• Title/Summary/Keyword: Amphibians and Reptiles

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Present Status of Non-Native Amphibians and Reptiles Traded in Korean Online Pet Shop (한국 온라인 펫샵에서 거래되는 외래 양서파충류 현황)

  • Koo, Kyo Soung;Park, Hye Rin;Choi, Jae Hyeok;Sung, Ha Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.106-114
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    • 2020
  • The development of transportation and the expansion of the pet market has become the main causes of the increase in the cross-border migration of non-native species. Moreover, recent sales over the Internet were a factor that has promoted pet trades. While the import of non-native species has been steadily increasing in the Republic of Korea, it is not clear how these imported species are traded and how large the trade is. Considering that most of the non-native species found in the wild are the results of release by humans understanding the present situation of pet trades can identify potential non-native species that can enter the wild. This study surveyed the number of species, frequency, and prices of non-native amphibians and reptiles sold in 25 online pet shops from January 22 to February 10, 2019. The results of the survey showed that a total of 677 species of non-native amphibians and reptiles were sold, and the Squamata group accounted for the largest part of them at 65.4% (443 species). The number of non-native amphibians and reptiles sold in online pet shops in 2019 was 2.1 times larger than the 325 species officially imported in 2015. The non-native amphibians and reptiles sold in most pet shops were Litoria caerulea (21 shops) and Correlophus ciliatus (24 shops). The lowest price for non-native amphibians and reptiles was 3,000 won, and the highest price was 100 million won for Rhacodactylus leachianus of Squamata. Among the non-native amphibians and reptiles sold in online pet shops, 11 species were found in the wild and were sold at relatively low prices. We confirmed that Mauremys reevesii, an endangered species class II and natural monument no. 453, and American bullfrogs (albino), an ecosystem disturbing species, were being sold in online pet shops. Moreover, 21.6% of the 677 non-native amphibians and reptiles sold in online pet shops were species designated as CITES. The results of this study can be the important reference data for understanding the status of non-native amphibians and reptiles that are imported and sold in Korea and evaluating and predicting the potential for them to enter the wild.

Current Status and Biogeographical Comments of Herpeto-Fauna at Hallasan National Park (한라산 국립공원의 양서.파충류 현황 및 생물지리학적 고찰)

  • Oh, Hong-Shik;Chang, Min-Ho;Kim, Byoung-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to investigate the herpeto-fauna at Hallasan National Park. We conducted a survey at 1100 Resting places, Eoseungsaengak, Donnaeko, Eorimok, Yeongsil, Gwaneumsa and Seongpanak from April, 2006 to January, 2007. A series of four families and 5 species of amphibians and 4 families and 8 species of reptiles were observed. Amphiesma vibakari ruthveni, Takydromus wolteri, Scincella vandenburghi, Coluber spinalis and Hynobius quelpartensis which are rarely appearing inland but they were frequently observed by this survey. Also, we observed Sibynophis chinensis that only inhabits Jeju island with in Korea. Jeju island has both southern and northern boundary lines for amphibians and reptiles. Amphibians and reptiles in Jeju island have a different from those inland and valuable information for biogeograpy due to dissimilar climate and isolation from continental for a long time. It is not certain whether some amphibians and reptiles, Bufo gargarizans, Rana rugosa, R. plancyi, Elaphe rufodorsata and Takydromus amurensis, inhabit Jeju island, as recorded in previous literatures, so the research on current status of them has to be carried out immediately.

Herpetofauna and habitat characteristics of 16 lagoons along the eastern coastline of South Korea

  • Lee, Jung-Hyun;Park, Dae-Sik;Lee, Heon-Joo;Kim, Ja-Kyeong;Ra, Nam-Yong
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 2010
  • We conducted field surveys of amphibians and reptiles over a two-year period in 16 lagoons along the eastern coastline of South Korea, and determined the habitat characteristics correlated with the number of amphibian and reptilian species and individuals. We documented 11 amphibian species and 8 reptilian species. The dominant amphibian species was the black-spotted pond frog (Rana nigromaculata), and the dominant reptilian species was the red-eared turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans), an invasive species. Among the 14 habitat characteristics, connectivity to mountainous area significantly affected the number of amphibian and reptilian individuals. Other factors, including emerged plant cover, salinity, pH, the number of birds for amphibians and connectivity to agricultural land, lagoon perimeter length for reptiles also influenced the number of species or individuals of them. Our results demonstrate that these lagoons are home to more amphibians and reptiles than has been previously known. To effectively conserve herpetofauna in the lagoon ecosystem, lagoons as well as surrounding wetlands, grasslands, and mountainous areas should be protected.

