• Title, Summary, Keyword: Busan City Hall

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A Study on the Architectural Process and the Characteristic of Municipal Building in Busan (부산부청(釜山府廳)의 건축과정과 변용특성)

  • Song, Hye-Young
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.7-16
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    • 2020
  • The Municipal Building of Busan was the first western-style building of Korea in 1879. It was also the predecessor of Busan Metropolitan City Hall. On the other hand, the Municipal Building of Busan was a symbolic structure that shows the history of Busan. The Municipal Building of Busan has inherited the construction location and site, including the speciality of Choryangwaegwan, and is a good example of the process of inheriting the authority of the former space through the appropriation of the building. The Municipal Building of Busan was relocated to the edge of the coast in 1934 because a small and dilapidated building failed to function properly. The relocation of the Municipal Building of Busan in 1934 was the origin of changing the coastal space in downtown. As a result, landfill sites along the coast were in the limelight and developed into the downtown area of Busan after Korea's liberation.

A Study on Basic Plan Establishment of a Public Library in Busan Metropolitan City Hall: Focused on the Analysis of Library Current State in Government Office and Citizen's Perception in Busan (부산시청사 내 공공도서관 기본계획 수립을 위한 조사연구 - 국내 공공청사 내 도서관 현황과 부산지역 시민인식조사를 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Eun Yeong
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.411-437
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    • 2020
  • Recently, public libraries as complex cultural spaces are becoming a trend, and public libraries as complex facilities that are built in one building or one site are being highlighted. This can be seen as part of a policy to expand public libraries as part of the government's Living SOC project. The establishment of libraries in government office is also included in this movement. Therefore, this study presented excellent cases by investigating the current state of government office in Korea and investigated citizens' perception on the establishment of public libraries in Busan Metropolitan City Hall. Based on this, a basic plan for the operation of public libraries in Busan Metropolitan City Hall, including basic directions, organization and manpower, collection development, and service programs (including specialization program), was proposed.

A Study on the Architecture of Choryang Waekwan and Historical Landscape (초량왜관 건축과 역사적 경관 재현 연구)

  • Boo, Hak-Joo;Kim, Chung-Dong
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.81-98
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    • 2006
  • Choryang Waekwan was the biggest Japanese settlment to house the Japanese diplomatic mission and traders in Korea. Waekwan means Japanese Pavilion literally, but the reality of this Waekwan exceeded much the scale of single architecture. Since Choryang Waekwan was closed in the second half of the nineteenth century, the site of this settlement grew rapidly as the downtown of Busan, which was the first port open to foreign countries in modern Korea. The formation of modern port owes much to the presence of Japanese settlment in Lee Dynasty as long as Choryang was officially designated as the trading port toward Japan and vice versa. Busan is the nearest city to Japan, in fact. Within a day ships could reach Tsushima Island, the island region north of Fukuoka, which played an intermediary role between Seoul and Edo. No architectural remain could be seen on the actual site of Choryang Waekwan. The site has become one of the busiest centers in Busan with quantify of office buildings and shops. The former Busan City Hall was located in this area. The field survey of the site as well as the analysis of historical documents, which were newly found both in Korea and in Japan, enabled to reconstruct the architecture and cityscape of Waekwan by way of computer graphics.

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A Study on the Characteristics of Spatial Configuration at Modernized Elementary School in Busan (부산시 현대화초등학교의 공간구성특성 연구)

  • Yoo, Kil-Joon;Ha, Seong-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.50-60
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    • 2006
  • In search of the improvement plan for elementary schools which aims at the efficient application of new educational programs according to the introduction of the 7th National Curriculum, the analysis results for the spatial configuration regarding the modernized elementary schools in Busan City are as follows: 1) The analysis of expansion in the building area reveals that the building area per classroom has been increased from $200m^2$ in 1995 to $350m^2$ in 2005 based on the data gathered from the constructed schools during that period. 2) While the ratio of classrooms per the gross school area has been decreased from 35% in the late 1990s to 20% in the 2000s, the entire school size continue to become larger, which is considered as desirable change. 3) New construction and addition of special classrooms and multi-purpose spaces have continued to be increased. Multi-purpose spaces were positively considered in the early 2000s, but recently built schools tend to limit the construction of multi-purpose spaces only to lower grades' space or not to obtain them owing to the analysis that its utilization is limited. 4) Most schools constructed after 1999 are equipped with dining hall and multi-purpose halls, and show the increase in their sizes. Especially, dining hall tend to be located on the upper floors for better environmental conditions.

