• 제목/요약/키워드: Broiler Litter

검색결과 31건 처리시간 0.253초

EFFECT OF FEEDING BROILER LITTER ON GROWTH AND NUTRIENT UTILIZATION BY BARBARI GOAT

  • Nadeem, M.A.;Ali, A.;Azim, A.;Khan, A.G.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.73-77
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    • 1993
  • Four isocaloric (68.71, 67.07, 66.68 and 66.25% TDN) and isonitrogenous (12.96, 13.36, 13.36 and 12.96% CP) diets without or with 20, 25 and 30% broiler litter were fed to 20 male kids for 90 days. Weight gain and feed efficiency were higher (p < 0.05) for kids offered control diets as compared to kids fed diets containing broiler litter. There was a significant (p < 0.05) decrease in the feed intake with increasing level of broiler litter in the diets. Digestibility for organic matter, crude protein and crude fibre were not affected (p > 0.05) by the inclusion of broiler litter in the diets, whereas inclusion of broiler litter depressed (p < 0.05) the digestibility of dry matter and ash. Nitrogen balance was positive for all diets, however, nitrogen retention decreased (p < 0.01) with the increased level of broiler litter. Blood Na, K, Ca, P and urea-N were within normal range.

이스라엘과 북미 지역의 육계분 사료화 현장 방문 조사 및 기술 정보의 응용 (On­site Survey on Use as Feed of Broiler Litter in Israel and North America and Its Technology Application)

  • 곽완섭
    • 한국축산시설환경학회지
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.131-142
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    • 2003
  • 본 조사 연구에서는 이스라엘과 미국의 육계분 사료 제조 및 이용 현장을 방문하여 전문가 인터뷰 및 실제 확인 조사를 통하여 이들의 경험과 기술 정보를 지면으로 제시하고, 또한 확보한 자료를 우리의 현실과 비교 검토하여 육계분 사료화 기술의 성공적인 현장 적용 및 보급을 위해 필요한 일반 관리 지침과 대 정부 지원 사항들을 제시하였다. 축산 선진국인 이스라엘과 미국에서는 이미 40년 이상 동안 가공 처리한 육계분을 반추가축의 사료 자원으로서 매우 효과적으로 활용함으로서 축산의 경쟁력을 제고하고, 아울러 환경오염을 예방하는 성과를 올리고 있었다. 한국에서는 이의 사료화 기술의 현장 적용 속도가 느린 편이지만 향후 보다 적극적으로 축산 현장에 적용한다면 친환경적인 축산 활동을 영위하면서 아울러 수반되는 상당한 경제적 혜택을 누릴 수 있을 것으로 사료되었다.

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육계분 혐기 또는 퇴적 발효 사료 제조 시 당밀 첨가 및 펠렛화가 사료영양적 가치 및 사료 적응기의 한우 기호성 개선에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Molasses Addition and(or) Pelleting on Nutritional Characteristics of Broiler Litter Processed by Ensiling or Deepstacking and Palatability Improvement by 'Hanwoo' During the Adjustment Period)

  • 곽완섭;박종문
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.87-100
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 육계분 혐기 또는 퇴적 발효사료 제조 시의 적정 당밀 첨가 수준을 도출하고, 발효 전 후의 영양적 및 발효 성상의 변화를 구명하고, 펠렛 처리 효과를 평가하며, 그리고 기존의 한우 사양 체계에서의 당밀 또는 펠렛 처리된 육계분 발효사료 급여 시 한우에 의한 기호성 개선 통한 적응기간 단축 효과를 평가하고자 실시되었다. 육계분의 혐기발효 시 경제적이고도 효과적으로 혐기발효를 일으키는 당밀 적정 첨가 수준은 5%인 것으로 사료되었다. 육계분의 혐기 또는 퇴적발효 시 당밀 5% 첨가는 발효 성상을 향상시키나(P<0.05), 화학적 성분과 in vitro 영양소 소화율에는 현저한 영향을 미치지 않았다. 육계분 퇴적발효사료의 펠렛화는 밀도(중량/부피)를 3배정도 증가시키고, 수분을 현저히(P<0.05) 증발시켰으나, 약간의 유기물 감소(P<0.05) 현상을 보였다. 육계분 발효사료를 펠렛 처리 또는 당밀 첨가는 한우에 의한 기호성을 뚜렷하게 향상시켰으며, 결과적으로 한우의 이들 사료에 대한 적응기간을 반 정도(8-9일)로 단축시켰다. 종합적으로 육계분 발효사료 제조 시 당밀 첨가 또는 펠렛 처리는 사료영양적 가치를 유지하면서 적응기간동안의 한우 기호성을 현저하게 개선시키는 효과가 있었다.