Effects of Deforestation Practice on the Distribution and Abundance of Herpetofauna in Mt. Gariwang, South Korea

  • Choi, Woo-Jin;Park, Il-Kook;Kim, Jong-Sun;Koo, Kyo-Soung;Lee, Jung-Hyun;Park, Chan-Woo;Yang, Hee-Moon;Park, Dae-Sik
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.188-191
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    • 2018
  • To know if deforestation practice affects the distribution and abundance of herpetofauna in Mt. Gariwang, South Korea, we conducted field surveys over 12 times both at deforested (n=9 sites) and un-touched (control, n=12 sites) forest areas from March to October, 2017. Each survey site was approximately $100m\;long{\times}20m$ wide area, which in the middle of the site, mountain road presented. During each survey, we recorded the species and the number of amphibians and reptiles which identified. To compare environments between the two areas, we analyzed eight environmental variables, extracted from digital sources. Overall, we found one amphibian and four reptile species at deforested area, while each five amphibian and reptile species at un-touched area. The number of amphibian species significantly tended to be smaller at deforested area. The number of the survey sites where amphibians found and the number of amphibian individuals showed the same trend. For reptiles, although the number of reptile individuals showed some increases, all variables investigated were not significantly changed by deforestation practice. Our results imply that deforestation practice negatively affects amphibians, but effects of that on reptiles are not evident.

Common and scientific names of amphibians, domestic animals, birds, invertebrates, mammals, reptiles, and aquaculture

  • Song, Jeong-Mee;Jang, Hyung-Kwan;Song, Hee-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.385-407
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    • 2002
  • The planning of any experiment or trial involving the use of animal (material) requires the most detailed and careful consideration of the wide variety of species and strains that are now available. Unfortunately, although many research workers carefully define their requirements with respect to chemicals or complicated laboratory equipment, often they appear to be unaware of the specifications that should be similarly applied to laboratory animals and end up simply asking for a white mouse! The aim of any user of laboratory animals should be to achieve maximum accuracy with the minimum number of animals, and it is, therefore, essential that careful consideration should be given to the choice of the animal(Bleby J, 1987). The first step when selecting an experimental animal is to specify the type needed, taking into account the following factors: 1. species, 2. breed or strain, and 3. quality, especially with respect to health and genetical status. The correct choice of species cannot be emphasized too strongly and failure to do so can sometimes have dire consequences, frequently very expensive in financial terms and sometimes extremely tragic in manifestations of human and animal suffering. In this paper, we reorganized a lot of collected articles described previously for common and scientific names of amphibians, domestic animals, birds, invertebrates, mammals, reptiles, and aquaculture as mentioned in the text.

Ecological Studies of Fauna in and around Do-rim Urban Streams (도림천 및 주변지역에 서식하는 육상동물상에 관한 생태학적 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Don
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2009
  • Wetland ecosystem is one of the most productive one in nature. Wetland is an areas in which transit between terrestrial and stream ecosystem. This study aims at identifying fanua (birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles) in urban stream of Dorim. A total of 3 orders, 6 families and 9 species for mammals; 17 families, 30 species of birds; 3 families and 4 species of amphibians and 2 families and 3 species of reptiles were reported. This is a through study for species identification in Dorim steams. This study suggested that various organisms were found around Dorim stream and this study will better serve as a stepping stone for wetland restoration and establishment of biotope where organisms breed and survive.

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A Methodology for Selection of Habitat Management Areas for Amphibians and Reptiles Considering Soil Loss (토양유실을 고려한 양서파충류의 서식지 관리지역 선정방법)

