• Title, Summary, Keyword: CMIP5

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Future Inundation Risk Evaluation of Farmland in the Moohan Stream Watershed Based on CMIP5 and CMIP6 GCMs (CMIP5 및 CMIP6 GCM 기반 무한천 유역 농경지 미래 침수 위험도 분석)

  • Jun, Sang Min;Hwang, Soonho;Kim, Jihye;Kwak, Jihye;Kim, Kyeung;Lee, Hyun Ji;Kim, Seokhyeon;Cho, Jaepil;Lee, Jae Nam;Kang, Moon Seong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.62 no.6
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    • pp.131-142
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    • 2020
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate future inundation risk of farmland according to the application of coupled model intercomparison project phase 5 (CMIP5) and coupled model intercomparison project phase 6 (CMIP6). In this study, future weather data based on CMIP5 and CMIP6 general circulation model (GCM) were collected, and inundation was simulated using the river modeling system for small agricultural watershed (RMS) and GATE2018 in the Tanjung district of the Moohan stream watershed. Although the average probable rainfall of CMIP5 and CMIP6 did not show significant differences as a result of calculating the probability rainfall, the difference between the minimum and maximum values was significantly larger in CMIP6. The results of the flood discharge calculation and the inundation risk assessment showed similar to trends to those of probability rainfall calculations. The risk of inundation in the future period was found to increase in all sub-watersheds, and the risk of inundation has been analyzed to increase significantly, especially if CMIP6 data are used. Therefore, it is necessary to consider climate change effects by utilizing CMIP6-based future weather data when designing and reinforcing water structures in agricultural areas in the future. The results of this study are expected to be used as basic data for utilizing CMIP6-based future weather data.

Response of Terrestrial Carbon Cycle: Climate Variability in CarbonTracker and CMIP5 Earth System Models (기후 인자와 관련된 육상 탄소 순환 변동: 탄소추적시스템과 CMIP5 모델 결과 비교)

  • Sun, Minah;Kim, Youngmi;Lee, Johan;Boo, Kyoung-On;Byun, Young-Hwa;Cho, Chun-Ho
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.301-316
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzes the spatio-temporal variability of terrestrial carbon flux and the response of land carbon sink with climate factors to improve of understanding of the variability of land-atmosphere carbon exchanges accurately. The coupled carbon-climate models of CMIP5 (the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project) and CT (CarbonTracker) are used. The CMIP5 multi-model ensemble mean overestimated the NEP (Net Ecosystem Production) compares to CT and GCP (Global Carbon Project) estimates over the period 2001~2012. Variation of NEP in the CMIP5 ensemble mean is similar to CT, but a couple of models which have fire module without nitrogen cycle module strongly simulate carbon sink in the Africa, Southeast Asia, South America, and some areas of the United States. Result in comparison with climate factor, the NEP is highly affected by temperature and solar radiation in both of CT and CMIP5. Partial correlation between temperature and NEP indicates that the temperature is affecting NEP positively at higher than mid-latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere, but opposite correlation represents at other latitudes in CT and most CMIP5 models. The CMIP5 models except for few models show positive correlation with precipitation at $30^{\circ}N{\sim}90^{\circ}N$, but higher percentage of negative correlation represented at $60^{\circ}S{\sim}30^{\circ}N$ compare to CT. For each season, the correlation between temperature (solar radiation) and NEP in the CMIP5 ensemble mean is similar to that of CT, but overestimated.

