• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Ballastless track

검색결과 21건 처리시간 0.024초

Interaction analysis of Continuous Slab Track (CST) on long-span continuous high-speed rail bridges

  • Dai, Gonglian;Ge, Hao;Liu, Wenshuo;Chen, Y. Frank
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.63 no.6
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    • pp.713-723
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    • 2017
  • As a new type of ballastless track, longitudinal continuous slab track (CST) has been widely used in China. It can partly isolate the interaction between the ballastless track and the bridge and thus the rail expansion device would be unnecessary. Compared with the traditional track, CST is composed of multi layers of continuous structures and various connecting components. In order to investigate the performance of CST on a long-span bridge, the spatial finite element model considering each layer of the CST structure, connecting components, bridge, and subgrade is established and verified according to the theory of beam-rail interaction. The nonlinear resistance of materials between multilayer track structures is measured by experiments, while the temperature gradients of the bridge and CST are based on the long-term measured data. This study compares the force distribution rules of ballasted track and CST as respectively applied to a long span bridge. The effects of different damage conditions on CST structures are also discussed. The results show that the additional rail stress is small and the CST structure has a high safety factor under the measured temperature load. The rail expansion device can be cancelled when CST is adopted on the long span bridge. Beam end rotation caused by temperature gradient and vertical load will have a significant effect on the rail stress of CST. The additional flexure stress should be considered with the additional expansion stress simultaneously when the rail stress of CST requires to be checked. Both the maximum sliding friction coefficient of sliding layer and cracking condition of concrete plate should be considered to decide the arrangement of connecting components and the ultimate expansion span of the bridge when adopting CST.

Mapped relationships between pier settlement and rail deformation of bridges with CRTS III SBT

  • Jiang, Lizhong;Liu, Lili;Zhou, Wangbao;Liu, Xiang;Liu, Chao;Xiang, Ping
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.481-492
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    • 2020
  • To study the rail mapped deformation caused by the pier settlement of simply - supported bridges with China Railway Track System III (CRTS III) slab ballastless track (SBT) system under the mode of non-longitudinal connection ballastless track slab, this study derived an analytical solution to the mapped relationships between pier settlement and rail deformation based on the interlayer interaction mechanism of rail-pier and principle of stationary potential energy. The analytical calculation results were compared with the numerical results obtained by ANSYS finite element calculation, thus verifying the accuracy of analytical method. A parameter analysis was conducted on the key factors in rail mapped deformation such as pier settlement, fastener stiffness, and self-compacting concrete (SCC) stiffness of filling layer. The results indicate that rail deformation is approximately proportional to pier settlement. The smaller the fastener stiffness, the smoother the rail deformation curve and the longer the rail deformation area is. With the increase in the stiffness of SCC filling layer, the maximum positive deformation of rail gradually decreases, and the maximum negative deformation gradually increases. The deformation of rail caused by the pier settlement of common-span bridge structures will generate low-frequency excitation on high-speed trains.

일반철도 노반 강성조건에서의 고속철도용 콘크리트 궤도의 적용성 검토 (Evaluation on the Applicability of the Conventional Roadbed Stiffness for High Speed Concrete Track)

  • 이진욱;이성혁;사공명;류태진
    • 한국철도학회논문집
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.40-46
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    • 2013
  • 국내 철도노반설계기준에는 강화노반 두께를 일반철도와 고속철도로 이원화하여 규정하고 있으며 강화노반의 입도기준도 이원화되어 있다. 이로 인해 향후 기존선 속도향상 또는 유도상 궤도를 무도상 궤도로 변경 시 강화노반 두께증가 및 재료변경으로 인한 비용증가가 요구된다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 실대형 실험을 통하여 노반상태 변경 없이 기존 일반철도인 유도상 궤도를 무도상 궤도로 변경하고 동일선로에서의 열차속도 향상 가능성을 검토하였다. 일반철도 설계기준에서 제시하고 있는 강화노반 두께를 20cm로 하고 강화노반 재료를 입도조정부순골재(M-40)를 사용한 선로 노반의 동적 특성을 분석하고 철도설계기준에서 제시하는 노반침하를 비교한 결과, 기존 일반철도 자갈궤도의 강화노반 두께 및 재료 변경 없이 무도상 궤도화가 가능하며 열차속도 400km/h까지 주행이 가능한 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 실내실험만의 결과이므로 추후 수치해석과 현장 실측치와의 비교 검토가 필요하다.