Analysis of Traffic Characteristics for the Transportation Vulnerable (교통약자의 이동수단 이용특성 분석에 관한 연구 - 이동지수 산정 및 적용을 중심으로 -)

  • Jung, Hun Young;Lee, Sang Yong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.241-249
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    • 2013
  • Since the enactment of "Mobility Promotion Law for Transportation Vulnerable", each municipality has been various efforts to improve the transportation vulnerable's the right of movement. However, the effectiveness of mobility promotion policy for the transportation vulnerable is awfully inadequate because circumstances which associated with operation of transportation of the handicapped such as local conditions and transport characteristics have not been considered. Thus, in this study investigated traffic characteristics of the transportation vulnerable through the data of regional slope, non-step buses and handicap vehicles operating conditions and so on in Busan Metropolitan. Also, we proposed to introduction of the 'mobility index' which is based on local condition analysis of Busan. And we suggested that how to improve the convenience of transportation vulnerable's movement.

Customary Funeral Rites of Teachers in the Southern Nak-dong River Area (낙동강 남부지역의 상례문화 실태 조사 - 부산의 교사집단을 중심으로 -)

  • 이기숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.133-147
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    • 2004
  • Korean funeral customs are an important part of the mourning process in Korea. A survey was conducted in the southern part by the Nak-dong river, centered around the city of Busan to examine Korean funeral rites. This study was conducted with survey research. The target population included 234 teachers and experienced the death of a family member within the last three years. Results showed that they presented their condolences 5 to 6 times on average per year. Funeral rites were performed usually at a hospital funeral hall. The preference of burial to cremation was about the same. According to the survey, funeral expenses averaged 9,570,000 won and donations received for funeral expenses, 12,630,000 won. Problems the respondents expressed about the process included large funeral expenses, the decision whether to bury or cremate, and fatigue from staying up all night. When classified according to the demographic characteristics, there were significant differences in the variables. Frequency of attending funerals depended on gender, age, and health status. Condolence style depended on religion. The type of funeral (burial or cremation) depended on family income. The type of reception depended on gender. Funeral expenses depended on the age Second, in the process of preparing for a family member's death, they thought it was important to prepare a funeral ceremony portrait of the deceased and a scroll by themselves, and the preparation

An Analysis on High School Teacher's Stages of Concern on 'Creative-Experience Activity' in 2009 Revised National Curriculum (2009 개정 창의적 체험활동에 관한 고등학교 교사들의 관심도 분석)

  • Park, Han-Sook
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.958-972
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze on high school teachers' stage of concern(SoC) on 'Creative-Experience Activity' in 2009 revised national curriculum and investigate the improvements of their levels. The subjects for this study were 234 high school teachers through out all part of the Korea country. The instrument for this study was developed according to the Hall & Hord(2006)'s stage of concerns questionnaire of Stage of Concern. The Data were analyzed by Profiling of teachers' concern and one-way ANOVA. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, 85.25% of the high school teachers were in stage of Awareness. 6.34% of teachers were in stage of Information. Most of high school teachers' concern about 'Creative-Experience Activity' was generally 'non-user' stage that unconcerned. Second, there were not significant differences in teachers' stage of concern according to their sex and teaching career except for region. In region, the teacher in metropolis tent to interest getting new information than small and midium size city. We need to make an effort to transfer from 'non-user' stage to 'early-user' stage of and 'impact' stage. To do so, we may sublate too much curriculum revise and start teacher training for 2009 revised 'creativity-experience activity' curriculum. The result of the study provide that there are not curriculum implementation success without teachers' concern about revised curriculum.