Variability of the Western North Pacific Subtropical High in the CMIP5 Coupled Climate Models (CMIP5 기후 모형에서 나타나는 북서태평양 아열대 고기압의 변동성)

  • Kim, Eunjin;Kwon, MinHo;Lee, Kang-Jin
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.687-696
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    • 2016
  • The western North Pacific subtropical high (WNPSH) in boreal summer has interannual and interdecadal variability, which affects East Asian summer monsoon variability. In particular, it is well known that the intensity of WNPSH is reversely related to that of summer monsoon in North East Asia in association with Pacific Japan (PJ)-like pattern. Many coupled climate models weakly simulate this large-scale teleconnection pattern and also exhibit the diverse variability of WNPSH. This study discusses the inter-model differences of WNPSH simulated by different climate models, which participate in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5). In comparing with reanalysis observation, the 29 CMIP5 models could be assorted into two difference groups in terms of interannual variability of WNPSH. This study also discusses the dynamical or thermodynamics factors for the differences of two groups of the CMIP5 climate models. As results, the regressed precipitation in well-simulating group onto the Nino3.4 index ($5^{\circ}N-5^{\circ}S$, $170^{\circ}W-120^{\circ}W$) is stronger than that in poorly-simulating group. We suggest that this difference of two groups of the CMIP5 climate models would have an effect on simulating the interannual variability of WNPSH.

Performance comparison of INM-CM5 and INM-CM4 for monthly precipitation in historical period (INM-CM5 및 INM-CM4의 과거기간 월 강수량에 대한 성능 비교)

  • Song, Young Hoon;Chung, Eun Sung
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.197-197
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    • 2020
  • 기후변화 연구의 주요 요소 중 하나는 온도, 강수량 및 증발과 같은 기후 요인의 변화를 연구하는 것이다. General Circulation Model(GCM)은 다양한 기후 요인의 변화를 연구하는 데 일반적으로 사용되고 있다. Coupled Model Intercomparison Project(CMIP)는 전 세계의 30여 개 이상의 기관에서 개발한 GCM의 모의 결과를 연구 및 공유하기 위해 개발되었다. 기후 연구에서 대표적으로 사용하고 있는 CMIP5의 GCM은 미래 시나리오인 Representative Concentration Pathway(RCP)를 기반으로 전망 기간의 기후요소를 예측한다. 현재 개발하고 있는 CMIP6의 미래 시나리오인 Shared Socioeconomic Pathways(SSP)는 인구, 경제개발, 생태계, 자원, 제도 및 사회적 요인에 대한 미래의 사회적, 경제적 변화에 따른 기후변화에 대한 대응을 포함하고 있으며, CMIP6의 미래 시나리오는 사회적 및 경제적 결합을 통해 기후변화에 대한 정책 영향에 대한 증진된 결과를 도출할 것으로 예측하고 있다. 따라서 본 연구는 CMIP5의 INM-CM4와 CMIP6의 INM-CM5를 사용하여 대한민국의 과거 기간(1970-2005)의 월 강수량에 대한 성능을 비교하였다. 격자형 자료인 GCM을 Inverse distance weight를 사용하여 대한민국 22개 관측소로 거리 보간을 수행하였으며, 편이보정 방법으로는 분위사상법(Quantile mapping) 방법 중 Smoothing Spline 방법을 사용하여 관측소와의 오차를 수정하였다. 산정된 강수량을 토대로 6개의 평가지표(NRMSE, Pbias, NSE, PRCP100, PRCP200, PRCP300)를 사용하여 GCM의 성능을 평가하여 INM-CM4와 INM-CM5의 성능을 비교하였다.

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Future Changes in Atmosphere Teleconnection over East Asia and North Pacific associated with ENSO in CMIP5 Models (CMIP5 모형에서 나타난 겨울철 동아시아와 북태평양 지역의 엘니뇨 원격상관의 미래변화)

  • Kim, Sunyong;Kug, Jong-Seong
    • Journal of Climate Change Research
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.389-397
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    • 2015
  • The changes in the teleconnection associated with El Nin?o-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) over the East Asia and North Pacific under greenhouse warming are analyzed herein by comparing the Historical run (1970/1971~1999/2000) and the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 4.5 run with 31 climate models, participated in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). It is found that CMIP5 models have diverse systematic errors in simulating the ENSO teleconnection pattern from model to model. Therefore, we select 21 models based on the models' performance in simulating teleconnection pattern in the present climate. It is shown that CMIP5 models tend to project an overall weaker teleconnection pattern associated with ENSO over East Asia in the future climate than that in the present climate. It can be also noted that the cyclonic flow over the North Pacific is weakened and shifted eastward. However, uncertainties for the ENSO teleconnection changes still exist, suggesting that much consistent agreements on this future teleconnections associated with ENSO should be taken in a further study.

