• Title/Summary/Keyword: COVID-19

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A Study on the Factors Affecting Practice Associated with COVID-19 among Adolescents (청소년의 COVID-19 예방행위에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Ha, Young-Sun;Na, Yoon-Joo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.349-359
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    • 2021
  • This study was aimed to investigate the factors influencing COVID-19 practice of COVID-19 knowledge, COVID-19 attitude, COVID-19 perceived risk among adolescents. A descriptive study design was used. Participants were 164 high school students in D and K city. The data were collected from October 26 to November 6 2020. Collected data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, multiple regression using SPSS WIN 21.0 program. Results: The influential factor for COVID-19 practice was COVID-19 attitude (β=0.28, p<.001). It was found that satisfaction with peer relationship (β=-0.05, p=.493), economic status (β=-0.08, p=.270), subjective health status (β=-0.06, p=.438), COVID-19 knowledge (β=0.04, p=.571), COVID-19 perceived risk (β=0.05, p=.126) had no significant effect on COVID-19 practice. In order to develop a program to increase the COVID-19 practice for youth, it is necessary to prepare a plan to improve the attitude of COVID-19.

Exploring Job Changes for Disabled Workers Due to COVID-19 (COVID-19 사태로 인한 장애근로자의 일자리 변화 탐색)

  • Kang, Young Sook;Kim, Byung Chul
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.177-187
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    • 2021
  • This study was conducted for the purpose of exploring the experiences of workers with disabilities on job change according to the COVID-19 situation. To this end, the data from the 2020 survey on economic activity for the disabled and data from the National Statistical Office were used, and the analysis was conducted using a literature study method. The results were as follows. First, COVID-19 had caused a change in the working pattern of wage workers with disabilities. Second, the degree of employment security for the disabled had deteriorated after COVID-19. Third, non-wage workers were experiencing difficulties in business operation due to COVID-19. Fourth, it had affected the resignation due to COVID-19. Fifth, there were difficulties in finding a job due to COVID-19. Through this, it was found that the economic activities of the disabled were being greatly restricted due to COVID-19. Accordingly, a proposal for a solution was made. This study is meaningful in that it explored the instability of the domestic disabled people's labor market due to COVID-19 based on data.

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Factors Related to COVID-19 Vaccination Intention Based on Theory of Planned Behavior in Convergence Era (융합 시대의 계획된 행위이론에 근거한 COVID-19 예방접종 행위의도 관련요인)

  • Choi, Won-Hee;Je, Nam-Joo;Seo, Yeong-Mi;Lee, Do-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.229-239
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    • 2021
  • This study is to identify the factors influencing the attitudes, behavior controls, and subjective norms related to COVID-19 vaccination on the intention of preventive behavior in K provincial residents. A total of 232 people agreed to participate in the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and Hierarchical analysis. As a result of this study, the factors that had a statistically significant effect on the intention to conduct COVID-19 vaccination were perceived behavioral control (β=.39, p<.001) and attitude toward COVID-19 preventive behavior (β=.24, p<.001), followed by subjective norm (β=.24, p<.001). The explanatory power for this was 56.8%. The COVID-19 vaccine is an important means of ending the COVID-19 pandemic and helps prevent infection or worsening of COVID-19 and protect those around you. In the post-COVID-19 situation, it is necessary to improve the intention of vaccination against COVID-19 and to take active measures and strategies. At this point in time when COVID-19 vaccination is becoming more prevalent across the country, we hope that the intent of the COVID-19 vaccination action will translate into a COVID-19 vaccination action.

