• Title, Summary, Keyword: CaO회수

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A Novel Process for Extracting Valuable Metals from Waste Electric and Electronic Scrap Using Waste Copper Slag by a High temperature Melting Method (폐동(廢銅)슬래그를 활용(活用)한 폐전기전자(廢電氣電子) 스크랩으로부터 유가금속(有價金屬) 고온용융추출(高溫鎔融抽出) 공정(工程) 개발(開發))

  • Kim, Byung-Su;Lee, Jae-Chun;Lee, Kwang-Ho
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2007
  • It is very important in the view point of resource recycling to recover valuable metals such as copper and tin from waste electric and electronic scrap. The waste electric and electronic scrap contains significant amounts of copper, tin, and so on. In this study, a new process for extracting copper and tin contained in the waste electric and electronic scrap using waste copper slag which is generated from the melting furnace of copper smelter was presented. Advantage of the proposed process is to reuse waste copper slag instead of new fluxes as slag formatives. In each experiment, the waste electric and electronic scrap and waste copper slag were melted inputting suitable amount of CaO as an additional flux. Up to 95% of copper and 85% of tin in the raw material were extracted in a Cu-Fe-Sn alloy phase.

Extraction of Lithium from Lepidolite through Intensive Grinding with Calcium Sulfate Hemihydrate Followed by Water Leaching (고강도 혼합분쇄 처리에 의한 인운모로부터 리튬의 수 침출 특성)

  • Kim, Byoungjin;Kim, Suyun;Lee, Jaeryeong
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 2017
  • The concentrate of lepidolite, being treated by heavy medium separation (HMS), was ground with calcium sulphate hemihydrate (CSH, $CaSO_4{\cdot}1/2H_2O$) to investigate the mechanochemical effect for the Li leachability in water. This leachability increased, dramatically through the intensive grinding for the mixture, concentrate and CSH. The leachability of Li was improved from 4.48% to 93.5%. The grinding of the mixture destructed the crystal structure of the concentrate, and it might be formed to new compounds. As the result, Li in the concentrate can be extracted by water leaching at room temperature.

Fabrication of Casting Pig Iron from Copper Smelting Slag by Carbothermic Reduction (탄소열환원 반응에 의한 동제련슬래그로부터 주철용 선철 제조 연구)

  • Choi, Moo-Sung;Choi, Dong-Hyeon;Wang, Jei-Pil
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to fabrication pig iron containing copper and to reduce sulfur content pig iron. Roasting test was conducted for 1 ~ 9 hours at each temperature of $500^{\circ}C$, $700^{\circ}C$, and $900^{\circ}C$. In addition, the effect of oxygen partial pressure with 0.5, 0.8, and 1 atm was carried out for 30 minutes at $900^{\circ}C$. It was found that there is no effect to reduce sulfure in pig iron through roasting and oxygen partial pressures. The addition of CaO with 15 wt.% was found to reduce sulfur content up to 0.001 wt.%. The suitable temperature and reactive time for carbothermic reduction were $1600^{\circ}C$ and 30 minutes which shows the highest recovery rate of iron from the copper slag.

Optimum Conditions for Growing Gem-quality Colorless Cubic Zirconia (보석용 무색 큐빅 저코니아의 최적 육성 조건)

  • 김원사;유영문;신현숙
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 2001
  • A gem-quality yttria-stabilized zirconium oxide crystals were synthesized by the skull-melting method, using the RF electrical apparatus. Principal raw materials used were $ZrO_2$and 25 wt.% $Y_2O_3$as stabilizer and 0.03~0.05 wt.% $Nd_2O_3$decolorizing agent were added to it. The single crystals were approximately 20$\times$63 mm in size with chemical composition $Zr_{0.73}$ $Y_{0.27}$ $O_{1.87}$ . The crystals are isotropic with no appreciable anisotropism under a polarizing microscope. Their refractive indices are in the range of 2.15~2.18, specific gravity 5.85, Mohs' hardness 8~8.5, and reflectivity 13.47%. The zirconia crystals were confirmed to have cubic structure with Face-centered lattice(Z=4), space group Fm3m ($CaF_2$-type structure) and unit cell parameters are a=5.157 $\AA$. The optimal growing conditions for yttria-stabilized zirconia are 50 kW, 2.94 MHz in power and to use a crucible with 105 mm $\times$ 135 mm in size. When the lowering speed of the crucible was set 16mm/hr gave the best yield, 42%. Since the refractive index(2.15~2.18) of cubic zirconia is smaller than that of diamond, the angle between crown and pavilion should be fashioned to make it smaller than $40.5^{\circ}$ to show the maximum brilliancy and fire.