Effects of Bedding Materials and Season on the Composition and Production Rate of Broiler Litter as a Nutrient Resource for Ruminants

  • Park, K.K.;Yang, S.Y.;Kim, B.K.;Jung, W.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.1598-1603
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    • 2000
  • Broiler litter can be used as a feedstuff for ruminants. Fifty seven litter samples collected from 47 farms in Kyungkee Province of Korea were analyzed to assess the effects of type and amount of bedding (rice hulls vs. sawdust), season (winter vs. summer) and drinkers (bell- vs. trough-type) on composition of broiler litter. Rearing conditions of broilers were also surveyed from the farms to estimate annual production rate of litter. Nutrient composition of broiler litter varied widely and moisture and ash concentrations were higher than observed by other researchers. Ash concentration was higher (p<0.05) for samples taken in winter than in summer and higher (p<0.05) in the rice hulls- than in the sawdust-based litter both in winter and summer. Only minor differences in litter composition were noted between drinkers. Ash was negatively correlated with crude protein and neutral detergent fiber (p<0.01), and acid detergent fiber (p<0.05). The estimated litter production rate was 2.7 kg per bird per flock on a wet basis (60% DM) and the annual production rate was 12.7 kg per bird per yr (60% DM). Therefore, the 42 million broilers per month grown in Korea in 1999 produced a total of 533,400 metric tons of litter.

Effect of Ensiling Sudax Fodder with Broiler Litter and Candida Yeast on the Changes in pH, Lactic Acid and Nitrogen Fractions

  • Rasool, S.;Gilani, A.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.98-105
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    • 1997
  • Sudax fodder (Sorghum sudanense ${\times}$ Sorhum vulgare) was ensiled in laboratory silos with or without 20, 30, or 40 percent broiler litter and 6 percent molasses with or without Candida yeast. The samples were analyzed for pH, lactic acid and nitrogen fractions at the start of the experiment and at 5 days interval, thereafter till 40 days. A sharp decline in pH and increase in lactic acid content was observed on fifth day of ensiling. Thereafter, the rate of pH decline decreased till 20 days and that of lactic acid increase till 25 days and the remained constant. Increasing levels of broiler litter had adverse effect on pH drop and lactic acid increase of silages. Total-N content of the silages had little variation throughout the ensiling period. A sharp decline in protein-N and increase in ammonia-N content was observed on day 5 of ensiling. Thereafter, the content of protein-N increased till 20 days and that of ammonia-N decreased till 15 days, but these changes were very small compared to that occurred during the first 5 days of ensiling. The level of broiler litter had inverse relationship with protein degradation and direct relationship with ammonia production. The yeast inoculum failed to produce any significant effect.

Digestion and Nitrogen Utilization by Sheep Fed Diets Supplemented with Processed Broiler Litter

