• Title, Summary, Keyword: CaO회수

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나노$TiO_2$계 화합물과 응용

  • Hwang, Yong-Gil;Gil, Sang-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.57.1-57.1
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    • 2009
  • 나노이산화티타늄은 인체에는 화장품, 의약, 식품분야 등에 쓰이고 외부 환경 재료에는 광촉매로서 유독가스 정화제, 옥내 외 항균, 수소발생 가시광 응답형 촉매 및 멤브레인 필터 등과 전자소재용 유전재료, 발광 재료 등 용도가 다양하다. 나노 산화티타늄 화합물의 제조법은 수열합성법, 기상법 등 여러 방법이 있다. 이들에 대한 리뷰의 목적은 2009년도 정부의 투자 계획 중에서 본제목에 관련되는 핵심 산업 재원 원천기술 개발, 태양광, 풍력 등의 신재생 에너지 개발, 록색 기술 개발을 통한 에너지절약형 LED 개발, 차세대 핵심환경 기술 개발, 핵심나노기반기술개발 등의 개발을 위하여 4,363억 원의 예산을 편성하고 연구자와 기술자들이 참여하여 유익한 실적이 창출되기를 원하고 있으므로 본 발표자들은 이 분야에서 연구하는 연구자와 기술자들에게 이 분야에 관련되는 자료를 참고로 제시하는데 있다. 페로브스카이트형 산화물인 유전재료($BaTiO_3$), 발광재료(CaTiO3:Pr3+적색), 박막형 반응기재료($Ca0.8Sr0.2TiO_3$), 등의 여러 가지 산화물은 류통식 급속 승온 수열 합성법, 겔 졸 법, 수열 합성법 등 여러 방법에 의하여 페로브스카이트형 산화물 입자 직경이 약 20nm~100nm 범위까지 합성된다. 태양광을 조사하여 물을분해 해서 수소를 생산하는 산화티타늄계 가시광 응답형 Vis-$TiO_2$ 박막은 기상법으로 제조하는데 한 예로써 RF 스퍼터링법으로 박막을 제조하여 수소와 산소를 회수하였으며, 황도프산화티타늄, 질소 도프 산화티타늄은 유기물 분해에 의한 공해제거, $NO_x$ 제거 등 환경정화에 사용되고, 고온 고압수법/산화티타늄 복합기술에 의해서는 바이오매스 분해 하고, 일종의 수열법인 개량형 HyCOM 법은 가시광 응답성 산화티타늄을 합성하여 NO가스 제거에 사용한다. 이들 여러 방법에 관한 것을 소개하고저 한다.

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Removal of Uranium by an Alkalization and an Acidification from the Thermal Decomposed Solid Waste of Uranium-bearing Sludge (알카리화 및 산성화에 의한 우라늄 함유 슬러지의 열분해 고체 폐기물로부터 우라늄 제거)

  • Lee, Eil-Hee;Yang, Han-Beom;Lee, Keun-Young;Kim, Kwang-Wook;Chung, Dong-Yong;Moon, Jei-Kwon
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 2013
  • This study has been carried out to elucidate the characteristics of the dissolution for Thermal Decomposed Solid Waste of uranium-bearing sludge (TDSW), the removal of impurities by an alkalization in a nitric acid dissolving solution of TDSW, and the selective removal (/recovery) of uranium by an acidification in an carbonate alkali solution, respectively. TDSW generated by thermal decomposition of U-bearing sludge which was produced in the uranium conversion plant operation, was stored in KAERI as a solid-powder type. It is found that the dissolution of TDSW is more effective in nitric acid dissolution than oxidative-dissolution with carbonate. At 1 M nitric acid solution, TDSW was undissolved about 30wt% as a solid residue, and uranium contained in TDSW was dissolved more than 99%. In order to the alkalization for the nitric acid dissolving solution of TDSW, carbonate alkalization is more effective with respect to remove the impurities. At the carbonate alkali solution controlled to about 9 of pH, Al, Ca, Fe and Zn co-dissolved with U in dissolution step was removed about $98{\pm}1%$. On the other hand, U could be recovered more than 99% by an acidification at pH about 3 in a carbonate alkali solution, which was nearly removed the impurities, adding 0.5M $H_2O_2$. It was found that uranium could be selectively recovered (/removed) from TDSW.