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A Basic Study for the Talc Flotation from Hand Picking Tailings of Dong Yang Talc Mine (동양활석광산의 수선광미로부터 활석부선을 위한 기초연구)

  • 송영준;박찬훈;지정만
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 1992
  • In this study, a talc flotation was fundamentally carried out with dolomite origin talc ore produced in Dong Yang Talc Mine at Chung-Ju. This ores are mainly composed with talc as a valuable mineral, dolomite as a gangue mineral and other minor minerals of hornblende, tremolite, actinolite, chlorite, calcite, epidote and iron oxide. In order to obtain some of fundamental data for the talc flotation from low grade dolomitic talc tailings which were abandoned -25mm +17 mm size, after the treatment of crude talc ores by screening and hand -picking at the mine, flotation characteristics of the pure talc and dolomite in this ores were first investigated by measuring floatability of the minerals at some experiment conditions. Furthermore, Several times of batch flotations for talc were performed experimentally to recover talc from the low grade dolomitic talc tailings. From the results obtained in this experiment, the conclusions can be summarized as follows ; 1) In the flotation of pure talc, the use of Dowfroth 250 as frother was the most effective in various kinds of frother and the proper addition amount was about 50 mg/${\ulcorner}$(200g/t) at the condition of this experiment. 2) In the flotation of pure talc, the use of kerosene as collector was not adequate, at the addition over 50mg/l of Dowfroth 250. 3) The adequate pH of pulp ranged from pH6 to pH9 in the talc flotation using Dowfroth 250 as frother. 4) The use of Quebracho as depressant for dolomite was not adequate for the recovery of talc, and more selective depressant was required. 5) In the talc flotation on D sample(dolomitic talc tailing), the suitable number of cleaning time was about 3. 6) At this experimental conditions for the talc flotation on D sample, the talc flotation concentrates of 1. 40% CaO and 84.5 whiteness could be recovered with the talc recovery of about 53%.

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Studies on the analysis of phytin by the Chelatometric method (Chelate 법(法)에 의(依)한 Phytin 분석(分析)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Shin, Jai-Doo
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.10
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 1968
  • Phytin is a salt(mainly calcium and magnesium) of phytic acid and its purity and molecular formula can be determined by assaying the contents of phosporus, calcium and magnesium in phytin. In order to devise a new method for the quantitative analysis of the three elements in phytin, the chelatometric method was developed as follows: 1) As the pretreatment for phytin analysis, it was ashfied st $550{\sim}600^{\circ}C$ in the presence of concentrated nitric acid. This dry process is more accurate than the wet process. 2) Phosphorus, calcium and megnesium were analyzed by the conventional and the new method described here, for the phytin sample decomposed by the dry process. The ashfied phytin solution in hydrochloric acid was partitioned into cation and anion fractions by means of a ration exchange resin. A portion of the ration fraction was adjusted to pH 7.0, followed by readjustment to pH 10 and titrated with standard EDTA solution using the BT [Eriochrome black T] indicator to obtain the combined value of calcium and magnesium. Another portion of the ration fraction was made to pH 7.0, and a small volume of standard EDTA solution was added to it. pH was adjusted to $12{\sim}13$ with 8 N KOH and it was titrate by a standard EDTA solution in the presence of N-N[2-Hydroxy-1-(2-hydroxy-4-sulfo-1-naphytate)-3-naphthoic acid] diluted powder indicator in order to obtain the calcium content. Magnesium content was calculated from the difference between the two values. From the anion fraction the magnesium ammonium phosphate precipitate was obtained. The precipitate was dissolved in hydrochloric acid, and a standard EDTA solution was added to it. The solution was adjusted to pH 7.0 and then readjusted to pH 10.0 by a buffer solution and titrated with a standard magnesium sulfate solution in the presence of BT indicator to obtain the phosphorus content. The analytical data for phosphorus, calcium and magnesium were 98.9%, 97.1% and 99.1% respectively, in reference to the theoretical values for the formula $C_6H_6O_{24}P_6Mg_4CaNa_2{\cdot}5H_2O$. Statical analysis indicated a good coincidence of the theoretical and experimental values. On the other hand, the observed values for the three elements by the conventional method were 92.4%, 86.8% and 93.8%, respectively, revealing a remarkable difference from the theoretical. 3) When sodium phytate was admixed with starch and subjected to the analysis of phosphorus, calcium and magnesium by the chelatometric method, their recovery was almost 100% 4) In order to confirm the accuracy of this method, phytic acid was reacted with calcium chloride and magnesium chloride in the molar ratio of phytic: calcium chloride: magnesium chloride=1 : 5 : 20 to obtain sodium phytate containing one calcium atom and four magnesium atoms per molecule of sodium phytate. The analytical data for phosporus, calcium and magnesium were coincident with those as determine d by the aforementioned method. The new method employing the dry process, ion exchange resin and chelatometric assay of phosphorus, calcium and magnesium is considered accurate and rapid for the determination of phytin.