  • Kwak, W.S.;Fontenot, J.P.;Herbein, J.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.1634-1641
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    • 2003
  • In vivo digestion and metabolism trials were conducted with 10 wethers equipped with ruminal, abomasal, and ileal cannulae to evaluate digestion of ensiled broiler litter (EBL), deepstacked broiler litter (DBL), and composted broiler litter (CBL). Wethers were fed a low protein (6.3% CP) basal diet alone or supplemented to 10.3% CP with EBL, DBL, CBL or soybean meal (SBM). All diets were formulated to be isoenergetic (56% TDN, DM basis). Apparent digestibilities of DM, OM, and ADF were not affected (p<0.05) by diet, but digestibility of CP was improved (p<0.05) by N supplementation. Apparent digestibility of CP was lower (p<0.05) for diets supplemented with CBL and DBL than for diets supplemented with SBM and EBL. Ruminal $NH_3$ concentration was 20 to 24 mg/dl at 2 h after feeding litter-supplemented diets compared with 13 mg/dl for SBM. Abomasal N, $NH_3$ N, and nonammonia N flows were increased (p<0.05) by N supplementation, whereas microbial N flow was not influenced (p<0.05) by diet. Compared with SBM and EBL, undegraded dietary CP flow to the abomasum tended to be greater (p<0.1) when wethers were fed DBL and CBLsupplemented diets. Retention of N (g/d) also was greater (p<0.05) due to greater (p<0.05) N intake and lower (p<0.05) urinary N excretion when wethers were fed diets supplemented with litter (especially EBL) vs. SBM. Overall, characteristics of ruminal fermentation and digestion indicated that broiler litter N was utilized efficiently by wethers, but ensiling may be preferable to deepstacking or composting.

육계분 발효사료의 첨가수준이 숫꽃사슴의 소화율, 건물채식량 및 질소출납에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Supplementary Levels of Deep-stacked Broiler Litter on Digestibility, Dry Matter Intake, and Nitrogen Balance by Male Spotted Deer(Cervus Nippon))

  • 전병태;곽완섭;강성기;이상무;문상호
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.79-86
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    • 2003
  • 본 실험은 기존 사슴사료에 있어서 육계분 발효사료의 대체 가능성을 검토하기 위해 숫사슴에 있어서 육계분 발효사료의 첨가수준을 0, 15, 및 30%로 달리하여 소화율, 증체량, 건물채식량 및 질소출납에 미치는 영향을 검토하였다. 모든 처리구에서 실험사슴들은 비슷한 수준의 채식량을 나타내어 건물기준으로 체중의 약 3% 정도의 채식량을 기록하고 있어 육계분 발효사료를 30%까지 첨가한 경우 숫사슴의 채식 기호도에는 부정적인 영향이 나타나지 않는 것으로 판단되었다. 건물소화율은 Control이 76.5%로 가장 높았고, T2가 70.3%로 가장 낮아 유의성(P<0.05)이 인정되었다. 조단백질의 경우도 Control구가 75.8%로 가장 높은 소화율을 나타냈으며, T2가 70.2%로 가장 낮은 소화율을 나타내어 처리간에 유의성(P<0.05)이 인정되었다. 조섬유 소화율은 Control구 70.8.%, T1구 62.7%, T2구 56.0%로 육계분 발효사료의 첨가수준이 높아짐에 따라 조섬유 소화율이 저하되어 Control구와의 사이에 유의성(P<0.05)이 인정되었다. 건물 및 가소화 건물섭취량 모두 육계분 발효사료의 첨가수준이 높아질수록 약간씩 저하되는 경향은 있었으나 그 차이에 대한 유의성은 인정되지 않았다. 실험사슴들의 일당 증체량은 T1구에서 가장 높았으며 Con- trol구에서 가장 낮았으나 처리간의 차이는 유의성이 인정되지 않았다. 질소섭취량은 T1구가 40.2g으로 가장 많았으며 T2구가 38.0g으로 가장 낮았으나 처리간의 유의성은 인정되지 않았다. 분 중 질소의 양은 T2구에서 가장 높았으며 뇨 중 질소의 양은 Control구가 가장 높았다(P<0.05). 체내 질소 축적량은 T1구에서 가장 높았으나 나머지 처리구들과 비슷한 수준을 유지했다.

