• Title/Summary/Keyword: Benign arrhythmia

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Neonatal arrhythmias: diagnosis, treatment, and clinical outcome

  • Ban, Ji-Eun
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.60 no.11
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    • pp.344-352
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    • 2017
  • Arrhythmias in the neonatal period are not uncommon, and may occur in neonates with a normal heart or in those with structural heart disease. Neonatal arrhythmias are classified as either benign or nonbenign. Benign arrhythmias include sinus arrhythmia, premature atrial contraction, premature ventricular contraction, and junctional rhythm; these arrhythmias have no clinical significance and do not need therapy. Supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, atrioventricular conduction abnormalities, and genetic arrhythmia such as congenital long-QT syndrome are classified as nonbenign arrhythmias. Although most neonatal arrhythmias are asymptomatic and rarely life-threatening, the prognosis depends on the early recognition and proper management of the condition in some serious cases. Precise diagnosis with risk stratification of patients with nonbenign neonatal arrhythmia is needed to reduce morbidity and mortality. In this article, I review the current understanding of the common clinical presentation, etiology, natural history, and management of neonatal arrhythmias in the absence of an underlying congenital heart disease.

Benign Arrhythmias in Infants and Children (소아에서 치료가 필요 없는 부정맥)

  • Ko, Jae Kon
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2005
  • Pediatricians often encounter some electrocardiographic abnormalities in infants and children. However, treatment or referral to pediatric cardiologist is not indicated for all arrhythmias. Many of them are benign in nature. Benign arrhythmias can be defined as the arrhythmias that no serious problem currently exists and no treatment is needed. The prognosis of benign arrhythmias is so good that the condition will never be associated with future health problem. However, some of them are benign now, but have potential for variable degrees of change to a nonbenign condition and some form of follow-up is required. For the appropriate management of electrocardiographic abnormalities, not infrequently seen in infants and children, correct diagnosis of abnormal electrocardiogram and understanding of characteristics of arrhythmias are required.

A Case Study Reporting Successful Treatment using Hyeongbangjihwang-tang of a Soyangin Patient diagnosed with Benign Arrhythmia and Experiencing Palpitation Symptoms (형방지황탕(荊防地黃湯)으로 경계(驚悸), 정충(怔忡)을 치료한 양성 부정맥 소양인(少陽人)환자 1례(例))

  • Shin, Hyun-Shang;Park, Byung-Joo;Kang, Mi-Jeoug;Lee, Ji-Won;Jang, Hyun-Su;Lee, Jun-Hee;Lee, Eui-Ju;Koh, Byeong-Hee
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2010
  • 1. Objectives: This case study reports clinical improvement of a Soyangin benign arrhythmia patient who showed improvement of palpitation symptoms after treatment with Hyeongbangjihwang-tang. 2. Methods: The patient's subjective and objective symptoms were observed daily, and the VAS scores and duration times of palpitation were recorded daily throughout the hospitalization period. 3. Results: The general condition of the patient improved by the end of hospitalization. The VAS score dropped from 4-10 to 0-1, and the duration of palpitation dropped from 50-160 min to 0-5 min. Other symptoms such as diarrhea and lower back pain also showed improvement. 4. Conclusion: This case study shows the effectiveness of Hyeongbangjihwang-tang in the treatment of palpitation. Although the literature on Hyeongbangjihwang-tang does not report its usage on palpitation, the prescription was shown to be effective in the case where the palpitation symptom is concomitant to the general symptomatology of the Mangeum disease, a pathology indicative of Hyeongbangjihwang-tang.

Idiopathic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia: a "Benign Disease" with a Touch of Bad Luck?

  • Viskin, Sami
    • Korean Circulation Journal
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 2017
  • Ventricular extrasystole originating from the right ventricular outflow tract or the left ventricular outflow tract are the most commonly encountered ventricular arrhythmias recorded in ostensibly healthy individuals with no evidence of heart disease. These ventricular arrhythmias have a distinctive electrocardiographic morphology. The morphology is so distinctive that it is common practice to accept the diagnosis of "idiopathic benign ventricular arrhythmias from the outflow tract" based on this unique morphology when the electrocardiogram during sinus rhythm and the echocardiogram are normal, sometimes removing the need to perform invasive tests in patients. Even if the outflow ventricular extrasystole ultimately triggers sustained ventricular arrhythmia, the resulting ventricular tachycardia (VT) will be a monomorphic VT originating from the outflow tract, which is known to be hemodynamically well tolerated. Thus, idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias originating from outflow tracts are universally considered benign. In 2005, we described a rare form of malignant polymorphic VT resulting in syncope or cardiac arrest. Here, we review the literature on this topic since the emergence of initial descriptions of this intriguing phenomenon.

