• Title/Summary/Keyword: Bangladesh

Search Result 672, Processing Time 0.123 seconds

Pathological observations on diseased cockerels in rural areas of Bangladesh

  • Ehsan Md-Aminul;Rahman Md-Siddiqur;Baek Byeong-Kirl;Kim Byeong-Su;Chae Joon-Seok;Eo Seong-Kug;Lee John-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.371-378
    • /
    • 2004
  • The poultry farmers of rural area in Bangladesh usually prefer raising cockerel to broiler due to availability, low price of chicks, requirement of less space and feed, and high price of meat and the farmers believe that the cockerels are less susceptible to diseases in comparison to broilers. This study was carried out to observe the pathology of diseased cockerel in 3 farms of rural area in Bangladesh. A total of 974 birds were examined and the diagnoses of different disease/conditions were based on the history, clinical signs, characteristic gross, tissue alterations, clinical pathology and isolation and identification of the pathogenic organisms. The diseases in this study included infectious bursal disease, yolk sac infection, vitamin E deficiency, coccidiosis, and other diseases. The proportionate mortality rate were $7.29\%,\;0.62\%,\;0.72\%,\;0.21\%\;and\;0.10\%$, respectively, which indicated that most of the fatal causes of death were due to infectious bursal disease. Age group of 2-8 week old were the most susceptible to this disease and E coli was suggested as a cause of yolk sac infection. The data also suggested that the coccidiosis in rural areas of Bangladesh has decreased due to awareness of the farmers and routine use of coccidiostates.

Seroprevalence of specific Brucella infection of cattle in Bangladesh Agricultural University Veterinary Clinics and its surrounding areas

  • Rahman, Md. Siddiqur;Alam, Nur;Rahman, A.K.M. Anisur;Huque, A.K.M. Fazlul;Ahasan, Md. Shamim;Song, Hee-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.32 no.3
    • /
    • pp.219-225
    • /
    • 2009
  • A cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in cattle in Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU) Veterinary Clinics, in BAU Dairy Farm and Vabokhali from June 2008 to November 2008. A total of 200 serum samples were collected from BAU Veterinary Clinic, from BAU Dairy Farm and Vabokhali. Among the serum samples 143 sera samples were collected from BAU Veterinary Clinic, 42 serum samples from BAU Dairy Farm and 15 serum samples from Vabokhali. Sera were separated from blood samples and tested with specific Brucella abortus antigen (BAA) test and B. melitensis antigen (BMA) test. The overall seroprevalence of brucellosis in cattle was 5% in BAA and 0.5% in BMA. It was observed that, a significant higher prevalence of B. abortus was found in female than male. An insignificant higher prevalence of brucellosis was found in adult cattle (aged above 5 years), in cross breed cattle, in cattle with grazing, cattle breed by natural breeding, and in pregnant cows. Although insignificant but a higher prevalence of brucellosis was found in aged cattle than young cattle, cross bred cattle, pregnant cattle than non pregnant cattle, cattle with grazing. A higher prevalence of brucellosis was found in female cattle than male.

Tube agglutination test is superior than other serological tests for diagnosis of brucellosis in small ruminants

  • Rahman, Md. Siddiqur;Jahan, Nusrat;Hossain, Mohammad Arif;Uddin, M.J.;Shil, Niraj Kanti;Islam, KBM Saiful;Ahasan, Md. Shamim;Rahman, A.K.M. Anisur;Song, Hee-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.31 no.4
    • /
    • pp.493-496
    • /
    • 2008
  • Brucella spp. are small, non-motile Gram-negative coccobacilli known to cause disease in a number of vertebrate species including humans and brucellosis is one of the world's major zoonoses, alongside bovine tuberculosis and rabies. There are about 33.55 million goats and 1.16 million sheep in Bangladesh. The sheep and goats can significantly play an important role in the economic well being of the resource-poor farmer in Bangladesh. Sexually matured 362 female small ruminants(300 goats and 62 sheep) were examined. Approximately 3-5 ml of blood was collected from the jugular vein of each animal and sera samples were prepared. Samples were then tested for brucellosis by using Rose Bengal test(RBT), plate agglutination test(PAT) and tube agglutination test(TAT). Among 362 small ruminants, irrespective of species(sheep or goat), diagnosed highest in TAT, 2.21%(n=8) and lowest both by RBT & PAT, 1.93%(n=7) and it is concluded that TAT is superior than RBT and PAT.

