• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ankle strategy

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Effects of Ankle and Hip Strategy Training on Improving the Center of Pressure Movements and Limits of Stability in Stroke Patients

  • Park, Shinjun;Park, Sunghyun;Kim, Yongyoun
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.1823-1829
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    • 2019
  • Background: Stroke patients have leg muscle weakness and impaired balance resulting in compensatory changes. To restore balance in these patients, functional training using postural strategy is needed. Objective: To examine the effects of ankle and hip strategy training on the center of pressure (COP) movement and limits of stability (LOS) in standing posture in stroke patients. Design: The study was an assessor-blinded and randomized-controlled clinical trial. Methods: Thirty patients were randomly assigned to an ankle strategy training group and a ankle/ hip strategy training group. Patients in the ankle strategy training group underwent ankle strategy exercise for 30 min, and those in the ankle/ hip strategy training group underwent 15 min of ankle strategy exercise and 15 min of hip strategy exercise. Both groups underwent training thrice a week for four weeks. Forward, backward, paretic side, and non-paretic side COP movements and LOS were measured using BioRescue. Results: After the intervention, except for the backward area in the ankle strategy training group, the COP movement area and the LOS were significantly improved in both the groups. In addition, these improvements were significantly higher in ankle/ hip strategy training group than that in the ankle strategy training group. Conclusions: Ankle strategy training in addition to hip strategy training improves COP movement (forward-backward, paretic side area, and non-paretic side area) and LOS in stroke patients.

The influence of ankle strategy exercise on equilibrium ability in women of octogenarians (발목관절 전략 운동이 80대 노인 여성의 균형능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Woo-Hyung
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.17 no.1_2
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2010
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of ankle strategy exercise on balance ability in the women of octogenarians. Methods: Ankle strategy exercise group(n=14), leg strengthening exercise group(n=14) were measured an balance ability by Berg Balance Scale(BBS) scores and Balance Performance Monitor(BPM) at pre-intervention and post-intervention in 6weeks. Results: This study were summarized as follows : 1. The BBS scores, sway area, sway path length, sway maximum velocity of ankle strategy exercise group and leg strengthening exercise group were significantly different among the intervention period(p<.05). 2. The improvement of BBS scores, sway area, sway path length, sway maximum velocity were significantly different between ankle strategy exercise group and leg strengthening exercise group at in 6weeks(p<.05). Conclusion: Learned from the ankle strategy exercise could improve BBS scores, sway area, sway path length, sway maximum velocity and a balance for the women of octogenarians. Ankle strategy exercise need to be applied clinically for balance ability of the women of octogenarians.

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The Effects of Ankle Strategy Exercise on Balance of Patients with Hemiplegia (편마비 환자의 발목관절 전략 운동이 균형 조절 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Ki-Hyeon;Kim, Won-Bok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2014
  • PURPOSE: PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect and examine the feasibility of an intervention of ankle strategy exercise on balance of patients with hemiplegia. METHODS: The subject were randomly allocated to three groups: ankle strategy exercise (group A), balance exercise (group B) and control (group C). Group A was received the conventional physical therapy plus ankle strategy exercises for 20 minutes in one session. Group B was received the same conventional physical therapy plus balance exercises for 20 minutes in one session. Two active groups were performed in the session 3 times a week, for a total of 6 weeks. and Group C was only received the same conventional physical therapy. Balance test was assessed using center of pressure (COP) in the anteroposterior (A-P), mediolateral (M-L) direction, Berg balance scale (BBS) and Timed Up and Go Test (TUG). RESULTS: All groups showed improvements in balance parameters. In especial, the Group A was statistically significant differences in almost part evaluation items and showed more improvements in BBS and TUG parameters than Group B and Group C. and moving distance of M-L COP was more improvements than Group B. CONCLUSION: Ankle strategy exercises had more influence on balance than balance exercises and neurodevelopmental treatment.