  • Kim, Ji-Yeon;Lee, Dong-Kun;Mo, Yong-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.55-69
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    • 2018
  • As disaster risk and climate change volatility increase, there are more efforts to adapt to disasters such as forest fires, floods, and landslides. Most of the research, however, is about influence of human activities on disaster and there is few research on disaster adaptation for species. Previous studies focusing on biodiversity in selecting conservation areas have not addressed threats of disaster in the habitats for species. The natural disasters sometimes play role of drivers of ecological successions in the long run, but they might cause serious problems for the conservation of vulnerable species which are endangered. The purpose of this study is to determine whether soil loss (SL) is effective in selecting habitat management areas for amphibians and reptiles. RUSLE model was used to calculate soil loss (SL) and the distribution of each species (SD) was computed with MaxEnt model to find out the biodiversity index. In order to select the habitat management area, we estimated the different results depending if value of soil loss was applied or not by using MARXAN, a conservation priority selection tool. With using MARXAN, conservation goals can be achieved according to the scenario objectives, and the study has been made to meet the minimum habitat area. Finally, the results are expressed in two; 1) the result of soil loss and biodiversity with MATRIX method and 2) the result of regional difference calculated with MARXAN conservation prioritization considering soil loss. The first result indicates that the area with high soil loss and low species diversity have lower conservation values and thus can be managed as natural disturbances. In the area where soil loss is high and species diversity is also high, it becomes where a disaster mitigation action should be taken for the species. According to the conservation priorities of the second result, higher effectiveness of conservation was obtained with fewer area when it considered SL in addition to SD, compared to when considered only biodiversity. When the SL was not taken into consideration, forest area with high distribution of species were important, but when SL considered, the agricultural area or downstream of the river were represented to be a major part of habitats. If more species data or disaster parameters other than soil loss are added as variables later, it could contribute as a reference material for decision-making to achieve various purposes.

Current Status of Road-Killed Amphibian and Reptile and Conservation Plands in Songgye Valley, Woraksan National Park (월악산국립공원 송계계곡 일대의 양서.파충류 노상상해 현황 및 보전방안)

  • Song, Jae-Young;Oh, Hong-Shik
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.400-406
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    • 2006
  • To investigate the incidence of the road-kill of amphibians and reptiles in Songgye valley, Woraksan National Park, a survey of Songgye valley was conducted from January, 2003 to December, 2005. Before the investigation, the survey area was divided into 50 sites at 300m intervals. As a result, road-kill by vehicles were confirmed to affect 40% of the amphibians and 68.3% of the reptiles among the total species in the Woraksan National Park. The most affected species was Rana dybowskii, with a frequency of 94.9% among the total number of road-killed Individuals. The highest road-kill rate occurred between April to May, every year. Therefore, it is necessary to construct an eco-bridge and to perform the continuous ecological monitoring for the conservation of R. dybowskii including other species.

A Study for Selecting Protected Wildlife Species and Potential Habitats in Seoul Metropolitan City (서울시 보호야생동.식물 종 및 잠재 서식지 선정 연구)

  • Han, Bong-Ho;Lee, Kyong-Jae;Ki, Kyong-Seok;Choi, Byeong-Eon
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.601-613
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to provide an protected wildlife species and potential habitats in Seoul through the overall present status of the species which live in Seoul. This study was performed in Seoul, the entire area of which is 605.52 $km^2$. We analyzed a total of 57 studies, including academic papers and research reports, for the natural ecology in Seoul. As for the results from the study, it was found that a total 1,907 species from 5 taxa were inhabiting and growing within the area. Among the total, plants of 1,656 species accounted for 86.7%, 197 species of wild birds made up 10.3%, 29 species of amphibians and reptiles consisted of 1.5%, and 27 species of mammalia totaled 1.4%. A total of 440 species except foreign species and species legally preserved by the Ministry of Environment, common species and uncertain species were selected as primary candidates. By taxon, it shows 212 species of plants, 180 species of wild birds, 24 species of mammalia, and 24 species of amphibians and reptiles. For extensive research subjects and research data limited in certain insect family, analysis by literature for discovered insects was excluded. The selection criteria for the second candidate species was based on extinction crisis, rarity, historicity and locality, academic value, habitat specificity, etc. The second candidate species from the primary species were selected through taxon experts' evaluations. As for the results of the selection of the second candidates, a total 77 species were selected through the experts' evaluations. Each species by taxon was 25 species for plants, 21 species for wild birds, 5 for mammalia, 10 for amphibians and reptiles and 16 species for insects. A site investigation for the second candidates was conducted to select the final candidate species. For the target areas, the habitats of the second candidates given by the literature and 46 potential areas in Seoul, which show good natural resistance, were finally selected. From the result of the site investigation, it was found that 14 species of plants, 19 species of wild birds, 2 species of mammalia, 4 species of amphibians and reptiles, and 16 species of insects were actually inhabiting Seoul; thus, the final 55 protected species were selected.