ECONOMICS OF MINI DAIRY FARMS IN SELECTED AREAS OF BANGLADESH

  • Alam, J.;Yasmin, F.;Sayeed, M.A.;Rahman, S.M.A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.17-22
    • /
    • 1995
  • In this study an attempt was made to evaluate the economics of dairy farming in selected areas of Bangladesh. Data from 20 randomly selected farms were collected by survey method. Results show that cross-bred cows were more in number (2.55) in those farms than that of local cows (0.65). The number of cross-bred cows increased as the farm sizes increased. The production of milk per cross-bred cow was higher (5.66 litres) than the local ones (2.23 litres). Highest (5.74 litres) milk yield per cross-bred cow was recorded in large farms. The average lactation period for crossbred cows was higher (304 days) than the local cows (210 days). In production cost of farms, concentrates took the highest share (35.19%) followed by labour charges (23.64%). The production cost and gross returns for mini dairy farms were higher in large farms (TK. 183,005 and TK. 187,544, respectively), compared to medium and small farms. The benefit-cost ratio of all farms was 1 : 1.03, indicating that mini dairy farming is economically profitable. In addition, each farm created an annual employment opportunity of 649.70 man-days which was met by both male and female labourers. The small farms employed more female family labourers while the large farms depended more on hired labourers. The expansion of dairy farming with cross-bred cows is suggested for accelerating income and employment opportunities in rural Bangladesh.

QUANTIFICATION OF Fasciola gigantica INFESTATION IN ZEBU CATTLE OF BANGLADESH

  • Chowdhury, S.M.Z.H.;Mondal, M.M.H.;Huq, S.;Akhter, N.;Islam, M.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.7 no.3
    • /
    • pp.343-346
    • /
    • 1994
  • A research study was undertaken to quantify fascioliasis in both live and slaughtered zebu cattle at Savar, Bangladesh. Eggs of Fasciola gigantica per gram of feces (EPG) was determined in a total of 213 fasciola infested live cattle. The EPG per animal ranged from 100 to 400 (mean $138.03{\pm}4.27SE$). Counting of F. gigantica was made in a total of 63 fasciola infested livers of slaughtered cattle. Number of immature flukes per liver ranged from 0 to 37 (mean $8.74{\pm}0.85SE$) and mature flukes ranged from 2 to 121 (mean $20.54{\pm}2.23SE$). Total load of flukes recovered per liver varied from 4 to 132 (mean $29.28{\pm}2.42SE$). Significantly higher EPG (p < 0.05) and higher load of flukes in the livers (p < 0.01) were observed from September to December (post monsoon and winter). The EPG and fluke counts were found significantly higher (p < 0.01) in animals after one year of age and these were also higher in female animals (p < 0.05) than the males.

The Impact of COVID- 19 on the Accounting Profession in Bangladesh

  • JABIN, Shahima
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
    • /
    • v.12 no.7
    • /
    • pp.7-14
    • /
    • 2021
  • Purpose: The coronavirus (COVID-19) has become a worldwide pandemic and significantly influences the global economy. Therefore, this paper aims to determine the impact of COVID-19 on the accounting profession in Bangladesh. Research design, data, and methodology: The research has focused on its primary question. How much does COVID- 19 affect the accounting profession in Bangladesh? A formal questionnaire has been developed to address it. Questionnaire was spread via Facebook and email. Sample was determined by using random sampling method. The collection comprises 190 from Bangladesh. The Likert scale of five points was used. Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis (Wilcoxon signed-rank test) were used for analysis. Results: the study found a great impact of COVID-19 on the accounting profession in Bangladesh. Many changes are faced due to pandemics. Most accountants are working remotely during pandemic rather than before pandemic. They have adapted to new technology. Meetings and trainings are held virtually. They are also facing cybersecurity problems because of less data security. Job insecurity has increased. Conclusions Therefore, the global pandemic COVID-19 dramatically affects the accounting profession in Bangladesh. The changes that happened due to pandemics will advance the accounting profession. These revolutionary changes will become the world's new normal.