COVID-19 and Cancer: Questions to Be Answered

  • Hong, Young Seon
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.66-68
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    • 2021
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak to be a pandemic on March 12, 2020. In Korea, there have been 24,027 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 420 deaths as of October 3, 2020. The clinical spectrum of COVID-19 ranges from asymptomatic infection to death. Cancer care in this pandemic has radically changed. The literature was reviewed. The COVID-19 pandemic has made it urgently necessary to profoundly re-organize cancer patients' care without compromising cancer outcomes. Several important questions in regard to COVID-19 infection in cancer patients have emerged. Are patients with cancer at a higher risk of COVID-19 infection? Are they at an increased risk of mortality and severe illness when infected with COVID-19? Does anticancer treatment affect the course of COVID-19? Based on the existing research, cancer patients with immunosuppression are vulnerable to COVID-19 infection, and cancer patients are more likely to experience severe COVID-19. However, chemotherapy and major surgery do not seem to be predictors of hospitalization or severe disease. Korean background data on patients with cancer and COVID-19 are lacking. Prospective multicenter studies on the outcomes of patients with cancer and COVID-19 should be conducted.

Clinical implications of coronavirus disease 2019 in neonates

  • Kim, Do-Hyun
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.64 no.4
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2021
  • Since the emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in December 2019, a small number of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases in neonates have been reported worldwide. Neonates currently account for only a minor proportion of the pediatric population affected by COVID-19. Thus, data on the epidemiological and clinical features of COVID-19 in neonates are limited. Approximately 3% of neonates born to mothers with COVID-19 reportedly tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. Current limited data on neonates with COVID-19 suggest that neonatal COVID-19 shows a relatively benign course despite a high requirement for mechanical ventilation. However, neonates with pre-existing medical conditions and preterm infants appear to be at a higher risk of developing severe COVID-19. The greatest perinatal concern of the COVID-19 pandemic is the possibility of vertical transmission, especially transplacental transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Although direct evidence of the vertical transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is lacking, its possibility during late pregnancy cannot be ruled out. This review summarizes available case studies on COVID-19 in neonates and introduces what is currently known about neonatal COVID-19 with focus on its vertical transmission.

Post-Coronavirus Disease 2019 (코로나19 이후 시대)

  • Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.139-141
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    • 2020
  • Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is currently in progress. Although it is difficult to predict the end of currently increasing COVID-19, it is expected to last for a long time. The COVID-19 is making a lot of changes. Due to physical distancing and living distancing, non-contacts such as wearing facial masks, online lectures, online medical services, telecommuting, and telemarketing are becoming common. In the era of post-COVID-19, online and offline will coexist. Many countries following China's lockdown strategy, which is agreed with the World Health Organization, should be changed to Taiwan's facial mask strategy for reducing the economic problems. The prolonging COVID-19 will add to the economic difficulties, and the US-China confrontation will be difficult to rebound the global economy. COVID-19, such as plaque, smallpox, and Spanish influenza, will be a historical momentum. How to respond to the crisis of COVID-19 and post-COVID-19 will determine the future of the world and Korea.

COVID-19 Impact on the Quality of Life of Teachers: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Rabacal, Judith S.;Oducado, Ryan Michael F.;Tamdang, Khen A.
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.478-492
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    • 2020
  • The COVID-19 global health crisis has affected the mental and psychological health and well-being of the people around the world. However, little is known about the impact of COVID-19 among Filipino teachers. This study was conducted to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of life (QoL) of professional teachers in the Philippines. A descriptive cross-sectional study was used involving 139 licensed professional teachers. The COVID-19 Impact on Quality of Life (COV19-QoL) was the primary measure used in this study. Descriptive statistics, t-test, and one-way ANOVA were the statistical tools employed to analyze the data. Results indicated a moderate COVID-19 impact on the QoL of the teachers. There was a significant difference in the impact of COVID-19 on QoL by degree program. However, the impact of COVID-19 on QoL did not significantly differ by age, sex, marital status, employment status, monthly salary, presence of a COVID-19 case near their residence, personal knowledge of someone who was infected or died of COVID-19, presence of a medical condition, and perceived threat. The psychological well-being and QoL of teachers must be recognized and teachers must be provided with support as they continue to adapt to the impact brought by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study contributes to the growing literature on the impact of the pandemic.