Balance Recovery Mechanisms Against Anterior Perturbation during Standing (직립자세에서의 전방향 동요 시 균형회복 기전)

  • 태기식;김영호
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.435-442
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, biomechanical aspects of dynamic대학교postural responses against forward perturbations were experimentally determined simultaneous measurements of joint angles, accelerations. EMG activations, center of pressure(CoP) movements and ground reaction forces(GRF), Thirteen young healthy volunteers, stood on a flat platform, were translated into the forward direction by an AC servo-motor at two separate velocities(0.1m and 0.2m/s). In order to recover postural balance against the forward perturbation, joint motions were observed in the sequence of the ankle dorsiflexion, the knee flexion and then the hip flexion during the later acceleration phase. Both acceleration patterns at the heel and the sacrum were shown the forward acceleration pattern during the later acceleration phase and early of constant velocity phase as increasing platform velocity, respectively. Tibialis anterior(TA) for the ankle dorsiflexion and biceps femoris(BF) for the knee flexion. the primary muscle to recover the forward perturbation, was activated during the half of acceleration phase. Ankle strategy was used for slow-velocity perturbation, but mixed strategy of both ankle and hip used for the fast-velocity perturbation. In addition, parameters of perturbation such as timing and magnitude influenced the postural response against the perturbation.

Effects of Induced Fatigue of Ankle Joint Muscle on the Capability and Recovery of Postural Control during Single-Leg Stance (발목 관절 근육의 유도된 피로가 외발서기 자세제어 능력과 회복에 미치는 영향)

  • Youm, Chang-Hong;Kim, Tae-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.219-228
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate how induced fatigue of the ankle joint muscles affects the capability and recovery of postural control during single-leg stance in healthy adults. The study population included 22 randomly recruited men and women. Postural control was performed on single-leg stance with eyes open. Ankle joint muscle was fatigued by repeated heel raises. According to the results of this study, for the anteroposterior variables, both men and women showed significantly increased center of mass velocity and decreased center of pressure 95% edge frequency immediately after fatigue. For the mediolateral variables, both men and women showed significantly increased center of mass velocity and decreased center of pressure 95% edge frequency immediately after fatigue. For the total variables, both men and women showed significantly increased center of mass averaged-velocity immediately after fatigue, and also, the center of pressure 95% confidence ellipse area significantly increased in women. Postural control variables were not significantly different for men and women at any time (Pre, P0, P10, and P20). In conclusion, the gender does not affect the capability and recovery after induced fatigue of ankle joint muscles. The effect of fatigue found for the anteroposterior and the mediolateral variables in both men and women. Furthermore ankle joint muscle fatigue led to change of postural control strategy from an ankle joint strategy towards a hip joint strategy. These changes are believed to damage postural control. The ankle joint muscle recovered from fatigue within 20 min during single-leg stance.

The Influences of the Intensive Ankle Joint Strategy Training on the Muscular Strength and Balancing Ability in the Elderly Women (발목관절 전략 집중 훈련이 노인여성의 근력과 균형능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Sung-Hyoun;Kim, Cheol-Yong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.5909-5919
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of the intensive ankle joint strategy training on the muscular strength and balancing ability in the elderly women. The subject of this study were 30 elderly women aged from 65 to 80 and randomly assigned to three groups. For 6 weeks, two experimental groups took the training an hour every 3 days of a week. The results that measured the dynamometer, FRT, and SEBT after implementing general lower limbs exercise and the intensive ankle joint strategy training for 6 weeks showed that the changes in the control and experimental group I were not statistically significant while the changes in the experimental group II were statistically significant (p<.05). For the prevention of the elderlies from fall and the treatment approaches, it is deemed to be necessary additional studies on the diverse variables through the intensive training of the ankle strategy.

Compensatory Strategy Observed in the Simulated Crouch Gait of Healthy Adults (정상인에서 쭈그림보행 시뮬레이션 시 관찰된 보상적 전략)

  • Kim, Tack-Hoon;Kwon, Oh-Yun;Yi, Chung-Hwi;Cho, Sang-Hyun;Kwon, Hyuk-Cheol;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.53-67
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    • 2004
  • This simulation study investigated the characteristics of normal gait, $30^{\circ}$ crouch gait, $30^{\circ}$ crouch/equinus gait, $45^{\circ}$ crouch gait, $45^{\circ}$ crouch/equinus gait. The knee flexion angles were restricted using a specially designed orthosis. This study was carried out in a motion analysis laboratory of the National Rehabilitation Center. Fifteen healthy male subjects were recruited for the study. The purposes of this study were (1) to compare spatiotemporal parameters, kinematics, and kinetic variables in the sagittal plane among the different gait, (2) to investigate the secondary compensatory strategy, and (3) to suggest biomechanical physical therapy treatment methods. The pattern and magnitude observed in each condition were similar to those of normal gait, except the peak knee extension moment of the unrestricted ankle motion-crouch gait. However, the speed of the $45^{\circ}$ crouch gait was half that of a normal gait. The ankle joint moment in the crouch/equinus gait showed the double-bump pattern commonly observed in children with spastic cerebral palsy, and there was no significant difference in gait speed as compared with normal gait. The peak ankle plantar-flexor moment and ankle power generated during the terminal stance in the crouch/equinus conditions were reduced as compared with normal and $45^{\circ}$ crouch gaits (p<.05). The crouch/equinus gait at the ankle joint was an effective compensatory mechanism. Since ankle plantarflexion contracture can be exacerbated secondary to the ankle compensatory strategy in the crouch/equinus gait, it is necessary to increase the range of ankle dorsiflexion and the strength of plantarflexion simultaneously to decrease the abnormal biomechanical advantages of the ankle joint.