Isolation and identification of infectious bursal disease virus from broiler and layer chickens during the outbreak year 2007 in Bangladesh

  • Islam, Md. Taohidul;Mohiuddin, Mohammad;Hossain, Muhammad Tofazzal;Rahman, Md. Bahanur;Rahman, Md. Mostafizur;Rahman, Md. Siddiqur;Song, Hee-Jong;Islam, Md. Alimul
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.9-17
    • /
    • 2012
  • The objective of the present study was to isolate and identify infectious bursal disease viruses (IBDVs) from broiler and layer chickens of outbreaks of infectious bursal disease (IBD) in three districts of Bangladesh. A total of 70 bursal samples were collected from dead broiler (n=40) and layer (n=30) chickens showing specific lesions of IBD from seven commercial poultry farms of three different districts (Mymensingh, Chittagong and Tangail) of Bangladesh during the year 2007. Five representative bursal samples from each farm were used for the isolation of IBDVs using 9-day-old embryonated eggs of seronegative flock of layer birds and for identification the samples were subjected to agar gel immunodiffusion test (AGIDT), immunohistochemistry (IHC) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Out of 35 bursal samples, IBDVs were successfully isolated from 28 (80%) samples. By AGIDT, 32 (91.4%) samples were found positive for IBDV antigen. Results of AGIDT clearly indicated that IBDVs detected in 29 bursal samples of six affected farms were identical to each other but not to IBDVs present in the remaining three samples of another farm. Indirect immunoperoxidase staining of the bursal sections revealed the presence of IBDV antigen in 32 (91.4%) samples and the IBDV antigen was detected mainly in the cortex of the lymphoid follicles of the bursal tissues. In histopathology, cell depletion, atrophy and necrosis were observed in many bursal follicles with severe edema of interfollicular septa. Of the 35 bursal samples, 34 (97.1%) samples generated 254 bp product by RT-PCR. In conclusion, the results of virus isolation and identification by AGIDT, IHC and the analysis of viral genome by RT-PCR confirmed the outbreaks of acute IBD in commercial poultry of Bangladesh. Moreover, histopathological findings and results of AGIDT gave a clear indication that the isolates from six outbreaks were different from classical strain and it seems to be of very virulent strain. On the other hand, the isolates from the other outbreak were similar to the classical strain.

Investigation on Selective Mechanization for Wet Season Rice Cultivation in Bangladesh

