• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bird

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Fire-Induced Forest Disturbance Mapping by Using QuickBird Imagery (QuickBird 화상을 이용한 산불 삼림교란도 작성)

  • Kim, Choen
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 2009
  • This paper presents the capability to use QuickBird imagery for effects of forest disturbance in Okgye burned area. Particular attention of this paper deals with the NBR-derived mapping burn severity on QuickBird imagery to locate reliable rehabilitation(namely, secondary succession) over postfire surface. Comparisons of the mapping forest disturbance derived from QuickBird NBR data and the mapping burn severity derived from Landsat ${\Delta}NBR$ data show substantial agreement (KHAT value =0.7886). The method calculated from the correlation between QuickBird wetness and Landsat ETM+ band7 may have application to forest harvest disturbance.

Differences in Breeding Bird Communities Between Deciduous Forests of Gwangneung and Mt. Namsan Areas

  • Rhim, Shin-Jae;Kim, Min-Jin;Lee, Ju-Young;Kang, Jeong-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.96 no.5
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    • pp.567-571
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to clarify the differences in breeding bird communities between deciduous forests of Gwangneung and Mt. Namsan areas from April to August 2006. Two 10ha area were selected for territory mapping of breeding bird community in both study area. The DBH distribution of trees and average foliage profiles were significantly different between study areas. Also, breeding bird communities were different. Number of breeding species and pairs, breeding density, and bird species diversity were higher in Gwangneung area than in Mt. Namsan area. When examining relationship between forest habitat structure and bird community, Number of bird species and breeding pairs belonged to hole and canopy guild were increase as the increase of coverstory coverage and number of large trees. Therefore, it is necessary to make vertical structure more various to plant bushes, and to make DBH distribution more diverse for enhancing bird species diversity in the degraded ecosystem.

Investigation of Regulations and Bird Strike Problems (조류충돌 문제와 관련 규정의 고찰)

  • Choi, Youn-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 2009
  • Bird strike is big issue in aviation. Because a bird strike causes not only an aircraft damage but also a fatality, aviation societies are gearing up to prevent a bird strike. However, the accidents is not going down yet. Annal average of bird strikes in Korea is 1.15 accidents per ten thousand of flight, which is lower than the other country, for example 1.84 accidents in France and 2.38 accidents in Switzerland, 1.15 accidents. In the U.S.A, there are 89,727 accidents for the 19 year(1990-2008). Also flight delay is total 637,692 hours. The cost is total 350,258 billion dollar and 18,435 billion dollar per year. In related with those data's, this research is about the current and legal status of the bird strike. Also it will be useful to establish aviation safety policy and manage the bird strike.

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Co-occurrence Patterns of Bird Species in the World

  • Kim, Young Min;Hong, Sungwon;Lee, Yu Seong;Oh, Ki Cheol;Kim, Gu Yeon;Joo, Gea-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.478-482
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    • 2017
  • In order to identify key nations and bird species of conservation concern we described multinational collaborations as defined using network analysis linked by birds that are found in all nations in the network. We used network analysis to assess the patterns in bird occurrence for 10,422 bird inventories from 244 countries and territories. Nations that are important in multinational collaborations for bird conservation were assessed using the centrality measures, closeness and betweenness centrality. Countries important for the multinational collaboration of bird conservation were examined based on their centrality measures, which included closeness and betweenness centralities. Comparatively, the co-occurrence network was divided into four groups that reveal different biogeographical structures. A group with higher closeness centrality included countries in southern Africa and had the potential to affect species in many other countries. Birds in countries in Asia, Australia and the South Pacific that are important to the cohesiveness of the global network had a higher score of betweenness centrality. Countries that had higher numbers of bird species and more extensively distributed bird species had higher centrality scores; in these countries, birds may act as excellent indicators of trends in the co-occurrence bird network. For effective bird conservation in the world, much stronger coordination among countries is required. Bird co-occurrence patterns can provide a suitable and powerful framework for understanding the complexity of co-occurrence patterns and consequences for multinational collaborations on bird conservation.

QuickBird - Geometric Correction, Data Fusion, and Automatic DEM Extraction

  • Cheng, Philip;Toutin, Thierry;Zhang, Yun
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.216-218
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    • 2003
  • QuickBird satellite is quickly becoming the best choice for high-resolution mapping using satellite images. In this paper, we will describe the followings: (1) how to correct QuickBird data using different geometric correction methods, (2) data fusion using QuickBird panchromatic and multispectral data, and (3) automatic DEM extraction using QuickBird stereo data.

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A Study on the Evaluation of Bird Habitat Environment in Gyeongchun Line Forest Road (경춘선 숲길의 조류 서식환경 평가 연구)

  • Kim, Mi-Hu;Oh, Choong-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.167-185
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to prepare a plan for improving the bird habitat environment of Linear Park. To this end, after grasping the status of bird habitats on the Gyeongchun Line Forest Road, a representative linear park in Seoul, the habitat environment was evaluated and the correlation with the bird habitat was analyzed to derive a plan to improve the habitat environment. The results for correlation between diversity of birds and habitat environment were as follows. For the habitat environment inside the park, the order of positive correlation was in the order of park area (0.92), number of insect species (0.87), green area ratio (0.77), average width of linear park (0.74), Biotope area ratio (0.73), Immigration planted species (0.57). Also, for habitat environment outside the park, the bird diversity was influenced in the order of area outside the park (0.88), green area ratio of the park (0.76). Thus, in order to enhance the diversity of birds found in the park, the bird habitat environment inside the park needs to expand the park area, secure insect diversity, enhance green area ratio and ecological area ratio, expand the width of linear park, and lower the impermeable layer. For the bird habitat environment outside the park, wider area, green area ratio, and forest area of the park influenced on better bird habitation while lower ratio of road space and building-to-land ratio influenced on higher bird diversity. It is necessary to create an environment inhabitable for various species of birds and to make a healthy and pleasant city urban system for co-existence of human and living creatures.