Design Loads on Railway Substructure: Sensitivity Analysis of the Influence of the Fastening Stiffness

  • Giannakos, Konstantinos
    • International Journal of Railway
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.46-56
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    • 2014
  • The superstructure of the railway track undertakes the forces that develop during train passage and distributes them towards its seating. The track panel plays a key role in terms of load distribution, while at the same time it maintains the geometrical distance between the rails. The substructure and ballast undergo residual deformations under high stresses that contribute to the deterioration of the so-called geometry of the track. The track stiffness is the primary contributing factor to the amount of the stresses that develop on the substructure and is directly influenced by the fastening resilience. Four methods from the international literature are used in this paper to calculate the loads and stresses on the track substructure and the results are compared and discussed. A parametric investigation of the stresses that develop on the substructure of different types of railway tracks (i.e. balastless vs ballasted) is performed and the results are presented as a function of the total static track stiffness.

도상두께 변화에 따른 유도상교량 궤도 진동저감의 실험적 연구 (An Experimental Study of Diminution of Ballast Track Bridges Vibration due to the Variation of Ballast Depth)

  • 권순정;이상배;홍천희
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1222-1229
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    • 2011
  • Railway bridges are divided into ballastless and ballast track bridges. The ballast abrasion occurs on the ballast track upon bridges more than soil roadbed because the track vibration occurs a lot in the ballast track upon bridges due to girder vibration when a train's weight is loaded onto track even though the identical ballast is used. The phenomena of mud pumping especially, which occurs when drainage is not properly secured for heavy rain, leads to the increase of maintenance work load and the decline of ride comfort. There are countermeasures such as ballast change, installation of cross-drainage for poor drainage, gutter establishment, ballast lifting methods, ballast mats and resilient sleepers laying for the mud pumping. The ballast thickness range in domestic railroad construction rule is uniformly set up according to the design speed of railroad and passing tonnage of train without considering field conditions which is considered in foreign railroad companies. The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of vibration decrease by measuring the acceleration, displacement and ride comfort of ballast track with the change of ballast thickness on the ballast track bridges and to suggest the optimal height of ballast on the Yocheon Bridge built for the test in Honam Line.

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Study on vibration energy characteristics of vehicle-track-viaduct coupling system considering partial contact loss beneath track slab

  • Liu, Linya;Zuo, Zhiyuan;Zhou, Qinyue;Qin, Jialiang;Liu, Quanmin
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.75 no.4
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    • pp.497-506
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    • 2020
  • CA mortar layer disengagement will give rise to the overall structural changes of the track and variation in the vibration form of the ballastless track. By establishing a vehicle-track-viaduct coupling analysis and calculation model, it is possible to analyze the CRTS-I type track structure vibration response while the track slab is disengaging with the power flow evaluation method, to compare the two disengaging types, namely partial contact loss at one edge beneath track slab and partial contact loss at midpoint beneath track slab. It can also study how the length of disengaging influences the track structures vibration power. It is showed that when the partial contact loss beneath track slab, and the relative vibration energy level between the rail and the track slab increases significantly within [10, 200]Hz with the same disengaging length, the partial contact loss at one edge beneath track slab has more prominent influence on the vibration power than the partial contact loss at midpoint beneath track slab. With the increase of disengaging length, the relative vibration energy level of the track slab grows sharply, but it will change significantly when it reaches 1.56 m. Little effect will be caused by the relative vibration energy level of the viaduct. The partial contact loss beneath the track slab will cause more power distribution and transmission between the trail and track slab, and will then affect the service life of the rail and track slab.

자갈궤도와 콘크리트궤도에서의 하중재하에 따른 노반거동 비교 (A Comparison of Behavior of the Roadbeds of Ballasted & Concrete Track with the Cyclic Loading)

  • 최찬용;이성혁;엄기영
    • 한국지반신소재학회논문집
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2010
  • 국내에 적용하고 있는 궤도시스템은 크게 자갈궤도와 콘크리트궤도로 구분할 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 콘크리트궤도와 자갈궤도의 노반 거동현상을 실험적으로 비교하였다. 실 대형 실험결과 하중 분산은 자갈궤도의 경우 연성포장구조, 콘크리트궤도는 강성포장구조의 형태로 하중이 분산되었으며 하중배분율은 약 30%:20%:15%로 자갈궤도보다 폭 넓게 분산되었다. 열차하중에 대한 노반에서 발생된 토압은 약 30kPa 이내로 기존 실차주행시험결과와 유사한 결과이며 자갈궤도에 비해 약 4배 정도 작게 발생하였다. 또한 반복하중에 대한 콘크리트궤도의 지중입자속도는 약 0.3cm/sec 이내로 자갈궤도보다 8배 정도 작게 측정되었다.

