• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Back Analysis

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중년 전기 여성의 체형 유형화에 관한 연구 (A study on Somatotype Classification of the Early Middle-Aged Women)

  • 심정희
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.25 no.8
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    • pp.1386-1397
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to classify and analyze the somatotype of early middle-aged women and to provide its total data for clothing construction, and to improve clothing culture. The subjects were 277 early middle-aged women between 35 and 44 years old. Data were collected through anthropometry and photometry and analyzed by factor analysis, cluster analysis and discriminant analysis. The results were as follows; 1. The result of factor analysis indicated that 10 factors were extracted through factor analysis and those factors comprised 86.13 percent of total variance. 2. Using factor scores, cluster analysis was carried out and the subject were classified into 4 cluster. Type 1 is tall, slim, and X type in front. Type 2 is standard height and weight, short upper body, and hip-protruded on the side. Type 3 is standard height, thin, H type in front, back and hip are clearly protruded, and lean-back type on the side. Type 4 is standard height, fat, and long upper body. 3. According to the stepwise discriminant analysis, the 8 important iems is classifying the somatotype of early middle-aged women are as follows : bust girth, back length hip breadth-waist breadth, back protruded point depth(back)-back waist depth(back), hip tangent tilt, hip depth(back) waist dapth(back), bust depth-waist depth, and cervical hight, The correct classification rate for these items is as exact as 83.20%.

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Face Offsetting Method를 사용한 그레인 Brun-back 해석 (Grain Burn-back Analysis using Face Offsetting Method)

  • 오석환;노태성
    • 한국추진공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.776-777
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    • 2017
  • 고체 추진제의 성능을 계산하기 위해서는 그레인 burn-back 해석 과정이 필요하다. 기존의 그레인 burn-back 해석은 level set method를 사용하였으나 표면 이동 해석에서 문제가 발생 하였다. 이에 본 연구에서는 face offsetting method를 적용하여 표면 이동 해석을 수행 하였다. 해석 결과, face offsetting method가 그레인 burn-back 해석에 유용한 방법임을 확인 하였다.

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시공 단계를 고려한 터널의 역해석에 관한 연구 (Back Analysis of Tunnel for multi-step Construction)

  • 김선명;윤지선
    • 한국지반공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.479-484
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    • 2000
  • The reliable estimation of the system parameters and the accurate prediction of the system behavior are important to design tunnel safely and economically. Therefore, the back analysis using the field measurements data is useful to evaluate the geotechnical parameter for tunnel. In the back analysis method, the selection of initial value and uncertainty of field measurements influence significantly on the analysis result. In this paper, to overcome uncertainty of field measurements, we performed the back analysis using the displacement data gained at each step of excavation and support.

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일부 요통환자의 인자분석 (Factor Analysis of Low Back Pain Patients)

  • 강점덕
    • 대한물리치료과학회지
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 2002
  • Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate factor analysis of low back pain patients. Methods: The data were collected from hospital located in Daegu. Observation was made on 40 low back pain patients and factor analysis study was also performed in terms of their abnormal physical findings. Results: The low back pain patients occupied 20% of all clinical patients in male group and 20% in female group. The occurrence of acute low back pain in the first factor tended to be higher among in male group than among in female group. While it was significantly higher muscle weakness of the back in female group. The most prevailing abnormal finding among low back pain patients in the first factor were tender point on the back, While it was significantly lower Decreased tendon reflex in both sexes Conclusions: The factor pattern of abnormal physical findings in low back pain patients was much different between male and female patients, suggesting the different pattern of etiology. Although low back pain is one of the most common symptoms causing limitation activity, as yet there is no known specific effective treatment.

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유전자 알고리즘을 이용한 터널 현장 계측 결과의 역해석 (Back Analysis of Field Measurements Around the Tunnel with the Application of Genetic Algorithms)

  • 김선명;윤지선;전덕찬;윤상길
    • 한국지반공학회논문집
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2004
  • 본 논문에서는 역해석 방법 중 직접법의 성능에 큰 영향을 미치는 최적화 과정을 인공지능의 한 기법인 유전자알고리즘을 이용하여 역해석 프로그램을 구성하였다. 유전자 알고리즘 및 역해석 기법의 효용성을 검증하기 위하여 과거 역해석 연구 사례 중의 하나인 Gens et al(1987)과 동일한 암반조건을 가진 모델에 대한 역해석을 실시하여 그 결과를 비교${\cdot}$검토하였다. 경부고속철도 터널 현장의 내공변위 및 천단침하에 대한 계측자료로부터 최종 내공변위의 예측함수를 결정하는 방법으로 터널의 총 변위를 분석하였다. 이를 역해석에 필요한 입력자료로 활용하여 역해석을 실시하고 터널 주변 암반의 거동을 반영할 수 있는 지반의 특성치를 구하였다. 각 현장 시험에서 얻어진 지반의 특성치와 비교한 결과 본 연구에서 적용된 유전자 알고리즘을 이용한 역해석 방법이 유의한 수준의 결과를 도출하고 있다는 사실을 확인하였다.

