, the metal is almostly recovered in the crushed slag by lO0G on each particles. If the slag, used as a rcclamatian lhat is a amount of 350,000 tan from I Co., was undcr the multistage crushing and then separaled by 100gauss, it is possible to recova a metal approximately 2.500 Ion, lhat is 0.73% of n ~eclamated slag. in 304.7 mm particles and to recover 4.200 tan in 0.3-1.7 mm particles , that is 1.2% nf a rcclamated slag, in a year. Therefore, ihe told recoverable meld is 6,700 ton, that is 19% of a reclmated slag, in a year, too.

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Pyro-metallurgical Treatment of used OA Parts for the Recovery of Valuable Metals (유가금속(有價金屬) 회수(回收)를 위한 PCB 스크랩의 건식처리기술(乾式處理技術))

  • Shin, Dong-Yeop;Lee, Sang-Dong;Jeong, Hyeon-Bu;You, Byung-Don;Han, Jeong-Whan;Jung, Jin-Ki
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 2008
  • It is well known that PCB (Printed Circuit Board) is a complex mixture of various metals. In this study, pyro-metallurgical process was investigated to extract valuable metallic components from the PCB scrap. PCB scrap was shredded and oxidized to remove plastic materials, and then, quantitative analysis were made. 15 mass %$Al_2O_3-45$ mass %CaO-40 mass %$SiO_2$ and 32 mass %$SiO_2-20$ mass %$Al_2O_3-38$ mass %CaO-10 mass %MgO, were chosen as basic slag compositions which are determined based on the quantitative analysis of PCB scrap. During experiments a super kanthal rotating furnace was used to melt and separate metallic components. Moreover the revolution effect on was the recovery of valuable metals from PCB scrap also investigated.

A Study on the Characteristics and Utilization of Ash from ASR Incinerator (ASR 소각재의 이화학적 물성 및 재활용(再活用)을 위한 기초연구(基礎硏究))

  • Lee, Hwa-Young
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2007
  • The measurement of physicochemical properties of ASR incineration ash has been carried dot and the preparation of light-weight material has also been performed using ASR ash for recycling point of view as building or construction materials. For this aim, chemical composition, particle size distribution, and heavy metal leachability were examined for 2 bottom ashes and 4 fly ashes obtained from the domestic ASR incinerator. In the present work, attempt has been made to prepare the lightweight material using boiler ash as a raw material, which is prepared by forming the mixture of boiler ash, lightweisht filler and inorganic binder and followed by calcination at elevated temperature. As a result, the content of Cu in bottom ash was as high as about 3wt% so that the recovery of Cu from ash was required. The major compound of SDR #5 and Bag filter #6 was found to be $CaCl_2{\cdot}Ca(OH)_2{\cdot}H_2O\;and\;CaCl_2{\cdot}4H_2O$, respectively. It is thought that heavy metal teachability of lightweight material prepared with boiler ash was significantly decreased due to the encapsulation or stabilization of heavy metal compounds.

The Validation Study of Auto Anlysis Method Combined with Aqua Regia Digestion for Fluorine of Soil (왕수분해와 결합한 자동분석법의 토양 중 불소시험 유효성 연구)

  • Na, Kyung-Ho;Yun, In-Chul;Lee, Jung-Bok
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.8-15
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this research is to check the validation of an auto-analysis method combined with aqua regia digestion apparatus for improvement of water distillation method used as a fluorine test of soil. Fluorine contents of CaO used in the pretreatment course of water distillation method were 120 mg/kg ~ 5,064 mg/kg at the blank test, which was exceeded up to maximum 12.5 times of the soil standard, so it was estimated due to a effect of fluorine existing as impurities of CaO. The recovery test of the same samples indicated that water distillation method and auto-analysis method were 134.5mg/kg and 161.7mg/kg respectively, the recovery ratio of the latter was 16.8% higher than the formal. The validation test of two methods satisfied the standard, but auto analysis method was excellent more than distillation method. Also, auto analysis method could save a analysis time up to maximum 4.7 times by comparison with water distillation method.