Annual Cycle and Interannual Variability of Tropical Cyclone Genesis Frequency in the CMIP5 Climate Models: Use of Genesis Potential Index (CMIP5 기후모델에서 나타나는 열대저기압 생성빈도의 연진동과 경년변동성: 잠재생성지수의 이용)

  • Kwon, MinHo
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.33 no.7
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    • pp.583-595
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    • 2012
  • The potential for tropical cyclogenesis in a given oceanic and atmospheric environments can be represented by genesis potential index (GPI). Using the 18 Coupled Model Inter Comparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) models, the annual cycle of GPI and interannual variability of GPI are analyzed in this study. In comparison, the annual cycle of GPI calculated from reanalysis data is revisited. In particular, GPI differences between CMIP5 models and reanalysis data are compared, and the possible reasons for the GPI differences are discussed. ENSO (El Nino and Southern Oscillation) has a tropical phenomenon, which affects tropical cyclone genesis and its passages. Some dynamical interpretations of tropical cyclogenesis are suggested by using the fact that GPI is a function of four large-scale parameters. The GPI anomalies in El Nino or La Nina years are discussed and the most contributable factors are identified in this study. In addition, possible dynamics of tropical cyclogenesis in the Northern Hemisphere Pacific region are discussed using the large-scale factors.

The Uncertainty of Extreme Rainfall in the Near Future and its Frequency Analysis over the Korean Peninsula using CMIP5 GCMs (CMIP5 GCMs의 근 미래 한반도 극치강수 불확실성 전망 및 빈도분석)

  • Yoon, Sun-kwon;Cho, Jaepil
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.48 no.10
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    • pp.817-830
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    • 2015
  • This study performed prediction of extreme rainfall uncertainty and its frequency analysis based on climate change scenarios by Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) for the selected nine-General Circulation Models (GCMs) in the near future (2011-2040) over the Korean Peninsula (KP). We analysed uncertainty of scenarios by multiple model ensemble (MME) technique using non-parametric quantile mapping method and bias correction method in the basin scale of the KP. During the near future, the extreme rainfall shows a significant gradually increasing tendency with the annual variability and uncertainty of extreme ainfall in the RCP4.5, and RCP8.5 scenarios. In addition to the probability rainfall frequency (such as 50 and 100-year return periods) has increased by 4.2% to 10.9% during the near future in 2040. Therefore, in the longer-term water resources master plan, based on the various climate change scenarios (such as CMIP5 GCMs) and its uncertainty can be considered for utilizing of the support tool for decision-makers in water-related disasters management.

Future Change Using the CMIP5 MME and Best Models: I. Near and Long Term Future Change of Temperature and Precipitation over East Asia (CMIP5 MME와 Best 모델의 비교를 통해 살펴본 미래전망: I. 동아시아 기온과 강수의 단기 및 장기 미래전망)

  • Moon, Hyejin;Kim, Byeong-Hee;Oh, Hyoeun;Lee, June-Yi;Ha, Kyung-Ja
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.403-417
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    • 2014
  • Future changes in seasonal mean temperature and precipitation over East Asia under anthropogenic global warming are investigated by comparing the historical run for 1979~2005 and the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 4.5 run for 2006~2100 with 20 coupled models which participated in the phase five of Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project (CMIP5). Although an increase in future temperature over the East Asian monsoon region has been commonly accepted, the prediction of future precipitation under global warming still has considerable uncertainties with a large inter-model spread. Thus, we select best five models, based on the evaluation of models' performance in present climate for boreal summer and winter seasons, to reduce uncertainties in future projection. Overall, the CMIP5 models better simulate climatological temperature and precipitation over East Asia than the phase 3 of CMIP and the five best models' multi-model ensemble (B5MME) has better performance than all 20 models' multi-model ensemble (MME). Under anthropogenic global warming, significant increases are expected in both temperature and land-ocean thermal contrast over the entire East Asia region during both seasons for near and long term future. The contrast of future precipitation in winter between land and ocean will decrease over East Asia whereas that in summer particularly over the Korean Peninsula, associated with the Changma, will increase. Taking into account model validation and uncertainty estimation, this study has made an effort on providing a more reliable range of future change for temperature and precipitation particularly over the Korean Peninsula than previous studies.