Measuring COVID-19 Effects on World and National Stock Market Returns

  • KHANTHAVIT, Anya
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2021
  • Previous studies have found the significant adverse effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on stock returns and volatility. The effects varied with the confirmed cases and deaths. However, the extent of the effects have never been measured exactly. This study proposes a measurement model for the COVID-19 effects. In the proposed model, stock returns in the COVID-19 period are weighted averages of pre-COVID-19 normal returns and COVID-19-induced returns. The effects are measured by the contributing weights of the COVID-19-induced returns. Kalman filtering is used to estimate the model for the world and Chinese markets, in combination with 10 markets - five most affected countries (United States, India, Brazil, Russia, and France) and five best recovering countries (Hong Kong, Australia, Singapore, Thailand, and South Korea). The sample returns are daily, obtained from the closing Morgan Stanley global investable market indexes. The full period is from September 24, 2018, to October 30, 2020, whereas the COVID-19 period is from November 18, 2019, to October 30, 2020. The contributing weights are significant and close to 100% for all markets. The COVID-19-induced returns replace the pre-COVID-19 normal returns; they are negatively auto-correlated and highly volatile. The COVID-19-induced returns are new normal returns in the COVID-19 period.

Analysis of COVID-19 Pandemic in terms of War Theory (전쟁이론 관점에서의 COVID-19 Pandemic 분석)

  • Han, Seung Jo;We, Jinwoo
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study is to examine COVID-19 situation in temrs of war-theory and to find out ways to overcome it. Just as the war changes the paradigm in the international situation and the national crisis management system, the current COVID-19 pandemic is bringing about the entry of the so-called "New Normal" era having the characteristics including untact culture. Although academic research on COVID-19 is mainly dealt with in terms of medical, tourism, and economics, the military research has not yet begun from the perspective of military science or war theory. In the concept of a comprehensive crisis that COVID-19 can cause enormous damage to the life and property of a country, it can be regarded as a target or enemy to be overcome. Among various war theories, the similarities with COVID-19 incident are analyzed in terms of the nature and aspect of the war and the factors of victory. Qualitative and questionnaire analysis results show that the COVID-19 outbreak is very similar to war when considering a variety of war-characteristics. In addition this research proposes ways to overcome COVID-19 based on the victorious factors of the past war, and predicts the impact of the international community after the end of COVID-19 pandemic. As a result of analyzing the priority of overcoming factors through the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) shows that clear goals and establishment of alliances should be prioritized for successfully overcoming COVID-19.

Evidence-Developing Disease Control of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (코로나19의 증거생성 질병관리)

  • Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.431-432
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    • 2020
  • Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been going on for nearly a year. As of December 1, 2020, more than 60 million confirmed cases and 1.4 million deaths have occurred in 220 countries and territories. There is no effective treatment for COVID-19 so far, and vaccines are being developed. However, the vaccine of COVID-19 can be freed from COVID-19 only if there are positive answers to some questions: "Aren't there any major side effects from the vaccine?"; "Is the vaccine effective for enough time?"; "Does the vaccine sufficiently reduce the mortality rate?"; and "Does the vaccine sufficiently reduce the reproduction number?" The fight against COVID-19 will continue for a long time. Therefore, we need to respond by developing the evidence for control of COVID-19, the emerging infectious disease. Extensive quarantine measures in the early stages of COVID-19 need to be elaborated through developing the evidence. Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency should establish a database for evidence developing COVID-19 control. In this database, based on more than 3 million tested individuals, epidemiological investigation results, health insurance claims data, and government data such as the Ministry of Public Administration and Security, etc. should be linked. It is necessary to disclose this database to academia, etc. to create the evidences of COVID-19 and manage COVID-19 through these. And through the developed evidences, guidelines for physical health and mental health in the era of Corona 19 should be developed.