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Antimutagenic and Cytotoxic Effects of Acer ginnala Max. Bark Extracts (신나무 껍질 추출물의 항돌연변이원성 및 세포독성 효과)

  • Oh Heung-Seok;Cui Cheng-Bi;Choi Hyung-Taek;Kim Soo-Hyun;Jeon Mi-Sun;Ham Seung-Shi
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.550-556
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    • 2004
  • In the present study, we investigated the antimutagenic and cytotoxic effects of Acer ginnala Max. bark extract on S. typhimurium TA98, TA100 and cancer cell lines with Ames test and SRB assay, respectively. They were extracted with methanol and then fractionated using hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water to obtain the fractions. The inhibition rate of methanol ($200\;{\mu}g/plate$) of Acer ginnala Max. bark extract in the Salmonella typhimurium TA100 strain showed $83.3\%$ against the mutagenesis induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). In addition, the suppression of methanol extract with same concentration of in the Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 strains showed $80.3\%\;and\;92.7\%$ inhibition against 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido-(4,3-b)indol (Trp-P-1), respectively. The cytotoxicity effects of Acer ginnala Max. bark extract against the cell lines with human lung carcinoma (A549), human gastric carcinoma (AGS), human hepatocellular carcinoma (Hep3B) and human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) were inhibited with the increase of the extract concentration. The treatment of 1.0 mg/mL Acer ginnala Max. bark methanol extract of methanol showed strong cytotoxicities of $77.3\%,\;90.4\%,\;88.9\%,\;and\;83.7\%$ against A549, AGS, Hep3B and MCF-7, respectively.

Cytotoxicity and Chemosensitizing Effect of Camellia(Camellia japonica) Tea Extracts (동백엽차와 화차의 세포독성 및 다제내성 극복효과)

  • 황은주;차영주;박민희;이장원;이숙영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.487-493
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    • 2004
  • This study has been undertaken to increase availability of native camellia in Jeonnam as a medicinal resource and to isolate the effective components from them. Fresh leaf and flower of camellia, single camellia tea and camellia tea mixed with green tea, herbs were screened for cytotoxicity on MCF -7 (human breast adenocarcinoma pleual effusion), Calu-6 (human pulmonary carcinoma), SNU-601 (human gastric carcinoma) cells. Also their multidrug-resistance reversing activity were evaluated using drug sensitive AML-2/WT and multidrug-resistant AML-2/D100 cells. Among the camellia extracts, young leaf and camellia tea mixed with green tea had strong growth inhibitory effects in below 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL against human cancer cells. In result, young leaf showed the strongest inhibitory effects on MCF -7 ($IC_{50}$/ = 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL ↑), Calu-6 ($IC_{50}$/ = 79 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL), and SNU -601 ($IC_{50}$/ = 39 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL), and AML-2/WT ($IC_{50}$/ = 64 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL). Chemosensitizing effect was the extracts of mature leaf ($IC_{50}$/ = 97 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, RF=3.0), roasted tea ($IC_{50}$/ = 76 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, RF = 2.6 ↑) and steam tea ($IC_{50}$/ = 70 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL, RF=2.8 ↑) strongly potentiate vincristine cytotoxicity in AML-2/D100 cells. But their cytotoxicities to both sensitive AML-2/WT and resistant AML-2/D100 cells were in the same order of magnitude. This results indicate that crude extracts of camellia mature leaves would contain some principles which have chemosensitizing activity.

Biological Activity of Ixeris dentata Nakai juice Extracts (씀바귀(Ixeris dentata Nakai) 생즙 추출물의 생리활성)

  • 김명조;김주성;강원희;조미애;함승시;정동명
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.924-930
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    • 2002
  • Ixeris dentata extracts exllibited antimicrobial activity against some bacteria and fungi. Also EtOH extracts showed strong antioxidant activity and RC$_{50}$ value was 28 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL. The inhibitory effect of Ixeris dentata on the mutagenicity in Salmonella and cytotoxicity on cancer cell were studied. Ixeris dentata extracts showed anti-mutagenic effects of 78.83 and 75.96% on B(a)P in S. typhimurium TA98 and Th100, respectively. These extracts showed 78.72% antimutagenicity on TA100 against MNNG. The Ixeris dentata extract with strong antimutagenic activities was further fractionated by hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water. Butanol fraction was found to be highest in antimutagenic activity against MNNG than the other fractions. Butanol fraction of Ixreis dentate revealed the highest cytotoxicity against AS49 human lung carcinoma cells in which cell growth was inhibited by 93.75% at 375 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL. Hexane fraction of ixeris dentate exhibited 68.56% inhibition against MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cells at 500 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL. Hexane fraction of Ixeris dentata exhibited 84.91% inhibition against Hep 3B human hepatocellular carcinoma cells at 500 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL. From these results, it is considered that Ixeris dentata has strong antimutagenic and anticancer effects in vitro. However, these extracts and fractions did not show any cytotoxic effect against 293 cells.

