• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Biological information

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Biological Object Downloader (BOD) Service for Easy Download and Management of Biological Databases

  • Park, Dae-Ui;Lee, Jung-Woo;Yoon, Gi-Seok;Gong, Sung-Sam;Bhak, Jong
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.196-199
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    • 2007
  • BOD is an FTP service management tool on the Internet. It was developed for biological researchers in South Korea. It enables easier and faster access of bioinformation without having to go through foreign FTP sites. BOD includes an automatic downloader with a management and email alert service from which the user can easily select and schedule any biological database. Once listed in BOD, the user can check and modify the download status and data from an additional email alert service.

Database of National Species List of Korea: the taxonomical systematics platform for managing scientific names of Korean native species

  • Park, Jongsun;An, Jung-Hyun;Kim, Yongsung;Kim, Donghyun;Yang, Byeong-Gug;Kim, Taeho
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.233-246
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    • 2020
  • A scientific name is one of changeable terms in biology whenever additional research results of specific taxa is accumulated. The Database of the National Species List of Korea (DBNKo) was developed to manage taxonomic information of Korean species, designed to describe the changeable and complex taxonomical structure and information. A Korean Taxonomical Serial Number (KTSN) was assigned to each taxon, different from the normally used systems that the scientific name was considered as primary key to manage higher rank of taxa systematically. Common names were also treated with the KTSN, reflecting that common name is considered as one type of taxon. Additional taxonomic information (e.g., synonyms, original names, and references) was also added to the database. A web interface with an intuitive dashboard presenting taxonomic hierarchical structure is provided to experts and/or managers of the DBNKo. Currently, several biological databases are available in the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR) such as a specimen database, a digital library, a genetic information system, and the shared species data based on the DBNKo. The DBNKo started sharing species information with other institutions such as the Nakdonggang National Institute of Biological Resources. It is an ideal centralized species database to manage standardized information of Korean species.

Analysis of Ingredients and biological activities confirm Process for Personalized Diet Offering Service: Basic ingredients Analysis and biological Activities of Grifola frondosa

  • Hong, Seok Chan;Hwang, You Jin;Kang, Un Gu
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.113-121
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    • 2019
  • The personalized meal service is being developed to prevent and alleviate illnesses according to the individual's health condition. However, the current meal does not provide a fully customized service to individuals and a diet that meets the consumer's information needs. The cause is the lack of information on the ingredients and the difficulty of comparative analysis between the materials. Therefore, in this study, we propose basic analysis process for basic information acquisition and database construction for food composition before providing personalized food. In this study, we investigated the content of carbohydrate, reducing sugar and protein as basic components of Grifola frondosa and investigate the content of polyphenol as a biological active ingredients. Respectively. Studies on the hypoglycemic effect of the diabetic rat model have been carried out in relation to the prevention of diseases. Based on the results of this study, it is also possible to obtain information on the basic ingredients of the food and to analyze the information on the content and activity of the biological active ingredients. Using animal models, information on disease prevention and mitigation was also available. The process introduced in this study is applied to various food materials, accumulating data, and utilizing Database, this results will be an excellent tool for providing more efficient service by providing a proper dietary composition for consumers.

A Study of Query Processing Model to applied Meta Rule in 4-Level Layer based on Hybrid Databases (하이브리드 데이터베이스 기반의 4단계 레이어 계층구조에서 메타규칙을 적용한 질의어 수행 모델에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Ryum-Duck
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.125-134
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    • 2009
  • A biological data acquisition based on web has emerged as a powerful tool for allowing scientists to interactively view entries form different databases, and to navigate from one database to another molecular-biology database links. In this paper, the biological conceptual model is constructed hybrid biological data model to represent interesting entities in the data sources to applying navigation rule property for each biological data source based on four biological data integrating layers to control biological data. When some user's requests for application service are occurred, we can get the data from database and data source via web service. In this paper, we propose a query processing model and execution structure based on integrating data layers that can search information on biological data sources.