A study on designing bird-watching science museum in the Yellow Sea area (서해안지역 조류 탐사 관련 과학관의 활성화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.4212-4219
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to examine three bird-watching science museums near the Yellow-sea area. The bird-watching science museum is similar to conventional science museum in terms of exhibiting objects, but in detail the bird-watching science museum is specialized in bird-watching and study it's ecology. So the sight should be near the place where the bird can be seen easily and the building should be built in ecological way. Now establishing museum in local area as a community development is pretty popular in Korea. as tourism purpose. But the main purpose of bird-watching museum should be educational and cultural way and next tourism. So in this study I tried to pick designing point of architecture and exhibition of bird-watching museum.

Evaluation of the Forest Bird Community in the Breeding Season by using the Sound Recording System (산림성 조류의 번식기 음성녹음을 이용한 조류군집 평가)

  • Yoo, Seung-Hwa;Han, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Dong-Won;Joo, Woo-Young
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2018
  • Breeding bird surveys provide the reference information for understanding bird community structure and function in the ecosystem and conserving biodiversity. Recent rapid change of biodiversity due to climate change and other factors has made it necessary to utilize acoustic sensors for accuracy and spatial expansion of forest bird survey data and for time-series monitoring of forest birds. The objective of this study is to investigate the possibility of using acoustic recording sensor to evaluate the diversity of forest birds at breeding season by comparing and analyzing the recorded data of bird songs and field bird survey data. We conducted the site survey and recording in 186 points in 48 areas of 4 regions of Gombaeryeong and Jochimryeong around Jeombongsan Mountain and Jugryeong and Gochiryeong around Sobaeksan Mountain from May 2nd to 16th in 2013. The analysis of the correlation between the recording result and Bird Community Index based on the field survey showed that the number of bird species, population, and the number of bird songs by recording was significantly correlated to the number of species and population by field survey. Moreover, the number of bird species and the number of bird songs by recording showed a significant correlation to species diversity and species richness but no or low significant correlation to species evenness by the field study (observation and listing in parallel). As a result, it was possible to check species composition and species diversity of bird communities by analyzing acoustic recording data on the field. The acoustic recordings of bird songs in the breeding period were more reliable than the non-breeding period in the correlation of recording result and species diversity and for utilization.

Bird Strike Analysis and Test of Composite Aircraft Radome (항공기 복합재 레이돔에 대한 조류충돌해석 및 시험)

  • Won, Moon-Seob
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.319-325
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    • 2019
  • The main purpose of this study is to compare the bird strike analysis result of the radome composed of composite laminate and sandwich structure attached to aircraft with test result. First of all, we generated bird model which has water properties through SPH(Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics) method. And then bird strike analysis was conducted with initial velocity of bird measured from bird strike test. From analysis result we investigated whether structural failure occurred or not onto the radome and compare maximum displacement of the radome structure with test result. Also reliability of numerical analysis model was confirmed through time-dependent pressure trend on this collision process matched existing research result. Furthermore, we confirmed that failure behavior of the radome can be affected by density of the particles in the bird model.

Impact Assessment Model of Bird Species for Land Developments (개발사업에 따른 조류종 영향평가모형 개발 및 적용)

  • Lee, Dong-Kun;Kim, Eun-Young;Lee, Eun-Jae;Song, Won-Kyong
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.347-356
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    • 2010
  • Forests are being seriously fragmented as a result of land development. Land development with disregard to its subsequent environmental impacts is a primary threat to biodiversity by incurring massive habitat losses and changes in structure and composition of forests. The purpose of this study was to develop the impact assessment model for quantitative distance or degree of disturbance by land developments. This study conducted a survey about structure and composition of forest species to determine degree of impact from land development. The edge effect of forest fragmentation on the number of bird species, population size, and bird diversity was obvious. In particular, the bird diversity sharply declines around the forest edge where intensive land development projects take place. To assess the disturbance of forest species, the factors selected were the bird diversity and the rate of edge species. The impact assessment model about bird diversity was explained by type of forest fragmentation and type of vegetation ($R^2$=0.23, p<0.005). The other model about edge species explained by a distance, type of forest fragmentation, type of vegetation, and width of road ($R^2$=0.34, p<0.001). In order to test the applicability of the model developed in this study, the models was applied to the Samsong housing development in Goyang-si, Gyunggi-do. The impacts of land development on the bird species were reasonably quantified to suggest effective mitigation measure. The impact assessment model developed in this study is useful to assess the magnitude of disturbance of bird species. Particularly, the model could be applied to the current Environmental Impact Assessment practices to predict and quantify the impacts of land developments projects on forest bird species.