Clinical Analysis for Solitary Pulmonary Nodule (고립성 폐결절의 임상적 고찰)

  • Hur, S.;Ahn, B.H.;Oh, B.S.;Kim, S.H.;Lee, D.J.
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.24 no.12
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    • pp.1185-1191
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    • 1991
  • The clinical and pathological analysis of solitary pulmonary nodules were estimated in 35 patients with nodules who were surgically resected at the Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery of Chonnam National University Hospital from July 1978 to Aug. 1989. The results were as follows: 1. Mean age of patients was 43.5 years extending from 11 years to fi7 years old and male to female ratio was 6: l. 2. Preoperative symptoms were complained of dull pain in the chest, cough, hemoptysis and general weakness in 69% of patients. 3. The histopathologic findings of surgically resected nodules showed benign nodule in 51% and malignancy 49%. The most frequent diseases were granuloma[67%] in benign nodules and squamous cell carcinoma[76%] in malignancy. In topographical region of nodules in the lung, benign granuloma was more prevalent in upper lobes, while malignancy was slightly more frequent in lower lobes. 4. The incidence of malignancy by age was extremely rare in patients with less than 35 years old, but in greater than 35 years of age, malignancy comprised up to 67% of patients. 5. Complications of thoracotomy were minor bleedings, wound infections and chest pain not to be required any reoperation except one patient died of sudden onset of arrhythmia after pneumonectomy.

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A Case Report of Cardiac Fibroma (심장 섬유종 -1례 보고-)

  • Jang, Jae-Han;Kim, Min-Ho;Jo, Jung-Gu;Kim, Gong-Su
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.99-102
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    • 1996
  • Cardiac fibroma is a rare benign tumor of the heart that occurs primarily in infants and children. Prognosis depends on size, extent and site of tumor. Cardiac fibroma may invade the conduction system, papillary muscle and outflw of inflow tract of ventricle. In these situations, its clinical course is very poor Although operative mortality is high, surgical resection is treatment of choice because lethal arrhythmia and sudden death can be developed by the fibroma. A cardiac fibroma was successfully resected from the left ventricular myocardium of a 8 years old male patient in the Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Chonbuk National University Hospital.

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A Case of Posttonsillectomy Subcutaneous Emphysema (편도적출술 후 피하기종 1례)

  • 김종남;정성민;정승용;조윤희
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.240-243
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    • 1998
  • Subcutaneous emphysema is an unusual and rarely reported complication of tonsillectomy. The more commen complications are hemorrhage, infection and following anesthesia, aspiration, cardiac arrhythmia, and laryngeal trauma can occur. Posttonsillectomy subcutaneous emphysema results directly from the introduction of air into the tonsillar bed either during the surgical procedure itself or in the postoperative period. This condition is generally benign and self limiting and usually requires treatment only for the primary respiratory disease. In this report, we describe a 40-year-old female patient in whom subcutaneous emphysema developed shortly after tonsillectomy. She was observed for 5 days, at which point subcutaneous emphysema was seen on the follow up soft tissue neck X-ray to disappeared.

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Surgical Treatment of Arrhythmias Associated with Congenital Heart Disease (선천성 심장 기형에 동반된 부정맥에 대한 수술적 치료)