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Information Storage Devices and Biological Mechanism of Information Storage (정보저장기기와 생물학적 정보저장 매커니즘 비교)

  • Lee, Seung-Yop;Kim, Kyung-Ho;Woosung Yang;Park, Youngphil
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.360.1-360
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    • 2002
  • Current information storage devices, such as HDD, CD/DVD-ROM/RW, probe-based memory and cabon nano tubes, are compared with biological information storage mechanisms in DNA and brain memory. Various biological components in living cells are analyzed based on "irreducible complexity" of intelligent design concept. Linear and arel density of information stored in the biological and mechanical storages are compared for the applications and developments of new storage devices.

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A Study on the Realities and Preventive Countermeasures of Child Abuse Committed by Biological Parents by information analysis.

  • Ryu, Chae-Hyoung;Yoon, Hyun-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.171-177
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, we analyze the current phenomenon of child abuse crimes based on the information gathered by the National Child Protection Agency. The purpose of this paper is to diagnose the seriousness of child abuse by biological parents based on the analyzed information and propose measures against it. Comprehensive and integrated measures are needed for child abuse committed by biological parents due to abuse concealment, continuity of damage, and inactive national intervention by considering punishment on attackers through national intervention, fundamental in-depth psychological counseling, therapeutic care, promoting recovery of victims, and ultimately continuous and regular management and monitoring as a long-terms measure. To do so, developing customized and individual educational programs and make them obligations can be first presented to identify child abuse in advance and build up preventive systems based on the principle of family preservation. In addition, problems should be addressed at a fundamental level by performing various and active therapeutic treatments such as psychological treatment, mental treatment, or drug treatment gradually and through phases for biological parents who commit child abuse and contributing to recovering the relationship. Furthermore, proper protection and treatment service should be provided to children victimized by abuse by extending professional children care facilities and adopting the professional family commission system as measures by separating family.

The Atom of Evolution

  • Bhak, Jonghwa;Bolser, Dan;Park, Daeui;Cho, Yoobok;Yoo, Kiesuk;Lee, Semin;Gong, SungSam;Jang, Insoo;Park, Changbum;Huston, Maryana;Choi, Hwanho
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.167-173
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    • 2004
  • The main mechanism of evolution is that biological entities change, are selected, and reproduce. We propose a different concept in terms of the main agent or atom of evolution: in the biological world, not an individual object, but its interactive network is the fundamental unit of evolution. The interaction network is composed of interaction pairs of information objects that have order information. This indicates a paradigm shift from 3D biological objects to an abstract network of information entities as the primary agent of evolution. It forces us to change our views about how organisms evolve and therefore the methods we use to analyze evolution.

Design of Intelligent Information Processing Layer based on Brain (뇌 정보처리 원리 기반 지능형 정보처리 레이어 설계)

  • Kim Seong-Joo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.45-48
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    • 2006
  • The system that can generate biological brain information processing mechanism more precisely may have several abilities such as exact cognition, situation decision, learning and inference, and output decision. In this paper, to implement high level information processing and thinking ability in a complex system, the information processing layer based on the biological brain is introduced. The biological brain information processing mechanism, which is analyzed in this paper, provides fundamental information about intelligent engineering system, and the design of the layer that can mimic the functions of a brain through engineering definitions can efficiently introduce an intelligent information processing method having a consistent flow in various engineering systems. The applications proposed in this paper are expected to take several roles as a unified model that generates information process in various areas, such as engineering and medical field, with a dream of implementing humanoid artificial intelligent system.

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Biological indicators to monitor responses against climate change in Korea

  • Lee, Byoung-Yoon;Nam, Gi-Heum;Yun, Jong-Hak;Cho, Ga Youn;Lee, Jin Sung;Kim, Jin-Han;Park, Tae Seo;Kim, Kigyoung;Oh, Kyounghee
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.202-207
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    • 2010
  • The most useful criteria and selection procedures of biological indicators have been developed in Korea because they have taken into account local and national concerns on biological responses against climate change. On the basis of these criteria and selection procedures, 100 climate-sensitive biological indicator species were selected to predict biodiversity distribution shift by climate change and manage biological resources integratedly at the national level. It is expected that selection and monitoring of biological indicators by climate change will provide significant information to prepare protective strategies of vulnerable species against climate change and adaptive policies under the changing environment in Korea. In this paper, we have reviewed what kinds of criteria were considered in selecting bioindicators to assess responses of biological organisms against climate change. Definition and selection steps of bioindicators were proposed, and the 100 species of climate- sensitive biological indicators were selected out of 33,253 taxa reported in Korea.