  • Islam, AKM Saiful;Islam, Md Tariqul;Rahman, Md Shakilur;Rahman, Md Abdur;Kim, Youngjung
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
    • /
    • v.41 no.4
    • /
    • pp.294-303
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the profitability of four selective mechanization systems in rice cultivation. Methods: Field experiments were conducted in the farmers' field during the wet season (June to November) of 2015 in Bangladesh. Mechanization systems were applied to evaluate four different selective levels (treatment) in eleven consequent operations. Seedlings were raised in a traditional seedbed and trays for manual and mechanical transplanting, respectively. Land preparation, irrigation, fertilizer, pesticide, carrying, and threshing and cleaning operations were performed using the same method in all the experimental plots. The mechanical options in the transplanting, weeding, and harvesting operations were changed. The mechanization systems were $S_1$ = hand transplanting + hand weeding + harvesting by sickle, $S_2$ = mechanical transplanting + Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI) weeder + reaper, $S_3$ = mechanical transplanting + BRRI power weeder + reaper, and $S_4$ = mechanical transplanting + herbicide + reaper. This experiment was performed in a randomized complete block design with four replications. Power tiller, rice transplanter, BRRI weeder, BRRI power weeder, self-propelled reaper, BRRI open drum thresher, and BRRI winnower were used in the respective operations. Accordingly, the techno-economic performances of the different technologies were calculated and compared with those of the traditional system. Results: The mechanically transplanted plot produced 6-10% more yield than the hand transplanted plot because of the use of tender-aged seedlings. Mechanical transplanting reduced 61% labor and 18% cost compared to manual transplanting. The BRRI weeder, BRRI power weeder, and herbicide application reduced 74, 91, and 98% labor, respectively. The latter also saved 72, 63, and 82% cost, respectively, compared to hand weeding. Herbicide application reduced the substantial amount of labor and cost in the weeding operation. Mechanical harvesting also saved 96% labor and 72% cost compared to the traditional method of harvesting using sickle. Selective mechanization saved 15-17% input cost compared to the traditional method of rice cultivation. Conclusions: Mechanical transplanting with the safe use of herbicide and harvesting by reaper is the most cost- and labor-saving operation. The method might be the recommended set of selective mechanization for enhancing productivity.

Brucellosis in sheep and goat of Bogra and Mymensingh districts of Bangladesh

  • Rahman, Md. Siddiqur;Hahsin, Md. Ferdous Ali;Ahasan, Md. Shamim;Her, Moon;Kim, Jeong Yeong;Kang, Sang Il;Jung, Suk Chan
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.51 no.4
    • /
    • pp.277-280
    • /
    • 2011
  • Brucellosis is the most important bacterial disease of livestock in Bangladesh. The present study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in goat and sheep in Mymensingh and Bogra districts of Bangladesh using slow agglutination test and Rose Bengal test as screening test and indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay as confirmatory test. Questionnaire based data on age, gender, area, client's complaint, number of animals in herds, disease history, reproductive problems such as abnormal uterine discharge, abortion or previous abortion in sheep and goat and their reproductive diseases were recorded. A total of 200 sera samples were collected from 80 sheep and 120 goats. The prevalence of brucellosis in goat was 2.50% and 1.25% in sheep. Positive reactors were only detected in female of both goat and sheep. In this study, there existed a significant association among abortion and the prevalence of brucellosis (p < 0.01). The prevalence of brucellosis in sheep and goat in Bangladesh is not negligible, and it is therefore worth considering the adoption of preventive measures.

Cyclic variations of gonad development of an air-breathing fish, Channa striata in the lentic and lotic environments

  • Al Mahmud, Nasim;Rahman, Hassan Md. Hafizur;Mostakim, Golam Mohammod;Khan, Mohd. Golam Quader;Shahjahan, Md.;Lucky, Nahid Sultana;Islam, M. Sadiqul
    • Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.5.1-5.7
    • /
    • 2016
  • The study was conducted to know the cyclic changes in gonadal maturation and to investigate the developmental stages of oocytes and testicular germ cells of an air-breathing fish, Channa striata. Fish were sampled monthly from lentic and lotic environments of three geographical locations of Bangladesh from December to November and the histological analysis of their gonad was done to evaluate the objectives. The highest mean GSI was $5.95{\pm}0.20$ for female in July and $0.14{\pm}0.01$ for male also in July showing that the gonadal development reached its peak during this month. The highest mean oocyte diameter was $1257.50{\pm}24.17{\mu}m$ observed in July implying that the oocyte reached maturity in this month. Histological study of ovary revealed the evidence of early yolk granule stage and late yolk granule stage from April to July. In case of male four stages of spermatogenesis were distinguished and spermatozoa were highly abundant in June and July. So the monthly pooled values of GSI and the analysis of gonadal histology indicated that the peak breeding season of C. striata occurred in July in the lentic and lotic environments. Samples collected from lentic and lotic habitats are suggestive of no difference in the development of the gonad. The results of the present study will be useful for selective breeding programme, conservation and sustainable fishery management of C. striata in its natural habitat.