Antioxidative, Antimutagenic and Cytotoxic Effects of Natural Seasoning Using Lentinus edodes Powder (표고버섯 분말을 첨가한 천연 조미료 추출물의 항산화성, 항돌연변이성 및 세포독성 효과)

  • Yoo, Su-Jung;Kim, Soo-Hyun;Choi, Houng-Taek;Oh, Hyun-Taek;Choi, Hyun-Jin;Ham, Seung-Shi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.515-520
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    • 2007
  • This study was peformed to determine the antioxidative, antimutagenic and cytotoxic effects of the natural seasoning using Lentinus edodes powder (NSLP) by DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) free radical donating method, Ames test, and cytotoxicity, respectively. The scavenging effect on DPPH radical in ethyl acetate fraction of NSLP showed $155{\mu}g\;of\;RC_{50}$. The direct antimutagenic effects of ethanol extract and its solvent fractions of NSLP were examined by Ames test using Salmonella Typhimurium TA98 and TA100. In the Ames test, ethanol extract of NSLP alone did not exhibit any mutagenicity and most of the samples showed high antimutagenic effects against mutation induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso guanidine (MNNG) and 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO). Ethyl acetate fraction of NSLP ($200{\mu}g/plate$) showed approximately 82% inhibitory effect on the mutagenesis induced by 4NQO against TA98 strain, whereas 84% and 80% inhibitions were observed on the mutagenesis induced by 4NQO and MNNG against TA100 strain. In anticancer effects of ethanol extract and its solvent fractions of NSLP against cancer cell lines including human lung carcinoma (A549), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), human hepatocellular carcinoma (Hep3B), human cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa) and human gastric carcinoma (AGS) were investigated. The treatment of 1 mg/mL ethyl acetate fraction of NSLP showed strong cytotoxicity of 56.7%, 84.9%, 64.6%, 85.1% and 71.5% against A549, MCF-7, Hep3B, HeLa and AGS, respectively. In contrast 1 mg/mL treatment of NSLP extract and its solvent fractions had only $4{\sim}40%$ cytotoxicity on human transfomed primary embryonal kidney cell (293). From this result, it is suggested that NSLP is believed to have possible antioxidative, antimutagenic and anticancer capacities.

Antimutagenic and Antitumor Effects of Codonopsis lanceolata Extracts (더덕 추출물의 항돌연변이 및 항종양 효과)

  • Kim, Soo-Hyun;Choi, Hyun-Jin;Chung, Mi-Ja;Cui, Cheng-Bi;Ham, Seung-Shi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.1295-1301
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the mutagenic, antimutagenic, cytotoxicity and antitumor effect of Codonopsis lanceolata (CL). CL was extracted with 70% ethanol and then further fractionated to hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol and water. Antimutagenic, cytotoxicity and antitumor effects of CL extracts were measured by using Ames test, SRB method, and the tumor growth inhibition test. CL extracts did not show any mutagenicity in the Ames test; however, 70% ethanol extracts and its fractions had strong antimutagenic effects against mutation induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) and 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO). The ethyl acetate fraction of CL (200 ${\mu}g$/plate) showed approximately 72.1% inhibitory effect on the mutagenesis induced by 4NQO against TA98 strain, whereas 69.6% and 67.0% inhibitions were observed on the mutagenesis induced by MNNG and 4NQO against TA100 strain. In anticancer effects, the cytotoxicity of CL extract and its fractions against cancer cell lines including human cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa), human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), human lung carcinoma (A549) and transformed primary human embryo kidney (293) were investigated. The treatment of 1 mg/mL CL ethyl acetate fraction had the highest cytotoxicity of 74.5%, 70.7% and 80.3% against HeLa, MCF-7 and A549 cells, respectively. In contrast, the extract and its fractions showed only 2$\sim$31% cytotoxicity for a normal human kidney cell line (293). In vivo anticancer effect of CL extract was tested using Balb/c mice transplanted sarcoma-180 cells. CL ethyl acetate fraction showed the highest inhibition rate of 56.4% at the 50 mg/kg concentration.