Determination of Arsenic in Water by ICP-DRC/MS (ICP-DRC/MS를 이용한 수중의 비소 측정)

  • Jeong, Gwan-Jo;Kim, Dok-Chan;Park, Hyeon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.620-625
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    • 2006
  • In this investigation, an ICP-DRC/MS method to measure arsenic with ultra-trace concentration without any interference by the compounds such as $^{40}Ar^{35}Cl^+\;and\;^{40}Ca^{35}Cl^+$, which disturb the precise measurement of arsonic was described. Thus, the oxgen was introduced into the dynamic reaction cell as reaction gas and reacted with arsenic ion created in plasma gas, $AsO^+$ was formed and detected with m/z of 91 by ICP-MS. It resulted in better detection limit than the old method with m/z of 75($As^+$). The optimum condition for oxygen supply as the reaction gas was 0.5 mL/min. The analytical features of the method are as follows: detection limit of $0.02{\mu}g/L$, precision(RSD) of 3.4%, and recovery of 96%. Arsenic in the water samples from the tributary streams to the Han River and the main stream of Paldang were analyzed with this method to identify the characteristics in its distribution. The concentration of As ranged from 0.53 to $1.26{\mu}g/L$. We could measure As with very low concentration, less than $1.0{\mu}g/L$, with excellent reproducibility. The method developed is expected to be applied to analyze As of the samples from sea water, food, and domestic and industrial waste water which have high concentration of Cl and/or Ca.

A Study on the Recycling of Waste in the Limestone Mine (석탄석광산 폐석의 재활용 연구)

  • Chae, Young-Bae;Joeng, Soo-Bok;Koh, Won-Sik;Park, Je-Shin;Yang, Shi-Young
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 1996
  • The wastes ot l~mestone mines have been cause the extrar.ngance of the valuablz m e r a l s and destruction of the environment. Therefore, \\-c tied ta separation of calcite illid clay from the limestone mine wastes by rotntmg screen type separator made by ourselves in order to recyding such us a raw matcriala for cement maimfacture. CaO amtents in the separated coarse products increased from 37.36 wt% to 42+2 wt% at the condition ihat water content in wastes was lzss than 6wt%, the passing time of specimen in &amber was 15 semnds and the rotation speed was 6OLl qm. A process in order lo separate wastes effectively to having wide range aI part~dcs ize was cstablishcd and CaO contents of coarsc products through this process increased to 46.85 wt%. Tbis rcsult is insuEiicient to directly rcusing as a raw malerials for cement. However, it is supposed that coarse products would be able to be reuscd as a raw materials uf cement, if only it rs sclected dolomite in wastes, and really it may be possible in fields Othenvise, undcrsize products(less than 20 mm) would be able to recycling as a raw of cement bccause chcmicrl campasitions of thosc is kept almost constant v&cs on the overall process.

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Study on the Manufacturing Technology Applied on Iron Axes of Proto-Three Kingdoms excavated from Yangchon, Gimpo (김포 양촌유적 출토 원삼국시대 철부에 적용된 제작기술 검토)

  • Yu, Jae Eun;Lee, Jae Sung
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.367-378
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    • 2013
  • Microstructures and nonmetallic inclusions of five forged iron axes and one cast iron axe were analyzed. The axes were excavated from the Proto-Three Kingdom Period site located in Yangchon, Gimpo. The forging objects were made of almost pure iron and low carbon steel, and only one among five were quenched after its figuration. Malleable cast iron structures showing on the casting suggest that the decarbonized casting method were applied. According to the results of nonmetallic inclusion analysis, the axes were produced by hammering the iron bloom which was attained with low-temperature -solid-reduction-method. Showing higher Fe content over $SiO_2$, it is assumed that the re-collecting rate of Fe was low because of the insufficient forging temperature and the impurities were included during the smelting process. It is assumed that the lime was used as a preparation because of detecting high Ca contents.