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An analytical solution to the mapping relationship between bridge structures vertical deformation and rail deformation of high-speed railway

  • Feng, Yulin;Jiang, Lizhong;Zhou, Wangbao;Lai, Zhipeng;Chai, Xilin
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.209-224
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    • 2019
  • This paper describes a study of the mapping relationship between the vertical deformation of bridge structures and rail deformation of high-speed railway, taking the interlayer interactions of the bridge subgrade CRTS II ballastless slab track system (HSRBST) into account. The differential equations and natural boundary conditions of the mapping relationship between the vertical deformation of bridge structures and rail deformation were deduced according to the principle of stationary potential energy. Then an analytical model for such relationship was proposed. Both the analytical method proposed in this paper and the finite element numerical method were used to calculate the rail deformations under three typical deformations of bridge structures and the evolution of rail geometry under these circumstances was analyzed. It was shown that numerical and analytical calculation results are well agreed with each other, demonstrating the effectiveness of the analytical model proposed in this paper. The mapping coefficient between bridge structure deformation and rail deformation showed a nonlinear increase with increasing amplitude of the bridge structure deformation. The rail deformation showed an obvious "following feature"; with the increase of bridge span and fastener stiffness, the curve of rail deformation became gentler, the track irregularity wavelength became longer, and the performance of the rail at following the bridge structure deformation was stronger.

Integrative Modeling of Wireless RF Links for Train-to-Wayside Communication in Railway Tunnel

  • Pu, Shi;Hao, Jian-Hong
    • 한국산업정보학회논문지
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2012
  • In railway tunnel environment, the reliability of a high-data-rate and real-time train-to-wayside communication should be maintained especially when high-speed train moves along the track. In China and Europe, the communication frequency around 900 MHz is widely used for railway applications. At this carrier frequency band, both of the solutions based on continuously laid leaky coaxial cable (LCX) and discretely installed base-station antennas (BSAs), are applied in tunnel radio coverage. Many available works have concentrated on the radio-wave propagation in tunnels by different kinds of prediction models. Most of them solve this problem as natural propagation in a relatively large hollow waveguide, by neglecting the transmitting/receiving (Tx/Rx) components. However, within such confined areas like railway tunnels especially loaded with train, the complex communication environment becomes an important factor that would affect the quality of the signal transmission. This paper will apply a full-wave numerical method to this case, for considering the BSA or LCX, train antennas and their interacted environments, such as the locomotive body, overhead line for power supply, locomotive pantograph, steel rails, ballastless track, tunnel walls, etc.. Involving finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method and uni-axial anisotropic perfectly matched layer (UPML) technique, the entire wireless RF downlinks of BSA and LCX to tunnel space to train antenna are precisely modeled (so-called integrative modeling technique, IMT). When exciting the BSA and LCX separately, the field distributions of some cross-sections in a rectangular tunnel are presented. It can be found that the influence of the locomotive body and other tunnel environments is very significant. The field coverage on the locomotive roof plane where the train antennas mounted, seems more homogenous when the side-laying position of the BSA or LCX is much higher. Also, much smoother field coverage solution is achieved by choosing LCX for its characteristic of more homogenous electromagnetic wave radiation.

원형토조 시험을 통한 반복하중에 따른 부직포의 침하특성 (Characteristics of Settlement for Non-woven Geotextile through Cyclic Loading Model Test)

  • 최찬용;이진욱;김헌기
    • 한국지반신소재학회논문집
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2009
  • 국내 대부분을 차지하고 있는 자갈 도상궤도는 지속적인 열차반복하중에 의해 마모, 노반으로 관입, 노반표면의 불균질 등에 의해 도상자갈의 기능을 상실하게 된다. 이러한 현상이 지속적으로 발생하면 설계 당초 주요 기능이었던 배수기능을 충분히 발휘하지 못하기 때문에 강우가 노반에 체류되고 물로 인해 간극수압이 증가하여 전단강도가 저하되어 점진적으로 노반이 연약화된다. 이 논문에서는 원형모형실험을 이용하여 부직포 3종류에 대하여 0일, 3일, 7일 체수조건으로 하여 반복하중을 재하시킴으로써 부직포의 침하특성과 지지력 변화를 관찰하였다. 실험결과 0일 체수조건에서 토목섬유 보강과 무보강에 따라 최종 변위는 약 1% 차이가 있으며, 지반의 포화도가 증가함에 따라 침하량이 커지는 경향이 있었다. 보강재의 중량이 클수록 소성침하량이 작게 평가되었으며, 임계 함수비를 초과한 경우에는 부직포의 인장강도와 중량에 따라 침하량의 차이가 발생하였다. 또한 무보강과 비교해 볼 때 부직포에 의한 토압 저감효과는 있으나, 부직포의 중량에 의한 토압저감 효과는 영향이 미미한 것으로 평가되었다.

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