육계분의 콤포스터 처리시 내부온도 조절이 생산물의 영양학적, 미생물학적 성상에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Pile Temperature Control on Changes of Nutritional and Microbilological Parameters of Composted Poultry Waste)

  • 곽완섭;김태규;김언현;김창원
    • 한국축산시설환경학회지
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 1996
  • In an attempt to recycle as feed or fertilizer, broiler litter containing rice hull was manually composted under the control of peak temperature of piles(uncontrolled or controlled below $70^{\circ}C$ or below $60^{\circ}C$) in each of three $1.0\;{\times}\;1.0\;{\times}\;1.2m$ dimensional facilities. Changes of nutritional and microbiological parameters were evaluated throughout the 8 weeks of processing period. The initial content of crude protein(29.6%) decreased to 17.8% after 8 weeks of composting. The rapid nitrogen(N) loss observed in the early phase was attributed mainly to non-protein-N(NPN) loss. The initial content of ash(19.1%) increased to $26{\sim}29%$ after 8 weeks. For toxic heavy metals, Cr, Pb, and Hg contents of final composts were far less than the maximum tolerance levels allowed in food or compost. Bacterial growth was rather depressed until the second week, increased thereafter, and reached to peak($10^{12}cfu$ level) at the 4th week of composting. With composting, actinomycetes were active at the level of $10^7\;to\;10^9$. Fungi were active during the first to third week of composting. In general, control of pile temperature below $70^{\circ}C$ did not remarkably alter the nutritional and microbiological parameters of broiler litter compost, compared to that of pile temperature below $60^{\circ}C$. Further researches on prevention from the rapid loss of NPN in the early phase of composting are required for more effective recycling of broiler litter.

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Ruminal Dry Matter and Fiber Characteristics of Rice Hulls-bedded Broiler Litter Compared with Rice Straw

  • Kwak, W.S.;Park, J.M.;Park, K.K.;Kim, W.Y.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.207-212
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    • 2004
  • Ruminal digestion of dry matter (DM) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) of processed (ensiled, deepstacked or composted) broiler litter (BL) was determined in situ and in vitro, and compared with rice straw (RS). DM disappearances at 24 and 48 h and digestion of differently processed BL were higher than those of RS. Compared with RS, processed BL was low in NDF disappearance at 72 h incubation, digestion rate ($K_dB$) and digestibility at 0.025 of passage rate; however, deepstacked BL was similar in these NDF characteristics. Processing of BL affected ruminal digestion of nutrients such as DM and NDF adversely. NDF of composted BL, especially, was the most indigestible. This in situ nutritional evaluation indicated that deepstacked BL, the most widely used form of BL, was superior in DM characteristics (fractions, ruminal disappearance and digestibility) and similar in NDF characteristics (ruminal disappearance and digestibility) to RS.

육계분-제과부산물 혼합사료 급여가 육성 거세 한우의 생산성, 경제성 및 육 특성에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Feeding Broiler Litter and Bakery By-product Ration on Production, Economy and Meat Quality of Growing Hanwoo Steers)

  • 곽완섭;윤정식;정근기
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.797-804
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 개발된 육계분(64%)-제과부산물(36%) 혼합사료 90%와 볏짚 10%로의 기존의 배합사료와 볏짚 완전 대체 시 육성 거세 한우의 생산성, 경제성 및 육 특성에 미치는 효과를 구명하고자 실시하였다. 동일 열량 기준으로 설계된 대조구와 시험구 사료를 육성 한우 총 20두에게 12주간 급여한 결과는 다음과 같았다. 제조된 혼합사료의 성분 변이도는 배합사료보다 높은 편이었으며, 혼합사료의 기호성 문제는 없었다. 혼합사료 90%-볏짚 10% 급여구(시험구)는 기존의 배합사료-볏짚 급여구(대조구)와 비교해서 사료 DM 섭취량은 높았고(P〈0.05), OM 섭취량은 동일하였으며, 일당증체율(0.75 vs 0.64 kg/d)과 DM(10.1 vs 12.5), OM(9.0 vs 10.6) 사료 효율 또한 비슷하였다. 혼합사료 급여는 증체 당 사료비용을 약 45% 절감시켰으며, 육 특성에는 전혀 나쁜 영향을 미치지 않았다. 이러한 결과들은 육계분-제과부산물 혼합사료는 한우 육성용으로서 성공적으로 이용될 수 있는 잠재적 가능성을 시사하고 있다.