Enhancement of Anticancer Activity of Acer mono by High Pressure Extraction Process (고로쇠 수피 초고압 추출물의 항암활성 증진)

  • Jeong, Myoung-Hoon;Kim, Seung-Seop;Ha, Ji-Hye;Jin, Ling;Lee, Hak-Ju;Kang, Ha-Young;Park, Sung-Jin;Lee, Hyeon-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.9
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    • pp.1243-1252
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    • 2009
  • We investigated a method to improve anticancer activities of Acer mono by ultra high pressure extraction process. The extract yields by ultra high pressure were 9.49% and 9.87% for 5 min and 15 min processing time, respectively, which were relatively higher than 3$\sim$4% of conventional extraction processes due to their resid bark structure. The extract for 15 minutes extraction (HPE15) showed higher potent scavenging effect as 94.56% than the control, BHA as 93.24%. On SOD-like test, HPE15 also showed the highest activity as 38.6% at 1.0 mg/mL concentration. The cytotoxicity of HPE15 on normal human lung and kidney cell were below 23.54% in adding 1.0 mg/mL. Generally, human cancer cell growth stomach adenocarcinoma (AGS), lung adenocarcinoma (A549), breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) and liver adenocarcinoma (Hep3B) were inhibited up to 75% with higher selectivity of above 4.0. High antioxidant activity of HPE15 resulted in high anticancer activity, and its activity was also due to higher yields of Acer mono by ultra high pressure extraction process. It was also proved by HPLC comparison analysis.

Effects of an Aqueous Extract of Asparagus cochinchinensis on the Regulation of Nerve Growth Factor in Neuronal Cells (신경세포에서 신경성장인자(nerve growth factor)의 조절에 미치는 천문동(Asparagus cochinchinensis) 열수추출물의 영향)

  • Lee, Hyun Ah;Kim, Ji Eun;Song, Sung Hwa;Sung, Ji Eun;Jung, Min Gi;Kim, Dong Seob;Son, Hong Joo;Lee, Chung Yeoul;Lee, Hee Seob;Hwang, Dae Youn
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.509-518
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    • 2016
  • Asparagus cochinchinensis is a medical plant that has long been used to treat fever, cough, kidney disease, breast cancer, inflammatory disease and brain disease in northeast Asian countries. Although several studies have been conducted on the anti-neuroinflammatory effects of A. cochinchinensis, the correlation between these effects and nerve growth factor (NGF) has not yet been examined. In this study, we investigated the effects of an aqueous extract of A. cochinchinensis (AEAC) on the secretion and action mechanism of NGF in neuronal cells. The concentration of the NGF protein in the supernatant collected from cultured cells increased significantly in B35 cells treated with AEAC in comparison with the vehicle-treated group without any specific cytotoxicity. Furthermore, the mRNA expression of NGF showed a very similar pattern to its protein concentration. To examine the bioactivity of NGF secreted from B35 cells, undifferentiated PC12 cells were cultured in an AEAC-conditioned medium and neuritic outgrowth was observed. The dendrite length of PC12 cells in the AEAC-treated group was significantly higher than that in the vehicle-treated group. Moreover, the level of the downstream effectors p-TrkA and p-ERK of the high-affinity NGF receptor was significantly higher in the AEAC-treated group, while the expression of the downstream effectors of the low-affinity NGF receptor was significantly lower in the same group. These results suggest that AEAC may contribute to the regulation of NGF expression and secretion in neuronal cells; it is therefore an excellent candidate for further investigation as a therapeutic drug for neurodegenerative diseases.

HER-2/neu Protein Expression in Canine Mammary Adenocarcinoma (HER-2/neu 단백질이 개 유방암에서의 발현분석)