A Study on Fatigue Characteristic of Connecting Rod Material for Automobile (자동차용 커넥팅로드 소재의 피로특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Soo;Park, In-Duck;Kim, Chang-Hoon;Kim, Tae-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Heat Treatment
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.163-169
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    • 2006
  • Fretting is a kind of surface degradation mechanism observed in mechanical components and structures. The fretting damage decreases into 50-70% of the plain fatigue strength. The connecting rod for automobile has been used in special environments and various loading conditions. Failure of connecting rod in automotive engine may cause catastrophic situation. In this study, we investigated the fatigue characteristic of connecting rod material for an automobile. Fatigue life is defined as the number of cyclic stress to failure by regular cyclic stress. Fatigue life of C70S6 specimen was obtained from 134,000 to 147,000 cycles. Fatigue limit showed 432MPa by normal fatigue test. The other hands, it was 96MPa in the case of fretting fatigue test. It was extremely lower than that of a normal fatigue test. From observation of fracture surface, it was confirmed that the fatigue crack was initiated at the boundary of a specimen and bridge pad.

Investigation into the Range of Effect of the Tide Level of Oncheon River Using Delft-3D (Delft-3D를 이용한 온천천의 조위 영향범위 검토)

  • Lee, Sang-Hwa;Lee, Han-Seung;Kim, Jae-Jung;Park, Dong-Hun
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.465-472
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    • 2012
  • Recently, as the development of water front and natural type river is gradually increasing, it is mostly the case in that the flow analysis is implemented by only the flood level of the starting point without the tidal effect when the flood water level of the starting point is highly estimated than the high tidal water level in the design of river adjacent to an estuary. This research has analyzed the variation of tidal current for Oncheon river in Busan using Delft-3D program, considering that the tidal effect can cause the change of the flood water level of the starting point although the flood water level is higher than the flood tide level. As a result, considering the tidal effect at downstream boundary condition, water level indicates a periodicity of tide in particular region and the fluctuation range of water level is extended to upstream.

Study on the Impact of Roadside Forests on Particulate Matter between Road and Public Openspace in front of Building Site - Case of Openspace of Busan City hall in Korea - (도심 도로변 가로녹지가 주변 오픈스페이스의 미세먼지농도에 미치는 영향 연구 - 부산시청 광장을 대상으로 -)

  • Hong, Suk-Hwan;Kang, Rae-Yeol;An, Mi-Yeon;Kim, Ji-Suk;Jung, Eun-Sang
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.323-331
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to examine the effects of constructing streetside urban forests on particulate matter (PM) content in pedestrian paths and open spaces created between the main streets and buildings in a high-rise, high-density urban area. The study site is a 70m-wide open space between Busan City Hall and Jungang-street in Busan, Korea. The results showed that the density of PM differences between the open space and the adjacent main street were small in regions without linear trees and shrub rows during both the weekdays and weekend. On the other hand, the areas with linear trees and shrub rows were found to have significantly higher concentrations of PM compared to the roadway. In particular, sections with linear trees and shrub rows had higher PM levels both on roads and in adjacent open space, indicating that the composition of linear trees and shrub rows increased the concentration of PM in the off-street open space in areas with wide space between the roadway and building. The impact was more significant in the open space than the roadway. This phenomenon can be explained by the fact that PM generated by vehicles flows through the roadside shrubs by rapid wind flow but does not disperse widely in the pedestrian paths where the wind flow was reduced. In this study, we found that the roadside tree and shrub walls slowed the flow of wind, causing vehicle-emitted PM to accumulate if a wide open space was created between the road and building, resulting in higher concentration of PM in the open space. We confirmed that the distance between the road and building was a critical factor for constructing linear trees and shrub rows to reduce PM generated by vehicle traffic.