2차 Cake 제련 Recycle

  • Jeong, Gyeong-Su;Lee, Gwang-Ho;Sin, Seung-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling Conference
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2004
  • 동제련 공정중 고품질의 전기동을 효율적으로 생산하기 위해서는 Anode중에 적정량의 비소(As)가 필요하다. 그러나 Cu가 약30% 함유되어 있는 동정광에 함유된 비소는 Smelting Furnace 용련과정에서 비소 특성상 약 70%가 Offgas로 휘발되어 황산공장으로 유입 처리되고, 나머지 30%만 아노드(Anode)로 유입되므로 별도로 전련공정에서 발생된 Cu-Cement(비소 함유)를 정제로에 Recycle 하고 있으며, 부족시 추가로 비소 Source를 구입하여 정제로에 투입하고 있다. 이를 효과적으로 해결하기 위하여 현재 위탁처리를 하고있는 As가 함유된 폐수처리 2차 중화시 발생된 2차 Cake 60W.T/D중 30W.T/D를 기존 Converter Slag 건조용 Rotary Dryer를 이용하여 Converter Furnace에 Recycle 함으로써 전련 Anode에 필요한 비소를 공급하고, 또한 2차 Cake에 혼입되어 있는 CaO 활용으로 부재료 절감, 유가금속(Cu등) 회수등 및 2차 Cake 위탁처리비용을 절감하며, Cu-Cement는 Smelting Furnace에 투입하여 정제로 투입시 발생되는 문제점들을 동시에 해결코자 한다.

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하수도 업무지원을 위한 하수도 관망해석 컴포넌트 설계에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Kye-Hyun;Lee, Woo-Chul;Kim, Jun-Chul
    • 한국공간정보시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 2000
  • 국가지리정보체계사업을 시작으로 여러 응용분야에서 지리정보시스템을 구축하고 있으며, 특히 지자체에서는 도시정보화 차원에서 UIS(Urban Information System;도시정보시스템)를 구축하고 있다. 지자체의 업무들은 지자체의 상황에 따라 조금씩 차이를 보이지만 업무 단위로 따져 볼 때 공통적으로 수행되는 업무들이 많으며, 지리정보 관련 업무 또한 예외가 아니다. 지금까지 각 지자체의 도시정보시스템은 공통업무에 대하여 중복개발이 불가피 하였으며, 재사용성을 기대하기 어려웠다. 이런 비효율을 극복하는 방안으로 컴포넌트 기술이 대두되었으며, 컴포넌트 기술을 이용하여 업무변화에 유연하고 재활용을 극대화할 수 있는 업무 컴포넌트 개발이 필요한 시점이다. 본 논문은 지자체의 지리정보 관련 업무의 하나인 하수도 업무 중 하수배출용량 산정을 위한 하수도 관망해석 컴포넌트 설계를 제시하였다. 하수도 관망해석 컴포넌트는 하수배출용량을 산정하고, 하수 배출용량을 토대로 통수능이 부족한 하수관거를 추출하며, 통수능 부족 관거에 대하여 적정한 교체 관경 결정을 지원할 수 있도록 설계하였다 컴포넌트 설계과정은 표준업무를 지원할 수 있도록 업무분석을 수행하였으며, 이의 결과물로 하수도 관망해석 알고리즘을 도출하였으며, 알고리즘을 기반으로 하수도 관망해석 업무를 수행하는 하수도 관망해석 컴포넌트를 설계하고 설계 내용을 UML(Unified Modeling Language)로써 명세화 하였다. 현재 설계에 따라 하수도 관망해석 컴포넌트가 개발되고 있으며, 개발된 컴포넌트를 이용한 하수도 관망해석 시스템을 구축할 예정이다. 추후에는 하수도 관망해석 컴포넌트와 하수도 업무 컴포넌트와의 통합부분에 대한 연구가 진행되어야 할 것이다.7.0로 하고 표준(標準) EDTA 용액(溶液)을 소량(少量)넣고 8N-KOH로 pH $12{\sim}13$으로 하고 N-N 희석분말(稀釋粉末)을 지시약(指示藥) 으로써 표준(標準) EDTA 용액(溶液)으로 적정(滴定)하여 Ca 치(値)를 얻었다. Ca와 Mg의 합계결정치(合計決定値)와 Ca 적정치(滴定値) 차(差)로 Mg 치(値)를 얻었다. 음(陰) ion 구분(區分)으로부터 상법(常法)에 의하여 $MgNH_4PO_4$의 침전(沈澱)을 만들어서 HCl에 녹키고 일정량(一定量)의 표준(標準) EDTA 용액(溶液)을 넣어 pH 7.0로 한다음 완충액(緩衝液)으로 pH 10으로 하고 BT 지시약(指示藥)을 써서 표준(標準) Mg $SO_4$용액(溶液)으로 적정(滴定)하여 P 치(値)를 얻었다. 본법(本法)으로 Na-phytate를 분석(分析)한 결과(結果) Na-phytate의 분자식(分子式)을 $C_6H_6O_{24}P_6Mg_4CaNa_2{\cdot}5H_2O$라고 하였을 때의 이론치(理論値)에 비(比)하여 P가 98.9% Cark 97.1%, Mg가 99.1%이고 통계처리(統計處理)한 결과분석치(結果分析値)와 이론치(理論値)는 잘 일치(一致)된다. 그러나 종래법(從來法)에 의(依)한 분석치(分析値)는 이론치(理論値)에 비(比)하여 P가 92.40%, Cark 86.80%, Mg가 93.80%로서 이론치(理論値)와 일치(一致)하지 않는다. 3) Na-phytate를 전분(澱粉)과 일정(一定)한 비(比)로 혼합(混合)하고 본법(本法)으로 P,Ca 및 Mc를 정량(定量)한 결과(結果) 이들의 회수율(回收率)은 거의 100%이었다. 4) 본분석법