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Study on the Characteristic of Dynamic Postural Control during Horizontal Translation of Support Surface (지지면의 수평 진동에 따른 동적 자세 제어 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, G.Y.;Piao, Y.J.;Kwon, T.K.;Kim, N.G.
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.495-502
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    • 2009
  • This paper investigated the effects of dynamic postural control for maintaining upright standing on a support surface during continuous sinusoidal horizontal translation in anterior-posterior direction. 15 healthy young subjects participated in this experiment. The analysis of body movement was analyzed using Ariel Performance Analysis System. Motion pattern was analyzed by seven markers on subject's body. Position of markers were head, chest, hip, right knee, left knee, right ankle and left ankle. Seven different frequencies of support surface were employed ; 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5 and 2Hz at 2cm of moving path of motionbase. The experiments were performed dynamic postural reponses at the condition of eye open. The results showed that median frequency of the knee, ankle were increased in all frequency bands. Following the frequency of perturbation increased, postural control strategy was changed from ankle strategy to combined strategy. The experiment results could be applied to the dynamic postural training for the elderly and the rehabilitation training for the patients to improving the ability of postural control.

Kinetic analysis of the foot and ankle (발과 족관절의 운동학적 분석)

  • Kim, Jae-Hun
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2008
  • Purpose : To describes the important aspects of the foot and ankle movement and function used when git and balance strategy. Method : The foot and ankle was a very important roles in the lower limb movement and gait. This study summarizes the physiologic movement of knee to the PNF lower extremity patterns. Result : The ankle joint composed of the talocural joint, the subtalarl joint, transverse tarsal joint, talocalcaneonavicular joint. The onset of dorsiflexion muscle activity starts in pre swing gait patterns. First contract muscle is the extensor hallucis. Activity of tibialis anterior and extensor digitorum longus quickly follows in mid swing gait phase. During stance phase, the soleus and gastrocnemius muscle provided plantar flexor torque, which muscle reacts quickly to restrain ankle dorsiflexion, and contributes modulated control of the ankle motion in gait patterns. Conclusions : The understanding of ankle kinematics, could provide a good therapeutic approach for improving gait patterns in patients with various pathological condition.

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Effects of Physical Characteristics Factors on Ankle Joint Injury during One Leg Drop Landing (외발 착지 시 신체적 특성 요인들이 발목 관절 상해에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seong-Yeol;Lee, Hyo-Keun;Kwon, Moon-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.839-847
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of ankle flexibility, gender, and Q-angle on the ankle joint injury factors during one leg drop landing. For this study, 16 males(age: 20.19±1.78 years, mass: 69.54±10.12 kg, height: 173.22±4.43 cm) and 16 females(age: 21.05±1.53 years, mass: 61.75±6.97 kg, height: 159.34±4.56 cm) in their 20's majoring in physical education using the right foot as their dominant feet were selected as subjects. First, an independent t-test of joint motion and joint moment according to the experience of ankle injury was conducted to determine the effect of physical characteristics on ankle joint injury during one leg drop landing(α = .05). Second, the variable that showed a significant difference through t-test was set as the dependent variable, and the ankle flexibility, gender difference, and Q-angle were designated as independent variables to use Multiple Linear Regression(α =. 05). As a result of this study, it was found that the group that experienced an ankle joint injury was found to use a landing strategy and technique through adduction of the ankle joint and internal rotation of the knee joint, unlike the group without an injury. It was also confirmed that this movement increases the extension moment of the ankle joint and decreases the extension moment of the hip joint. In particular, it was found that the dorsi flexion flexibility of the ankle affects the ankle and knee landing strategy, and the gender difference affects the ankle extension moment. Therefore, it was confirmed that physical characteristics factors affecting ankle joint injuries during one leg drop landing.