  • Hwang, Ui-Dong;Im, Yu-Mi;Park, Jeong-Jin;Seo, Dong-Man;Lee, Jae-Won;Yun, Tae-Jin
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.40 no.12
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    • pp.811-816
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    • 2007
  • Background: We analyzed our experience of arrhythmia surgery in patients with congenital heart disease. Material and Method: A retrospective review was performed on 43 consecutive patients with congenital heart disease, who underwent arrhythmia surgery between June 1998 and June 2006. Result: The median age at surgery was 52 years ($4{\sim}75$ years). The most frequent cardiac anomaly was an atrial septal defect (23/43, 53.5%). The types of arrhythmias were atrial flutter-fibrillation, intermittent non-sustainable ventricular tachycardia and others in 37, 2 and 4, respectively. Arrhythmia surgery consisted of a bi-atrial maze operation in 18 patients (modified cox maze III procedure in 5 patients, and a right side maze plus pulmonary vein cryo-isolation in 13), right side maze operation in 18 patients, cavo-tricuspid isthmus cryoablation for benign atrial flutter in 4 patients, right ventricular endocardial cryoablation in 2 patients and extranodal cryoablation for atrioventricular node re-entry tachycardia in 1 patient. The median follow-up was 23.8 months ($1{\sim}95.2$ months). There was no early mortality, and one late non-cardiac related death. The overall rates of restored sinus rhythm before discharge and $3{\sim}6$ months after surgery were 79% and 81%, respectively (bi-atrial maze group: 72% and 83%, right-side maze group: 77%, 77%). Conclusion: Arrhythmias associated with congenital heart disease can be safely treated surgically with an excellent intermediate-term outcome.

Study on Clinical Diseases of Yang Deficiency Pattern (양허증(陽虛證)의 임상적 질환 범위에 대한 고찰)

  • Park, Mi Sun;Ki, Yeong Mok
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.153-166
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    • 2013
  • Yang deficiency pattern is a representative syndrome differentiation. This article is a study on to which categories of modern diseases yang deficiency is assigned by reference to modern clinical papers and the meaning of yang deficiency interpreted with a perspective of Korean Medicine and a modern perspective. Yang deficiency, yang qi deficiency, lack of yang qi and yang qi debilitation are the words found in "Nei Ching" and yang qi can be interpreted as something to warm, drive and arouse. Zhangzhongjing considered recovery or loss of Yang as the key to life in "Shanghanlun". Danxi proposed "Yang being liable to hyperactivity, Yin being insufficient" and emphasized pathological ministerial fire of Yang exuberance rather than physiological ministerial fire of Yang deficiency. Zhangjingyue proposed "Yang not being in excess, Yin being often deficient" and understood growth and decline of yin qi are all led by yang qi and put emphasis on true yin in addition to yang qi. Diseases of yang deficiency pattern are related with decline of metabolic level, hypofunction of internal secretion, disorder of immune function, disorder of automatic nerve system, sympathetic nerve inhibition, metabolic disorder of microelements, increase of cGMP, change of microcirculation, low speed of blood stream, kidney malfunction. Diseases related with kidney are sterility, polycystic ovary syndrome, spinal stenosis, edema, renal failure, IgA nephropathy, erectile dysfunction, nephritis, prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, decrease of adrenal cortical hormone by nephrotic syndrome, myelodysplastic syndrome. Disease related with heart are heart failure, arrhythmia, cardiomyopathy, atherosclerosis heart disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, pulmonary heart disease. Diseases related with spleen are irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis. Diseases related with liver are hypothyroidism, liver cirrhosis ascites, hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis, hepatic diabetes. Diseases related with lung are allergic rhinitis, cough variant asthma, bronchial asthma, pulmonary emphysema. And diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, aplastic anemia, headache, encephalatrophy, Alzheimer's disease are also related with yang deficiency.

Postnatal left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction Caused by Multiple Rhabdomyoma Tumors (다발성 횡문근육종으로 인해 출생직후 발생한 좌심실유출로 폐쇄)

  • Song, Seung-Hwan;Jun, Tae-Gook;Choi, Min-Suk;Yang, Ji-Hyuk
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.725-728
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    • 2010
  • Rhabdomyoma is the most common benign cardiac neoplasm in neonates. Most patients with rhabdomyoma experienced spontaneous regression. Yet some of them need surgical therapy because of hemodynamic problems of the heart such as arrhythmia, outflow tract obstruction and valvular dysfunction. We found multiple masses in both ventricles on the patient's fetal echocardiogram. Heart failure caused by severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction quickly presented after birth. The mass interfering with the outflow tract was resected via the transaortic approach at the first day of birth. Postoperative echocardiography showed complete release of the outflow tract obstruction. He was discharged on the postoperative day 8. During the 3 years of follow up, we found that the sizes of the remnant masses had gradually decreased.