Face Offsetting Method를 적용한 고체 로켓 모터 그레인 Burn-back 해석 연구 (Study on Solid Propellant Grain Burn-back Analysis Applying Face Offsetting Method)

  • 오석환;이상복;김용찬;차승원;김경래;김덕민;이형진;노태성
    • 한국추진공학회지
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 2019
  • 고체 로켓 모터 성능을 계산하기 위해 Face offsetting method를 사용하여 3차원 그레인 burn-back 해석을 수행하였다. 그레인 연소 형상 해석은 표면의 이동을 계산하는 이동 경계면 문제이다. 기존 연구에서는 다양한 이동 경계면 해석 기법이 그레인 burn-back 해석에 적용되었으나 결과가 불완전했다. 이에 본 연구에선 face offsetting method를 사용한 그레인 burn-back 해석 모듈을 개발하였다. Face offsetting method는 기존 해석 기법의 장점을 조합하여 강건하고 정밀한 이동 경계면 해석을 수행한다. 해석 결과, face offsetting method가 그레인 burn-back 해석에 유용함을 검증하였다.

유한요소-경계요소 조합에 의한 터널 계측결과의 역해석 (Back Analysis of the Measured Displacements by the Coupled Method of Finite Elements-Boundary Elements in Tunnel)

  • 김문겸;장점범
    • 터널과지하공간
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 1995
  • In order to construct underground structural systems safely and economically, exact identification of the system parameters and accurate analysis of the system behaviors are required. Therefore, necessity of back analysis which is able to identify material properties of underground structural systems is increased. In this study a back analysis program which can identify the system parameters is developed using the direct method to be combined with the forward analysis program. Results of the back analysis program show good agreement with that of Gens et al. Sensitivity of the accuracy and convergency of the back analysis program on the number of measuring points is investigated. Comparison between the results of the back analysis with measurement data and the obtained material properties from the field tests shows good agreement for the real construction site.

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붕괴된 암반사면에서 역해석에 의한 내부마찰각의 추정 (Estimation of Internal Friction Angle by the Back Analysis on Collapsed Rock Slope)

  • 이달원;김갑중
    • 한국농공학회지
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.172-182
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    • 2003
  • In this study, the back analysis was performed by means of stereo-net, plane failure and block failure method to collapsed fields among the rock slopes designed by standardized criterion, and the internal frictions from the back analysis were compared with those used to reinforcement design. It was concluded that in the result of the analysis by means of stereo net, plain failure and block failure methods, the internal frictions used to re-design of collapsed slope underestimated 10$^{\circ}$, 5$^{\circ}$ and 10$^{\circ}$ in average. At present, the internal friction on the design is used the experience value according to the state of weathering, but internal friction angle by the back analysis on collapsed slope with various methods were more reliable values than those from the present method. And it was concluded that re-design was made extravagantly because the internal friction used to re-design for reinforcement of the collapsed slope was less than back analysis.

Analytical Method를 이용한 고체 추진제 그레인의 Burn-back 연구 (Study on Solid Propellant Grain Burn-back Analysis Using Analytical Method)

  • 손지현;장진성;오석환;노태성
    • 한국추진공학회지
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.40-47
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    • 2014
  • 우주발사체 최적 설계에 사용될 내탄도 해석 코드를 위한 그레인 Burn-back 연구를 수행하였다. 그레인 Burn-back은 내탄도 해석에 필수적인 그레인의 연소면적의 계산에 사용된다. 최적 설계에 사용될 내탄도 해석 코드는 설계 변수의 변경 및 반복계산을 통해 요구 성능을 만족할 때 까지 반복 계산을 수행한다. 따라서 내탄도 해석에 적용될 Burn-back 해석기법은 설계 변수의 변경이 용이하며 계산시간이 짧아야 한다. 이에 본 연구에서는 Analytical Method를 이용하여 Burn-back 해석코드를 개발하였으며, 그레인 형상에 대해 기하학적 변수를 선정 및 형상 변화에 대해 정리하였다. 개발된 코드는 Numerical Method로부터 산출된 값과 비교하여 검증을 수행하였다.

성인여성의 등면형상 유형화와 길 원형 설계 (Adult women's back type classification and Development of the Basic Bodice Pattern)

  • 최선윤;이정란
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.27 no.7
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    • pp.758-769
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    • 2003
  • In this research, I classified adult women's back types through anthropometric measurement and photographic measurement to present a judging individual body size according to the type. Also, Ⅰ calculated regression fomula by types and presented the basic bodice pattern. The results were as follows: 1. The result of factor analysis indicated that 5 factors were extracted and those factors comprised 75.89% of total variance. 2. According to the cluster analysis, Ⅰclassified the back types into 6 types. Type 1 was passive posture in the upper and the lower parts of the back. Type 2 was active posture in the upper and the lower parts of the back. Type 3 had the lowest protrusion of the back. Type 4 had the upper part of the back which is mostly bent downward. Type 5 was the most suitable shape. Type 6 had the lower part of the back which was turned over the most. 3. Ⅰconducted a discriminant analysis to judge the body types of individuals. 4. For the calculation of measurements necessary for the basic bodice pattern, Ⅰpresented regression formulas by each type. 5. By conducting the wearing experiments, Ⅰsuccessfully made the final basic bodice patterns by types. As a result of comparative experiments between the basic bodice patterns and comparison bodice pattern, the suitability of basic bodice patterns were more highly assessed.