• Title/Summary/Keyword: Breakfast

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A Study of Female College Students' Breakfast Behavior and Ideal Breakfast Type (여대생의 아침식사 실태와 이상적 아침식사 유형을 위한 연구 - I. 아침식사 행동을 중심으로 -)

  • Chung, Hea-Jung;Lee, Jin-Sil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.378-387
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to investigate breakfast behaviors of female college students. 500 questionnaires were distributed and 417 were used for statistical analysis(SAS program). This survey was conducted from June, 2000 to October, 2000. 44.7% of the respondents considered lunch to be the most important meal. 51.6% students thought that people must eat breakfast. 41.6% of the students always eat breakfast but 22.1% do not eat breakfast. Conventional type of breakfast was found to be the most popular (67.6%). But ₩400,000 monthly allowance group(P<0.05) and self prepared breakfast group preferred Western style breakfast. The main reason for eating breakfast was for health(34.6%). The group of students with less monthly allowance were more likely to skip breakfast due to lack of time (p<0.01). Physical discomforts after skipping breakfast were: lack of strength(42.5%), stomach ache(36.3%), giddiness(9.1%), and recovered temper(12.1%). In conclusion, it is needed that a convenient and nutritional education should be developed for college students' health.

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A Study on the Breakfast Habits of Salaried People in Seoul (서울시내 직장인의 아침식사 식습관에 관한 연구)

  • 신경화;채경연;유양자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.119-128
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    • 2002
  • This study was intended to investigate the breakfast habits of salaried people. Total 446 subjects (male:256 and female:190) living in Seoul participated in the study. The results obtained were as follows : About 88.8% of the respondents perceived well the importance of breakfast, but only 33.2% of them responded to have breakfast every morning. It was found that males, older people, married people and people with higher education had a tendency to have breakfast regularly. The main reasons for having breakfast were 'for nutritional intake'(42.2%) and 'for relieving hunger' (31.3%). Cooked rice with soup (78.4%) was the most popular menu for breakfast. The time for breakfast was about 5∼15 minutes. The reasons for skipping breakfast were 'the lack of time > low appetite > habitually', but 59.6% of the respondents answered to have cooked rice with soup if they would. The 95.6% of the respondents showed more than the 'moderate' score on nutritional knowledge. Female salaried people showed higher scores on nutritional knowledge than male counterparts. People with higher education had a better nutritional knowledge. It was found that male, older people, people with higher education, and members in the extended family or nuclear family had good eating habits. Nutritial knowledge showed a significant positive relationship with eating habits. Overall, salaried people perceived the importance of breakfast, but had Poor dietary habit of skipping breakfast at 23.3%. Therefore, convenient and nutritional substitute for breakfast should be developed for salaried people.

Factors Related to Breakfast Eating Habit of Woman's College Students (일개 여자대학 학생의 아침식사 습관과 관련요인)

  • Shin, Eun-Young;Kim, Mi-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.276-285
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study is descriptive research that confirms breakfast eating habit of woman's college students and related factors. Methods: This investigation took place in August 2010 and was participated 142 students of one woman's college which located in a large city. The contents of the questionnaire consists of general trait, diet trait, life patterns and health states. Results: According to the results of uni-variate analysis, the significant variables of breakfast eating habit are: Recognition of importance of breakfast, spare time before attendance, her parents's breakfast eating habit, times of snack, times of eating out and index of food life style. But, according to the results of multi-variate analysis, the number of the significant variables became narrow and they were: Recognition of importance of breakfast, spare time before attendance and her father's breakfast eating habit. Conclusion: Finally, it can be said that the breakfast eating habit of woman's college student is related to recognition of importance of breakfast, spare time before attendance and her father's breakfast habit strongly. It is necessary to emphasis on the recognition of the importance of breakfast and concerns of parents for breakfast eating habit to improve the regularity of breakfast eating habit for woman's college students' health.

Factors Associated with Breakfast Skipping in Elementary School Children in Korea (일부지역 초등학생 아침 결식과 식사 관련 요인 분석)

  • 정상진;이윤나;권순자
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.3-11
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    • 2004
  • The objective of this study was to examine relationships between breakfast skipping and ecological factors related to eating practice. Participants were 537 children (male: 274, female: 263) from two elementary schools in Kyunggi-do (School A) and Seoul (School B). Analysis included cross-tabulation of demographics, factors related to eating practice and weight status, frequency of breakfast skipping and types of breakfast and the number of foods at breakfast by schools. Logistic regression were conducted to identify the factors associated with breakfast skipping. Children in school B showed higher socioeconomic status by living environment and the type of fathers' job than those in school A. Eighty six percent of children in school B and 75% in school A ate breakfast 5 times and more per week. School and father's occupation differences correlated with the frequency of breakfast, but not mother's employ status was not. After controlling school. type of father's job, mother's employ status, eating breakfast 5 times and more was associated with eating with other family members, feeling hungry before breakfast, normal weight status, eating Korean traditional meal type and number of food eaten at breakfast. The results stress the need for intervention programs aimed at decreased skipping breakfast among elementary school children. While programs need to reach all children skipping breakfast, approaches need to be suitable to in particular those from low socioeconomic backgrounds.