  • Yang, Hai-Jie;Do, Sun-Hee;Yuan, Dong-Wei;Hong, Il-Hwa;Ki, Mi-Ran;Park, Jin-Kyu;Goo, Moon-Jung;Lee, Hye-Rim;Hong, Kyung-Sook;Hwang, Ok-Kyung;Han, Jung-Youn;Park, Ho-Yong;Yoo, Sung-Eun;Jeong, Kyu-Shik
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.16-22
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    • 2008
  • In this study to evaluate the involvement of EGFR, HER-2/neu and ALCAM (CD166) oncogene products in canine mammary neoplastic lesions, sections of archived paraffin-embedded samples of 49 mammary tumors were analyzed immunohistochemically using antibodies against human EGFR and HER-2/neu and ALCAM. These 49 tumors were divided into 2 groups: 22 benign (19 adenoma, 3 benign mixed tumors) and 27 malignant tumors (2 simple adenocarcinomas, 5 complex adenocarcinomas, 3 solid carcinoma, 5 sclerosing carcinoma, 8 malignant mixed tumors and 4 malignant myoepithelioma). As a result of immunostaining, 31.8% (7/22) of the benign tumors and 29.6% (8/27) of the malignant tumors expressed the HER-2/neu oncogene product, EGFR expression was detected in 27.3% (6/22) of benign tumors and in 22.2% (6/27) of the malignant tumors. ALCAM expression was detected in 40.9% (9/22) of benign tumors and in 7.4% (2/27) of the malignant tumors. These results suggest that some of the biological and morphological characteristics of the tumor are associated with canine mammary gland tumors, as also reported for human breast cancer, the possibility of using anti-HER-2/neu antibodies in the treatment of canine mammary tumors.

The Effects of Medicinal Herbs Extracts on Estrogen-like Activities and Osteoblast Proliferation and Differentiation (한약재 추출물의 에스트로겐 유사활성 및 조골세포 증식과 분화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Mihyang;Kim, Bokyung;Kim, Jae-Deog;Kang, A-Ram;Lee, Chang-Eun;Seo, Jungmin;Lee, Dong-Geun;Jo, Jung-Kwon;Kim, Yuck Yong;Yu, Ki Hwan;Lee, Sang-Hyeon
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.456-463
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 3 types of medicinal herbs (Glycyrrhizae radix, Astragali radix and Dioscorea rhizoma) extracts on estrogen-like activities, proliferation and differentiation in osteoblast. Human breast cancer cell line MCF7 was transfected using an estrogen responsive luciferase reporter plasmid for measure the estrogen-like activity. Estrogen-like activities of extracts were in the range of 1.11~5.73 fold to that of negative control. The extract of G. radix showed the strongest estrogen-like activities. The estrogen-like activities of 50 and $500{\mu}g/ml$ extracts of G. radix were similar to that of $10^{-8}$ and $10^{-7}$ M standard solution ($17{\beta}-estradiol$), respectively. G. radix extract showed no cytotoxicity against osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells at $1{\sim}1,000{\mu}g/ml$. The extract of A. radix showed no significant proliferation of osteoblast. However, the extract of G. radix and D. rhizome showed maximum 148% and 133% proliferation effects. The extract of G. radix also increased alkaline phosphatase activity and the maximum was 122% at $100{\mu}g/ml$ compared to that of control. The nodule formation by the method of the Alizarin red S staining increased compared to control. These results suggest that G. radix is able to perform the bone formation and prevent osteoporosis.

Antimutagenic and Cytotoxic Effects of Extracts of Kalopanax pictus NAKAI Endodermis (음나무 내피 추출물의 항돌연변이원성 및 세포독성 효과)

  • Kim, Myong-Jo;Kim, Ju-Sung;Kang, Won-Hee;Yeon, Kyu-Dong
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.132-138
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    • 2002
  • This study was performed to determine the antimutagenic and cytotoxic effect of ,Kalopanacis cortex endothelium. Methanol extract was used on Salmonella typhimurium TA98, TA100 and three cancer cell lines. In the Ames test, methanol extract of Kalopanacis cortex endothelium alone did not exhibit any mutagenicity but showed substantial inhibitory effects against mutation induced by 4-nitroquinoline-l-oxide(4NQO), N'-methyl- N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine(MNNG) and benzo(a)pyrene(B(a)P). The methanol extract of Kalopanacis cortex endothelium showed approximately 79.29% and 75.38% inhibitory effect on the mutagenesis induced by 4NQO and B(a)P, respectively, against TA98 strain. Whereas 79.49%, 89.3% and 68.85% inhibitions were observed on the mutagenesis induced by 4NQO, MNNG and B(a)P against TA100 strain. Methanol extracts from Kalopanacis cortex endothelium showed high antimutagenic effects against 4NQO, MNNG and B(a)P. The anticancer effects of methanol extract from Kalopanacis cortex endothelium against human lung carcinoma(A549), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) and human hepatocellular carcinoma(Hep3B) were investigated. The treatment of 0.5mg/ml Kalopanacis cortex endothelium methanol extracts had the highest cytotoxicity against A549(81.54%), followed by MCF-7(81.92%) and Hep3B (78.57%). In contrast 0.5mg/ml treatment of methanol extracts from Kalopanacis cortex endothelium had only $4{\sim}25%$ cytotoxicity on normal human liver cell(293).