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A Refining of Natural Diatomite and Synthesis of SiC Powder (규조토 정제 및 탄화규소 분말합성)

  • Pai, Chul-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.312-319
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    • 2017
  • For high value-added applications of natural blue diatomite, the physical refining process and synthesis of SiC from refined diatomite were investigated. Approximately 30 percent Fe ($Fe_2O_3$) in raw blue diatomite was removed by a particle sieve separation process; the Fe composition for 325 mesh down powder was approximately 2 percent. Although a wet and/or dry magnetic separation process had some influence on the separation and/or refining of Fe composition, the Fe composition in the non-magnetic by-product was approximately 2 percent. Water leaching separation was effective in removing the Fe composition; approximately 40 percent of the Fe in raw blue diatomite was removed. The synthesis of ${\beta}$-SiC by a carbothermal reduction of the $SiO_2$ in the refined diatomite using carbon (graphite, carbon black), the effects of an acid-treatment on removing the Fe, and the specific surface area for the synthesized powder were also investigated. The impurities were mostly eliminated and the specific surface area was increased to $52.5m^2/g$.

Manufacture of Ordinary Portland Cement Clinker Using Cement Paste of the Waste Concrete (폐콘크리트로부터 회수된 시멘트 페이스트 미분말의 시멘트 원료화 연구)

  • Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hyung-Seok;Cho, Jin-,Sang;Han, Gi-Chun;Han, Ki-Suk;Kim, Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.40 no.8
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    • pp.804-810
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    • 2003
  • The fine powder produced by heating and grinding of the waste concrete in the waste construction was investigated whether utilize as substitution raw material of SiO$_2$, CaO, and Al$_2$O$_3$ source for OPC clinker manufacture is possible or not. In order to synthesize OPC clinker, limestone, shale, converter slag and fly ash were used as main raw materials, and modulus was fixed LSF 91.0, SM 2.60, IM 1.60. The synthesized clinkers were characterized. The Main products of synthesized clinker were C$_3$S, ${\beta}$-C$_2$S, C$_3$A, C$_4$AF as OPC clinker at 1,43$^{\circ}C$. As a result of TG-DTA and burnability index(B.U) analysis of each raw mixtures, the formation temperature of clinker phases was similar and B.I was showed easy burning as 48.6∼51.4.

Examination of Smelting and Smithing Slags Excavated from the Iron Production Site of the Nogye Village (노계마을 제철유적 출토유물의 자연과학적 분석연구)

  • Lee, Eun Woo;Lee, Jang Jon;Chae, Mi Hui;Kim, Eun Ji
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.411-427
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the present study is to examine the objects excavated from the archaeological site of the Nogye Village in terms of their relationships with the iron production facilities such as 1ho smithing hearth and 2ho smelting furnace. 32 samples including slags, iron ores, and wall were analyzed to identify the mineralogical and chemical characterization. In addition, in the case of the 1ho smithing hearth slag, differing points of the cross-section were analyzed to examine its formation in depth. The analysis results suggest that the slags from the each site adjacent to the 1ho smithing hearth and 2ho furnace are related to smithing and smelting process respectively. Furthermore, it is possible to draw some conclusions that the aspects of the increased contents of nonferrous elements such as CaO in the slags in comparison with those of the iron ores are due to various factors such as charcoal ash and analytical reasons rather than an addition of CaO as flux.

17 beta-Estradiol Increases Peak of $\textrm{Ca}^{2+}$ Current in Mouse Early Embryo (에스트로겐이 생쥐 초기배의 $\textrm{Ca}^{2+}$ 전류에 미치는 영향)

  • 강다원;신용원;김은심;홍성근;한재희
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.79-89
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    • 2001
  • Steroid hormones control the expression of many cellular regulators, and a role thor estrogen in mouse oocytes has been well documented. The preovulatory $E_2$increment is generally accepted as the endocrine process regulating induction of in vivo oocyte maturation To address whether the activity of the T-type $Ca^{2+}$ channel is altered by 17 beta-estradiol ( $E_2$), we examined the actions of $E_2$on the calcium channel of mouse oocytes and early embryos. Oocrtes were collected from the oviduct of mice treated with pregnant mare's serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and human choronic gonadotropin (hCG). Whole cell voltage clamp technique and confocal microscopy were used to examine that $E_2$increase intracellular $Ca^{2+}$ concentration ([C $a^{2+}$]$_{i}$ ) via voltage dependent $Ca^{2+}$ channel (VDC) and estrogen receptor (FSR), and $E_2$concentration by the use of radioimmunoassay (RIA) were examined in mouse. The results obtained were as follows: The peak of $Ca^{2+}$ current induced by $E_2$increased 122% to 1.50$\pm$0.03 nA from 1.23$\pm$0.21 nA (n=15) in the presence of 5 mM extracellular $Ca^{2+}$ concentration ([C $a^{2+}$]$_{o}$ ). The increased $Ca^{2+}$ current was temporally associated with $Ca^{2+}$ transients. The intracellular $Ca^{2+}$ level increased 207%~30 s following the addition of 1${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ $E_2$(relative fluorescence intensity: 836.4$\pm$131.2 for control, n=10, 1736.4$\pm$192.0 in the presence of $E_2$, n=10). $E_2$increased amplitude of $Ca^{2+}$ current and [C $a^{2+}$]$_{i}$ . $E_2$-induced $Ca^{2+}$ current and $E_2$concentration in blood were showed difference on the stage of embryo. These results suggest that $E_2$modulate $Ca^{2+}$ channel to increase $Ca^{2+}$ influx.$Ca^{2+}$ influx.

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