Breakfast Patterns and Preferences of Elementary School Students in the Chung-nam Area (충남 일부 지역 초등학생의 아침식사 관련 요인 및 선호도 조사)

  • Kim, Myung-Hee;Ji, Weon-Jeong;Choi, Mi-Kyeong;Kim, Eun-Young
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.171-183
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    • 2013
  • We examined breakfast patterns and preferences in 420 elementary school students (216 boys, 206 girls) in the Chung-nam area. About thirty percent of the subjects had breakfast irregularly. The main reasons for skipping breakfast were having a 'poor appetite' and being 'busy'. The person who prepared breakfast was the 'mother' in both groups. Subjects were satisfied with 'Korean style' menu but dissatisfied with 'rice porridge-style'. Multiple regression analysis indicated that the 'frequency of having breakfast' was positively related to the subject's 'frequency of having breakfast with their mother'. On the other hand, the frequency of having breakfast was negatively related to feeling obligated to have breakfast. The multiple regression analysis also indicated that a Korean style 'breakfast preference' was positively related to the mother's age and negatively related to their 'wake-up time'. A 'breakfast preference for bread and milk' was positively related to 'bed time' and negatively related to the 'age of the father'. Our results will provide critical information for the nutritional education of elementary school students.

Relation of Breakfast Intake to Diet Quality in Korean School-Aged Children: Analysis of the Data from the 2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey (초.중.고등학생의 아침식사 섭취에 따른 하루식사의 질 평가: 2001년 국민건강.영양조사 자료 분석)

  • Yeoh, Yoon-Jae;Yoon, Ji-Hyun;Shim, Jae-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2009
  • The aims of this study were to assess the quality of breakfast intake and to examine the relation of breakfast intake to the quality of daily diet in Korean school-aged children. The one day 24-hour recall data from the 2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey were analyzed. The sample of this study consisted of 1,600 children aged 7 to 18 years attending elementary, middle, or high schools. By calorie level of breakfast intake, the children were grouped into Breakfast Skippers (0 kcal; n = 268, 17%), Low Calorie Breakfast Eaters (0 kcal < and < 10% of Estimated Energy Requirement (EER); n = 190, 12%), Moderate Calorie Breakfast Eaters (10% ${\leq}$ and < 25% of EER; n = 861, 54%), or Sufficient Calorie Breakfast Eaters (${\geq}$ 25% of EER; n = 281, 17%). General characteristics including weight status and nutritional quality of breakfast and daily diet were compared among the four groups. The average daily calorie intake of Breakfast Skippers, Low, Moderate, and Sufficient Breakfast Eaters were 1,771 kcal, 1,719 kcal, 1,902 kcal, and 2,349 kcal, respectively; they were 86.3%, 85.9%, 98.0%, and 124.9% of EER, respectively. The percentages of students consuming daily diet with protein, vitamin A, $B_1$, $B_2$, niacin, vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus, or iron less than Estimated Average Requirement decreased in the breakfast groups with the higher calorie level of breakfast intake. The Dietary Variety Score of daily diet significantly increased by increasing the calorie level of breakfast intake. The results indicated the quality of daily diet was positively related to the level of calorie intake from breakfast.

Dietary Life and Eating-Out Style Related to Breakfast Frequency of Male-Students in Culinary College (조리전공 남자대학생의 아침식사 빈도에 따른 식생활과 외식형태)