Evaluation of the East Asian Summer Monsoon Season Simulated in CMIP5 Models and the Future Change (CMIP5 모델에 나타난 동아시아 여름몬순의 모의 성능평가와 미래변화)

  • Kwon, Sang-Hoon;Boo, Kyung-On;Shim, Sungbo;Byun, Young-Hwa
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.133-150
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    • 2017
  • This study evaluates CMIP5 model performance on rainy season evolution in the East Asian summer monsoon. Historical (1986~2005) simulation is analyzed using ensemble mean of CMIP5 19 models. Simulated rainfall amount is underestimated than the observed and onset and termination of rainy season are earlier in the simulation. Compared with evolution timing, duration of the rainy season is uncertain with large model spread. This area-averaged analysis results mix relative differences among the models. All model show similarity in the underestimated rainfall, but there are quite large difference in dynamic and thermodynamic processes. The model difference is shown in horizontal distribution analysis. BEST and WORST group is selected based on skill score. BEST shows better performance in northward movement of the rain band, summer monsoon domain. Especially, meridional gradient of equivalent potential temperature and low-level circulation for evolving frontal system is quite well captured in BEST. According to RCP8.5, CMIP5 projects earlier onset, delayed termination and longer duration of the rainy season with increasing rainfall amount at the end of 21st century. BEST and WORST shows similar projection for the rainy season evolution timing, meanwhile there are large discrepancy in thermodynamic structure. BEST and WORST in future projection are different in moisture flux, vertical structure of equivalent potential temperature and the subsequent unstable changes in the conditional instability.

Comparison and Analysis of Characteristics of East Asian Monsoon Using Representative GCMs (대표 GCM을 이용한 동아시아 몬순 특성 비교 및 분석)

  • Lee, Eun-Jeong;Cho, Jaepil;Park, Jihoon;Jung, Imgook
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.203-203
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    • 2018
  • 기후변화로 인한 몬순 강수량 변동은 세계에서 가장 인구가 많은 몬순 지역의 농업, 수자원, 에너지, 경제 및 사회와 밀접한 관련이 있으므로, 미래의 몬순 강수량 변화를 예측하는 것은 매우 중요하다. 결합 모델 상호 비교 프로젝트의 5 단계(CMIP5)에서는 복사 강제력이 2100년 이후에 약 2.6, 4.5, 6.0 및 $8.5Wm^{-2}$의 증가로 안정화된다고 가정하는 4가지의 다양한 시나리오(RCP 2.6, 4.5, 6.0, 8.5) 자료를 제공하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 한반도의 강수량에 큰 영향을 미치는 동아시아 여름 몬순의 기후 변화에 대해 더욱 집중하고자 한다. CMIP5 모형 자료에 대하여 대표 GCM 모형 선정을 하기 위해, 수문 분야에서 활용 가능한 기후모델 성능 평가 matrix를 구축하였다. 본 연구에서 사용된 평가 matrix는 동아시아 및 한반도 지역을 대상으로 CMIP5 모형의 강수 및 최고?최저기온에 대한 평균 기후장(spatial climatology)과 연변동성(interannual variability)의 모사력을 각 모형별, 계절별 비교뿐만 아니라 극한기후 모사력도 함께 고려하여, 대표 GCM을 선정하였다. 기후변화에 따른 동아시아 지역의 몬순 특성을 더욱 자세히 살펴보기 위해, 대표 GCM으로 선정된 모형들의 2가지 시나리오(RCP4.5와 RCP.5)에 대해 동아시아 지역에서의 여름 몬순 강수 변동 및 특성을 분석 및 비교하였다.

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