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A basic study on the defiberation of waste newspaper (폐지의 해섬에 관한 연구)

  • 윤태환;김형석;조동성
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 1995
  • This study was to investigate the effects oi agitation speed, pulp concentration, ion concentration ill the slurry solution, printed area of the waste newspaper, immerwng time and the temperature on the defiberation process for the waste newspaper. The defikration efficiency at 50% is twice that of 16%. The efficiency is improved as two times according to elevate the agtation speed as two times in the range of 200-2WO r.p.m.. Defiberation with NaOH 1X10-'M solution has higher efficiency than that of NaOH 1 x 1 0 - M solution as 3 times at the conditions of 16%, 1200 r.p.m, and 1% pulp concentration The temperature of immersing salut~on aifects on the efficiency more than immersing time does. Increasing the printed area of newspaper decreases the velocity of defiberation. The alkaline solution is effective to defiberate and the defiberation efficiency at the same dosage of alkalinity is in the order a1 NaOH) KOH) Na,SiO, ) Na,CO, ) Ca(OH)2.

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Effect of Zeolite-X ion Exchange on Adsorption Isotherms of Gases (X형 제올라이트의 이온교환이 기체 평형흡착량에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, K.I.;Kim, T.H.;Park, J.K.;Kim, J.W.;You, Y.J.;Cho, S.C.;Jin, M.J.
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.317-321
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    • 1998
  • X-type Zeolite for the gas separation was prepared by hydrothermal methods and the zeolite was ion-exchanged with KCl, $CaCl_2$, $YCl_3$ and $InCl_3$ in order to investigate the effect of ions on the properties of molecular sieves. Adsorption isotherms of $CO_2$ on ion exchanged X-type zeolites and those of $O_2$ and $N_2$ on the synthesized zeolite were measured at $25^{\circ}C$ using a volumetric method and the adsorption characteristics were compared with each other. Model parameters for the Langmuir, Freundlich and Toth equations were regressed for the measured adsorption isotherms. In order to confirm the applicability of the zeolite on $CO_2-PSA$ processes, breakthrough tests and process simulation were undertaken. It was found that the X-type zeolite could be a potential adsorbent in recovering $CO_2$ from flue gas.

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Solvent Extraction of Silver (Ag) by Cyanex 301 (Cyanex 301에 의한 은(Ag) 용매추출)

  • Cho, Yeon-Chul;Kang, Myeong-Sik;Ahn, Jae-Woo;Ryu, Ho-jin
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 2016
  • Extraction behaviour of silver from nitric acid solutions by Cyanex 301 as an extractant was examined. Detailed studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of different variables influencing the extraction such as concentration of nitric acid and extractant, phase ratio(O/A) and synergism of mixed extractant. The extraction behaviour of associated metals namely Ca, Al, Fe, Zn and Sr has been investigated. The extraction results show that Ag can be extracted effectively by Cyanex 301 and selectively extracted from 3.0M $HNO_3$ using 5% Cyanex 301. Impurity metals loaded in organic phase can be effective scrubbed by 4.0M HCl. Finally, pure silver solution can be obtained efficiently by thiourea as a stripping reagent.