  • Kim, Sook-Hee;Joung, Kyung-Hee;Chae, Byoung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 2007
  • This study was to investigate dietary life and eating-out style related to breakfast frequency of male students in culinary college. This survey was conducted using questionnaires for 110 male students at college in Hongseung. Mean height and body weight of those we investigated was 174 cm and 70.5 kg. The one to two times per week breakfast eating group was 34.55%, which is exceedingly numerous; none per week breakfast eating group was 30%; three to tow times per week breakfast eating group was 15.45%; everyday breakfast eating group was only 9.09%. The breakfast frequency was very low, and the not-eating breakfast problem is serious to think of in male college students. Mean weight, body fat and body mass index(BMI) of the everyday breakfast eating group was lower than the other group even it was not significant. The self-boarding house or dormitory living condition group was not eating breakfast was significant. So a correct dietary lift and eating habit should be taught further for male college students. The smoking group was a significant low frequency of breakfast eating, as well as the lower frequency of breakfast, or worse recognition of self health condition. Higher frequency of breakfast showed more contentment of self body weight. Cooked rice was significantly the most preferable for breakfast. The lower breakfast frequency tended to eat breads or cereals. The lower frequency of breakfast, self recognition of eating rate as speedier was significant, and tended to have a higher frequency of eating-out because of being annoyed by cooking. The lower breakfast frequency ate out more. Twenty five percent of the everyday breakfast eating group ate out because of a special day, and thirty five percent of the not eating breakfast group did so because of being annoyed by cooking. Their mean dietary evaluation grade was under the normal grade, which means that culinary college male students' dietary lives were poor. The lower frequency of breakfast and lower grade of food life evaluation, indicates the importance of nutritional breakfasts education should be improved for male culinary college students also.

Elementary Schoolers' Skipping Breakfast (초등학생의 아침결식 실태 및 관련요인)

  • Kim Young-Hae;Ju Hyeon-Ok
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.488-495
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study is a descriptive study to contribute to children health improvement by finding out the actual state of breakfast and related features of skipping breakfast. Method: The subjects of this study were 724 children. The collected data were analyzed through real numbers, percentage, mean and standard deviation, cross tabulation, χ2-test and t-test using the SPSS WIN 10.0. Result: The rate of the children's skipping breakfast recorded 48.6%. Related Factors to skipping breakfast were sex, income, mother's education level and father's education level. 53.1% of girls skipped breakfast. In case of the group their family's income was over 3 million won/month andtheir father graduated college, the rate of skipping breakfast was low significantly. In groups having breast with rice, soup and side dishes, getting up before 7 A.M. and having good eating habit, the rate of skipping breakfast was low significantly. Conclusion: It is necessary to induce a desirable breakfast habit by health education about the importance and necessity of breakfast. Therefore, it is supposed that parents should pay attention to their children to form the right eating habits and encourage them not to skip breakfast.

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Study on Skipping Breakfast in Adolescents Classified by Household Type (가구 유형별 청소년의 아침식사 행태 분석)

  • Park, Jaehong;You, Soye
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.329-340
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated the situation of eating meals to identify factors influencing skipping breakfast and types of foods consumed for breakfast among adolescents classified by household type. Adolescents were found to consume mainly homemade meals for breakfast and dinner while consuming institutional foodservice at school for lunch. Percentage of skipping meals among adolescents was different by time of meals, and they skipped meals due to lack of time, which was different according to household type. Main food for breakfast was rice, and percentage of skipping breakfast was the highest in single parent households. Satisfaction of food-related life was lowest in grandparent households. Especially, satisfaction was highest if they had rice for breakfast. For influencing factors on skipping breakfast, social support, eating regularly, concern for origin, and single parent household were found to be significant. For influencing factors on types of foods consumed for breakfast, eating regularly, exercise, satisfaction of food-related life, and concern for food safety among adolescents were found to be significant. If adolescents in grandparent households had rice, they were less likely to skip breakfast.

The influence of breakfast on the academic performance of school-age adolescents: systematic review

  • Jeong, Eun-Young
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.119-128
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This review article provides an overview of the importance of breakfast by examining the relationship between breakfast and academic achievement including the papers published in Korean. Methods: This study searched a total of six domestic and international databases. The main search words for searching the database were 'breakfast,' 'morning meal,' 'adolescent,' 'teen or teenage,' 'children' and 'academic performance,' and used search operators when available such as 'breakfast AND adolescent AND academic performance'. Results: We searched a total of 274 studies through six databases and included a total of 15 primary studies in which 12 studies were cross-sectional and three were cohort studies. Since a quantitative integration of the primary studies was difficult to achieve such as performing a meta-analysis, this study performed a descriptive analysis of all the 15 studies and the results have shown that eating breakfast has a significant effect on academic achievement. In other words, students who regularly had breakfast showed more than twice the academic performance compared to those who did not have breakfast, and even though the math scores of students who had breakfast were statistically significantly higher, none of the study results inferred the reason. Conclusion: This study showed the importance of eating breakfast during adolescence by presenting that academic achievement increases with regular or more frequent habits of eating breakfast.