Effects of Nitrogen , Phosphorus and Potassium Application Rates on Oversown Hilly Pasture under Different Levels of Inclination II. Changes on the properties, chemical composition, uptake and recovery of mineral nutrients in mixed grass/clover sward (경사도별 3요소시용 수준이 겉뿌림 산지초지에 미치는 영향 II. 토양특성 , 목초의 무기양분함량 및 3요소 이용율의 변화)

  • 정연규;이종열
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.200-206
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    • 1985
  • This field experiment was undertaken to assess the effects of three levels of inclination ($10^{\circ},\;20^{\circ},\;and\;30^{\circ}$) and four rates of $N-P_2O_5-K_2O$ (0-0-0-, 14-10-10, 28-25-25, and 42-40-40kg/10a) on establishment, yield and quality, and botanical compositions of mixed grass-clover sward. This second part is concerned with the soil chemical properties, concentrations and uptake of mineral nutrients, and percent recovery and efficiency of NPK. The results obtained after a two-year experiment are summarized as follows: 1. The pH, exchangeable Mg and Na, and base saturation in the surface soils were decreased by increasing the grade of inclination, whereas organic matter and available $P_2O_5$ tended to be increased. However, the changes in the Ca content and equivalent ratio of $K\sqrt{Ca+Mg}$ were not significant. The pH, exchangeable Ca and Mg, and base saturation were reduced by increasing the NPK rate, whereas available $P_2O_5$, exchangeable K, and equivalent ratio of $K\sqrt{Ca+Mg}$ tended to be increased. 2. The concentrations of mineral nutrients in grasses and weeds were not significantly affected by increasing the grade of slope in hilly pasture, whereas the concentrations of N, K, and Mg in legume were the lowest with the steep slope, which seemed to be related to the low legume yield. The Mg concentrations of all forage species were below the critical level for good forage growth and likelihood of grass tetany. 3. The increase of NPK rate resulted in the increment of N, K and Na concentrations, and the decrease of Mg and Ca in grasses. The P concentration was increased with P application, but there were no differences in that among the P rates applied. It resulted also in a slight increase of K, and a decrease of Mg in legume, but the contents of N, Ca, and Na were not affected by that. On the other hand, it has not affected the mineral contents in weeds except a somewhat increase of N. The mixed forages showed a increase of N and K contents, a decrease of Ca and Mg, and a slight change in P and Na. 4. The percent recovery of N, P and K by mixed forages were greatly decreased by increasing the grade of inclination and NPK rate. They were high in the order; K>N>P. The efficiency of mixed NPK applications was decreased by that. The efficiency of mixed NPK fertilizers absorbed was slightly decreased by the increased rate of NPK, but it was not affected by the grade of inclination.

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An Experimental Study on Iron Recovery from Steelmaking Slag by Microwave Heating (마이크로웨이브 가열(加熱)을 이용(利用)한 제철(製鐵) 슬래그 중 철(鐵) 회수(回收)에 관한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Tae-Young;Kim, Eun-Ju;Shin, Min-Soo;Lee, Joon-Ho
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.21-26
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    • 2010
  • In order to understand the microwave carbothermic reduction of steelmaking slag to recover Fe, the effects of gas atmosphere and carbon addition on the carbothermic reduction behavior of CaO-$SiO_2$-FeO slag were investigated. It was found that the maximum temperature and the reduction rate were higher in air than in nitrogen atmosphere. In addition, under air atmosphere, the maximum temperature and the reduction rate were increased by increasing the amount of additive carbon. When the carbon equivalent is 5, the maximum temperature reached as high as 1800K and the reduction rate was approximately 90%. As the Carbon equivalent increased further, the maximum temperature and the reduction rate did not change.